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accēdo, ère, cessi, cessum, v. intr. (ad, cedo). To go near to, approach; to be applied, be added.

accělěro, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. and intr. (ad, celero, to quicken). To hasten; to make haste, ii. C. 4. acceptus, a, um, part. and adj. (accipio). Agrccable, welcome.

accido, ère, cidi, v. intr. (ad, cado). To fall, fall upon; to befall, occur, happen.

accípio, ère, cēpi, ceptum, v. tr. (ad, căpio). To receive, gain, accept; to attain, get, experience; to learn. accommŏdātus, a, um, part. and adj. (accommodo). Suitable, fitted. accommodo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (ad, commodo, to adjust). To adjust, adapt, fit, put on, arrange, accommodate.

accubo, āre, ui, ĭtum, v. intr. (ad, cubo, to lie). To lie near; to recline, ii. C. 5.

accumbo, ĕre, cùbui, cùbìtum, v. intr. (ad, cumbo, obs., to lie). To recline at table, dine, D. 6.

accūrāte, adv. (accurātus, accurate, exact). Accurately, with care, carefully.

accūsātio, ōnis, f. (accūso). A charge, accusation.

accūsātor, ōris, m. (accūso). An accuser, L. 1.

accuso, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (ad, causa). To accuse, blame, reproach, censure, find fault with.

acer, acris, acre, adj. Sharp, keen, pungent; disagrecable, violent, severe; active, energetic.

ăcerbe, adv. (acerbus). Roughly, bitterly, harshly, cruelly, sharply.

Achaia, ae, f. A country in the northern part of the Peloponnesus; the Peloponnesus, M. L. 12.

Achilles, is, m. The hero of the Iliad of Homer, A. 10.

ăcies, ēi, f. An edge; a line of battle, array; a battle. acquiesco, ère, quiēvi, quiētum, v. intr. (ad, quiesco). To repose, rest, D. 2.

acquiro, ère, quīsīvi, quisītum, v. tr. (ad, quaero). To procure, get, obtain, acquire, add.

acriter, acrius, acerrime, adv. (acer). Sharply, vigorously, eagerly, violently, courageously, zealously, vigilantly.

ācroāma, ǎtis, n. (a Greek word). Anything heard, an entertainment, as music or reading, A. 9.

actio, onis, f. (ago). A pleading, management of a suit, D. 2. actum, i, n. (ăgo). tion, measure, act, P. 7.

A transac

actus, a, um, part. from ago. actus, us, m. (ǎgo). An act, action, M. 9.

ăcuo, ĕre, ăcui, ūtum, v. tr. To sharpen, incite, L. 4.

ăcute, adv. (ăcūtus, sharp). Acutely, sagaciously, D. 12.

ăd, prep. with accus. I. OF SPACE: to, towards, in the direction of, in, at, near, among, at the house of. II. OF TIME: towards, to, till, at; ad tempus, in time, P. 4. III. Of other RELATIONS: 1) With numerals: towards, about. 2) Of purpose: to, for; ad deponendam audaciam, i. C. 2. 3) In respect to, for, in, according to, as to, in point of, after, in conformity with.

ăd-aequo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (aequo, to make equal). To make

ǎcerbitas, ātis, f. (acerbus). Harshness, sour or disagreeable taste; severity, rigor, unkindness; bitterness; sorrow, trouble, calamity, hard-equal. ship, bitter fate.

ǎcerbus, a, um, adj. Sour, disagreeable; bitter, severe, hard. ăcervus, i, m. collection.

A heap, pile,

ad-do, ĕre, didi, ditum, v. tr. (do, to place, found only in compounds). To add, join to.

ad-duco, ère, duxi, ductum, v. tr. To lead or conduct to, bring, convey

to, draw towards; to induce, lead, assist, serve; to take in hand, maninfluence.

ǎdēmi. Se adimo.

ăd-eo, ire, ii, îtum, v. tr. and intr. To go to, approach; to enter upon; to visit.

ǎd-eo, adv. To that point, so far, to such a degree, so much; even.. ădeps, ipis, m. and f. Fat, corpulence, iii. C. 7.

ădeptus, a, um, part. from ădipis


ăd-hibeo, ère, ui, itum, v. tr. (hăbco). To bring to, summon, invite, admit, receive, bring, call in; to use, employ; to furnish.

ǎd-hortor, āri, ātus sum, v. dep. To encourage, incite, exhort, urge. ăd-huc, adv. Up to this time, hitherto, thus far, as yet, still.

dii. See ǎdco.

ǎd-imo, ère, emi, emptum, v. tr. (emo, to acquire). To take away, deprive of, remove.

ǎd-ipiscor, i, eptus sum, v. dep. (apiscor, to seize). To obtain, get, acquire, secure, attain.

ădire. See ǎdeo.

age, guide, direct, administer.

admīrābīlis, e, adj. (admiror). Wonderful, remarkable, admirable. admirandus, a, um, adj. (admiror). Admirable, wonderful. admirātio, ōnis, f. (admiror). Admiration, A. 3.

ad-miror, āri, ātus sum, v. dep. To wonder at, admire.

ad-mitto, ère, misi, missum, v. tr. To admit, allow.

ad-moneo, ere, ui, itum, v. tr. To admonish, warn, advise; to remind, suggest; to urge.

admonitu, m., only in abl. sing. (admoneo). At the advice, sugges tion, admonition, exhortation.

admurmuratio, ōnis, f. (admurmuro, to murmur at). A murmuring. ǎdolescens, entis, m. (adolesco). A youth, young man.

adolescentia, ae, f. (adolescens). Youthful age, youth.

ǎdolescentulus, i, m. G. 321, 1. (adolescens). A very young man. ǎdõlesco, ère, õlēvi, ultum, v. intr. incep. (adoleo, to increase). To grow ap-up, come to maturity.

ăditus, us, m. (ădeo). An proach, avenue, step; access, admittance; permission to approach, right of access or interview.

adjūmentum, i, n. (adjuvo). Help, aid, assistance, support, M.L.24. ad-jungo, ère, junxi, junctum, v. tr. To join to, add, grant, bind to, annex, unite.

ǎd-orno, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. To furnish, supply, M. L. 12.

ad-scisco, ère, scīvi, scītum, v. tr. (scisco, to seck to know). To take, receive, admit, join to.

ad-scribo. See ascribo.

ad-sisto, ère, stiti, v. intr. (sisto, to stand). To stand by or near, be

adjūtor, ōris, m. (adjuvo). Help- present. er, aid, assistant.

ad-jŭvo, āre, jūvi, jūtum, v. tr. To help, assist, aid; to avail, profit, be of use.

ad-minister, tri, m. (minister, a servant). A servant, assistant, attendant.

ad-mínistra, ae, f. (ministra, a maid-servant). A handmaid, maidservant, assistant, M. L. 13.

ad-ministro, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (ministro, to serve). To be at hand,

ad-sto, āre, stīti, stātum or stitum, v. intr. To stand at, by, or near, be present at, A. 10.

ad-sum, esse,adfui or affui, v. intr. To be present or at hand; to aid, assist.

ădulter, ĕri, m. An adulterer. ădultus, a, um, part. and adj. (ădõlesco). Mature, ripe, fully developed, i. C. 12.

adventĭcins, a, um, adj. (adrentus). Foreign, M. L. 9.

adventus, us, m. (adrěnio, to arrive). Arrival, approach, coming. adversārius, ii, m. (adversus). An opponent, adversary, enemy. adversor, āri, ātus sum, v. dep. (adversus). To resist, oppose, withstand, P. 15.

adversus, a, um, part. and adj. (adverto). Turned to, opposite, over against; unfavorable; res adversae, unfavorable circumstances, adversity. adversus, prep. with acc. (adverto). Against, opposite to.

ad-vespĕrascit, ĕre, vespĕrāvit, v. imper. (resperasco, to become evening). Evening or twilight is coming on, it is growing dark, iii.C. 2. advocātus, i, m. (ad-võco). An assistant, P. 7.

aedes, is, f. A temple, ii. C. 6; pl., a house.

aedificium, ii, n. (aedifico). An edifice, building.

aedifico, are, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (aedes, făcio). To build, construct, make.

Aegaeus, a, um, adj. Aegean; Aegacum mare, the Aegean Sea, the part of the Mediterranean between Greece and Asia Minor, M. L. 18. aeger, gra, grum, adj. Sick, indisposed, feeble, suffering, faint.

aegre, aegrius, aegerrime, adv. (aeger). With difficulty; ill.

aegrōtus, a, um, adj. (acger). Sick, ill.

Aegyptus, i, f. Egypt, L. 3. Aemilius, ii. m. M. Aemilius Scaurus, a statesman and orator, A. 3. aemulus, i, m. One who vies with another, a rival, M. 1.

aēneus, a, um, adj. (aes). zen, bronze, D. 7.

aequus, a, um, adj. Even, level; favorable, suitable; equal, like; just, right, honorable, reasonable; calm, composed; acquus animus, equanimity.

aerārium, ii, n. (aerarius). The treasury, ii. C. 11.

aerārius, a, um, adj. (aes). Relating to the treasury, of the treasury. aerumna, ae, f. Trouble, suffering, distress, iv. C. 4.

aes, aeris, n. Brass, copper; aera, brazen tablets, iii. C. 8; money, as the first Roman coins were made of copper; aes alienum, debt. aestas, ātis, f. Summer. aestus, us, m. Heat, burning heat. aetas, ātis, f. (aerum, age). Period of life, age; old age.

aeternitas, átis, f. (aeternus). Eternity, M. 9.

aeternus, a, um, adj. (aevum, age). Everlasting, eternal, perpetual. Aetōli, ōrum, m. pl. The Aetolians, inhabitants of Aetolia, a country in Central Greece, A. 11; M. L. 6.

affero, ferre, attuli, allātum, v. tr. (ad, fero). To bring to, apply, impart, offer, present, add; to contribute, afford; to occasion, cause, effect, produce.

afficio, ère, fēri, fectum, v. tr. (ad, făcio). To affect, influence, treat, visit; poenā, supplicio, to punish.

affīgo, ère, fixi, fixum, v. tr. (ad, figo). To fix, fasten upon, attach to. affingo, ère, finxi, fictum, v. tr. (ad, fingo). To assert falsely, add falsely; to add.

affīnis, e, adj. (ad, finis). ConBra- nected, related; concerned in, connected with, iv. C. 3.

aequalitas, ātis, f. (aequālis, equal). Equality, L. 12.

aeque, adv. (aequus). Equally; aeque ac, in the same manner as, iii. C. 12.

aequitas, ātis, f. (aequus). Equality; justice, equity, impartiality.

affirmo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (ad, firmo). To affirm, assert, M. 2. afflicto, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. freq. (affligo). To agitate, toss, trouble, vex, afflict.

affligo, ère, flixi, (ad, figo, to strike).

flictum, v. tr. To strike or

dash against; to cast down, prostrate, | master of the horse under the dictaafflict. tor Cincinnatus, i. C. 1.

aio, v. tr. def. G. 297, II. 1. To


affluens, entis, adj. (affluo, to abound). Abounding, rich in, A. 3. Africa, ae, f. Africa. Africanus, a, um, adj. (Africa). African; bellum Africanum, the African War in which Pompey conquered the remnant of the Marian faction in Numidia, 81 B. C., M. L. 10; the war between Caesar and the partisans of Pompey in Africa, 47 B. C.,ing, gambling, ii. C. 5. D. 9.

ălăcritas, atis, f. (alăcer, lively). Liveliness, ardor, zeal, eagerness, promptness.

Africanus, i, m. A cognomen of two of the Scipios, iv. C. 10; A. 7; A. 9; D. 7. Sec Scipio.

Alaudae, drum, f. pl. The Alaudae, the name of a legion raised by Cacsar in Gaul, P. 8.

alea, ae, f. A game of dice, gam

aleator, ōris, m. (alea). A gambler, gamester, ii. C. 10. Alexander, dri, m.

Alexander the Great, King of Macedonia and

ǎge, interj. (imperat. of ago). conqueror of the world, A. 10.

Come! M. L. 14.

ǎger, gri, m. Land, territory, field, country, district; agri, pl., the country.

aggrego, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (ad, grex). To collect, assemble. ăgito, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. freq. (ago). To put in motion, drive; to disturb, excite; to agitate, discuss. agnosco, ère, nōvi, nitum, v. tr. (ad, gnosconosco). To recognize, i. C. 7.


ago, ère, egi, actum, v. tr. I. To put in motion, drive. 1. To drive away, carry off, convey away. 2. To drive before one's self, pursue. To pursue a course of action. 1. To express, state; gratias, to give thanks. 2. To perform, accomplish, manage, pursue, transact, do; id agere ut, to attempt to; res agitur, a case is tried. 3. To plead, discuss. 4. To pass, spend. Agi, pass, to be at stake, M. L. 2. Intr., to act, proceed.

ǎgrārius, a, um, adj. (ăger). Relating to lands, agrarian; āgrārii, m. pl., the supporters of the agrarian laws, which related to the division of the public lands.

ǎgrestis, e, adj. (äger). Rustic. ǎgrícola, ae, m. (åger, còlo). farmer, husbandman, D. 9.


Alexandria, ae, f. (Alexander). Alexandria, the capital of Egypt, D. 9.

Alexandrinus, a, um, adj. (Alexandria). Alexandrian; belium Alexandrinum, the war between Caesar and the Alexandrians, D. 5.

ǎliēnīgěna, ae, m. adj. and subs. (aliēnus, gigno, to beget). Of foreign birth, foreign; a foreigner.

ǎliēnus, a, um, adj. (ălius). Belonging to another, foreign to, averse; aes alienum, debt; unfavorable, unfriendly; alienus, i, m., a stranger, foreigner, A. 9.

ǎliquando, adv. (ăliquis). Some time or other, at some time, at length. ǎliquanto, adv. (alius, quantus). A little, somewhat.

ǎliquis or ǎlíqui, qua, quid or quod, pron. indef. (alius, quis). Some one, any one, some, any, anything.

ăliquo, adv. (aliquis). To some place, somewhere, i. C. 7.

ăliquot, indef. num. indecl. (alius, quot). Some, several, a few. ǎliter, adv. (alius). in a different manner.


ǎliunde, adv. (alius, unde). From some other source, from another person, place, or thing, L. 1.

ǎlius, a, ud, adj. G. 151. Other, alius, one ...

Ahāla, ae, m. C. Servilius Ahala, another; alius

another; alii... alii, some... oth


allātus, a, um, part. from afféro. allício, ère, lexi, lectum, v. tr. (ad, lacio, to entice). To attract, allure, entice.

Allobroges, um, m. (sing. Allobrox, ogis). A people of Gaul, iii. C. 2.

ǎlo, ère, ălui, alitum and altum, v. tr. To nourish, support, sustain, maintain, foster, confirm.

Alpes, ium, f. pl. The Alps. altāria, ium, n. pl. (altus). altar, i. C. 9.


alter, čra, ĕrum, adj. G. 151. One of two, the other; alter... alter, the the other; alteri . . . alteri, the one party... the other; the second.


alternus, a, um, adj. (alter). One after another, by turns, alternate.

altĕr-uter, altĕrútra or altera utra, alterutrum or altěrům útrum, adj. G. 151, note 2. (uter, which of the two). One of two; in alterutro, on one side or the other, M. 7.

altus, a, um, adj. (alo). tall, lofty.

Amīsus, i, f. A city of Pontus on the Euxine, M. L. 8.

ā-mitto, ère, misi, missum, v. tr. To send away, dismiss; to lose, let pass; to ruin, M. L. 7.

ămo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. To love.

ǎmoenitas, atis, f. (amoenus, pleasant). Pleasantness, agreeable scenery, M. L. 14.

ǎmor, ōris, m. (ămo). Love, affection.

ample, adv. (amplus). Abundantly, copiously, generously; amplius, comp., further, more.

amplector, i, plexus sum, v. dep. (am, around, plecto, to bend). To embrace, hold, include, iv. C. 2.

amplifico, are, āvi, ātum, v. tr. (amplus, facio). To enlarge, extend, increase.

amplitūdo, inis, f. (amplus). Size, greatness, dignity, grandeur, consequence, advancement.

amplus, a, um, adj. (am, around, pleo, to fill). Of large extent, great, spacious; abundant, ample; magHigh, nificent, noble, illustrious, renowned, honorable, dignified.

alveolus, i, m. G. 321, 2. (alveus, a hollow). A gaming-board.

ămans, antis, part. and adj. (amo). Loving, fond of, attached to, devoted to.

ambo, ae, o, num. adj. note 2. Both.

G. 175,

āmens, entis, adj. (a,



Mad, frantic.

āmentia, ae, f. (amens). ness, folly, want of reason. ămicio, ire, icui or ixi, ictum, v. tr. (am, around, jacio). To throw around, to clothe, ii. C. 10.

ăn, conj. Whether, or. with notes.

G. 353,

anceps, cipitis, adj. (an=amb,
two, double, căput). Having two
heads; double, twofold; doubtful.
To vex,
ango, ère, anxi, v. tr.
distress, A. 11.

angulus, i, m. Corner, angle,

angustiae, ārum, f. pl. (angustus). Narrow space, defile, narrowness, narrow limits.

angustus, a, um, adj. (ango). Narrow, strait, contracted, restricted. ǎnhēlo, āre, āvi, ātum, v. tr. and intr. (am, around, hālo, to breathe). ămictus, a, um, part. from am- To breathe forth, ii. C. 1; to pant,

ămicitia, ae, f. (amicus). Friendship, alliance.


ămicus, a, um, adj. (ămo). Friendly, well-disposed; ămicus, i, m., a friend, an ally.


ănima, ae, f. Breath; life, existence; the soul, spirit.

ănimadversio, ōnis, f. (animad

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