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sponding to their importance, from a desire to do more justice to the comparatively less known (such as Statius, Valerius Flaccus, Martial, Apuleius, &c.), who, whatever their independent merit as writers, cannot but be of great interest to the student of historical literature.
To readers of this class the Editors trust the present volume may prove a really valuable aid ; the bringing together of different and often conflicting views, will show the limits within which Roman opinion varied.
The chronological arrangement was adopted in Part II. for obvious reasons, but abandoned in Part I., chiefly from the consideration that, there having been no regular unfolding or orderly development of thought in Rome (such as was the case, for example, in Greece), any attempt to tabulate, on a chronological basis, the opinions held on a given subject, would be delusive. The present arrangement, involving, as it does, two principles, labours under the disadvantage of being somewhat unsymmetrical, but it is hoped that the practical advantage thus gained will outweigh the æsthetic deficiency.
READING, April, 1879.
FIRST DIVISION: ROMAN THOUGHT.
A. The Supreme Being and His Government of the World,
B. Prayer and Worship, .
C. The Soul,
D. Death and Immortality,
E. Sin and its Punishment,
F. The Roman Cult,
G. Dreams and Magic,
Nos. 1-28 29-44 45-52 53-66 67-73 74-86 87-90
A. Period I., 240-80 B.C., Nævius–Claudius Quadrigarius,
B. Period II., 80 B.C.-14 A.D., Varro—the Emperor Augustus,
C. Period III., 14–180 A.D., Velleius Paterculus-Fronto,
PART II.--RHETORICAL PASSAGES.
A. Period I., 240-80 B.C., Ennius-Helvius Mancia,
B. Period II., 80 B.C.-14 A.D., Cicero-Cornelius Severus,
C. Period III., 14-180 A.D., Lucan-Fronto, .
PART III.--WIT AND HUMOUR,
A. Period I., 240-80 B.C., Plautus—Titius,
B. Period II., 80 B.C. -14 A.D., Varro-Horace,
C. Period III., 14–180 A.D., Petronius-Fronto,
1. Existence of God inferred from the Contemplation
2. Existence of God inferred from the Evidence of
Design in Nature,
3. Existence of God inferred from the Splendour of
4. Existence of God inferred from the Order observ.
able in Nature,
5, 6. Existence of God inferred from Common
7. Existence of God inferred from the Principle of
Life within us,
8. On the Possibility of God's Attributes,
9. God the True Object of Knowledge,
10. Law in its Highest Form the Expression of the
Divine Mind, .
11. God is within us :' the Sublime a Trace of Him,
12. The Universe considered Divine,
13. The Universe confounded with God,
14. The Universe not without Intelligence,
15, 16. Popular Notions of the Divine Power criti-
17. How the World is governed,
18. Fate Supreme over all Things,
19. The Gods do not govern the World,
20. Θεοί ρεία ζώοντες, ,
21. The Universe God's Habitation,
22. The World was made for Man,
23. This may be proved from the Perfection of the
29. Origin of Natural Religion,
30. Superstition not Religion, .
31. Revolt against the Tyranny of Superstition, Lucr.
32. The Superstitions sanctioned by Numa ridiculed, Lucil.
33. A Warning against Religious Quacks,
34. The Same,
35. Right Worship depends on a Right Conception of
the Divine Nature,
36. The Worship of a Pure Heart,
37. The Same,
X 38. Labienus advises Cato to consult the Oracle, Lucan
39. Cato declares that Truth may be learned without
the Aid of Oracles,
40. A Prayer, .
41. What we ought to pray for,
42. Temples should be built for the Gods,
43. The Superstition of any People takes its Distinc-
tive Form from the Physical Conditions of
the Country they inhabit,
44. Utility of Religion to the Commonwealth,
Moribus et Caelum patuit,"
54. "Look nature through, 'tis revolution all :