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ORIENTAL CUSTOMS:

OR AH 4

ILLUSTRATION

OF THE

SACRED SCRIPTURES,

BY AN

EXPLANATORY APPLICATION

» OF THE

CUSTOMS AND MANNERS OF THE EASTERN NATIONS,

AND ESPECIALLY

THE JEWS, THEREIN ALLUDED TO.

TOGETHER WITH

OBSERVATIONS

ON MANY

DIFFICULT AND OBSCURE TEXTS,

Collected from the most

CELEBRATED TRAVELLERS, AND THE MOST EMINENT CRITICS.

-^hv : -v> *

BY

SAMUEL BURDER.

VOLUME II.
— ■

As a due consideration of foreign testimonies and monuments often
gives great light to what is obscurely expressed in the Scripture; so
where the Scripture in these thing's, with such allowances as it every
where declares itself to admit of, may be interpreted in a fair compli-
ance with uncontrolled foreign testimonies, that interpretation is to be
embraced. Dr. Owek.

f>lnlanelp|)ta:

MINTED AND PUBLISHED BY WILLIAM W. WOODWARD, NO. 52,
CORNER OF SECOND AND CHESNOT 3TREETS.

1807.

. t

ORIENTAL CUSTOMS:

ILLUSTRATIVE

OF THE

SACRED SCRIPTURES.

No. 601—GENESIS i. 5.
And the evening and the morning were thefirst day.

THE Mosaical method of computing days from sunset to sun-set, and of reckoning by nights instead of days, prevailed amongst the polished Athenians. And from a similar custom of our Gothic ancestors, during their abode in the forests of Germany, words expressive of such a mode of calculation (such as fortnight, se'nnight) have been derived into our own language. The same custom, as we are informed by Caesar, prevailed among the Celtic nations. "All the Gauls," says he, "measure time, not by the number of days, but of nights. Accordingly they observe their birth-days, and the beginnings of months and years, in such a manner, as to cause the day to follow the night."

No. 602.—iv. 8. Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord.] "To offer to the Deity the first-fruits of the tender herbage, springing up in the vernal season, and of the different kinds of grain and fruits matured by a warm sun, was the practice of mankind in

vol. II. B

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