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knowledge and some special skill for his work. The most elementary requirement would be facility in the use of figures, the writing of a good hand and a reasonably accurate elementary acquaintance with the mother tongue."-Principal Sheppard.
ization are: Milton J. Fletcher, Jamestown, president; A. W. Skinner, Oneida, vice-president; W. J. Deans, Palmyra, secretary; A. B. Vossler, Deposit, treasurer. Executive committee, A. È. Barnes, Freeport; H. L. Russell, Owego; C. A. Hamilton, Newark.
“Manual training is destined to become a part of the curriculum of every school and to be a part of the work of every pupil. You may shake your head, oppose it, decry it as you will, it is as sure to follow as the night the day.”—Principal Larkins.
New York State Science Teachers
The State Superintendents
The convention of New York State superintendents, held at Rochester in October, was the liveliest in years, interest centering about the decision of the State Board of Regents to allow no schools public money unless the State examinations are held therein. Rochester is opposed to what Professor Forbes calls the "autocracy” of the State board. The opinion of the delegates from other cities was about evenly divided. The matter of adopting the simplified spelling method as advocated by Carnegie, Matthews, Roosevelt Corporation was presented, but no action was taken. In fact it was given very little consideration. The legislative committee was instructed to favor the establishment of State truant schools, apart from the State reformatories for boys and girls. The following officers were elected: President, Supt. R. R. Rogers, Jamestown; vice-president, John M. Dolph, Port Jervis, secretary and treasurer, E. G. Lantman, Port Chester. Albany was selected as a place of meeting next year.
The next annual meeting of the New York State Science Teachers' Association will be held at Teachers' College, Columbia University, New York city, December 26th and 27th, in conjunction with the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
The program is as follows: Wednesday afternoon.-Dean James E. Russell; Dr. Kelly, Ethical Culture School, “Are High School Courses in Science Adapted to the Needs of Adolescents; " W. M. Bennett, West High School, Rochester, “Some Demonstrations in Refraction and Dispersion of Light;" Prof. Minchen, University of Rochester,“ Demonstration: The Principle of Interference and Its Applications; " Henry R. Linville, De Witt Clinton High School, New York city, “ Biology as Method and as Science in Secondary Schools; ” Dr. Grace E. Cooley, Newark High School, “The High School Biologist and the Citizen of To-morrow; " Jennie T. Martin, Central High School, Buffalo, “Field Work in Physical Geography;" W. H. Platzer, High School, Poughkeepsie, “ The Value of the Inductive Study of Relief Forms in Field Work;" Prof. Gale, University of Rochester, “The Place of Transformation Theory in Geometry;” Prof. Keyser, Columbia University, “Concerning the Introduction of Modern Notions into the Geometry of Secondary Mathematics."
Wednesday evening.-Prof. D. E. Smith, Teachers' College, Columbia University, “The Preparation of the Teacher of Mathematics in Secondary Schools; ” Prof. E. L. Thorndike, Teachers' College, Columbia University, “The Teaching of Science as Seen from the Outside.”
Thursday forenoon.-Prof. Mann, Chicago University, “ The New Move for the Reform of Physics Teaching in Germany, France and America ;” Prof. Sherman Davis, Indiana University, “Purpose of Science in the Culture of the Adolescent;” J. M. Jameson, Pratt Institute, Brooklyn, “More Interesting Mechanics in the High School;” J. Y. Bergen, Cambridge, Mass., “ Plant Physiology in Secondary Schools; ” Prof. Bigelow, Teachers' College, Columbia University, “Some Established Principles of Nature Study;" Lester B. Cary, High School, Buffalo; George T. Hargitt, High School, Syracuse; and James T. Peabody, Morris High School, New York city, “The Teaching of Biological Science in Some of the High Schools in New York State ; ” Prof. Richardson, Syracuse University, “The
The Holiday Conference
Syracuse, December 26-28, 1906.
The following preliminary announcement has been secured concerning the program of the Associated Academic Principals' Conference, which will be held at Syracuse the latter part of December. The annual address will be delivered by President Hadley of Yale L'niversity. Other addresses arranged at this writing are: “The True Function of the College," by President Taylor of Vassar; “The True Function of the Free Public High School,” by Dr. W. H. Hickman, President of the Chautauqua Institution. The general subject of the meeting, aside from the special addresses, will be,“ Problems in the Administrations of Secondary Schools." It is intended to make the meeting a time for a good deal of general discussion by the principals themselves. Commissioner Draper will speak on “The Teaching in the Smaller Academic Schools." A fare of 1/3 has been secured on the different roads. Headquarters will be at the Yates Hotel, and the meetings will be held in the City Hall. The officers of the organ
Study of Minerals and Rocks in Physical ance and good conduct. This, however, will Geography in the High School;" Dr. John be returned at the close of the term, to all M. Clarke, State Geologist, “ Barachois, Bar pupils standing 80 per cent. or above in atand Tickle; " A. W. Farnham, Oswego Nor- tendance, unless otherwise forfeited. mal School, “ The Relation which School Gardens may bear to Industrial and Commer- The Elmira board has recommended that, cial Geography;" W. T. Morrey, Morris High instead of holding a teachers' institute, the School, New York city, “Use of Reference superintendent secure three or four good Books in Physical Geography by Pupils in the speakers during the year to speak to the High School;” Prof. Hawkes, Yale Univer- teachers upon educational topics. Elmira sity, “Secondary Mathematics from a College has adopted the course of study recommended Standpoint;” C. B. Upton, Horace Mann by the State Education Department. High School, “ What Equipment does a High School need for the Effective Teaching of
Hereafter the application of any married Mathematics; ” Prof. Webb, Stevens Institute, woman to teach in the public schools of Syra“The Relation between High School and Cola cuse will not be considered. The women lege Mathematics."
teachers in the high school have requested an Thursday afternoon.-Prof. Hallock, Col increase in the maximum salary from $700 umbia University. “Demonstration, Optical to $1,000 a year. John W. Scoville has been Oddities;” Fred Z. Lewis, Boys' High School, appointed a teacher in the high school. The Brooklyn, “Demonstration, Photomicro elementary syllabus of the State Education graphs; ” Prof. Davis, Harvard University, Department has been adopted. The course of “ Laboratory Exercises in Physical Geog study committee has recommended as grade raphy, Illustrated; " W. Betz, East High text-books,“ Stories of Early New York State School, Rochester, “Open Questions in the History," by Sherman Williams, and “ BuildTeaching of Elementary Geometry;" J. T. ers of Our Country," by Mrs. Frank SouthRover, Central High School, Philadelphia, worth. The latter book is published by D. “The Necessity of Closer Affiliation of Appleton & Co. Mathematical Associations; ” Dr. E. C. Hovey, American Museum of Natural History, "West
At Lockport the board pays for the inIndian Volcanoes and their Recent Erup struction given the high school orchestra. The tions, Illustrated.”
high school also has a military organization, Thursday evening.-Reception given by not yet recognized by the board, but an effort President Nicholas Murray Butler.
is being made to place the military drill on Teachers of science and mathematics desir the same basis as other studies, allowing cering to become members of the association may tain counts for proficiency and attendance at communicate with the president, John F.
roll-call, and holding examinations during the Woodhull, Teachers' College, Columbia Uni-, year. versity, New York city.
Mrs. Russell Sage has given $50,000 toward building a new union school at Sag Harbor. At the suggestion of Mrs. Sage the school
will be known as Pierson High School, in · News of Schools and School Men memory of one of her forebears.
The decennial anniversary of the founding The teachers in the public schools of Kingsof the Thomas S. Clarkson Memorial School ton are making a strong effort to lessen the of Technology, was observed at Potsdam, Nov. cigarette habit among the boys. In the an27-30. A Thanksgiving alumni dinner was nual report of the board of education recently served at one of the hotels. The principal issued there is a report from the principal of address was delivered by Dr. Henry S. Prit- each school in the city, and in nearly every chett, President of the Carnegie Foundation one of these reports there is mention made of for the Advancement of Teaching.
the cigarette habit and the fight that is being
waged to discourage it. The teachers all Arthur Cooper, a representative of the agree that the boys who are addicted to this American Book Company for over twenty pernicious habit do poor work in their classes years, with important territory in New York and soon fall hopelessly to the rear. Some city and State, died Nov. 14, at the Hahne good methods to lessen the evil are suggested. mann hospital, New York city, as a result One principal recommends “the help of the of an operation for an affection of the liver. public press, which is mighty power for good.
Let the teacher see that literature pertaining The board of education of Ballston Spa to the evil effects of smoking cigarettes be has adopted a resolution requesting the teach printed in the home papers and read." He ers not to accept gifts from the scholars or adds, “if each of the 450,000 teachers of the parents. This has caused much hard feeling land should save one boy each year; if they in the past, as children who were unable to should band themselves together for one comgive felt it keenly when other scholars made mon purpose, what a mighty army would be valuable gifts to the teachers.
marshaled for the right.” Another suggests
a heart to heart talk with the boy, showAt Auburn the board of education requires ing him the results of such smoking by cita deposit of one dollar from all who attend ing examples such as exist even in their night school, as a guarantee of regular attend- own city.
Highland; sec., Martin C. Nilon, New Paltz; treas., J. Hartley Tanner, Fly Mountain.
Supt. Hayward, of Cohoes, gives a course of illustrated lectures during the winter season, under the auspices of the board of education, for the benefit of the teachers, pupils and general public.
The Orange County Teachers' Association met at Middletown, November 10. Papers were read by George H. Decker, E. E. Cortright, H. C. Woodworth, Edmund Cocks, A. C. Mayham, and T. L. McKnight. Principal Mayham's topic was, “In the average community with a school of less than 200 pupils, would it not be better to take the teaching force and equipment necessary for an academic course and use it to develop a stronger grammar school and not have an academic department?” The officers of the association are: U. F. Axtell, president; Jessie Hotchkiss, first vice-president; Frank M. Edson, second vice-president; Orville Eichenberg, secretary; and Anna A. Farrand, treasurer.
The annual session of the Ontario County Teachers' Association was held in the Canandaigua Academy, Nov. 15-16. The program arranged by Commissioner Ingalls was interesting and helpful, especially so the work on drawing by Miss Helen E. Lucas of the Rochester Schools. “Uncle John” Spencer was on hand to please and instruct in his winsome way. The address by Prof. George P. Bristol, of Cornell University, brought out old truths in new dress in such a way as to impress one with the importance of the teacher's mission. Hon. O. F. Williams delivered a masterly address on “Our Rights and Duties in the Orient."
The officers for the current year are:
President, Supt. James Winne, Canandaigua; vice-pres., Prin. L. W. Herrick, Clifton Springs; secretary, Prin. William M. Fort, Phelps; treasurer, Miss Mary Rigney, West Blo
Cheney's English History has been adopted at Hornell, in place of Montgomery's.
Hart's Essentials in American History has been adopted at Rome.
The Buffalo Schoolmasters' Association has arranged an interesting program of meetings for the year. The topics and list of speakers follow:
October 2, “The Public Library and the Public School,” Mr. Walter L. Brown, Librarian Buffalo Public Library; Supt. Henry P. Emerson; November 13, “ Class Organization, -One division or two divisions? " Mr. R. A. Searing, Supt. of Schools, No. Tonawanda; December 4, “ School Sanitation," Dr. Walter D. Greene," Health Commissioner, City of Buffalo; January 8, “Inter-dependence of Manual Training and Drawing," Mr. Theodore M. Dillaway, Director of Drawing; Mr. Daniel Upton, Principal of Technical High School; February 5, “Mid-winter Banquet; March 5, “European School Systems," Mr. George M. Forbes, Professor of Education, Rochester University; April 2, “Relation of the Superintendent to the School System," Mr. Henry P. Emerson, Superintendent of Education; June 8, Annual outing.
School affairs in Troy are reported to have become so bad that the women of the city have organized an “Educational Alliance," the object of which is to create and maintain public interest in the school system of Troy; to raise the standard of efficiency in the teaching force; to seek to eliminate abuses in the conduct of the schools; and to work for the appointment of a competent governing board which shall be representative of the best citizenship and devoted to the welfare of the schools." The work of this housecleaning brigade will be watched with interest. Just now a petition is being circulated for signatures, addressed to His Honor, the Mayor. It reads as follows:
“We, parents, citizens and taxpayers of the city of Troy, believe that the best interests of our public schools are jeopardized by the present conditions in our board of education. We call attention to the following facts:
"The existing board is, in its majority, politically out of sympathy with your administration and the majority of the voters who intrusted the conduct of city affairs to you.
" It is representative of an administration which those voters believe discredited our city, foisted upon it incompetent and unworthy officials, and, particularly in the Department of Public Education, has brought about an intolerable state of affairs.
“The present board in no sense represents the awakened public sentiment which is demanding a higher standard of intelligence, efficiency and honesty in our school officials.
“We therefore respectfully petition you to remove the present board of education.”
The Interlake Council of Schoolmen met at Canandaigua, November 17. The following topics were discussed: “Standards for promotion and graduation without Regents' Examinations," “ Classifications of pupils and designation of grades and divisions of grades," "Teaching of the classics—some of the difficulties first year pupils encounter," "The Regents' syllabus in elementary and academic history.
The fourth meeting of the Ulster County Association was held at Kingston, Nov. 1o. Addresses were made by Prin. M. C. Smith, Goshen; Hon. G. M. Thompson, State institute Conductor; and Prin. John E. Shull, Kingston. The officers were: Pres., W. Frank Davis, Cottekill; vice-pres., Martha Smith,
After telling her pupils about the landing of the Pilgrims, a school teacher recently asked them to draw from imagination a picture of Plymouth Rock. There was considerable confusion when a little boy got up and asked if she wanted a hen or a rooster.
State Department of Education
available. This catalogue will be supplemented The Education Department has issued a
by suggestive lists of slides upon a variety of pamphlet relating to the competitive examina
topics for which there is special demand. tion of candidates for the State scholarships
There are in the collection several copies of
nearly every slide catalogued, so no difficulty in Cornell University for 1907. The examina
is anticipated in promptly filling every requisitions will be held in each county, June 1, 1907.
tion received. Requisitions for illustrations
not listed in the catalogue will be given careNew Rules Relating to Teachers' Certificates.
ful consideration and filled if practicable. A booklet recently issued by the Education All schools, institutions and organizations in Department, covering the regulations relating the State of New York under the juris to teachers' certificates, states that the last of the New York State Education Department, examination for the first-grade uniform certifi or chartered by or registered with the Regents cate will be held in April, 1907. Thereafter of the University, are entitled to borrow slides. the new plan of earning certificates will be in full effect, based on the rules enacted by the
School Decoration. Regents in September, 1905. The certificates will include elementary, academic and train
Teachers who have difficulty in finding aping class, limited to a particular school not
propriate pictures with which to adorn their maintaining an academic department; train
classrooms will probably welcome an offer ing school, State life, normal, college graduate,
which is now being advanced by the Division and special certificates to be known as kinder
of Educational Extension of the State Educagarten, drawing, etc. The legal requirements
tion Department. The offer is to supply for teaching in the primary and grammar
framed pictures suitable for classroom decoragrades of city schools are a State life, normal
tion at an annual rental of fifty cents each. diploma, college graduate, or training school
Any teacher desiring suitable pictures for certificate, or three years' successful experi
classroom decoration may obtain a list of one ence in teaching and a valid teachers' certifi
hundred by writing to the New York State
Education Department, Division of Educacate. New Education Building.
tional Extension, Albany, N. Y. After select
ing the pictures desired, the teacher sends The roster of the Education Department their captions, together with fifty cents to pay shows the names of 251 officials and em for the annual rental of each picture, to the ployees. The new education building will re- Division of Educational Extension. quire at least 349,000 feet of floor space so The pictures are then forwarded, the State that the work can be carried on with greater paying transportation both ways to the railfacility. The first competition for architects way or steamboat office nearest the school, but who have desired to furnish plans closed No- the teacher must pay the local cartage. vember 30. The board of award will select The list is not intended necessarily to reprethe ten most meritorious from among the sent the best art, but rather to include one set of designs submitted and will pay to the hundred of the most satisfactory subjects for authors of these ten drawings the sum of $500 the decoration of high schools, taking into each. The board will then invite the ten consideration not only the artistic merit, repuauthors of the selected designs to engage in tation, historical and literary significance and a second competition and will pay the further educational value, but also extreme or peculiar sum of $1,000 to each author who competes. views on religious and ethical questions. Ob The authors of the three most meritorious viously certain pictures sure to be included designs finally accepted will be awarded $2,000 among the best one hundred pictures for an and $1,000 respectively. The last legislature art gallery would have to be excluded from a appropriated $3,500,000 to cover the cost of selertion for public schools to be paid for out the building and the sum of $400,000 with of public funds. In circulating pictures at which to purchase the site.
State expense it has been thought wise to
avoid those objectionable on religious grounds Lantern Slides.
as tending to irreverence for things held The Division of Visual Instruction is now sacred, or as tending to dignify and enforce ready to loan lantern slides to illustrate or to ridicule or antagonize particular doccourses of study in various subjects. The trines, and those objectionable on ethical slides are standard size, 394x4 inches, and so grounds as tending to make vice or questionfar as practicable, are colored. Almost every able habits familiar or attractive, or as disresubject admitting of illustration is represented, garding prejudice against the nude in art. including reproductions of national history, The pictures provided by the State are about historic places, famous buildings, manners and
42x54 inches in size, and comprise Braun, customs of peoples, industries, scientific speci Elson, Hanfstangl and Hegger carbons, Copmens, physical phenomena, sculpture, painting, ley prints and bromides and Berlin photoliterature and the classics. The scope of the gravures. work will be constantly broadened and new illustrations will be added as rapidly as possi
State Examinations Board. ble, A printed catalogue will be issued con- The new State Examinations Board for taining a carefully classified list of slides which the Board of Regents provided at the
liam Henry Maxwell, New York City, to serve five years; Superintendent Henry P. Emerson, Buffalo, to serve four years; Superintendent A. P. Blodgett, Syracuse, to serve three years; Superintendent Charles E. Gorton, Yonkers, to serve two years; Superintendent Richard A. Searing, North Tonawanda, to serve one year.
June meeting has just been appointed. The board consists of twenty persons—the Commissioner of Education, the three Assistant Commissoners, and the Chief of the Examinations Division are ex officio members, and the Commissioner of Education is chairman. Fifteen other members are appointed by the Board of Regents, ordinarily at the time of the University Convocation, five of whom represent the colleges and universities, five the high schools and academies, and five the city superintendents. Only such persons as are engaged in teaching or in supervision in this State may be members of the board. The appointive members serve for five years, but the first appointees for each group serve for one, two, three, four and five years, as designated by the Board of Regents.
The functions of the Examinations Board are to appoint, with the approval of the Commissioner of Education, committees to prepare question papers for State examinations, and to advise with the Commissioner in respect to the form and contents of syllabuses covering the subjects of study in the elementary and secondary schools.
This board serves without compensation, but the ordinary expenses incident to attendance upon meetings called by the Commissioner of Education are to be paid by the State.
The committees appointed by the State Examinations Board to prepare question papers consist of three persons each. One of each committee must be an officer of the Education Department; the other two members. for preacadmic subjects are principals of elementary schools, and for academic subjects a college teacher and a secondary school teacher. Each teacher shall serve for one year and shall receive from the State the necessary expenses in attending meetings of his committee in each year and an annual honorarium as follows: on preacademic subjects, English, Latin, 'Greek, history with civics and economics, mathematics, biological science, and commercial subjects, $50; on German, French, Spanish and drawing, $40; on physics, chemistry and physical geography, $30.
The members of the first board have been selected as follows:
Colleges-President Nicholas Murray Butler of Columbia University, to serve five years; President Rush Rhees of the University of 'Rochester, to serve four years; Chancellor James R. Day of Syracuse University, to serve three years; President David W. Hearn of the College of St. Francis Xavier, to serve two years; President A. V. V. Raymond of Union University, to serve one year.
Secondary schools Associate City Superintendent Edward L. Stevens, in charge of high schools, New York City, to serve five years; Principal Walter B. Gunnison, Erasmus Hall High School, Brooklyn, to serve four years ; Principal Frank H. Rollins, Stuyvesant High School, Manhattan, to serve three years; Principal Frank D. Boynton, Ithaca High School, Ithaca, to serve two years; Principal L. F. Hodge, Franklin Academy, Malone, to
serve one year. ise Elementary schools-Superintendent Wil usti
Educational Legislation, 1906. Many inquiries have come to us regarding any changes and new laws relating to public education passed by the legislature of 1906. The majority of these acts are not of general importance, but are local in character and therefore we mention here only those likely to be of most interest to our readers.
CHAPTER 58. An act to amend the consolidated school law relative to misrepresentation in the sale of school supplies. Became a law, March 15, 1906. Makes it a misdemeanor for any employe, agent, or representative of a firm, company or corporation engaged in selling, publishing, or manufacturing papers, periodicals, books, maps, charts, school supplies, apparatus, or furniture, or any other person engaged or employed in such business to falsely represent to a school board, a teacher or school officer, that he is an agent, employe, or representative of the Commissioner of Education, the State Education Department, the Regents of the University, or any other school officer.
CHAPTER 150. An act to amend certain sections, and to legalize certain acts of trustees of school districts. Became a law, April 5, 1906. Authorizes trustees to have school houses insured. If the district meeting shall neglect to make such authorization, it shall be the duty of the trustees to insure such school houses and the premiums paid shall be raised by district tax. Relates also to the purchase of school sites, construction of school houses, additions thereto, purchase of furniture and apparatus, repairs, etc. The acts of the trustees in heretofore insuring school property in companies not created by or under the laws of New York State, but which are authorized by law to transact business in this State are hereby legalized.
CHAPTER 678. An act providing for the acquisition of a site and for the erection of a State Education Building, providing for the State Library, State Museum, and making an appropriation therefor. Became a law, May 31, 1906.
CHAPTER 698. An act to amend the consolidated school late', in relation to the apportionment of the free school fund. Became a law, June 2, 1906. To each district having an assessed valuation of $20,000 or less, as appears by the report of the trustees upon which such apportionment is based, $200; to each district having an assessed valuation of $40,000 or less, but exceeding $20,000, $175; to each district having an assessed valuation of $60,000 or less, but exceeding $40,000, $150; to each Indian reservation for each teacher employed therein for a period of 32 weeks or more, $150; and to each of the remaining districts, and to each of the cities in the State, $125. The apportionment provided for by this sub