Inventing the Indigenous: Local Knowledge and Natural History in Early Modern Europe
Cambridge University Press, 19 mar 2007 - 218 pagine
In the wake of expanding commercial voyages, many people in early modern Europe became curious about the plants and minerals around them and began to compile catalogs of them. Drawing on cultural, social and environmental history, as well as the histories of science and medicine, this book argues that, amidst a growing reaction against exotic imports -- whether medieval spices like cinnamon or new American arrivals like chocolate and tobacco -- learned physicians began to urge their readers to discover their own "indigenous" natural worlds. In response, compilers of local inventories created numerous ways of itemizing nature, from local floras and regional mineralogies to efforts to write the natural histories of entire territories. Tracing the fate of such efforts, the book provides new insight into the historical trajectory of such key concepts as indigeneity and local knowledge.
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whom we have already encountered in the preceding chapter and
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Altdorf apud areas argued authors Baier Beringer’s Beverwyck Bibliotheca Bidloo botanical excursions botanical garden botanists Braunschweig Bucher Cambridge University Press cameralist Catalogus plantarum Chicago Press cited Commelin compilers conﬁned Culture deﬁned discussed Dutch early modern Europe eighteenth century English European example exotic ﬁelds ﬁgured ﬁnd ﬁrst Florae Altdorﬁnae deliciae ﬂoras ﬂorists foreign fossils German territories Henry Oldenburg herbals herbs Hevelius history of Switzerland Holy Roman Empire Hortus humanist indigenous Jahn and Woolf Johann Jakob Scheuchzer John Ray Jungermann kinds knowledge Latin letter Linnaeus local ﬂoras Londa Schiebinger London Lorraine Daston Medicine mineral native land natural history natural objects natural world natural-historical naturalists numerous Nuremberg Oldenburg origins Paracelsus Paracelsus’s particular physicians places plants princely published reﬂected regional mineralogies Renaissance Royal Society Science scientiﬁc seen seventeenth century signiﬁcant sive sixteenth century species speciﬁc specimens Sudhoff town tradition treatise Trew typis Ursprung der Donau W¨urzburg writing Z¨urich