Philosophy and Myth in Karl Marx

Copertina anteriore
Transaction Publishers, 1 gen 2001 - 263 pagine

In Karl Marx's early writing (first made available many years after his death) his economic interpretation of history and his concept of communism were set in a comprehensive philosophical framework. Marx's main preoccupation at this time was with man estranged from himself in an alienated world: a subjective, almost religious theme.

Taking full account of these earlier writings, Robert Tucker critiques and reinterprets Marx's thought. He shows how its origins can be located in earlier German philosophers, in particular Kant, Hegel and Feuerbach. Reconstructing the genesis of Marxism in its founder's own mind, he clarifies Marx's mystifying contention that Marxism represented Hegelianism turned 'on its head'. He then presents a new interpretation, based on close textual analysis, of the relation between Marx's early philosophical system and the subsequent materialist conception of history as expounded in the later and best known writings of Marx and Engels. Against this background, Tucker presents Das Kapital as a work belonging to the post-Hegelian mythical development of Germany philosophy. Considering in turn the genesis of Marxism and the underlying continuity of his thought from the early writings to Das Kapital, Tucker shows the theme of alienation is central throughout.

In the years since the book was first written, comments and criticism have encouraged Tucker to change his position somewhat. This is explained in a new introduction that goes beyond the interpretative enterprise of the rest of the book to assess Marx in relation to contemporary concerns: first it presents a critique of Marx's treatment of alienation and then it comments on the moot problem of the continuing relevance of his social and economic thought. On the latter point his views have matured and altered during the intervening years and he now finds the economic and social aspects of Marx's thought considerably more relevant than he did before.

 

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Sommario

INTRODUCTION TO THE TRANSACTION EDITION
3
PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION
7
PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION
9
MARX IN CHANGING PERSPECTIVE
11
THE SELF AS GOD IN GERMAN PHILOSOPHY
31
HISTORY AS GODS SELFREALIZATION
45
THE DIALECTIC OF AGGRANDIZEMENT
57
PHILOSOPHY REVOLTS AGAINST THE WORLD
73
ALIENATION AND MONEYWORSHIP
136
COMMUNISMTHE SELF REGAINED
150
TWO MARXISMS OR ONE?
165
THE NEW MATERIALISM
177
DIVISION OF LABOUR AND CAPITAL
203
THE MYTH AND THE PROBLEM OF CONDUCT
218
MARX AND THE PRESENT AGE
233
References
244

METAPHYSICS AS ESOTERIC PSYCHOLOGY
85
MARX AND FEUERBACH
95
THE RISE OF PHILOSOPHICAL COMMUNISM
106
WORKING MAN AS WORLD CREATOR
123

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Pagina 5 - ... in communist society, where nobody has one exclusive sphere of activity but each can become accomplished in any branch he wishes, society regulates the general production and thus makes it possible for me to do one thing today and another tomorrow, to hunt in the morning, fish in the afternoon, rear cattle in the evening, criticize after dinner, just as I have a mind, without ever becoming hunter, fisherman, shepherd or critic.
Pagina 4 - In place of the old bourgeois society, with its classes and class antagonisms, we shall have an association, in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all.

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