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16 fins of the whole world." * And with St. Paul : “ We thus judge, that if one died for all then were u all dead; and (we further judge) that he died fur all,with the same rectoral intention by


“ fome, it was no price for the rest, for whom it was not paid. “ These things premised, if Christ no way died for all men, how “ can those promises stand true? All men, if they believe, shall “ be saved ; saved, but how? Shall they be saved by a pov, or “ price of redemption ? there was none at all paid for them; the “ immense value of Christ's death doth not make it a price as to " them for whom he died not ; or shall they be saved without “ a aulpor, or price? God's unsatisfied justice cannot suffer it, his “ minatory law cannot bear it, neither doth the gospel know any “ such way of salvation ; take it either way, the truth of those “ promises cannot be vindicated, unless we say, that Christ died

for all men. If it be yet further demanded, to what purpose " is it to argue which way reprobates shall be saved, seeing none “ of them ever did or will believe? Let the apostle answer, “ What if some did not believe? Shall their unbelief make the faith " of God of none effect? God forbid; yea, let God be true, but every

man a liar, Rom. iii. 3, 4. And again, If we believe xot, yet he abideth faithful, and cannot deny himself, ? Tim. ii. 13. No “ reprobate ever did or will believe, yet the promise must be

true, and true antecedently to the faith or unbelief of men ; true, s because it is the promise of God, and antecedently true, because " elfe it could not be the object of faith.”

I argue from the minister's commiffion, which is, Go preach " the gospel to every creature. By virtue of this, they command " all men every where to repent; and to induce them there

unto, they open a door of hope to them, and to raise up " that hope, they set forth Jesus Chrift evidently before their

eyes, as if he were crucified among them. . In all their

pathetical beseechings, God himself beseeches, 2 Cor. v. 28. in " all their loud out-cries, Wisdom herself cries out, Prov, viii. “ 1, 4. in all their earnest expostulations, Christ himself stands at the door and knocks, Rev. iii. 20.

But if Chrift no way

as died * 1 John ii. 2.


which he gives his promises and himself to all, to the end that they may have the means of being obedient and happy; and with the higher and more specific end, “ that they who live (as justified by


« died for all men, how came the minister's commission to be fo “ large? They command men to repent that their fins may be “ blotted out, but how can their fins be blotted out for whom « Christ was not made fin? - Why should they come to that 66 feast for whom nothing is prepared ? How should they eat and " drink for whom the lamb was never slain ?

I argue from the unbelief of men, which is wonderfully aggravated in Scripture. Through Jesus Christ there is a real offer of

grace made, but unbelief receives it in vain, 2 Cor. vi. 1. “ Great falvation is prepared, but unbelief neglects it, Heb.ii. 3. “ Eternal rest' is promised, but unbelief comes short of it, Heb. " iv. 1. The kingdom of heaven comes nigh to men, but unbe

lief draws back from it, HEB. X. 39. God himself bears

witness that there is life in his Son, even for all if they believe, 66 but unbelief faith No to it, and doth what it can to make hime

a liar, 1 JOHN v. 10.-How can those men receive grace in es vain, for whom it was never procured ? or neglect falvation, " for whom it was never prepared ? How can they fall short of " eternal reft, for whom it was never purchased ? or draw back " from the kingdom of heaven which never approached unto o them? How can there be life in Christ for those for whom he

never died ? and if not, which way doth their unbelief give " God the lie ?” Polhill on the Divine Will considered in its Eternal Decrees, and holy execution of them, p. 282 et seq.

There are some things, even on the subject of redemption, in which I do not fully accord with this author ; 66 but where there " is an agreement in the substance and design of any doctrine," (to borrow the words of Dr. Owen, in his recommendatory preface to the above Treatise) “ as there is between my judgment and “ what is here solidly declared, it is our duty to bear with each or other in things circumstantial, or different explanations of the fanu truth, when there is no incursion made upon the main



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sovereign grace, and made alive by virtue derived « from Chrift) should not henceforth live unto “ themselves, but unto him who died for them " and rose again.” Thus, in a word, Jesus Chrift is, in the plan of divine GOVERNMENT, the appointed and intended Saviour of all men, but, espee cially, with a decretive infallible speciality, of those that, through gracious influence, believe.t « There " is one mediator between God and men, the man “ Christ Jesus, who gave himself a ransom for all, “ to be teftified in due time.” I


o principles we own." What the Doctor immediately adds, is no small recommendation of the work as to its general merit : “ The argumentative part of this book is generally suited unto the

genius of the age paft, wherein accuracy and frictness of reafom « bare fwas."

2 Cor. v. 14, 15. f 1 Tim ir. 10. § 1 Tim, ii. 5o 6.

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$ 1. A final judgment asserted in scripture. $ 2. The

immediate subje&t of this seation. $ 3. The rule of
final judgment, what. $ 4. What the proper object

of judgment. $5, 6. The interest of equity and Sovereignty therein. § 7. The acquittance and remuneration of the blesed fand on equitable grounds. § 8. The effects and consequences of judgment. $9-12. Remarks on universal restoration. § 13

- 17. Obje&tions of the defenders of universal reforation answered.

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1. OD shall bring every work into judgment,

faith Solomon, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.* And Jesus commanded us to preach unto the people, says Peter, and to testify that it was he which was ordained of God, to be she judge of quick and dead.+ Behold the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints, says Jude, to execute judgment upon all. We shall all stand, faith Paul, before the judgment seat of Christ. § “ I beheld,” says Daniel, “ till the thrones were cast down (all “ terrestrial kingdoms abolished) and the ancient “ of days did fit, whose garment was white as snow, « and the hair of his head like the pure wool; his " throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as

burning * Eccles. xii. 14. # Jude 14, 15

$ Rom. xiv. 10.

+ A&ts 2. 42.

And many

« fire.

A fiery stream issued and came forth from “ before him; thousand thousands ministered “ unto him ; the judgement was set and the books “ were opened. And at that time shall Michael < stand


the great prince which standeth for the “ children of thy people; and there shall be a u time of trouble such as never was since there “ was a nation even to that same time, and at that « time thy people shall be delivered, every one that u shall be found written in the book. " of them that sleep in the dust of the earth “ shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some “ to shame and everlasting contempt. And they " that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the “ firmament; and they that turn many to righte“ ousness, as the stars for ever and ever." Who the ancient of days is we learn from St. John, (Rev. i. 13 — 16. xx. 11 - 15.) and from truth itself, (Matt. xxv. 31–46.)

§ 2. From these passages of inspiration, nothing can be plainer than the appointment of a judgment to come; but the immediate business of this section is not to shew who are the persons judged, and who is the judge; nor is it necessary here to enter on a formal proof of the second personal coming of Chrift, and the certainty of a final general judg. ment at the day of resurrection; † what chiefly



* Dan. vii. 9, 10. xii. 1-3. + Some of my readers know that there has lately appeared a tkeological phenomenon (not to say comet or meteor) in the religious World, portending that there is no second coming of our Lord, no


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