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board of trustees of the United States Trust Company and despite his advanced years, motors to his office every Tuesday and Thursday to transact bank business. He is the oldest living alumnus of Columbia University and the oldest trustee of Princeton. –Lafayette-Marne day in this country was observed at the home of Washington at Mount Vernon, on the afternoon of September 6. Dr. John H. Finley, former New York State Commissioner of Education, was the leading speaker. The French government was represented by Prince de Bearn et de Chalais, French charge d'affaires at Washington.

Detachments of American and French

army and navy officers and veterans of the World war attended. —The Department of Superintendence of the National Education Association will meet in Chicago on February 27 and 28 and on March 1 and 2. The Congress Hotel will be hearquarters for superintendents, and it is planned to hold meetings of the association in the

Congress Hotel, Auditorium Hotel, Stratford Hotel and the Blackstone Hotel.

—Benjamin J. Burris, for the past four years assistant state superintendent of public instruction for Indiana, has been appointed superintendent to succeed L. N. Hines, resigned.

—Dr. Thomas Warrington Gosling, formerly associated with the public schools of Cincinnati, Ohio, and for the past three years supervisor of high schools in the Wisconsin State Department of Public Instruction, has been elected to the superintendency of schools in the city of Madison, Wisconsin. Dr. Gosling is the successor of Mr. Charles S. Meek, who has become the superintendent of schools of Toledo, Ohio.

—The Rockefeller Foundation, it is officially announced, has given 27,000,

000 crowns, equivalent at the present rate of exchange to $351,000, to establish in Czecho-Slovakia a thoroughly modern institute of public hygiene. —Art teachers and art students will be interested in the beautiful new and revised edition of “Art Simplified,” by Professor Pedro J. Lemos of Leland Stanford University, just published by The Prang Company of Chicago. The book covers the whole field of commercial art, and is probably one of the best text books of self-instruction on this subject. Art teachers who wish to learn the “tricks of the trade’’ in commercial art and make their school work more practical, will find the volume of very great assistance. It is profusely illustrated with twenty full page plates and a beautiful hand-colored chart, and lists at $4.00 per copy. —The American Classical league, an organization pledged to work for perpetuation of the ancient classics as part of higher education in America, held its second annual meeting at the University of Pennsylvania July 6-8. An important feature of the first day's work was a joint meeting of the advisory committee and regional committee chairmen to discuss the investigation into ancient classics authorized by the general education board. —A graded list of books for children in elementary and junior high schools, constitutes the report of the Elementary School Committee of the N. E. A. library department, for 1921. It will be printed by the American Library Association, Chicago, if sufficient interest is expressed to justify the expense. The list is annotated and includes approximately 1,000 titles, arranged in three groups: (a) picture books and easy reading books for children in grades 1-3; (b) books for children, grades 4-6; (c) books for pupils, grades 7-9. If printed with subject and title page index, it will make a book of perhaps 224 pages which will sell for about $1.50.

MORRIS PURDY SHAWKEY

—Morris P. Shawkey, former state superintendent of schools of West Virginia, has accepted the superintendency of schools of Bluefield, West Virginia, at a salary of $6,000. Mr. Shawkey is one of the real masters of educational thought and of state administration. In 1915 he was president of the Department of Superintendence, N. E. A.

—Courses in nature study and physical geography have been introduced into the native government high schools of India as a means of combatting superstitions of the people which tend to hinder their advancement, according to information received recently by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church. These courses are to be instituted in twenty

high schools at once and are to be taught

by native teachers specially trained in the scientific explanation of phenomena of India.

COLLEGE NOTES —The secretary of war has requested the trustees of the University of Pennsylvania to release General Leonard Wood from his engagement to become provost of the University of Pennsylvania, in order that, for a time at least, he may serve as governor-general of the Philippines. —George Trumbull Ladd, distinguished for his contributions to philosophy and psychology, died in New Haven on August 8. He was born in Painesville, Ohio, in 1842, and graduated from Western Reserve University and Andover Theological Seminary. After serving as pastor he became professor of philosophy in Bowdoin College in 1879, and professor of moral philosophy and metaphysics at Yale University in 1881. —President Livingston Ferrand of the State Agricultural College of Ames, Iowa, succeeds President John Gould Schurman, who recently resigned as president of Cornell University to accept appointment as United States minister to China. Dr. Ferrand has been prominent among agricultural presidents, and in a Red Cross directorship he has made himself an international factor. —Dr. George H. Thomas, state superintendent of Utah schools, has been elected president of the State University, Salt Lake City, succeeding Dr. John A. Widtsoe, who had accepted election in the Quorum of the Church. President Thomas has high educational and administrative qualities. He was one of the most prominent men in the faculty of the University until he became state superintendent last January. —Dr. John Harrison Minnick, professor of educational methods and director of supervised teaching at the University of Pennsylvania, has been appointed dean of the school of education to succeed Dr. Frank P. Graves, who was named commissioner of education of New York state. —Dr. P. P. Claxton, former United States commissioner of education, has been elected provost of the University of Alabama. —Cecil Burleigh, famous violinist and composer, succeeds Prof. Waldemar Von Geltch, who resigned last June as head of the violin department of the School of Music of the University of Wisconsin. He is the composer of 110 pieces for the violin and piano and two works for the full orchestra. In 1916, he won the prize for the best violin concerto by an American composer. —The California Institute of Technology at Pasadena, recently announced two important appointments, those of Professor H. A. Lorentz of the University of Leiden, Holland, as lecturer and research associate at the Institute during the winter term of 1921-1922, and Dr. C. G. Darwin of Cambridge University, one of the foremost scientists of Great Britain, as professor of mathematical physics for the year 1922-23. Both of these appointments to the staff of the Institute were made upon recommendation of Dr. Robert A. Millikan, newly appointed director of the Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics and chairman of the executive council of the Institute, who will assume his new duties in October and with whom Professors Lorentz and Darwin will be associated in their work. Dr. Darwin is the grandson of Charles Darwin and the son of Professor George Darwin, the astronomer, and his scientific accomplishments are maintaining the traditions of that great family. —Dr. Charles D. Vail, for half a century professor of history at Hobart College, died at Geneva, N. Y., July 25, at the age of 84. He was college librarian for 32 years. He was an authority on the history of central New York.

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—Dr. Henry Gordon Gale, Professor of physics in the University of Chicago, has been made Chairman of the Division of Physical Science in the National Research Council, Washington, D. C. Professor Gale, who is Dean in the Colleges of Science at Chicago, has been physicist and research associate at the Mt. Wilson Observatory, California, and is one of the editors of the Astrophysical Journal. —Rev. Paul Dwight Moody, youngest son of the late Dwight L. Moody, evargelist, was elected August 19, president of Middlebury college. He succeeds President John M. Thomas, who resigned to become president of Pennsylvania. —The Institute of Politics, a forum and a school for the consideration of international problems and relations. was opened at Williams college, July 29. William Howard Taft, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court, presided. Statesmen of high standing, among them Viscount Bryce, were present as members of its faculty. In the chairs as auditors and students were the executives or faculty members of many American colleges. It was a gathering unique of its kind. Dr. Harry A. Garfield, president of Williams college, Chief Justice Taft, Governor Channing H. Cox, President A. Lawrence Lowell of Harvard University and Mayor Andrew J. Peters of Boston, were other speakers at the opening session. —Dexter S. Kimball, Dean of the College of Engineering, Cornell University, is the new President of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, which has a membership of over 15,000. Dean Kimball was born in New River, New Brunswick, and is one of the country’s best-known engineers and has been active in promoting a closer union of engineering organizations. —Dr. Jacob Gould Sherman, recently appointed United States Minister to China and former President of Cornell University, sailed from San Francisco July 30 for the Orient. Before leaving Dr. Sherman said that he strongly favored the open door policy and the new territorial integrity of China. —The largest summer session student body ever enrolled at the University of Wisconsin registered for classes at the opening of the session. More than 4,300 students enrolled during the first three days and late registrations carried the total to 4,500. Last year’s enrollment was 3,600. The growth of enrollment in the Wisconsin summer session is shown by the figures in recent catalogs: 528 summer students enrolled in 1905; 1,128 students in 1909; 1,925 students in 1915; 3,213 students in 1919; and over 4,300 in 1921. The teaching staff included more than 250 teachers and instructors. —Over six thousand different students have been in attendance during the present summer quarter at the University of Chicago. In this quarter instruction is given in all departments and the courses are the same in character and credit as in other parts of the year. —A memorial library to Joyce Kilmer, one of the best known of the younger American poets, who was killed in the war, will be erected at Campion College, Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. The memorial will be called “The Joyce Kilmer Memorial Library.” Thirtyfive thousand dollars already has been raised toward the cost of the building. —Professor Albert Bushnell Hart, of Harvard University, in an address at the Des Moines meeting of the N. E. A. contended that institutions of higher education are placing too much emphasis upon Latin and Greek and not enough on the industrial problems which the students will have to face after leaving school. —Dr. Robert A. Millikan, professor

of physics at the University of Chicago, who has gained world-wide distinction for his original researches on the electron and the structure of matter, has been appointed director of the Norman Bridge Laboratory of Physics at the California Institute of Technology and chairman of the executive council of the institute. —A growing sense of the importance of visual education in modern instruction is illustrated by the organization of the new Society for Visual Education, of which Dean Rollin D. Salisbury, of the Ogden Graduate School of Science at the University of Chicago, is the President and Professor Forest R. Moulton, of the Department of Astronomy, is the secretary. Professor Moulton is also chairman of the committee on technical experiments conduct in the Ryerson Physical Laboratory with reference to improvements in the presentation of subjects. —The alumni of Syracuse University are being organized to raise their share of $1,500,000 needed to put the university out of debt. A large alumni advisory committee has been appointed including Judge Elbert H. Gary, of New York, head of the U. S. Steel Corporation; Lewis Marshall, New York attorney, Governor Nathan L. Miller and John D. Wells, of Buffalo. These men all hold honorary degrees. —Dr. Charles A. Shull, now of the University of Kentucky, has been appointed in charge of plant physiology at the University of Chicago, to succeed Dr. Wm. Crocker, who has resigned to become the director of the Thompson Institute for Plant Research at Yonkers, N. Y. —Prof. Grant Showerman, of the Classics department of the University of Wisconsin, has been granted a year's leave of absence which he will spond in Europe. Accompanied by his family, Professor Showerman left August 9 for Naples, and will be in Rome during the autumn and winter. He expects to do research work and writing in the Library of the American Academy, devoting his time to art and archaeology. —Dr. Frederick Starr, who has made many trips to Mexico for the purpose of anthropological research, gave a series of three lectures at the University of Chicago in August. The subject of the lectures were Aztec Mexico, Modern Mexico and Mexico To-day. —William C. Reaves, superintendent of schools of Alton, Illinois, has been appointed principal of the University of Chicago high school. —Dr. W. E. Stone, President of Purdue University, met with a tragic death, July 16, while mountain climbing with his wife on the slopes of Mount Eanon, of the Canadian Rockies, in Alberta. After a lapse of eight days, Mrs. Stone, who miraculously escaped death when she fell into a crevice in an effort to assist her husband, was located and rescued. —Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler on July 28 laid the cornerstone of the new Louvain Library which is to be rebuilt

by contributions from America. Theceremonies were attended by many distinguished delegates representing the leading colleges and universities of America, England, France and other countries. The American committee for the restoration of the Unsversity of Louvain succeeded in raising upwards of a half a million dollars for this purpose.

Among the American delegates at the ceremony were: Johns Hopkins University, Professor Arthur O. Lovejoy; University of California, Dr. George Rahall Noyes; Cornell, A. D. Well; Stanford University, Dr. William Dinsmore Briggs; Clark University, Dr. Frank Hamilton Hankins; University of Virginia, Dr. Samuel Alfred Mitchell; University of Pennsylvania, Professor Felix E. Schelling and Professor Edward P. Cheyney; Princeton University, Clifford Carver; University of Missouri, Dr. Herman Schlundt.

—Dr. Robert Judson Aley, president of the University of Maine for the last eleven years, was elected president of Butler College, Indianapolis, on July 26. Dr. Aley took up his duties at Butler on September 1.

New York State Section

its New York State section.

preciated.

With the opening of a new school year AMERICAN EDUCATION again solicits from its New York State readers live educational news of current interest for publication in City, village and district superintendents of schools are especially requested to forward announcements and reports of educational gatherings in their respective localities and any other educational news of more than local interest. The publishers are anxious to make this section of the utmost interest and benefit to its Empire State constituency. Contributions will be gratefully received and duly ap

—After a long delay in printing, vol

ume 1 of the 14th report of the state education department has been issued by the University of the State of New York. The book, entitled “The Township System,” by Thomas E. Finegan, formerly deputy commissioner of education for New York, now state superintendent of

public instruction for Pennsylvania, is a documentary history of the endeavor to establish a township school system in New York. The report covers 1692 pages, more than 500 of which are devoted to a statistical comparison of taxes and expenditures for schools under district and township administration.

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