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eastern New York, Washington's victory at Trenton. Ams. Washington's victory at Trenton gave the Americans needed supplies and greatly encouraged them to persist in the war for independence. The joy of the Americans was great; militia was hurried forward, money was raised and troops whose term of service had expired were persuaded to stay in service longer. 9. In whose administration, from what country and for what reason did the United States purchase Florida? How much was paid for it? Ams. Monroe, Spain. The Spanish rule of Florida was so lax that the Florida country was a menace to the United States, since it became the refuge of criminals, run-away slaves and vagabonds. Five million dollars. 10. Mention (a) the date of the Mexican War, (b) two important generals of this war, (c) the territory gained by the United States as a result of this war. Ans. (a) 1846-7, (b) Gen. Winfield Scott and Gen. Zachary Taylor, (c) 522,568 square miles were added, comprising California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, New Mexico, the disputed Texas boundary claims and a portion of the present state of Colorado. 11. Give a reason for the importance in United States history of each of five of the following dates: 1565, 1619, 1763, 1787, 1803, 1882, 1861, 1918. Ans. The founding of St. Augustine, Fla.; first representative assembly met at Jamestown, Va.; treaty of peace at Paris by which France surrendered most of her possessions in America to the English; the framing of the Constitution of the United States; the purchase of Louisiana. 12. Mention two of the great compromise measures in the time of Henry Clay and state the terms of one of them. Ans. Missouri compromise and the compromise tariff bill of 1833. The

terms of the Missouri compromise were that (a) Maine should be admitted as a free state and Missouri as a slave state, (b) that all the territory of the Louisiana purchase north of 36° 30' N. Lat. except Missouri should be free soil. 13. Describe the battle between the Merrimac and the Monitor. Tell why it was so important. Ans. The Merrimac captured by the Confederates in the beginning of the Civil War was made an iron clad ram and was sent to destroy the U. S. wooden vessels then blockading the Chesapeake bay. The Merrimac proceeded to destroy these vessels, but was soon stopped by the arrival from New York of the iron clad Monitor which forced the Merrimac to retire. This resulted in replacing wooden vessels in all navies by iron clads. 14. What is a blockade? Why was it important to blockade the southern ports in the Civil War? Ams. A blockade consists in cutting off an enemy from communication with the outside world. This blockade of the south was to prevent the export of their cotton in exchange for machinery, military supplies and other goods. 15. Name five important inventions of the last 50 years and write the name of the inventor in each case. Ans. Telephone, Bell; phonograph and incandescent electric lamp, Edison; wireless telegraphy, Marconi; the aeroplane, the Wright brothers. 16. Give an important fact concerning each of five of the following: John Brown, William Lloyd Garrison, Alexander Hamilton, Cyrus W. Field, Frances E. Willard, Theodore Roosevelt, John Burroughs, John J. Pershing. Ams. John Brown was an abolitionist who attempted to incite the slaves to an insurrection at Harpers Ferry. Garrison was an advocate of abolition. Hamilton was secretary of the treasury in

Washington's cabinet. Cyrus W. Field laid the Atlantic cable. Pershing is commander of the American forces. 17. What advantages had children in pioneer times that you do not have now? What advantages have you that the children of the pioneers did not have? Would you prefer to grow up in the city or in the country? Why? Ans. They spent much time in the open air which aided in developing them physically and they were conversant with nature. The children of today have the advantages of good schools and the so-called modern improvements. Answers will vary. 18. Connect each of five of the following poems with a historic event; briefly describe the event referred to in one of these poems: (a) The Blue and the Gray, (b) Columbus, (c) Paul Rewere’s Ride, (d) Barbara Frietchie, (e) Sheridan's Ride, (f) Old Ironsides, (g) In Flanders Fields, (h) Battle Hymn of the Republic, (i) O Captain! My Captain! Ans. (c) This poem refers to the famous ride of Paul Revere to warn the minute men of Lexington of the coming of the British out of Boston to capture stores, (e) the famous ride of Sheridan to join his army at Cedar Creek in the Civil War, (f) commemorative of that vessel whose breaking up into junk was advocated, (h) Julia Ward Howe wrote this after visiting battle camps in the Civil War, (i) written by Whitman on the death of Lincoln. 19. Name (a, b) the president and the vice-president of the United States, (c) a United States Senator from New York State, (d) the governor of New York State, (e) the supervisor of your town or the mayor of your city. Ans. (a, b) Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, (c) Jas. W. Wadsworth, Jr., (d) Nathan L. Miller, Mayor Jas. R. Watt.

20. Copy and complete: “We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, . . .”

Ans. See preamble to the U. S. Constitution.

Arithmetic

Tuesday. January 17, 1922.

1. Mental test: [Fifteen minutes allowed for this test.]

a. Add 1%, 1/4 and 1/3.

Ams. %.

b. A baker sells 8 rolls for 10 cents; what is the price per dozen?

Ams. 15 cents.

c. At 40 cents a peck, how much will 21% bushels of onions cost?

Ams. $4.

d. The freight on a bicycle costing $30 was $2; at what price must the bicycle be sold to gain 37%%

Ams. $44.

e. A man who works from 8 a. m. to 5 p. m., with one hour off at noon, is paid 60 cents an hour for the time he actually works; how much does he receive for his day's work?

Ams. $4.80.

f. Separate 72 into two numbers having a ratio of 3:5.

Ams. 27 and 45.

g. Change .35 to a common fraction in its lowest terms.

Ams. 7/20.

h. Find the simple interest on $800 for 2 years at 6%.

Ams. $96.

i. The 1910 census gave the poonlation of a certain city as 10,000; the 1920 census gave the population of the same city as 30,000. What was the per cent of increase?

Ans. 200%.

j. How many square inches are there in 2/3 of a square foot?

Ams. 96 sq. in.

2. Copy and 469.25; 0379;

add the 98.7;

following: 32.567; 4.786; 7.8798; 3977.4832; 86.275; 654.96; 71.8. Ams. 5403.7389. 3. Multiply the sum of 3-5 and 2-3 by 5%, and divide the product by 5-12. Ams. 1 9-10. 4. Divide 651,021 by .3207. Ams. 2030. 5. Find the fourth term in the following proportion: 147:378::126:1 Ams. Divide the product of the means by the given extreme. (378 × 126) + 147 = 324, the fourth term. 6. Find the cost of 12 planks, each 3 inches thick, 16 feet long and 10 inches wide, at $85 per M. 85 10 Ams. $– × 12 × — X 3 × 16 1000 12 = $40 4-5, or $40.80. 7. Find in gallons the capacity of a cylindric cistern 56 inches in diameter and 8 feet deep. Ams. Volume of cylindric cistern

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a bank, what is the net amount received for the piano?

Ans. $550 – $150 = $400 balance; $400 note for 90 days bearing interest and discounted at 6% will net the seller $399.91 + $150, or $549.91 for piano.

11. A dairyman sold in one month 12,500 pounds of milk which contained 3.5% of butter fat; at 38 cents a pound for the butter fat, how much did the dairyman receive?

Ams. 3.5% of 12,500 = 437.5 pounds of butter fat. 437.5 × $.38 = $166.25, sum received.

12. How would you find the income from a certain number of $100 Victory bonds bearing 4%% interest?

Ams. Find the income on one $100 bond for one year which is $4.75 and multiply this income by the number bonds for the total income.

13. A boy lives 30 rods south from a certain street corner; the schoolhouse is 40 rods west from the same corner. How much nearer is it for the boy to go diagonally to the schoolhouse than the longer way around the corner

Ams. The measurements give a right angled triangle of which the diagonal distance is the hypotanuse. The square of the hypotamuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other sides, or 2500. The square root of 2500 = 50. Therefore the diagonal is 20 rods shorter. 14. A rug 5 yards long and 3% yards wide leaves an uncovered space 21% feet wide around a room; what is the floor area of the room in square feet? Ams. 310 sq. ft. 15. Copy and complete five of the following so as to make them correct statements: a. The dividend divided by the divisor equals the –. b. One of the two equal factors of a number is called —. c. To change a common fraction to a decimal —.

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d. An expression of equality between two ratios is called —. c. ()ne difference between a common fraction and a decimal fraction is —. f. The writing of numbers is called g. The amount paid periodically for insurance against loss is called —. Ans. a Quotient. b It's square root. c Divide the numerator by the denominator, pointing off properly. d Proportion. e. The denominators of decimals, which are unexpressed, are ten and multiples of ten. f Notation. q Premium.

BOOK NOTICES

PIIysiology AND HYGIENE, BOOK II, by Charles P. Emerson, dean and professor of medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine and George Herbert Betts, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois. This is a more advanced text on physiology and hygiene, and might be used in the reading course or as a text-book in grades 7-8. The kind of subjects treated is indicated by the table of contents which presents such subjects as: The Body in Action, the Muscles at Work, Training the Muscles, the Framework of the Body, Joints and Body Movements, the Foot and Its Care, the Blood and Its Work, etc. The book presents most valuable material simply but well. Cloth, illustrated, 323 pages, price $1.00. The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Indianapolis.

NEw (; EogRAPHY, Book Two by Wallace W. Atwood. This is one of the Frye-Atwood Geographical Series. The World War has given new meanings to geography, a need for a more sympathetic understanding here in America of how the other half of the world lives. No geography that fails to recognize this can meet the present need of our schools. The present day text-book must interpret the new spirit of geography. This

present series of geographies claims to be the first that has been written to embody the best in the notable recent advances in the theory and practice of geography teaching. The text of this work dramatizes and gives new meaning to the shifting life of the world for the grammar school child. The special features of this work may be indicated by a few of the leading considerations taken into account in its composition, viz., human geography is made the keynote of the series, the natural regions are used as the best units for study, regional geography is emphasized together with regional maps, a new and very useful series of economic and commercial maps showing graphically the chief exports and imports together with comparative map studies, problem method and picture study, and the United States as a world power. The work is beautifully printed and highly illustrated and will be of great interest to all teachers and students of geography. Cloth, 320 pages, price $2.12. Ginn Ó Co., Boston, New York, Chicago.

SCHOOL CAMPs, Their Value and Organization by Richard G. Hewitt, B. Sc., F. G. S. and Lewis Ellis, Art Master. This hand book has been compiled in response to numerous appeals for advice as to the organization and cost of a school camp. While it specially deals with camps directly connected with the various types of schools, much of the matter is nevertheless applicable to the requirements of similar organizations of boys and girls. Camp management admits of much elasticity of method, and the authors merely offer their methods to be taken as recommendations based upon ten years of camping experience with boys, the ages of whom varied from twelve to sixteen years. Heavy board covers, 110 pages, price $1.60. Oa ford University Press, American Branch, 35 West 37th Street, New York City.

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