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the human nature, as his lord and king. This immediately sunk him down from his high station ; and by his example and influence, myriads of angels went off, and joined with him in rebellion. Thus they' by sin left their first station, and were banished from heaven ; and by the arm of the Almighty were cast down to hell. • This, perhaps, will in the most natural way account for the head of these fallen angels, immediately entering upon a plan to seduce and ruin man; by tempting him to fin, as he had done ; supposing that he should hereby effe&tually defeat God's revealed designs, respecting bim, against which he had rebelled. And this may also in the best manner account for his opposing, with all his cunning and might, and by all his servants and an. gels, the redemption and salvation of men, and his bating and opposing the Redeemer, and attempting to de. feat him in his designs, in every possible way, and to dea. stroy every one of the human race; being a peculiar enemy to the church, and all the friends of Chrilt. To all this he is naturally led by his first sin, and is only persevering in opposing that, against which he rose, in bis first rebellion. • This aposaly, whatever was the occasion of it, was a
very important event indeed, the consequences of which will continue to eternity. It, with many of its conse quences, are, in themselves confidered, infinitely dreade -ful. But the designs of the Most High, are not in the Jeast frustrated by all this ; but bis counsel and plan, are hereby established ; and this was necessary to bring to effect, and complete his infinitely wise purposes.
It has been observed, that there is evidence from scripture, that the angels who have not sinned are now, and have been, long since, in a confirmed state: And from what has been now supposed, concerning the special trial of their obedience, it has been thought ;
that they continued in a state of trial, until the afcenfion of our Lord Jesus Christ; and that they were then confirmed in holiness, and his favour. They were obedient to the divine orders, and all attention to man, particularly to the church and people of God, willingly ministring to them, and serving them, and their Lord, from the fall of man to the incarnation of the Son, of God. But their greatest trial did not take place, until he who was in the form of God, and thought it not robbery to be equal with God, took upon hiin the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men, being born of a poor virgin, and laid an infant in a manger ; when he appeared as an outcast in the wilderness, assaulted and tempted by the devil ; when he lived a poor de
spised man; and was finally apprehended, being betrayied by one of his disciples into the hands of men, and
condemned as a malafactor, and crucified and buried in a tomb. In this time, while the Son of God was in this state of humiliation, the angels continued to own him as their Lord, they attended upon him constantly, and were his willing, faithful servants. They attended him when in a manger, and with pleasure carried the joyful "news of his birth to the shepherds, and the whole mul"titude of them sang praises on the occasion. They were “with him when in the wilderness; assaulted by satan, and ministred to him. They affifted and strengthened him when he was in an agony in the garden. And when on the cross, and in the grave, they were his constant attendants; and proclaimed his resurrection from the dead, to his disciples. And when he ascended from earth to heaven, and fat down on the throne of the universe, all these mighty angels came down and attended upon him, and
ascended with him with joy, and added to the triumph :: and splendor of that event : And when they saw him
feated in glory, all heaven was filled with a joy which never was known there before ; and all these angels reR2
the human nature, as his lord and king. T'Christ and ately funk him down from his high static unto him. example and influence, myriads of ar their Lord said joined with him in rebellion. T' faithful servants, their first station, and were bapilbagh the time of my, by the arm of the Almighty wer errevered in the most • This, perhaps, will in the rain
ons, perhaps, will in the r I therefore now put for the head of these fallen ar y cublicly confirm you "upon a plan to feduce and
confer on you the reward to an, as he had done ;
f or election of God to eterby effectually defeat Go
E n, they are after this, but not him, against which he 37" so in the best manne his cunning and me gels, the redempt: ing and oppofir II ON 11. feat him in his ģeo stroy every che propose
previdence of God, as it respects Man enemy to win the State of Innocency. To all thi lang persever
Link made upright, or perfectly holy, this bis fir
Pes a rule of right, or that there was a . Th
in moral character and conduct : and very
and could not but require or command will
morally right, and forbid the contrary; or, e that man was under moral government, "fes a law requiring perfect obedience of him,
duty, and forbidding all disobedience, on Bring the juft defert of it. What has been the foregoing section of angels, respecting of the moral government, and the law under
were ;* is equally applicable to man; and Cat he was certainly and necessarily under such ich required him to love God with all his heart, neighbour as himself, and to express this in all ays; and to obey every precept which God
should • Page 250, 251, 252.
ja State of
que ful le
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a Cod did, and co
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oblerved in the
the nature of the which they were proves that he a law, which ree and his neigh proper ways; a
. Bil Refpers ihe drzes ! cajnued in a state of trial, uding pod Jesus Chrit; and that coliness, and his favour. Tier crders, and all attention to od people of God, siis pe them, and er cin of the Sun
as it Respects Man.
261 Eenalty annexed, threatening
ith a punishment exact
on must be endless sufiTential to moral governi to man's being treated as or. cticular account of this law, or put under this moral government, ative which Moses has given of the innocency. And there is this very given for it, viz. because it was intireje moft express narrative of this matter ve made it more plain and certain, than it aere is now as great and as clear evidence of
e is, that man was created with a capacity for agency, and is a proper subject of moral governsy as has been proved. But if this were not so evi. at from the nature of the case, it might be demonstrat. ed from what has been since revealed. St. Paul, speaking of the law under which all mankind are, asserts the tenor of it in these words, “Cursed is every one that continueth not in all the things which are written in the book of the law, to do them."* This law must have existed before man linned, and while he had opportunity, and was in a capacity to continue to do every thing required by it ; for if man, when in these circumstances, was not under this law, with this fanction, and bound by it, there could be no reason or propriety in making this requirement on such a penalty, when man had already violated it, and rendered it impossible to come up to, or do what is required. Which the Apostle says is the case with all mankind, since the original apostasy; for they are all under the curse of this law. It necessarily follows, therefore, that man was originally made under this law, when in a state of innocency, which denounced a curse upon him, if he failed of perfect obedience. This R.3
curse * Gal. ii. 10.
Divine Providence, Part. I. curse implies in it all the evil that man is capable of suffering, even endless destruction ; and will take place in its fulness, and without any abatement on those to whom Christ, at the day of judgment, will say, “Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire.” We must look forward to this time, to see it completely executed. This then, we may be sure, is the penalty of the law, under which man was placed, when he became a subject o moral government; which is also true of angels, as ha been proved in the preceding section. So far there fore, we go on fure ground : No particular express rere Jation could make it more evident and certain : There fore we may see good reason why we have no such reve lation.
It has been observed, that the sum of duty require in the moral law, is LOVE. To love God with all di heart, and our neighbour as ourselves. This we are luj of from the express declaration of Christ.* He has redu ed the whole moral law to this, and said that, “ On the two commandments, hang all the law and the prophets · This includes and enjoins obedience to all speciali
positive directions and commands, which God may pleased to give, at any time ; for love to God impl obedience to all his particular commands, as disregard any of his injunctions, is contrary to love to him. Hé. many, and what particular and positive commands G gave to man, when he was at first created, and in a llacs of innocency, we are not told : But some of them a expressed, or may be collected from what is related. Sabbath was instituted, God blessed and sanctified tl. feventh day from the beginning of the creation, whil Christ says, “was made for man;" and therefore 1 must have been commanded to keep it holy, or dedical, it to sacred uses, in the worship of God, &c. layin aside the business and employment which might be al
tended: Matth. xxii. 37. 40.