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Educational News and Comment

a greater percentage of children are be-At the Chicago meeting of the N. E. coming mentally defective from year to A. Department of Superintendence, Dr. year, but it indicates a growing interest A. 0. Thomas, state superintendent of on the part of cities, states, and private schools of Maine, announced that a De- organizations in making provisions for troit banker has offered a prize of this unfortunate class. $25,000 to the man or woman who sub In 1900 the 29 schools reported had mits by July 1, 1924, some feasible plan 10,217 inmates. Although city schools. for world peace—a plan based on educa were not reported separately, it appears. tional and not political agencies.

that there were then very few city Dr. Thomas, in describing the plan, classes for defectives. In 1918, 206 stated that it differs from all other plans schools reported 55,084 pupils. The 214 in that it is entirely educational. He schools in 1922 reported a total of 63,399 said: “We are firmly convinced that pupils. The enrollment has increased the peace of the world cannot be achieved 15 per cent during four years. This is through any merely political means. more than twice as much as the increase Neither can it be effected by influence of in enrollment in public elementary and the adult consciousness of the present secondary schools during the same time. generation. But—when we turn to chil -At the recent Conference on Illitdren—there is hope. Our idea is to get eracy, held in Washington under the some plan which will instill into the joint auspices of the American Legion, children, the rising generation, some the General Federation of Women's conception of the necessity of world con Clubs, the National Education Associacord and a community of nations in tion, and the Bureau of Education, a friendship. Our aim is not to break resolution was passed asking the Comnational ideals—not to pull down any missioner of Education to appoint a naflags. We merely see the need for world tional committee, representative of all peace and think that children should sections of the country, for the purpose also see that need. Therefore we have of reviewing the materials submitted by decided to offer this $25,000 prize to any Group C (Courses of Study and Method individual or organization in the world of Instruction) of the conference and who devises in writing a practical plan forwarding the results of their work to for the furtherance of this ambition- those engaged in illiteracy work. some plan by which children may be Commissioner John J. Tigert apbrought to see that the world at heart is pointed the following committee, which just as much of a community as their met for the first time in Chicago during neighborhoods."

the meeting of the Department of Su-Enrollment in schools and classes perintendence, and will meet again in for feebleminded and subnormal chil Washington during the summer meetdren in this country shows an extraor- ing of the National Education Associadinary increase in the past twenty-two

tion: Charles M. Herlihy, state superyears, according to a report recently visor of alien education, Boston, Mass.; made public by the Department of the A. B. Meredith, state commissioner of Interior through the Bureau of Educa- education, Hartford, Conn.; R. S. Ross,

, tion. This increase does not show that Americanization

secretary, General

Electric Co., Schenectady, N. Y.; H. J. died in Shrewsbury, Mass., in FebSteel, superintendent of schools, Buhl, ruary. Minn.; Mrs. Cora Wilson Stewart, -John G. Graham, superintendent of chairman, Illiteracy Commission, Na- public schools, Huntington, West Virtional Education Association, Frank- ginia, is directing an extensive building fort, Ky.; Wil Lou Gray, supervisor program. In addition to a fine modern adult schools, State Department of Edu

senior high school building already concation, Columbia, S. C.; Captain Gar- ' structed, the Board of Education has land

W. Powell, national director, recently let contracts for the construcAmericanism Commission,


tion of the Lincoln Junior high school Legion, Indianapolis, Ind.; Mrs. John building at a cost of $225,000 when comD. Sherman, General Federation of

pleted, the Monroe elementary school Women's Clubs, Chicago, Ill.; and Flor- costing complete $145,000, and the Emence C. Fox, Bureau of Education,

mons elementary school at $80,000. Washington, D. C. At the Chicago

Plans are also under way for the con

struction of the Douglas Senior and meeting Mr. Herlihy was unanimously elected chairman.

Junior high school (colored). Hunt

ington is growing rapidly. During the -The following is a list of the activities of the thirty-seven county nurses

past year the school enrollment in

creased more than 800. in Wisconsin: Inspected 105,092 school

-The Institute of International Educhildren, 66,389 of whom were found to have physical defects calling for correc

cation will repeat in 1924 the series of tion. In social service work the county European travel courses in the fine and nurses assisted superintendents of poor

applied arts which it inaugurated last and investigated 427 cases. In counties

summer, according to an announcement

The not employing a probation officer they undertaking is substantially a European

recently issued by the institute. investigated and reported to county judges upon 1,320 cases of delinquency, taught in a classroom big enough to in

summer school of art and architecture, dependency, and neglect. They investigated 1,213 cases of crippled children

clude the great galleries, cathedrals, and

palaces of Europe, and is based upon left helpless by infantile paralysis.

the value of direct visual impressions in -Philadelphia has 38,000 children on

the appreciation and historical study of part time. The platoon system is to be

painting, sculpture, architecture, etc. tried in a few schools to assist in reliev

Travel courses in history, economics, ing the situation. The plan is only an

and international relations were estabexpedient until new school buildings are

lished by the Institute of International available.

Education three years ago, in associa-Gertrude A. Golden, recently ap- tion with the Federation de l'Alliance pointed district superintendent in Phil- Française, the Italy American Society, adelphia, is the first woman to occupy the English-Speaking Union, and the such a position in the system. She was American Scandinavian Foundation, the principal of the Morton School.

and under the direction of a board of -Dr. Andrew W. Edson, for several advisors composed of officers of those years district associate superintendent and other organizations. Information of New York schools, Massachusetts regarding sailing dates, etc., may be seboard of education member ten years, cured from Irwin Smith, Times Buildand an educator nearly half a century, ing, New York.

-Owen D. Evans, who has been as available for instruction in the courses sistant director of vocational education related to engineering, industry, home in charge of continuation schools in the economics, and the arts. Pennsylvania Department of Public In -John G. D. Mack, state engineer of struction, has resigned his position to go Wisconsin and former professor of mewith the National Transportation Insti chanical engineering in the Wisconsin tute with headquarters at Washington, University College of Engineering, died D. C.

the last week in February. Mr. Mack -Edward A. Filene of Boston has in 1893 joined the staff of the Wisconoffered $50,000 for a peace award similar sin College of Engineering as an into that of Mr. Bok. Mr. Filene's peace structor. Two years later he was proaward contest, however, will be held in moted to assistant professor, and from England, Italy and France. Among 1903 to 1915 he was professor. In 1915 those coöperating with Mr. Filene are he left the engineering faculty to beLeon Bourgeois, former president of the come state engineer. Council of the League of Nations; Sen —The United States Civil Service ator de Jouvenel, editor of Le Matin; Commission announces the following Tomaso Tittoni, president of the Italian open competitive examination for the Senate, and Gilbert Murray.

positions of teacher of home economics -The Fifth Quinquenial Convention and principal of home economics: The of the International Council of Women examinations will be held throughout will be held in Washington in May, the country on May 7 and 8, respec1925. The organization represents 30,- tively. They are to fill vacancies in the 000,000 women. Lady Aberdeen of Scot Indian Service and in positions requir: land is president. Some of the ques- ing similar qualifications. The entrance tions to be discussed are: Permanent salaries for teacher of home economics peace and international arbitration; range from $760 to $840 a year; the equal moral standard for men and entrance salaries for principal of home women; immigration; the industrial economics range from $1,000 to $1,200 position of women and child welfare. a year. In addition to the basic salaries

- Henry Ford has bought the little appointees are allowed the increase of red schoolhouse where half a century $20 a month granted by Congress, and ago young “Hank” Ford received his they are also allowed furnished quarlimited "book" learning. It is a typi ters, heat, light, and subsistence free of cal little country school of fifty years cost. Full information and application ago. It is situated a short distance from blanks may be obtained from the United Detroit and two miles from the farm States Civil Service Commission, Washwhich was Mr. Ford's boyhood home. ington, D. C., or the secretary of the

-A wide range of teachers' courses board of U. S. civil service examiners at will be given at the summer session this the post office or customhouse in any year by the Carnegie Institute of Tech

city. nology, in Pittsburgh. According to an -The school levy election at Cincinannouncement, the variety of the work nati, Ohio, calling for $400,000 addioffered is apparently wide enough to in tional to the regular income, was carried terest nearly every teacher who feels a by a majority of 13,000 votes. “The adneed for more technical training. The ditional $400,000 will enable the city to exceptional shops, laboratories, and carry forward its entire program of studios of this institution will again be education,” said Superintendent Ran


dall J. Condon, “and to maintain th Brooklyn law school, which was prop salary schedule with full provision for erly given the first place. The revised automatic increases to which the teach list indicates the following

following order: ers will be entitled."

Brooklyn, 1,752; Suffolk, 1,731; New -Dr. W. S. Gray, dean of the College York University, 1,671; Fordham Uni. of Education, University of Chicago, versity, 1,433; and Harvard University, spent February 4-6 in Denver, working 1,110. with certain groups concerned with the

- William A. Greeson, who has, with work of curriculum reorganization. Dr.

the exception of a period of ten years, Gray is giving special attention to the

been connected with the schools of work of the English committees. He

Grand Rapids since 1881, has announced has carried on very extensive research

to the board of education that he is not activities in this field.

a candidate for reëlection as superin-Otis W. Caldwell, director of the tendent. Mr. Greeson at first was an Lincoln Experimental School, Teachers instructor in Latin and Greek in the College, Columbia University, spent the Central high school, later became prinweek of February 11 in Denver. As a cipal of the school, and finally superinscientist and a school administrator Dr. tendent of the schools. Under him the Caldwell has a nation-wide reputation. school for exceptional children As a college professor, as dean of Uni- started, also the work in speech correcversity College of the University of Chi

tion and sight conservation. Junior cago, and as director of the Lincoln high schools and a junior college have Experimental School, he has had occa been established during his regime. A sion to come in active contact with most

school for crippled children is one of his of the major problems of education. latest undertakings. -“Washington Will Be Ready!"

- The total resources of the Carnegie This was the slogan which Superin Foundation now amount to $27,329,000, tendent Frank W. Ballou, chairman of

of which $15,192,000 belong to the perthe local committee on arrangements for

manent general endowment, $9,658,000 the summer convention of the National Education Association in Washington, tirement, during the next sixty years,

to a reserve fund to be spent in the reD. C., announced at a dinner given by

of teachers now in associated instituthe teachers of Washington, February tions, $1,292,000 to the endowment of 9, in honor of President Olive M. Jones.

the Division of Educational Enquiry, The slogan came as a fitting answer to

and $758,000 to a reserve fund to be exthe one adopted by the educators of the

pended in aiding universities and colcountry, “On to Washington!” The

léges to adopt the new plan of contracreception and dinner was held at the

tual annuities. The investments are all Hotel Roosevelt and was attended by

in bonds. over two hundred guests, including the N. E. A. executive staff. -In our February issue appeared a

COLLEGE NOTES list of the five law schools in the United - The fifteen largest institutions States having the largest enrollment. listed for regular students devoting full The Suffolk law school of Boston should time to their courses are as follows: have been included in the list and given University of California (including the second place, as its present enrollment Southern branch), 13,276; Columbia, is 1,731 students, only 21 less than the 11,530; Illinois, 9,353; Michigan, 8,906;

Minnesota, 8,331; Ohio State, 8,225;
Wisconsin, 7,531; Pennsylvania, 7,168;
Harvard, 6,584; New York University,
5,843; Nebraska, 5,462; University of
Washington, 5,221; State University of
Iowa, 5,202; Cornell, 5,153; Boston
University, 4,834.

-The 26th annual summer session of the University of Wisconsin will open on June 30.

-About $850,000 has been raised so far for the million-dollar Memorial Union building at the University of Wisconsin.

-J. E. Spurr, editor of Engineering and Mining Journal-Press and author cf many reports on ore deposits, gave three addresses on ore deposits for students in the department of geology of the University of Wisconsin on March 5-7.

DR. CHARLES W. ELIOT -Dr. Charles W. Eliot, presidentemeritus of Harvard University, cele- tablish a George Lincoln Goodale fund brated his ninetieth birthday anniversary of which the income is to be used in March 20. Still vigorous in mind and meeting current expenses of the botanbody, he has a splendid record for lead

ical museum. ership and achievement behind him and George Lincoln Goodale, professor of is still going strong. During the last natural history at the university and 50 years he has been an outstanding director of the botanical garders, died educational leader, advocating many re last April. He was author of works on forms, always vigorous and constructive plant physiology and economic botany. in his writings and addresses, and giv -Dr. Murray P. Horwood, assistant ing expression to his ideas and ideals professor of biology and public health in clear and forceful language. For at the Massachusetts Institute of Techmastery of thought, style and diction nology, has a three months' leave of few writers or speakers compare with absence this spring to assist the research him. His long and useful life affords. a division of the American Child Health worthy example for every teacher and Association, which is investigating coneducator to commend and bring to the ditions of child health in eighty-six attention of the youth of the land. We typical American cities in thirty-one do well in honoring this grand old man,

states. Dr. Horwood is making surveys the dean of educators.

in fifteen New England cities. -An anonymous gift of $100,000 to -Miss Lucy Salmon of the faculty Harvard has recently been announced. of Vassar College, who reaches the point Of this sum, $50,000 is for the perma of retirement this year, has been asked nent fund of the Arnold Arboretum in by the trustees to continue teaching for Jamaica Plain, the income to be used for another year as chairman of the history current expenses, and $50,000 is to es department. The trustees, it was indi

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