Practical Guide to Polyvinyl Chloride

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iSmithers Rapra Publishing, 2005 - 162 pagine
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Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) has been around since the late part of the 19th century, although it was not produced commercially until the 1920s; it is the second largest consumed plastic material after polyethylene. PVC products can be rigid or flexible, opaque or transparent, coloured, and insulating or conducting. There is not just one PVC but a whole family of products tailor-made to suit the needs of each application.

PVC is extremely cost effective in comparison to other plastics with a high degree of versatility in end-use and processing possibilities, as the reader will note from this book. It is durable, easily maintained, and can be produced in a large range of colours. As a result PVC finds use in an extensive range of applications in virtually all areas of human activity, including medical equipment, construction applications such as flexible roof membranes, pipes and window profiles, toys, automotive parts and electrical cabling.

The PVC industry has also started to tackle some of its end-of-life issues.

This practical guide provides comprehensive background on the resins and additives, their properties and processing characteristics, as well as discussion of product design and development issues.

There have been, and still are, issues and perceptions over environmental and health acceptance covering vinyl chloride monomer, dioxins, phthalate plasticisers, and lead (and cadmium) based heat stabilisers and these are discussed in depth in this book.

This book will be of interest to raw materials suppliers and processors or end-users of PVC, as well as anyone with a general interest in this versatile material:

  • resins and additives
  • properties and testing
  • design issues
  • processing, including post processing and assembly
  • property enhancement
  • sustainable development
 

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Indice

Introduction
1
PVC Resins
11
PVC Additives
21
Testing and Properties
53
Design
83
Processing of PVC
97
Postprocessing and Assembly
117
Sustainable Development
123
Causes of Failure
145
Index
153
Copyright

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