Kinetics of Multistep Reactions

Copertina anteriore
Elsevier, 15 set 2004 - 508 pagine

This book addresses primarily the engineer in industrial process development, the research chemist in academia and industry, and the graduate student intending to become a reaction engineer. In industry, competitive pressures put a premium on scale-up by large factors to cut development time. To be safe, such development should be based on "fundamental" kinetics that reflect the elementary steps of which the reaction consists. The book forges fundamental kinetics into a practical tool by presenting new, effective methods for elucidation of mechanisms and reduction of complexity without unacceptable sacrifice in accuracy: fewer equations (lesser computational load), fewer coefficients (fewer experiment to determine them). For network elucidation, new rules relating network configurations to observable kinetic behaviour allow incorrect networks to be ruled out by whole classes instead of one by one. For modelling, general equations and algorithms are given from which equations for specific networks can be recovered by simple substitutions.

The procedures are illustrated with examples of industrial reactions including, among others, paraffin oxidation, ethoxylation, hydroformylation, hydrocyanation, shape-selective catalysis, ethane pyrolysis, styrene polymerization, and ethene oligomerization. Many of the rate equations have not been published before.

The expanded edition of the 2001 title, Kinetics of Homogeneous Multistep Reactions includes new chapters on heterogeneous catalysis and periodic and chaotic re-actions; new sections on adsorption, statistical methods, and lumping; and other new detail.

  • Contains new chapters on heterogeneous catalysis, oscillations and chaos
  • Includes new sections on statistical methods, lumping adsorption and software and databases
  • Provides a better understanding of complex reaction mechanisms
 

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Sommario

Introduction
1
1 Concepts Definitions Conventions and Notation
7
2 Fundamentals
17
3 Experiments and Their Evaluation
39
4 Tools for Reduction of Complexity
77
5 Elementary Combinations of Reaction Steps
95
6 Practical Mathematics of Multistep Reactions
133
7 Network Elucidation
163
11 Polymerization
347
12 Mathematical Modeling
403
13 Unusual Thermal and MassTransfer Effects
429
14 Instability Periodic Reactions and Chaos
445
15 Software and Data Bases
461
Glossary of Symbols
463
Author Index
467
Subject Index
477

8 Homogeneous Catalysis
209
9 Heterogeneous Catalysis
273
10 Chain Reactions
309
List of Reproduced Illustrations
489
Copyright

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