The Library in Alexandria and the Bible in Greek, Volume 82
BRILL, 2000 - 214 pagine
Ancient evidence reveals that the earliest, written translation of the Bible in Greek was completed in Alexandria in 281 BCE, probably by seventy-one scholars, invited especially from Judaea by Ptolemy II. The work was organised by Demetrius of Phalerum, the trusted librarian of Ptolemy II, and the translation was made despite Jewish opposition and the project's high cost. Ptolemy wanted the translation to increase his famous library, to attract scholars to Alexandria and to start his reign with an impressive event. The date of the translation, early in the reign of Ptolemy II, shows that the library was built by Ptolemy Lagus, and that Demetrius of Phalerum was first placed in charge.
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124th Olympiad According to Aristeas Alexander ancient Antipater Apollodorus Aramaic Aristobulus Armenian Chronicle arrived in Alexandria Arsinoe assumed Athens Berenice Bible Callimachus Castor of Rhodes century BCE ceremony cited claim co-regency confirmed copy date of Eusebius death of Ptolemy Demetrius of Phalerum Deut Diogenes Laertius discussion divinely inspired Egypt Egyptian regnal Epiphanius Eratosthenes event evidence fact father FGrH future Ptolemy Greek Hadas Hebrew Pentateuch Hellenistic Homer implies indicates interpolation Irenaeus Jews Josephus Judaism king later lation Letter of Aristeas librarian librarian in Alexandria library in Alexandria Macedonian Macedonian regnal notes number seventy-two Olympiad chronology Olympiad date oral Oxford Pentateuch Pentateuch into Greek Pfeiffer Pharos Philadelphus Philitas Philo priests probably Ptolemy II Ptolemy's record reign of Ptolemy religious request scholars scholium Septuagint seventy sources specific Suda suggests tion took place tradition trans translation was completed tribe tutor Tzetzes unlikely Wendland Westermann written Zenodotus