Nonprofits for Hire

Copertina anteriore
Harvard University Press, 1993 - 292 pagine
0 Recensioni
Few Americans realize that over half the revenues of the voluntary service organizations in this country come from federal and state governments. The image of the voluntary agency as neighbor helping neighbor - a thousand small independent points of light - is deceptive, for it masks the increasing dependence of nonprofit service organizations on government funding. In recent years, government's primary response to the growing problems of homelessness, hunger, child abuse, health care, and AIDS has been generated through nonprofit agencies funded by taxpayer money. As part of the widespread movement for privatization, these agencies represent revolutionary changes in the welfare state. Steven Smith and Michael Lipsky demonstrate that this transformation of providing social services through nonprofit agencies has benefits and drawbacks. As government funding of nonprofit groups increases, their management, staffing, clientele, and policies often change significantly. They may no longer be primarily responsive to their communities of origin but instead reflect government priorities. Although the appeal of contracting lies in the possibility of lower costs and greater efficiency, present contracting policies, the authors show, may actually increase overall costs in the long run and encourage instability among service agencies. Smith and Lipsky conclude that for the potential salutary effects of contracting to be realized, governments must reform current contracting procedures and invest in the operational and capital needs of both nonprofit and public agencies. Given the breadth of government funding of nonprofit agencies, this first study of the social, political, and organizationaleffects of this service strategy is an essential contribution to the current debate on the future of the welfare state.
 

Cosa dicono le persone - Scrivi una recensione

Nessuna recensione trovata nei soliti posti.

Indice

Contracting for Services in the Welfare State
3
The Scope of Nonprofit Service Organizations
5
Issues for the Welfare State
11
Nonprofit Organizations and Community
20
Nonprofits as Manifestations of Community
22
Community and the Theory of Nonprofit Organizations
26
Toward a Political Explanation of Nonprofit Organizations
31
Three Types of Nonprofit Service Agencies
37
Significance of Differences between Government and Nonprofit
127
Changes in Practices under Contracting
131
Dilemmas of Management in Nonprofit Organizations
147
Understanding the Nonprofit Organization
148
Cash Flow
151
The Dance of Contract Renewal
157
The Question of Goal Succession
163
The New Politics of the Contracting Regime
171

Introduction to Part II
43
The Political Economy of Nonprofit Revenues
46
Historical Background
47
Impact at the Service Delivery Level
57
The Reagan Era and a Changing Federal Role
62
Guardians of Community and Issues of Governance
72
Boards of Directors
73
Executive Directors
79
Boards Executives and Community
88
Service Providers for the Welfare State
98
Professionalization
100
Deprofessionalization and Government Funding
108
Volunteers and Organizational Capacity
111
The New StreetLevel Bureaucrats
115
Services and Clients under Contracting
120
Imperatives of Public and Nonprofit Service Organizations
121
Individual Agencies in the Political Process
173
The Rise of Associations of Nonprofit Providers
177
The Corporatist Politics of the Contracting Regime
179
The Nonprofit Sector under Attack
182
Privatization in Human Services A Critique
188
Why Does Government Contract with Nonprofit Agencies?
191
Performance Assessment
199
The Irony of Privatization through Contracting
203
Government Nonprofit Agencies and the Welfare State
206
Issues of Citizenship
207
Contracting as Symbolic Politics
211
Toward a Balanced Approach to Communal Provision
215
Tables
233
Notes
245
Index
285
Copyright

Altre edizioni - Visualizza tutto

Parole e frasi comuni

Brani popolari

Pagina 269 - Daniel Bell, The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism. New York: Basic Books, 1976, p.

Riferimenti a questo libro

Tutti i risultati di Google Ricerca Libri »

Informazioni sull'autore (1993)

ABOUT THE EDITOR

Steven Rathgeb Smith, Editor of NVSQ, is Associate Professor of Public Affairs at the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs and serves on the editorial boards of "Voluntas, Public Management, "the "Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, "and "Nonprofit Studies. "A prolific author, he has written and coauthored many books and articles including "Nonprofits for Hire: The Welfare State in the Age of Contracting "and "Public Policy for Democrac"y. A frequent conference presenter, Dr. Smith serves on a number of international advisory bodies and is chair of the Nonprofit Management Program at the Evans School of Public Affairs at the University of Washington.

Michael Lipsky is Professor of Political Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the author of Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services.

Informazioni bibliografiche