Nonprofits for Hire

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Harvard University Press, 1993 - 292 pagine
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In recent years, government's primary response to the emergent problems of homelessness, hunger, child abuse, health care, and AIDS has been generated through nonprofit agencies funded by taxpayer money. As part of the widespread movement for privatization, these agencies represent revolutionary changes in the welfare state. Steven Smith and Michael Lipsky demonstrate that this massive shift in funds has benefits and drawbacks. Given the breadth of government funding of nonprofit agencies, this first study of the social, political, and organizational effects of this service strategy is an essential contribution to the current raging debates on the future of the welfare state.

Reviews of this book:
"An insightful analysis of the implications of an important, broad trend of the past thirty years in the social welfare policy of the United States and many other countries...[Smith and Lipsky] demonstrate that we do not have to read about other countries to find a comparative perspective that sheds light on the choices we face in our national health care debate." DD--Bradford H. Gray, Health Affairs

"The most comprehensive account we have of the history, extent, nature, and meaning of delivering social services that are paid for by government and delivered through nonprofit organizations." DD--H. Brinton Milward, Public Administration Review

"An interesting, absorbing, and important book." DD--William T. Gormley, Jr., American Political Science Review

"An important contribution to welfare state scholarship." DD--Kirsten A. Gronbjerg, Contemporary Sociology

 

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Indice

Contracting for Services in the Welfare State
3
The Scope of Nonprofit Service Organizations
5
Issues for the Welfare State
11
Nonprofit Organizations and Community
20
Nonprofits as Manifestations of Community
22
Community and the Theory of Nonprofit Organizations
26
Toward a Political Explanation of Nonprofit Organizations
31
Three Types of Nonprofit Service Agencies
37
Significance of Differences between Government and Nonprofit
127
Changes in Practices under Contracting
131
Dilemmas of Management in Nonprofit Organizations
147
Understanding the Nonprofit Organization
148
Cash Flow
151
The Dance of Contract Renewal
157
The Question of Goal Succession
163
The New Politics of the Contracting Regime
171

Introduction to Part II
43
The Political Economy of Nonprofit Revenues
46
Historical Background
47
Impact at the Service Delivery Level
57
The Reagan Era and a Changing Federal Role
62
Guardians of Community and Issues of Governance
72
Boards of Directors
73
Executive Directors
79
Boards Executives and Community
88
Service Providers for the Welfare State
98
Professionalization
100
Deprofessionalization and Government Funding
108
Volunteers and Organizational Capacity
111
The New StreetLevel Bureaucrats
115
Services and Clients under Contracting
120
Imperatives of Public and Nonprofit Service Organizations
121
Individual Agencies in the Political Process
173
The Rise of Associations of Nonprofit Providers
177
The Corporatist Politics of the Contracting Regime
179
The Nonprofit Sector under Attack
182
Privatization in Human Services A Critique
188
Why Does Government Contract with Nonprofit Agencies?
191
Performance Assessment
199
The Irony of Privatization through Contracting
203
Government Nonprofit Agencies and the Welfare State
206
Issues of Citizenship
207
Contracting as Symbolic Politics
211
Toward a Balanced Approach to Communal Provision
215
Tables
233
Notes
245
Index
285
Copyright

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Informazioni sull'autore (1993)

ABOUT THE EDITOR

Steven Rathgeb Smith, Editor of NVSQ, is Associate Professor of Public Affairs at the Daniel J. Evans School of Public Affairs and serves on the editorial boards of "Voluntas, Public Management, "the "Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, "and "Nonprofit Studies. "A prolific author, he has written and coauthored many books and articles including "Nonprofits for Hire: The Welfare State in the Age of Contracting "and "Public Policy for Democrac"y. A frequent conference presenter, Dr. Smith serves on a number of international advisory bodies and is chair of the Nonprofit Management Program at the Evans School of Public Affairs at the University of Washington.

Michael Lipsky is Professor of Political Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the author of Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services.

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