The Archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia: From 10,000 B.C. to the Fall of Angkor

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Cambridge University Press, 11 mag 1989 - 387 pagine
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Southeast Asia was the scene of one of the world's major civilisations, that of Angkor, until it was sacked in the early fifteenth century. The origins of Angkor were barely known until recent archaeological excavation and field research began to reveal the region's dynamic development and to raise new questions to serve in its understanding. This important new synthesis focuses on the social world of early mainland Southeast Asia: Thailand, Vietnam, Kampuchea, Laos and adjacent areas. The book begins when the area was occupied 12,000 years ago by hunters and gatherers. The author stresses the importance of sedentism and domestication. These encouraged the spread of coastal communities into the interior valleys. Particular relevance is seen in the exchange of valuables, including bronze, as symbols of status. The origins of civilisation, for long assumed to result from Indian expansion in the region, are seen as rooted in local changes, along with the selective adoption of Indian religious and political ideas within coastal cheifdoms. In bridging the gap between prehistory and history, this book will appeal not only to archaeologists but to those interested in the general history, culture and arts of Asia.
 

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Indice

Introduction
1
The personality of Southeast Asia
5
The history of archaeology in Southeast Asia
15
Themes and approaches
28
Huntergatherer communities and early domestication
31
The coast and hills of Bac Bo
33
Coastal groups in Viet Nam
43
A hunting and gathering tradition in the North Thai uplands
45
the Dong Son phase
192
The Chao Phraya plains
204
The Khorat plateau
209
The uplands of Laos
228
The Vietnamese coastal plains
230
The transition from autonomy to centrality
233
The development of mandalas
239
India and China
242

summary
59
The huntergatherer occupation of the Chao Phraya plains
61
Coastal settlement round the Gulf of Siam
65
Domestication
80
The expansion of domestic communities
90
The Khorat plateau
92
A general cultural framework
99
Ban Chiang
106
Ban Na Di
113
Other excavated sites in the northern Khorat plateau
117
Ban Chiang Hian and related sites
121
Dating General Periods A and B
123
The subsistence basis of General Periods A and B
130
The human remains
139
The material culture of General Periods A and B
141
The social organisation
153
The lower Chao Phraya valley
157
The lower Mekong and its hinterland
169
The coastal plains of Central Viet Nam
173
The Bac Bo region
175
The expansion of domestic communities and the adoption of bronzeworking
185
The end of autonomy and emergence of chiefdoms
190
Geographic regions which sustained mandalas
245
summary
254
summary
268
AD200950
269
The Mun and Chi valleys in Northeast Thailand
279
three border commanderies
287
The mandalas of Champa
297
The dynastic history of Linyi
298
the Cham mandalas
302
summary
306
Summary
318
The Angkorian Mandala
321
The dynastic history and main historic events
324
Taxation
344
The means of destruction
346
Agriculture
348
The pursuit of perfection
352
Summary and conclusions
353
Concluding remarks
356
References
363
Index
379
Copyright

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