Organic Chemistry: An Intermediate Text
John Wiley & Sons, 26 nov 2004 - 400 pagine
Ideal for those who have previously studies organic chemistry butnot in great depth and with little exposure to organic chemistry ina formal sense. This text aims to bridge the gap betweenintroductory-level instruction and more advanced graduate-leveltexts, reviewing the basics as well as presenting the more advancedideas that are currently of importance in organic chemistry.
* Provides students with the organic chemistry background requiredto succeed in advanced courses.
* Practice problems included at the end of each chapter.
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2 Oxidation States of Organic Compounds
3 Acidity and Basicity
4 CurvedArrow Notation
5 Mechanisms of Organic Reactions
6 Stereochemical and Conformational Isomerism
7 Functional Group Synthesis
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acetate activated complex addition AIBN alcohol aldehyde alkene alkyl allyl anion antibonding atoms base bond formation bromine carbon–carbon bond carbonyl group carboxylic acid CH2OH CH3 CH3 CH3 H H CH3 H3C CH3O chemical shift chiral center chloride Cl Cl CO2Et CO2H CO2Me configuration conformation conjugate cyclization diastereomers diene donated double bond doublet electron pair electrophile enantiomers energy enolate ester example formed free radicals free-radical frequency functional groups give H CH3 H3C CH3 H3C H3C H3O+ hybrid hydrogen interaction intermediate ionization isomer kcal/mol ketone leaving group Lewis acid lone pair magnetic methyl group methylene mixture molecular ion molecule occur OCH3 OH H olefin orbital Organic Chemistry oxidation level oxygen proton rate-determining step react reactants reaction reactive reagents reduction resonance retrosynthetic retrosynthetic analysis rotation stabilization starting material stereochemistry stereoisomers structure substituents transition umpolung valence
Pagina 18 - ... an analogy. A mule is a hybrid between a horse and a donkey. This does not mean that some mules are horses and the rest are donkeys, nor does it mean that a given mule is a horse part of the time and a donkey the rest of the time. Instead, it means that a mule is a new kind of animal, neither horse nor donkey, but intermediate between the two and partaking to some extent of the character of each.