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mencing at folio 67,) extant; one that can be read with ease, and that is tolerably correct; which cannot be said of any other edition now offered to the publick.
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Declension of Substantives
First Conjugation, Active Voice
Rule 1, and Exercises
7 to 30 inclusive, and Ex-
Tiberius Gracchus and Caius
Rules 31 to 54 inclusive, and Ex-
measuring Verses by Scanning
121 Of Interjections.
Adjectives taken as Substantives
Combination of Verses in Poems187
THE principal design of prefixing these introductory exercises to the Grammar is to relieve the student from the irksome and unprofitable task of committing to memory what he does not understand; to impress the inflections of the parts of speech and the rules of syntax clearly and forcibly on his memory, by exhibiting them in condensed views; and, by furnishing easy exercises adapted to those inflections and rules in detail, to facilitate the labour of translating and parsing.
The following plan of instruction is in conformity with this design.
Commence at page 10th, and read over the declensions of substantives and adjectives, explaining to the pupil the distinctive marks of the different declensions, and the manner in which an adjective agrees with a substantive. Then practise him a short time in translating and parsing a few of the examples under “Exercises,” on page 10th, declining the adjective and substantive, first separately, and then conjointly. This will prepare him to understand, and consequently to commit to memory with facility and pleasure, the general rules relating to the declensions of substantives and adjectives, as contained in the grammar, commencing at page 69. By proceeding in this manner, illustrating each part of speech, and practising the student in parsing it, before he is called upon to commit to memory its Etymology and Syntax, his progress through the grammar will be rendered both pleasing and profitable. His task will be much lighter, and the impression on his memory more permanent, than if he had proceeded in the inverted order, committing what he could not understand, and deferring the exercise of parsing till he had gone through the grammar.
The adjective agrees with its substantive, in number, case, and gender.
Singular. Nominative, Mūsă, a song, Músæ, Genitive, of a song, Dative, Müsæ, to,or for a song, Accusative, Mūsăm, a song, Vocative, Mūsă, O song, Ablative, Mūsâ; with,&c. a song;
Rūpēs, a rock, fem.
Bona Musa. Bonus puer. Bonum donum. Unus liber. Felix dominus. Lenis sermo, Lenior puer. Tenerum caput. PulchPulchra res. Pulchrum cornu. Felix facies. Felix iter. Tenerum cornu. Tenera res. Bonus sermo. Bona res. Bonum sedile. Lenis dominus. Lene iter. Pulcher liber. Pulchra facies. Pulchrum caput. Lenior dominus. Lenior res. Lenius iter. Unus puer. Una rupes. Unum donum. Duo libri. Duæ Musæ. Duo cornua. Tres libri. Tres Tria capita. Tres rupes. Unus lapis, Tres lapides, Duo currus. Duæ facies. Duo sedilia. Altus currus. Durus lapis. Durior rupes. Altior N. Rūpės, currus. Altius cornu. DuG. Rupiŭm, rius caput. Felicior puer. D. Rupibus, A. Rupės, Felicius iter. Pulchrior laV. Rupes, pis. Pulchrius caput. TeA. Rupibus. nerior Musa, Tenerius Lăpis, a stone, masc. cornu, Facilior res, FaN. Lăpis, cilius iter. Melior pu- G. Lapidis, er. Melius donum. Pejor D. Lapidi, dominus. Pejus donum. A. Lapiděm, V. Lapis, Major liber. Majus sedile. A. Lapidě; Minor rupes. Minus cornu. Altissima rupes. Durissimus lapis. Felicissimus puer. Optimus dominus. Optima Musa. Optimum donum. Parvus puer. Malus liber. Magnus currus. Magna rupes. Magnum caput. Parvum sedile. Minus sedile. Minimum sedile. Facilis Musa. Facilior Musa. Facillima Musa. Tener dominus. Tenerior dominus Tenerrimus dominus. Leniora itinera.
N. Pŭěr, G. Puĕri, D. Puěrō, A. Puěrům,
V. Puěr, A. Puěrō;
Pŭěr, a boy, masc. Singular.
Músă, a song, feminine-gender.
Dominŭs, a master, masc. N. Dominus, N. Dŏmini, G. Domini, G. Dominōrum, D. Domino, D. Dominis, A. Dominos, A. Dominum, V. Domině, V. Domini, A. Domino; A. Dominis.
Sermo, a speech, masc.'
V. Puĕri, A. Puĕris.
FOURTH Currus, a chariot, masc. N. Currŭs, G. Currûs, D. Currăi, A. Currům, V. Currus, A. Currū;
FIFTH Res, a thing, fem.
Plural. Nominative, Mūsæ. songs, Genitive, Mūsārum, of songs, Dative, Mūsis, to, or for songs, Accusative, Mūsās, songs, Vocative, Músæ, O songs, Ablative, Müsis; with, &c. songs.
V. Rēs, A. Rēbůs
Liběr, a book, masc. Singular. Plural.
Sědilě, a seat, neut.
a gift, neut.
Itěr, a journey, neut.
Córnů, a horn, neut.
N. Cornŭă, G. Cornůům, D. Cornibus, A. Cornŭă,
V. Cornŭă, A. Cornibus.
Făciés, a face, fem.