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THE LA G UNA OF CHIOGG.I.A.
HE journey from Venice to Chioggia is made by a little steamer that runs there in a couple of hours, and passes island after island–San Clemento, with its lunatic asylum ; Malamocco, where the Doges had their original seat, and where the strip of land separating the lagoon from the sea is so narrow that the ships outside seem floating under the trees; Pelestrina, with its red houses and gardens bright with oleanders and tamarisk flowers; and the imposing sea-wall named I Murazzi. Chioggia is a town of fishermen and lace-workers; around it is a sapphire sea dotted with many-hued sails, with every tint from canary yellow to tawny brown; the main street is broad, and lined with arcades and balconied houses of the old Venetian red; steep bridges cross the
canals (for, like Venice, Chioggia is on a cluster of islands), the fish-market is crowded, and has marvellous effects of light and shade, and a picturesque Oriental effect is produced by the white linen veil of the women, who are celebrated for their beauty. A very striking sight is the departure of the fishing-boats, that skim away like a swarm of butterflies, with orange red, crimson, and yellow wings. The waters of the lagoon are metallic blue, and those of the open sea green, and the effects of sunset and of moonlight wonderful. “The lagoon,” writes George Sand, “is so still in the beautiful summer evenings that the stars do not tremble in it.” Over these still waters the fisher-boats glide, sometimes to Venice to pay due reverence to Madonna della Salute, or take part in the procession of the Redentore, when all the city crosses to the Lido to see the sun rise. The engraving we reproduce is almost a
domestic scene: the fisherman and his family have rowed out to the pile-supported shrine of Our Lady of the Sea, a girl ascends the rickety stairs to light the lamp, while the others sing their evening hymn. The picture from which the engraving is taken is by Professor H. Corrodi, and was painted by command of the Prince and Princess of Wales as a Jubilee gift to the Queen.
In Venice city the fussing little steam-launch is superseding the gondola, the shapeless iron-clads of the Italian navy have succeeded to the stately galleys of the Doges, and the Tuscan tongue is driving out the soft Venetian dialect which Goldoni loved. But at Chioggia the life is still the life of centuries ago; Ariosto is still read by a professional reader in the public streets, the women still retain something like a local costume, and the dialect is that of the early Venetians.
was a great deal to make me think it so—the evidence of my own senses, besides what Sir Joseph told me, and Stapleford—if it had been true, you wouldn't have been yourself; you would have been a deceitful, heartless woman, who, for the sake of vanity or ambition, or perhaps of something that she might dignify by the name of love, did not hesitate to betray her friend and disgrace herself. You see,” he concluded, with a sort of laugh, “it couldn't have been you whom I suspected.” “Ah,” she said, “you couldn't love a woman of that description.” “No, I think not; I hope not. Certainly I should be ashamed of myself if I did.” “Come!” said Beatrice, rising and standing over him, with one hand resting upon the mantelpiece, “you have paid me a compliment—for I suppose it is a compliment to a woman to fall in love with her, even though that sentiment may be grounded upon an illusion—and the least that I can do in return is to restore you to a healthy state of mind. Joseph and Stapleford and the evidence of your own senses have not misled you; I have done and am doing my best to break off the engagement between your brother and Kitty Greenwood. More than that, I am utterly unrepentant, and I would do it all over again. I hope that is explicit enough to satisfy you.” There was a long pause. Brian also had risen to his feet, and was standing close to her, but he made no reply. At last she asked, abruptly, “Well, have you nothing to say to me?” “Nothing,” he answered, quietly. either now or at any future time.” “This is to be final, then * If we meet again, we are to cut one another dead o' “No ; not unless you desire it. I take it that you will become my sister-in-law, and in that case it would be better that we should be upon speaking terms, wouldn't it?” “You foresee everything. Yes, no doubt it would be more convenient that we should remain upon speaking terms, supposing that you will condescend so far as to speak to me. You have been nicely deceived in me, have you not?” “I have only myself to blame for that,” he replied, gravely. “What magnanimity I should have thought that you would prefer to condemn me; that seems to be such a natural and easy process with you. But, after all, one readily pardons a person whom one despises.” By way of reply he took up his hat and bowed. “Good-by,” she said, ringing the bell. so they parted, without shaking hands. When Beatrice was left alone she went to her davenport, unlocked it, and took out a photograph, which she had purchased nearly a year before from a Kingscliff artist. It represented Brian Segrave, seated in a very uncomfortable attitude upon a sharp rock, behind which was a nebulous background, traversed horizontally by some white, woolly appearances, which, when you were told of it, you perceived to be the waves of the sea. Hung upside down they did
duty for the clouds in a summer sky, and had
figured in one or the other capacity behind the backs of most of the leading inhabitants of Kingscliff. Beatrice gazed steadily at this work of art for several minutes before she tossed it into the fire, and pressed it down with the poker among the glowing coals until it was consumed. Then, with lips compressed and her chin in the air, she left the room, and mounting the staircase, knocked at Miss Joy's door. o “Dear old Matilda,” she said, on being admitted, “I have come to beg your pardon. I was cross and rude to you to-day, and I am afraid I distressed you.” Miss Joy jumped up and flung her arms round the girl's neck. “No, no!” she exclaimed; “it was I who was too ready to take offence. But, Beatrice dear, I have been so unhappy—so worried l’” “Worried about what, you old goose? know, and I don't want you to tell me. Matilda, you won’t throw me over, will you come what may ?” -“Never !” cried Miss Joy, emphatically. “I don't always understand you, my dear, and I don’t always think you in the right; but, right or wrong, I always love you, and always shall.” “Ah, Matilda, that is a very foolish and immoral kind of friendship. When you think a friend in the wrong you ought to pull a long face and straighten your backbone and say, ‘I have been deceived in you, but I do not reproach you. Farewell!” However, I think I like the foolish and immoral friends best. Matilda, what should you say to going up the Nile?” “My dear child, would it be safe? would it fit in with your plans?” “I have no plans; and I think we should be sufficiently protected by Mr. Cook and the British army of occupation. Still, Algiers or Madeira or Cyprus would suit me equally well. We will wait to see the result of the general election, Matilda, and then we will be off. How glad I shall be to say good-by to my friends—to the wise and moral ones, I means” [to BE oonTINUED.]
see illustration on page 665.
UEEN MARGHERITA of Italy, with Queen Pia of Portugal and the Princess of Wales, possesses the reputation of being one of the royal ladies most graceful in appearance and most gracious. Queen Margherita possesses also in a remarkable degree the indefinable gift of tact, and this she has had to use under most difficult circumstances when Rome became the national capital; and she has to perform the task of harmonizing the narrow-minded nobility of Turin, arro
gant from their old relations to the reigning family, with the haughty aristocracy of Rome, who had never acknowledged any head except the Vicar of Christ. The King, like all his family, has no artistic tastes; the Queen, besides being a brilliant converser, is a patroness of music, art, and literature. She prefers German music to Italian, and Italian to French ; she adores the art
and she keeps abreast of the latest literature of France, Germany, and England. She is not only the most beautiful but the most intelligent woman in her kingdom, of sound judgment and independent thought. Hence the clericals regard her as a lukewarm Christian, and the liberals accuse her of being a clerical. The “Angel of Italy,” as her people style her, is fair-haired, with eyes almost rivalling in beauty the incomparable eyes of the Czarina, a charming smile, and harmony in every movement; her arms and shoulders are admirable, and her gait reveals the queen. “A good fairy,” writes Madame E. Adam, “endowed her in her cradle with all the gifts of beauty, grace, high spirits, and all the favors of fortune.” In one point alone, she adds, does primitive nature come out, and that is in her dress. “She prefers magnificence to taste; she dresses like a queen, but is not refined in her elegance.” All the world knows that the Queen's favorite dress is white, and it has been said recently that she hesitates about wearing any longer this youthful costume; she is stouter than she used to be, and her eldest son comes of age next November. She consulted her husband on the matter, but he gave her no decisive answer; but within a week box after box arrived from the first milliners of Paris, and when opened they disclosed robe after robe of virgin white. It was a present from the King—a charming answer to the Queen's question. The King has a taste for precious stones that once seemed likely to develop into monomania; he used to carry handfuls of them in his pockets, and offered them, on occasion, as old gentlemen used to offer a pinch of snuff. He has, however, discovered a better mode of disposing of them by presenting them to the Queen. The crown-jewels of Italy were always splendid. Victor Emmanuel added largely to them, and Humbert has increased them with some marvellous gems. It is the famous Savoy necklace of pearls which Queen Margherita loves to wear; it consists of row upon row of magnificent pearls, which go round the neck and hang down over the corsage. The value of the necklace is considerably over half a million of dollars. She is appropriately the first Queen of a nation of artists. It may be added that she sings well, and during the long illness caused by Parsanarte's attempt to assassinate Humbert she wrote some charming verses. Her boudoir is separated from the King's work-room by a short gallery, which often echoes with her name, for he consults her on everything. The Queen and King are first cousins, her father being the late Duke of Genoa. She was educated by her mother in retirement, and lived a quiet, studious life till her marriage in 1868. She soon gained the esteem of her father-in-law, the rough trooper King Victor Emmanuel, and exercised a noble influence over him. Like all the house of Savoy, she has not much regard for titles, however authentic they may be, and is loved and adored by the people. Venice she loves above all other cities, chiefly for its artistic treasures, partly because-politics are not discussed there, and a visit to the Queen of the Adriatic does not wound the stisceptibilities of the cities of Rome or Turin of Florence, the present and late capitals of Italyo She has watched carefully over the education of her son, and devoted herself entirely to it during her long sickness. The Prince of Naples is more like his father; his chief education naturally has been in a military direction, but his tastes lead him to the natural sciences. Like the Queen, he is a good linguist, isomewhat haughty, but with an air that promises much for the future when he shall reign as Victor Emmanuel III.
ARPET beetles, buffalo moths, carpet moths, feather-bed beetles, and cheese bugs belong
to, or are sely related to, a genus of coleopterous insects known as Dermestidae. They constitute one of the most active, dreaded, and destructive class of insects known to thrifty housekeepers.
Up to the present time over forty species of dermestes have been reported and determined, including two closely related varieties which are found in company with the carpet beetle.
The carpet beetle is noted for the striking colors of the perfect insect or beetle. This beetle, though known in Europe for over a century, and well described by both Linnaeus and Cuvier, did not make its appearance in this country till 1872. It now ranges from the Atlantic coast to Mexico.
Carpet dealers and manufacturers claim that it was introduced here in carpets that contained the insect in its larval stage, and state that its distribution can be directly traced to the carpet dealers of Boston. The beetle is about onetwelfth of an inch in length, and is strongly marked with regular patches of red and white, the rest of the body of the beetle being black.
of Venice, her favorite painter being Carpaccio,
During the months of April, May, and June it
falo moth and Buffalo beetle; in some sections its ravages have been so great that matting has taken the place of carpets. In Europe it does not seem to injure the car. pets to any great extent. This may be on account of the fact that all carpets are taken up in spring. time and thoroughly beaten in the open air, to rid them of dust; this beating undoubtedly has the effect of dislodging all the larvae and beetles of the dermestes. It must also be borne in mind that the English housewife, unlike the American, does not keep her rooms darkened for the great. er part of the year, but allows daylight, sunlight, and fresh air to enter freely through the open windows-conditions which are unfavorable to the dermestes, they always preferring darkness. Again, when the carpets are taken up and stored away till winter-time, they are liberally charged with pepper or camphor, tobacco dust or cedar chips, to protect them not only against dermestes, but clothes moths and other noxious insects that may have obtained a lodgement in them. When the dermestes attacks a carpet, it first tries the edges where it is nailed down, or eats holes into the carpet in the dark corners of the rooms, under sofas, what-nots, etc.; or will enter the interstices formed by the dovetailing of the floor planks; these it will follow, feeding as it goes, and cutting the carpet as clean through as though a pair of shears had been used. It is said that the dermestes also attacks cotton, hemp, and flax fabrics, though these statements have not been thoroughly established. Silk it never touches. Another genus of very small beetles, known under the scientific name of Anobium, and which were classed by Linnaeus with the dermestes, are known in Europe and in this country by dealers in antique furniture as “wimbles”; by the French they are called wrillettes, which name was given them on account of their habit of boring minute round holes such as might be made with a wimble. These minute beetles, as soon as touched, mimic death by gathering their limbs and antennae together, perfectly mimicking an inanimate body, and will remain for a long time in this condition. By this curious action they are easily detected when found in dwellings containing old or antique furniture. Professor Wood says: “This insect seems to have a special appetite for weapons and implements made by wild savages, as I have learned to my cost, as sundry Caffre implements of war were absolutely riddled with the borings of these tiny beetles, and not to be handled without their pouring out a shower of yellow dust, caused by the ravages of the larvae, which had left scarcely anything but a mere shell of wood. In such cases I have but one remedy– that of injecting into the holes spirits of wine in which corrosive sublimate has been dissolved. The spirit will find its way from one hole to another, so that if half a dozen holes be judiciously selected, the poison will penetrate the whole piece of wood, kill all the insects, and render it forever impervious to their attack.” It is not only in houses that this insect is to be found, but, like the field cockroach of England, which has become the Croton bug of our large cities, it is also to be found in fields, gardens, out-buildings, and particularly where cast-aside and broken furniture and other dusty odds and ends of household refuse are allowed to accumulate in attics and stable lofts. Unscrupulous dealers in imitations of old and antique furniture utilize this minute dermestes for the purpose of giving the imitations an ancient and “worm-eaten” look by placing the newly made pieces in a room which has been charged with these insects, who in course of time attack the new pieces, which afterward go through a course of staining and smoking to give them a timeworn look. When disposing of such frauds the holes of the “wimbles” are pointed to with pride as proof positive of the great age of said piece of furniture. When purchasing antique furniture of dealers great care should be taken not to select any pieces that contains these minute dermestes, and all “worm-eaten” pieces should be looked on with suspicion, and unless you know them to have been thoroughly poisoned previous to purchasing them, they should never be introduced into the rooms of your home, as thousands of both the larvae and the perfect beetles may become established, and the beetle being very minute, cunning, and nocturnal in its habits, may be the means of destroying many dollars worth of valuable furniture before its presence is discovered. Again, the thousands of minute perforations made by these insects so greatly weaken pieces of furniture in course of time that, as far as their utility goes, they become mere shells of wood. The old popular terror and superstition respecting the “death-watch” is well known. This mysterious ticking occurring in the dead of night —which was, and is still by ignorant people, supposed to be the forerunner of a death in the house—is nothing more than the call of the male beetle to its mate. During the occupation of Peru by the heartless Spaniards several exquisite robes consisting entirely of the plumage of the white egret and humming-birds, were taken from the Peruvian princesses and sent to Spain, where they brought very high prices. The greedy Spaniards, learning the value of the skins when sent to Spain to bé made up into court robes, forced the natives, under penalty of death, to collect and cure immense quantities of the skins of the egret and humming-birds to be shipped to Spain, which, when they reached their destination after a long and tedious voyage, were found to be worthless, their beauty having been entirely destroyed by insects, undoubtedly the dermestes. Who knows but the Peruvian bird-skin collectors purposely failed to poison the skins, and cunningly introduced the larvae of this destructive-insect. When the feathers of domestic fowls are not
properly cured in lime-water, the quills of the
larger feathers, which are full of pith and dry animal juices, are liable to be attacked by der. mestes. ... One often hears scratching, scrambling, or crawling noises at night in the pillow; these noises are caused by the dermestes beetle moving through the feathers. Often when examining feathers that have been taken out of beds for the purpose of renovating and cleaning them with steam, curious round masses, consisting of the fluffy parts of the feathers, are often met with ; these masses are the work of the dermeSteS. The fine powder which is often thrown out of old cheese, and which is so highly prized by the gourmand, is the work of another small variety of dermestes, which is often confounded with the cheese hopper or skipper. Cheese, when so far decayed as to contain skippers, is said to have the “wet-rot,” in contradistinction to the “dryrot,” which is the work of the dermestes. Remedies for the carpet moth are numerous, but the following are the most efficacious and reliable. Carpet lining consisting of tarred felt paper one foot wide, such as is used for roofing, saturated with spirits of turpentine, when laid on the flooring or base-board under the carpet before it is nailed down, will be found to be very effective. This remedy will be found to be doubly effective if the health-giving daylight and fresh air are allowed to enter the room and do their work; for the dermestes, like all evil-doers, shun daylight and seek darkness. Another remedy is to pour boiling-hot water in which borax has been dissolved in liberal quantities over that part of the carpet that comes in contact with the baseboard, which, after it has cooled, is taken up with a sponge or mop, and all windows and doors are opened to thoroughly dry the carpet. Still another, and one that is considered safest and best of all, consists of a powerful decoction of tobacco, made from tobacco leaf stalks (such as are thrown away in tobacco factories), or from the ends of cigars, or cheap brands of smoking tobacco; to two handfuls of stalks, chopped small, add one handful of common salt or rock-salt and four table-spoonfuls of the very best cayenne pepper. The tobacco, salt, and pepper are thrown into an old cooking vessel containing two quarts of water, and allowed to soak for several hours, after which the decoction is slowly boiled down to one quart of extract, which is strained through a piece of muslin. When applying it to the flooring near the base-board a sponge tied to a stick is used: care must be taken when applying it to the under side of the carpet not to use it so liberally as to soak through the carpet and stain the surface. Before mailing the carpet down that which has been used on the floor must be perfectly dry. In case the decoction of tobacco produces an unpleasant odor, a few drops of essence of bergamot, lavender, or other pleasing perfume are added to the decoction when cold. This preparation, when bottled, can be kept for years.
ANSWERS TO COI-I-IESPONDENTS.
Two GIRLS.—A rose jar may be of any size; but a large one is preferable, in order that new layers may be added year by year, as the old mixture never loses its sweetness, and forms a good foundation upon which to build. A large Japanese jar about three feet high is good for a pot-pourri, as it makes a pretty parlor ornument as well as being an excellent receptacle for the rose petals and odorous spices. Maxwkill.—As you wish to give your niece a reception at your house on the occasion of her marriage, the invitations should be issued in your name, and should include her friends and yours alike. Eijina.-Your suggestions about the hat and jacket are good. Red holland shades will be suitable for your sitting-room. A. P.T.-Cashmere and camei's-hair dresses will be pretty for your little girl. Make with simulated §. or else real guimpes of muslin. Have round odices, plain sleeves, a full straightskirt hemmed and tucked reaching just below the knees, and a sash of the material sewed in the under-arm seams to tie behind in a large bow. Feather-stitching and velvet are the trimmings. Let her wear embroidered standing frills and wide turned-over collars. Elisk.-A bride wears long white undressed kid gloves and white slippers with her white silk dress, and should carry a bouquet of white flowers. MARGARET W.—Get navy blue camel's-hair to combine with your navy blue silk, and make by design of Fig. 2 on the first page of Bazar No.35, Vol. XX. Cupola.--White wool with a red surah front will be a pretty tea gown for a brunette, also white wool with ellow, and for a third have red surah with a white ace front. Repped silk, Bengaline, and moiré will be worn, by brides; white satin is always in fashion for wedding dresses. Get white undressed kid gloves. A basque with open throat, and elbow sleeves, and a long flowing train with draped front trimmed with lace, will be the best design for you. Have a draped skirt and plain basque with white moiré vest and beaded trimming for your green velvet. Fontata.—After a long absence in Europe or elsewhere it is strict etiquette for a lady to drive from house to house and leave cards on all her acquaintances and friends, but this is simplified by giving a tea, or a series of afternoon teas, to which her friends are invited by cards sent by mail. MRs. A. C.—See design for child's frock on page 557 of Bazar No. 32, Vol. XX. Use this and A. boxpleated blouses and jacket waists with kilts made of cashmere and of ladies' cloth. Gretchen dresses are still worn. Get a turban of felt with velvet band for a small boy. C. K. H.-Make your blue cloth dress by hints given in New York Fashions of Bazar No. 36, Vol. XX. Trim it with velvet and rows of stitching. Ein A.—Get red-brown mahogany-colored plush for 3. lambrequins; fringe the ends with balls. Have adras muslin curtains for your bedrooms, or else get white French Qluny lace and insertion with grenadine or scrim curtains for all your front windows. Old Suissoltiiser-An illustration of a draped portière, which is probably the one to which you allude, appeared in Bazar No.35, Vol. XIX. Two others moré elaborately draped were illustrated in Nos. 2 and 11, § XVIII. Any of these numbers can be sent to your orcier. Subsobibor, AND ConneoTIout GIRL.-If you have a colored, bed-spread of satteen or of cretonne, you should have a rounded bolster—not pillows—covered with the same. Fashionable white É. are covered with an antique lace spread, or scrim with lace insertion, and there are pillows nearly square similarly cowered. You can have blue, rose, or yellow satteen lining to these transparent white covers. Plainer beds have pretty white, Marseilles counterpanes, or those with blue, red, or buff stripes or borders. The linen pillow-cases are bag-shaped slips cut longer than the pillows, hemmed and hem-stitched, and with the mono- : gram or initial embroidered in large long letters just above the hem. Feather pillows are preferred except
by those who want very hard pillows of hair.