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very obvious, yet, if we have but the happiness to enter rightly, we shall go on with ease, and the prospect will gradually open and enlarge itself, till we see it lost again in that IMMENSITY from whence it first arose.

Full of these hopes, and under the auspices of these encouragements, let us now shift the Scene from GENTILE to Jewish Antiquity; and prepare ourselves for the opening of a more august and solemn Theatre.


A P P E N D I X;


That the omission of a future State in the Mosaic

Dispensation, doth not make it unworthy of the Original to which Believers ascribe it.

AS both Believers

and Unbelievers have, by some blind chance or other, concurred to make this Objection to the OMISSION; I think it not improper, before I enter upon the Subject of the Mosaic LAW, which comes next into consideration, to remove this common prejudice concerning it. And as a celebrated Writer has collected together what hath been said in support of the Objection, and given to it all the strength that the force of his own genius could impart, I suppose his words will be the best text to my discourse.

“ L'Evêque Warburton, auteur d'un des plus savants ouvrages qu'on ait jamais fait, s'exprime ainsi, page 8. tome I. “Une Religion, une Société

qui n'est pas fondée sur la créance d'une autre แ

vie, doit être soutenue par une Providence extra. “ ordinaire. Le Judaïsme n'est pas fondé sur la “ créance d'une autre vie; donc, la Judaïsme a été soutenu par une providence extraordinaire.” Plusieurs Theologiens se sont éléves contre lui, et comme on rétorque tous les arguments, on a retorqué le sien, on lui a dit : “ Toute Religion, qui n'est


pas fondée sur le dogme de l'immortalité de l'ame, " & sur les peines et les récompenses eternelles,

est necessairement fausse; Or le Judaïsme ne

connut point ces dogmes, donc le Judaïsme, loin " d'etre soutenu par la Providence, était par vos

principes une Religion fausse & barbare qui

attaquait la Providence.” Cet Evêque eut quelques autres adversaires qui lui soutinrent que l'immortalité de l'ame était connue chez les Juifs, dans le temps même de Moïse ; mais il leur prouva tres-évidemment que ni le Décalogue, ni le Levitique, ni le Deuteronome, n'avaient dit'un seul mot de cette creance, & qu'il est ridicule de vouloir tordre & cor. rompre quelques passages des autres livres, pour en tirer une vérité qui n'est point annoncée dans le livre de la Loi.

Mr. l'Evêque ayant fait quatre Volumes pour demontrer que la Loi Judaïque ne proposait ni peines ni recompenses après la mort, n'a jamais pů répondre à ses adversaires d'une manière bien satisfàisante. Ils lui disaient: “ Ou Moïse con“ naissait ce Dogme, et alors il a trompé les Juifs ten ne le manifestant pas; ou il' l'ignorait; & en

ce cas il n'en savait pas assez pour fonder une " bonne Religion. En effet si la Religion avait “ été bonne, pourquoi l'aurait-on abolie ? Une

Religion Religion vraie doit être pour tous les temps &

pour tous les lieux, elle doit être comme la " lumiere du Soleil, qui éclaire tous les Peuples & 4 toutes les Générations."

“ Ce Prelate tout éclairé qu'il est, a eu beau

coup de peine à se tirer de toutes ces difficultés ; « mais quel Systême en est exempt *?"

- The trouble I have had in disengaging myself from these difficulties will now be seen.

The Objections, as here stated by this ingenious man, respect, we see, both the LEGISLATOR and the Law.

1. Either Moses (says he) was acquainted with a future State, and in that case he deceived the Jews in not teaching it: or he was ignorant of the doca trine, and in this case he did not know enough to become the Author of a good Religion. Indeed, if the religion had been good, IVhy was il abolished? a true Religion should be for all times and places. Its light should be like that of the Sun, which illumines all nations and all generations.

2. All Religion which is not founded on the doctrine of the Soul's immortality and future rewards and punishments, is necessarily false : but, in Judaism, these doctrines were not contained: therefore Judaism, so far from being supported by an

A Dict. Philosophique Portatif.; article (Religion, Premiere question).


ertraordinary Providence, was, on your own Principles (says he to the Bishop) a religion false and barbarous, which attacked and insulted Providence.

1. The first argument, against the integrity of Nloses's conduct from this Omission, had been urged at large by the late Lord BollyGBROKE ; and the Reader may find it at large confuted, in the Appendir to the Fifth Book of the Divine Legation,

2. The second argument, against the integrity of the Law from this Omission, has been clamoured by a large Body of Answerers, led up by Dr. STEB

But these men pretending to believe Revelation, their reason, for want of integrity in such a Religion, was founded in a supposed defect in its Essence; so their conclusion from this reasoning was, “ That a future State was certainly in the Mosaic Religion, how much soever it might walk there in Masquerade.” The celebrated Frenchman, who pretends to no such belief, founds his argument on the reality of the Omission, and from thence concludes, “that the Mosaic Law was an imposture.”

I shall examine what they have to say, in their order.


66 You con

I. The English Doctor comes first. " sider (says this candid Divine, addressing himself

to the Author of the D. L.) the Ignorance of the ske Jews as to the doctrine of a future State, as one

of the most momentous truths that Religion has to " boast of. I, on the other hand, look upon it as


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