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for such children, established a year or two ature referring to the title of his address ago in the city of New York, the results and speaking of general rules to be observed reported among the very worst elements in schools, both by teachers and pupils, to be found in the city were truly wonder- concludes by saying that he approves of ful. A few of the boys, indeed, thus far weeding out the tuberculous child and the seem to be beyond the reach of any influ- tuberculous teacher from our public schools. ence for good; but the great majority of He recommends an examination for tuberthem seem to yield readily to the magical culosis of every child and teacher entering influence of a kindly teacher who knows the public school and a periodical examinahow to manage bad boys. Not all teachers tion of both. But he states most emphatcan do this kind of work, but when we ically that it is our duty to provide for reflect that menace. to society rests so these tuberculous teachers and children. largely, if not almost wholly, with the bad The sanatoria for children should be mulboy, we can but feel that the teacher who tiplied and as many teachers as possibly has the ability to manage and cure him is can be should be employed there from the one of the most precious boons that can be unfortunate ones who have contracted bestowed upon any community.-Supt. G. tuberculosis. The example set by Andrew F. Sawyer, Troy, N. Y.

Carnegie in pensioning teachers of aca

demic schools should be followed by penThe future citizens of our country are sioning educators of our ordinary schools. made good or bad in the common schools The author outlines a plan of procedure long before they reach the university, if which he hopes will find the sanction of they go there at all. There has been much the public.-S. A. Knopf. Medical Record, discussion as to the relative value of the Feb. 17, 1906. Jour. review, New York university and the small college. The

Med. Jour. greatest institutions are too prone to merely educate the head, but in the small I ENTERED a room where there was a colleges and in the common schools the

mental center. It wasn't in the man but heart, as well as the head, is educated. he had control of it. The lines of interest The need is to educate, not only the head

-I could feel, almost see them-converged to make men brilliant, but the hands to on a simple problem in square root, the make men useful, and the heart to make square root of three. I knew at once them true and patriotic. In foreign lands that those twenty-two boys and girls knew ruled over by kings and emperors the child

how to extract the square root of a perfect that is destined to be a sovereign is edu- square but they were visibly inwardly cated with special reference to fitting him struggling with the problem of applying for the duties that will devolve upon this knowledge to getting an approximate him in future years. We too often do not root. One pupil worked at a time, which realize that, with us, every child will be a is a good way if you can do it. It was a sovereign, and too little attention is paid master-hand that kept those minds busy. in the schools to instilling into the minds Ted and Bob and Elsie took up the work and hearts of the youth of the land the carefully and slowly and interestedly. sacred duties of sovereignty in a free The orders were “Ted,” “Sit,” “Erase.” country, where every man is a king.- Now and then a few words looped our Gov. J. W. Folk, Missouri.

work back to something gone before, and

after telling them that they were after THE TEACHER's part in the tuberculosis ability to apply old knowledge to new problem.-Knopf, after reviewing the liter- problems, in words which commanded

attention; after gathering up the strands on Carthage to draw Hannibal from Italy of the recitation and telling them how gains by a comparison with Stonewall that new knowledge would profit them, Jackson's feint on Washington to draw he said, “Go.” I had attended where a McClellan from Richmond. master had performed. Henceforth you Individual research does much to encannot tell me that a recitation is not a liven a history class. Let one bring a deunit of thought, that one simple point is scription of the Propylea gate, another of not enough to make in a day; that it does the Porch of Maidens, another of the not pay to study over a recitation till it Erectheum, and even the Acropolis grows becomes a unity.Colorado School Journal. in beauty. One division spent in reading

Mark Twain's description of his midnight IF CHILDREN in the first and second visit to the famous citadel, will make a grades were taught the Greek and Roman lasting impression on youthful minds.myths, so that they could tell them well Mary V. Jackson, Paris, Texas. and write short sentences about them, all the future reading, life of the child would

No intellectual faculty is worth more to be far richer and more appreciative. In

us than the ability to concentrate our almost every literary production there are

thoughts on a given subject. Such a these classical allusions. One must know

power is characteristic of genius. If you the myth, to clearly appreciate the refer

have the power of concentration, you posence. Let these myths be early taught

sess the most important element of success. to the little ones, when their fancy delights A scatter-brain individual never accomto revel in the imaginary peopling of the plishes anything. Neither does a daywoods and fields, the mountains and the

dreamer who allows his mind to wander sea, the rocks and glens with gods and

without restraint. goddesses, nymphs and water sprites. Then

With all our new methods in education, all of nature will appear more glad to them,

we seem to cultivate concentration less as they walk through the fields and woods,

than formerly. The pupil's mental energy and people the earth with their myth he

seems to be dissipated in attention to many roes. If such work be done in the first two things.

things. The course of study is so crowded, years, then will the children come rejoicing and change of subject so frequent, that into the wonder-world of Ulysses, the strong

there is little time for concentration of a hero-king, the forced wanderer, who at

thorough and effective character. length returns to his home, safe and sound,

Teachers should train their pupils in after long years of travel, suffering anguish. concentration. Show them the importance -Primary Plans.

of excluding foreign thoughts when en

gaged on any particular mental task. The battle of Aegespotami was fought Good methods are as important as ma

terials, when it comes to intellectual work. The statement is not exciting; but com

-Progressive Teacher. pare Lysander's blockade of the Athenians with Schley's bottling up of Cervera's fleet at Santiago, and your class is instantly Caustic comment on some modern busiawake and willing enough to give the ness methods as revealed by recent and curremoter date a living interest by com- rent investigations of quasi-public financial paring a Greek trireme with an American institutions was made by President Nicholas man-of-war.

Murray Butler in a recent address to The counter-attack made by the Romans the students at Columbia University.

405 B. C.

He told the students of the immense im- tion, its exponents secure material gain and portance in their college life of careful professional prosperity, it becomes a menattention, both on their own part and on ace to our integrity as a people." the part of all faculties and schools, all teachers and scholars, to character building. "If we fail in forming those traits

“ The success of a woman on a school and habits which together constitute char

board depends chiefly upon how far she is acter," he continued, “all our learning is willing at first to subordinate herself, unan evil. Just now the American people til she has understood her new environare receiving some painful lessons in practi- ment, school legislation, present fads and cal ethics. They are having brought home prospective ideals,” says Mrs. Wells. "If to them, with severe emphasis, the distinc- she begins her official duties with the tion between character and reputation. A tacit assumption, even if only to herself, man's true character, it abundantly appears,

that she knows it all and that it is incummay be quite in conflict with his reputa


her to reform methods and tion, which is the public estimate of him. measures instantly, she soon finds her Of late we have been watching reputations sphere of usefulness narrowed. melt away like snow before the sun; and

“If, on the other hand, she observes the sun in this case is mere publicity. Men carefully, questions circumspectly, keeps who for years have been trusted implicitly her inferences to herself, does not generalby their fellows and so placed in positions

ize inductively until she has a wide acof honor and grave responsibility are seen

quaintance with facts and persons, is neito be mere reckless speculators with the ther eloquent nor personal in discussion money of others and petty pilferers of the and votes without aggressiveness, she is savings of the poor and needy. With all sure to grow in favor with boards, comthis shameful story spread before us it takes mittees, teachers, parents and pupils. some courage to follow Emerson's advice "She should no more ignore her sex not to bark against the bad, but rather to than she should obtrude it. When a wochant the beauty of the good.

man proudly states that she has been "Put bluntly, the situation which con- treated by her masculine co-workers as fronts Americans to-day is due to lack of

if she were a man her declaration is no moral principle. New statutes may be compliment to them and is a condemnaneeded, but statutes will not put moral

tion of herself. Having been elected beprinciple where it does not exist. The

cause she is a woman, she should never greed for gain and the greed for power

give away her dignity by belittling her have blinded men to the time-old distinction

point of view as a woman. And yet she between right and wrong.

should be competent to regard all ques

tions from an impersonal standpoint, and business men and at the bar are to be

as related to precedents and possibilities. found advisers, counted shrewd and suc

The more she is of a woman, using that cessful, who have substituted the penal

word in its noblest sense, the greater will code for the moral law as the standard of

be the good she can effect. conduct. Right and wrong have given

"As proof of the good that an individway to the subtler distinction between legal,

ual woman can effect, the success is renot-illegal and illegal, or better, perhaps, called of one who was a member of the between honest, law-honest and dishonest. Boston School Committee for fifteen This new triumph of mind over morals is years, intrusted by it with important pobad enough in itself; but when, in addi- sitions as chairman and counsellor ; who

Both among

was honored by the masters, beloved by schools are undergoing great changes; the women teachers, adored by the chil- for the old values of the church and home, dren: who never deviated from rectitude which supplemented limited school forces, in all her official acts, and who adorned are far less existent to-day than they were her pedagogic knowledge with grace of thirty years ago, schools now forming heart and manner.

the chief means of assimilating the inter"Perhaps Boston, more than any other ests of boys and girls with the best issues city, owes much to the women, who on of national life. or off her school committee have benefited “For many decades there has not been her public schools, for widely known are a time when increased legislation on bethe advantages conferred upon her school half of schools is more sure to come than system through the wise generosity now. Not alone are means for increasing brought to bear upon it by two women, expenditures, if only on account of numwho yet never held any official relation bers, to be considered, but the very extent to it. To the initiative of Mrs. Quincy of free public education is being freshly A. Shaw is due the introduction of the determined. Is it in the East to include, kindergarten and much of manual train- as in the West, state universities? Is it ing. To Mrs. Mary A. Hemenway was to furnish technical trade schools? Is it due the establishment of sewing, cooking to assure the health and pleasure of each and Swedish gymnastics as branches of pupil by parks and spray baths? Is it to school work.

open school yards as playgrounds all “ Never before

there a time through the year? In the answers to such when so many live questions of in- questions women have vital interests and tense interest to women were rising school board women much responsiin connection with the schools. Our bility.”Kate Gannett Wells.


The Rich Beauty of Helping a Child

“He who helps a child helps humanity with a distinctness, with an immediateness which no other help given to human creatures in any other stage of their human life can possibly give again. He who puts his blessed influence into a river blesses the land through which that river is to flow; but he who puts his influence into the fountain where the river comes out puts his influence everywhere. No land it may not reach. No ocean it may not make sweeter. No bark it may not bear. No wheel it may not turn.

"Sometimes we get at things best by their contraries. Learn the rich beauty of helping a child by the awfulness of hurting a child,-hurting a child even in his physical frame-hurting him still more in soul and mind. The thing that made the Divine Master indignant as He stood there in Jerusalem was that He dreamed of seeing before Him a man who had harmed some of these little ones, and He said of any such ruffian,, It were better for him that he had never been born.'

"If it is such an awful thing to hurt a child's life, to aid a child's life is beautiful."- Phillips Brooks.

Popular Authors of To-day

Winston Churchill

Mr. Winston Churchill, the author of of fencing, which he used to good purpose Coniston," "Richard Carvel," "The in "Richard Carvel." Crisis” and “The Crossing," was born Before he began “Richard Carvel," and in St. Louis, Mo., November 10, 1871. also while it was on the stocks, he visited He is the oldest son of Edwin Spaulding Virginia and Maryland, and studied up Churchill, of Portland, Me., and Emma the country and the old records with great Bell Blaine, of St. Louis. The first six- thoroughness; and he also read a vast teen years of his life he spent in his native amount of history and other literature city, which was in fact his home until he which gave the spirit of the period. Durbuilt Harlakenden House, his presenting the seven or eight months in 1898 and residence at Cornish, N. H. In St. Louis, 1899, when he was writing the book from it will be remembered, the opening scenes beginning to end for the fifth time, he of “The Crisis are laid; and St. Louis was living on the Hudson, about thirty again formed the objective point of Mr. miles from New York. During those Churchill's next novel, “ The Crossing." months he worked from breakfast to one From Smith Academy in St. Louis he o'clock, then for some hours after lunchwent to the Naval Academy at Annapolis, eon. Late in the afternoon he would take Md.

a long horseback ride, and after dinner he Winston Churchill had not been a year would go at his work again, continuing at the Naval Academy before he became sometimes far into the night. In the interested in American history and Amer- midst of his work on “Richard Carvel," ican problems, and before he finished his while he was staying at Lake George, he course he had made up his mind to de- ran out of historical material, and wrote vote his life and energies to these—not for the third time “The Celebrity.” This only with the pen, but as an active par novel was the subject of a great deal of ticipant. Much of the atmosphere and comment on its first appearance in 1897, some of the material for "Richard Car- and many people still regard it as the vel” he gathered while still a midship- brightest and most amusing and original man at the Naval Academy; and in the piece of work which Mr. Churchill has brief intervals between scientific studies done. and drills he began to read some of the After finishing his work on “ Richard history which he afterwards used.

Carvel," Mr. Churchill, in the spring of Before his graduation, however, he had 1899, went to live at Cornish, N. H., made up his mind that he did not want where he had purchased a large farin on to spend his life in the Navy, that his high ground on the banks of the Connectiabilities lay in the line of writing, and cut, just opposite Windsor, Vt. On the that fiction was his vocation. He ranked estate which he had bought Mr. Churchill among the first five or six in his class, then built Harlakenden House, which is and has the honor of having reorganized modelled upon one of the mansions of the Naval Academy crew, whose Captain colonial Maryland. he was for a year; he was also a capable Mr. Churchill's equipment for writing member of the foot-ball team. It was at fiction is almost ideal. He is a man of Annapolis that he gained his knowledge very unusual culture, while at the same

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