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well as the roofs of houses; in short, every
Thus the amusement continues, until place tenable is occupied. Some years night puts a stop to the proceedings; the back it was customary to irritate the bull baited animal is then slanghtered, and his by goading him with pointed sticks, but carcass sold at a reduced price to the this is now wholly done away with, it lower classes, who to “ top the day," rebeing declared unnecessarily cruel, and gale themselves with a supper of bull different means are resorted to to enrage beef. him. Frequently, a hogshead with both So ends this jovial sport, which, as ends knocked out is brought, wherein a Mr. Lowe says, “ stands without a man places himself, and by rolling it to rival.” In conclusion, it only remains for the bull, provokes him to toss it. He me to state, that I have been more than tosses, but tosses in vain; its inmate is once present at this “ bull-running," and trained too well to the sport to be easily am far from forming the idea that it is dislodged; so that by this and other so cruel as some represent it to be; fameans equally harmless and teazing, he is tigue is the greatest pain the bull is subrendered sufficiently infuriated to afford jected to; and, on the other hand, the "prime sport.” The street is then un men who so courageously cope with him stopped, when, all agog, men, boys, and
are in imminent danger of loss of life, or bull, tumble one over the other to get free. broken limbs, whilst they possess not the
Bridging the bull is next thought of; most distant idea of doing any thing more this, if he be much enraged, is the most injurious to the animal than irritating dangerous part of the ceremony; it con- him. sists in driving him upon the bridge,
I am, Sir, &c. which is a great height from the water,
JOSEPH JIBB. and crowds of people press to him on
Sleaford, three sides.
October 17, 1825. “ Shouts rend the air and onward goes the
throng, Arms locked in arms, and man drives man along,"
Portugal Laurel. Cerasus Lusitanica,
Dedicated to St. Lawrence. Regardless of the danger to which the van is exposed, they press closer and closer; at length, in spite of his amazing powers November 15. he yields to the combined strength of his numerous opponents, and is tumbled into St. Gertrude, Abbess, A. D. 1292. St. the water. On again rising to the surface, Leopold, Marquis of Austria, A. D his first care generally is to land, which,
1136. St. Eugenius, A. D. 275. St in most cases, he effects in the meadows; Malo, or Maclou, A. D. 565. these are very swampy, full of rivers, and
St. Machutus. spacious. November being a month invariably attended with rain, the stay-laced This saint is in the church of England sportful dandy, alas ! too frequently finds calendar and almanacs. He is the “St. that the slippery ground is no respecter Malo, or Maclou," of Alban Butler; acof persons, and in spite of all his efforts cording to whom he was born in England, to maintain his equilibrium, in submis- and sent to Ireland for his education, sive, prostrate attitude, he embraces his where he was offered a bishopric but mother earth.
declined it. Going to Brittany he beThe sport is attended regularly by a came disciple to a recluse named Aron, patroness,
near Aleth, of which city he was the first “ A bold virago stout and tall,
bishop, and died November 15, 565. Like Joan of France, or English Mall,”
St. Malo derives its name from him The
ground whereon he stands in the church clad in blue, with a rare display of rib- of England calendar is unknown. bons, and other insignia of her high office, who by close of day generally imbibes so much of the inspiring spirit of sir John
FLORAL DIRECTORY. Barleycorn, as to make her fully verify Sweet Coltsfoot. Tussilago fragrans. the words of Hamlet, viz.
Dedicated to St. Gertrude “ Frailty, thy name is woman."
November 16. was in agitation, there was a remarkable
cavalcade in London on this day. The St. Edmund, Abp; of Canterbury, A. D. following account of it was drawn up at 1242.
St. Eucherius, Bp. of Lyons, the time:d. D. 460.
“ The bells generally about the town Stourbridge Fair.
began to ring at three o'clock in the A correspondent in the subjoined note morning. At the approach of evening,
all things being in readiness, the solemn mentions a singular character, which should be taken into the particulars con
procession began, setting forth from cerning this fair related at page 1300.
Moor-gate, and so passed first to Aldgate,
and from thence through Leadephall(For the Every-Day Book.) street, by the Royal Exchange, through Mr. Editor,
Cheapside, and so to Temple-bar, in the
ensuing order, viz. In addition to your account of Stour “ 1. Six whifflers, to clear the way, in bridge fair I send you the following, re- pioneers' caps, and red waistcoats. lated to me by an individual of great “ 2. A bellman ringing, and with a loud veracity,who attended the fairs in 1766 and but dolesome voice, crying out all the way, 1767.
remember justice Godfrey.' Exclusive of the servants in red coats “ 3. A dead body, representing justice there was also another person dressed in Godfrey, in a decent black habil, carried similar clothing, with a string over his before a jesuit in black, on horseback, in shoulders, from whence were suspended like manner as he was carried by the quantities of spigots and fossetts, and assassins to Primrose-hill. also round each arm many more were “ 4. A priest, in a surplice, with a fastened. He was called “ Lord of the cope embroidered with dead bones, skeleTap," and his duty consisted in visiting tons, sculls, and the like, giving pardons all the booths in which ale was sold, to very plentifully to all those that should determine whether it was fit and proper murder protestants, and proclaiming it beverage for the persons attending the meritorious. fairs.
“5. A priest in black, alone, with a In the account published at Cambridge great silver cross. in 1806, as given in your excellent mis “6. Four carmelites, in white and cellany, no notice is taken of this person- black habits. age, and it may therefore be presumed the “7. Four grey-fryars, in the proper office had been discontinued.
'habits of their order.
J. N. “ 8. Six jesuits, with bloody daggers. November 16, 1825.
“ 9. A concert of wind music.
“ 10. Four bishops, in purple, and lawn sleeves, with a golden cross on their
breast, and crosier staves in their hands. African Hemp. Sansciviera Guineam. “ 11. Four other bishops, in pontifiDedicated to St. Edmund.
calibus, with surplices and rich embroidered copes, and golden mitres on their
heads. November 17.
“ 12. Six cardinals, in scarlet robes St. Gregory Thaumaturgus, Bp. A. D.
270. St. Dionysins, Abp. of Alexan “ 13. The pope's doctor, (sir George dria, A. D. 265. St. Gregory, Bp. of Wakeman, the queen's physician,) with Tours, A. D. 596. St. Hugh, Bp. of jesuit's powder in one hand, and an urinal Lincoln, A. D. 1200. St. Anian, or in the other. Agnan, Bp. A. D. 453.
“14. Two priests in surplices, with
two golden crosses. Queen Elizabeth's Accession.
“ Lastly, the pope, in a lofty glorious This day was formerly noted in the pageant, representing a chair of state, almanacs as the anniversary of queen covered with scarlet, richly embroidered Elizabeth's accession to the throne, in the and fringed, and bedecked with golden year 1558. In 1679, while the bill for balls and crosses. At his feet a cushion excluding the duke of York, afterwards of state, and two boys in surplices, with James II., from the throne of England, white silk banners, and blondy crucifixes
and daggers, with an incense pot before
People, them, censing his holiness, who was
“ Cease, cease, thou Norfolk cardinal, arrayed in a splendid scarlet gown, lined See yonder stands queen Bess, through with ermine, and richly daubed Who sav'd our souls from popish thrall, with gold and silver lace; on his head a 0! queen Bess, queen Bess, queen Bess. triple crown of gold, and a glorious collar of gold and precious stones, St. Peter's
“ Your popish plot and Smithfield threat
We do not fear at all ; keys, a number of beads, agnus deis, and other catholic trumpery. At his back,
For lo! beneath queen Bess's feet
You fall, you fall, you fall ! his holiness's privy councillor, (the degraded seraphim, anglice, the devil,) fre “ 'Tis true, our king's on t'other side, quently caressing, hugging, and whisper Looking tow'rds Whitehall, ing him, and ofttimes instructing him But could we bring him round about, aloud, to destroy his majesty, to forge He'd counterplot you all. a protestant plot, and to fire the city « Then down with James and set up
Charles again;' to which purpose he held an in
On good queen Bess's side, fernal torch in his hand.
That all true commons, lords, and earls, “ The whole procession was attended May wish him a fruitful bride. with 150 flambeaux and lights, by order; but so many more came in voluntarily
“ Now God preserve great Charles our king that there was some thousands.
And eke all honest men ; Never were the balconies, windows, And traitors all to justice bring, and houses more numerously lined, or
Amen, amen, amen. the streets closer thronged with multi “Then having entertained the thronging tudes of people, all expressing their ab- spectators for some time with the ingehorrence of popery, with continual shouts
nious fireworks, a vast bonfire being and exclamations, so that it is modestly prepared just over against the Inner Temcomputed that, in the whole progress, ple Gate, his holiness, after some complithere could not be fewer than 200,000 ments and reluctances, was decently spectators.
toppled from all his grandeur into the “Thus, with a slow and solemn state impartial Alames; the crafty devil leaving they proceeded to Temple-bar; where, his infallibilityship in the lurch, and with innumerable swarms, the houses laughing as heartily at his deserved ignoseemed to be converted into heaps of minious end as subtle jesuits do at the men, and women, and children; for whose ruin of bigotted lay-catholics whom diversion there were provided great variety themselves have drawn in; or as creof excellent fireworks.
dulous Coleman's abettors did, when, with “Temple-bar being, since its rebuilding, pretences of a reprieve at the last gasp, adorned with four stately statues, viz. they made him vomit up his soul with a those of queen Elizabeth and king James lie, and sealed up his dangerous chops on the inward, or eastern side, fronting with a flatter. This justice was attended the city, and those of king Charles I. and with a prodigious shout, that might be king Charles II. on the outside, facing heard far beyond Somerset-house, (where towards Westminster; and the statue of the queen resided,) and it was believed the queen Elizabeth, in regard to the day, echo, by continual reverberations, before having on a crown of gilded laurel, and it ceased, reached Scotland, [the duke in her hand a golden shield, with this was then there,] France, and even Rome motto inscribed, — The Protestant Reli- itself, damping them withal with a dreadgion and Magna Charta,' and flam- ful astonishment." beauxs placed before it ; the pope being These particulars, from a tract in lord brought up near thereunto, the following Somers's collection, are related in the song (alluding to the posture of those “Gentleman's Magazine " for 1740; and statues) was sung inparts, between the writer adds, that “ the place one representing the English cardinal, prompter-general, Mr. North insinuates, (Howard,) and others acting the people. was filled by lord Shaftesbury."
To talk of popish ire,
Tree Stramony. Datura arborea, And prevent Smithfield tire
Dedicated to St. Gregory.
November 18. that thus bound our view in, to spy be
yond them, as if through network, the The Dedication of the Churches of Sts. sky-pointing spire of the distant village
Peter, and Paul, at Rome. Sts. Al church, rising from behind the old yewphæus, and Zachaus; also Romanus, tree that darkens its portal ; and the trim and Barulas. St. Odo, Abbot of
parsonage beside it, its ivy-grown winCluni, A. D. 942. St. Hilda, or Hild, dows glittering perhaps in the early sun! Abbess, A. D. 680.
Oh, none but those who will see the The “ Mirror of the Months," a good that is in every thing, know how pleasing volume published in the au. very few evils there are without some of tumn of 1825, and devoted to the service it attendant on them, and yet how much of the year, points to the appearance of good there is unmixed with any evil. of nature at this time :-" The last storm “ But though the least pleasant sight of autumn, or the first of winter, (call it connected with the coming on of winter in which you will) has strewed the bosom of this month is to see the leaves that have the all-receiving earth with the few leaves so gladdened the groves all the summer that were still clinging, though dead, to long, falling every where around us, the already sapless branches ; and now
withered and dead, that sight is acall stand bare once more, spreading out companied by another which is too often their innumerable ramifications against overlooked. Though most of the leaves the cold grey sky, as if sketched there for fall in winter, and the stems and branches a study by the pencil of your only suc- which they beautified stand bare, many of cessful drawing-mistress-nature.
them remain all the year round, and look “Of all the numerous changes that are brighter and fresher now than they did in perpetually taking place in the general spring, in virtue of the contrasts that are appearance of rural scenery during the every where about them. Indeed the year, there is none so striking as this cultivation of evergreens has become so which is attendant on the falling of the general with us of late years, that the leaves; and there is none in which the home enclosures about our country unpleasing effects so greatly predominate dwellings, from the proudest down to over the pleasing ones. To say truth, a even the poorest, are seldom to be seen grove denuded of its late gorgeous attire, without a plentif supply, which we and instead of bowing majestically before now, in this month, first begin to observe, the winds, standing erect and motionless and acknowledge the value of. It must while they are blowing through it, is 'a be a poor plot of garden-ground indeed sorry sight, and one upon which we will that does not now boast its clumps not dwell. But even this sad conse of winter-blowing laurestinus; its trim quence of the coming on of winter (sad holly bushes, bright with their scarlet in most of its mere visible effects,) is not berries; or its tall spruce firs, shooting entirely without redeeming accompani- up their pyramid of feathery branches ments; for in most cases it lays open to beside the low ivy-grown porch. Of this our view objects that we are glad to see last-named profuse ornamentor of what. again, if it be but in virtue of their asso ever is permitted to afford it support, eiation with past years; and in many (the ivy) we now too every where percases it opens vistas into sweet distances ceive the beautifully picturesque effects: that we had almost forgotten, and brings though there is one effect of it also perinto view objects that we may have been ceived about this time, which I cannot sighing for the sight of all the summer persuade myself to be reconciled to: I long. Suppose, for example, that the mean where the trunk of a tall tree is summer view from the windows of a fa- bound about with ivy almost to its top, vourite sleeping-room is bounded by a which during the summer has scarcely screen of shrubs, shelving upwards from been distinguished as a separate growth, the turf, and terminating in a little copse but which now, when the other leaves of limes, beeches, and sycamores; the are fallen, and the outspread branches prettiest boundary that can greet the stand bare, offers to the eye, not a cone morning glance when the shutters are trast, but a contradiction. But let us not opened, and the sun slants gaily in at dwell on any thing in disfavour of ivy, them, as if glad to be again admitted. which is one of the prime boasts of the How pleasant is it, when (as now) the village scenery of our island, and which winds of winter have stripped the branches even at this season of the year offers pic
tures to the eye that cannot be paralleled shot him to death with arrows. The elsewhere. Perhaps as a single object of place where Edmund was interred had sight, there is nothing which gives so the name of St. Edmund's Bury, but is much innocent pleasure to so many per now generally called Bury. Canute the sons as an English village church, when Great built a stately church over his the ivy has held undisputed possession of grave, and greatly enlarged the town it for many years, and has hung its fantastic banners all around it. There is a charm about an object of this kind, which
Red Stapelia. Stapelia rufa. it is as difficult to resist as to explain.” Dedicated to St. Edmund, King.
November 21. Curly Passion-fower. Passiflora serrata.
The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Dedicated to the Churches of Sts. Peter
Mary. St. Columban, Abbot, A. D. and Paul.
615. St. Gelasius, Pope, A. D. 496.
Ghost of an Arm Chair.
A. lady assured the editor of the “ Per
rennial Calendar," of the truth of the St. Elizabeth,, of Hungary, A. D. 1231. St. Pontian, Pope, A. D. 230. St.
following story. She had ordered ar.
armed chair which stood in her room to Barlaam.
be sent to a sick friend, and thought it
had been sent conformably to her orders. Apple-fruited Passion-flower. Passiflora Waking, however, in the night, and lookmaliformis.
ing by the light of the night-lamp at the Dedicated to St. Elizabeth. furniture in her room, she cast her eyes
on the place where the said chair used to
stand, and saw it, as she thought, in its November 20.
place. She at first expressed herself to St. Edmund, King and Martyr, A. D. 870.
her husband as being vexed that the chair St. Humbert, Bp. of the East Angles, had not been sent; but, as he protested A. D. 855. St. Felix, of Valois, A. D.
that it was actually gone, she got out of 1212. St. Bernward, Bp., A. D. 1021. bed to convince herself, and distinctly St. Masentia, 7th Cent.
saw the chair, even on a nearer approach
to it. What now became very remarkSt. Edmund,
able was, that the spotted chair-cover
which was over it, assumed an unusual King and Marty:
clearness, and the pattern assumed the This English king and saint is in the appearance of being studded with bright church of England calendar and al stars. She got close to it, and putting
St. Edmund was king of East her hand out to touch it, found her fingers Anglia, which took its name from a peo- go through the spectrum unresisted. Asple called the Angles, who landed on the tonished, she now viewed it as an illusion, eastern coast of Britain, under twelve and presently saw it vanish, by becoming chiefs, the survivor of whom, Uffa, as fainter till it disappeared. Dr. Forster sumed the title of king of the East An- considers this apparition as affording a gles. This kingdom contained Norfolk clue to one mode by which spectra are and Suffolk, with part of Cambridgeshire. introduced, namely, by local association. The chief towns were Norwich, Thetford, The lady had anticipated seeing the chair Ely, and Cambridge. In 867, the Danes in its place, from its always being assolanded in East Anglia, and after ravaging ciated with the rest of the furniture; and different parts of the island, and continu- this anticipation of an image of perceping some time in Northumberland, re- tion was the basis of a corresponding turned into Fast Anglia, committing, in image of spectral illusion. their route, the most horrid barbarities, Edmund the king opposed them; but his army was defeated at Thetford, and the Largeflowered Wood Sorrel. Oxalis king being taken prisoner, fell a miserable
grandiflora. victim to their barbarity, for they tied Dedicated to the Presentation of the V. him to a tree, as a butt, or mark, and then