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but the language being utterly unknown the carbuncle, a stone little known to us, in this country, cannot be deciphered; it but in high estimation with the ancients. is supposed to be adulatory sentences to Behind the carriage are two figures ; their the "golden monarch" seated within. lower limbs are tattooed, as is the

The body is staid by braces of leather; custom with the Burmese from their the springs, which are of iron, richly gilt, position, being on one knee, their hands differ not from the present fashionable Ċ raised and open, and their eyes directed spring, and allow the carriage an easy as in the act of firing, they are supposed and agreeable motion. The steps merely to have borné a representation of the hook on to the outside : it is presumed carbine, or some such fire-arm weapon of they were destined to be carried by an defence, indicative of protection. attendant; they are light and elegantly The pagoda roof constitutes the most formed of gilt metal, with cane threads. beautiful, and is, in short, the only impo

A few years previous to the rupture sing ornament of the carriage. The gildwhich placed this carriage in the posses, ing is resplendent, and the design and sion of the British, the governor-general carving of the rich borders which adorn of India, having heard that his Burmese each stage are no less admirable. These majesty was rather curious in his car- borders are studded with amethysts, riages, one was sent to him some few emeralds, jargoon diamonds, garnets, years since, by our governor-general, but hyacinths, rubies, tourmalines, and other it failed in exciting his admiration-he precious gems, drops of amber and crystal said it was not so handsome as his own. being also interspersed. From every Its having lamps rather pleased him, but angle ascends a light spiral gilt ornament, he ridiculed other parts of it, particularly, enriched with crystals and emeralds. that a portion so exposed to being soiled This pagoda roofing, as well as that of as the steps, should be folded and put up the great imperial palace, and of the within side.

state war-boat or barge, bears an exact The Burmese are yet ignorant of that similitude to the chief sacred temple at useful formation of the fore part of the Shoemadro. The Burman sovereign, the carriage, which enables those of European king of Ava, with every eastern Bhuddish manufacture to be turned and directed monarch, considers himself sacred, and with such facility : the fore part of that claims to be worshipped in coinmon with now under description, does not admit of deity itself; so that when enthroned in a lateral movement of more than four his palace, or journeying on warlike or inches, it therefore requires a very ex- pleasurable excursions in his carriage, tended space in order to bring it com he becomes an object of idolatry. pletely round.

The seat or throne for the inside is On a gilt bar before the front of the movable, for the purpose of being taken body, with their heads towards the car out and used in council or audience on a riage, stand two Japanese peacocks, a journey. It is a low seat of cane-work, bird which is held sacred by this super- richly gilt, folding in the centre, and costitious people; their figure and plumage vered by a velvet cushion. The front is are so perfectly represented, as to convey studded with almost every variety of prethe natural appearance of life; two others cious stone, disposed and contrasted with to correspond are perched on a ba'r be- the greatest taste and skill. The centre hind. On the fore part of the frame of belt is particularly rich in gems, and the the carriage, mounted on a silvered pe- rose-like clusters or circles are uniformly destal, in a kneeling position, is the tee- composed of what is termed the stones of bearer, a smal} carved image with a lofty the orient: viz. pearl, coral, sapphire, golden wand in his hands, surmounted with cornelian, cat's-eye, emerald, and ruby. a small tee, the emblem of sovereignty: he A range of buffalo-horn panels ornament is richly dressed in green velvet, the front the front and sides of the throne, at each laced with jargoon diamonds, with a end of which is a recess, for the body of triple belt round the body, of blue sap a lion like jos-god figure, called Sing, a phires, emeralds, and jargoon diamonds; mythological lion, very richly carved and his leggings are also embroidered with gilt; the feet and teeth are of pearl; the sapphires. In the front of his cap is a bodies are covered with sapphires, hyarich cluster of white sapphires encircled cinths, emeralds, tourmalines, carbuncles, with a double star of rubies and emeralds: jargoon diamonds, and rubies ; the eyes the cap is likewise thickly studded with are of a tri-coloured sapphire. Six small

carved and gilt figures in a praying or supplicatory attitude, are fixed on each side of the seat of the throne, they may be supposed to be interceding for the mercy or safety of the monarch : their eyes are rubies, their drop ear-rings cornelian, and their hair the light feather of the peacock

The chattah, or umbrella, which overshadows the throne, is an emblem or representation of regal authority and power.

6 It is not to be doubted, that the caparisons of the elephants would eqral in splendour the richness of the carriage, but one only of the elephants belonging to the carriage was captured; the caparisons for both are presumed to have escaped with the other animal. It is imagined that the necks of these ponderous beings bore their drivers, with small hooked spears to guide them, and that the cortège combin. ed all the great officers of state, priests, and attendants, male and female, besides the imperial body - guard mounted on eighty white elephants.

Among his innumerable titles, the emperor of the Burmans styles himself “king of the white elephant.” Xacca, the founder of Indian idolatry, is affirmed by the Brahmins to have gone through a metampsychosis eighty thousand times, his soul having passed into that number of brutes ; that the last was in a white elephant, and that after these changes he was received into the company of the gods, and is now a pagod.

This carriage was taken with the workmen who built it, and all their accounts. From these it appeared, that it had been three years in building, that the gems were supplied from the king's treasury, or by contribution from the various states, and that the workmen were remunerated by the government. Independent of these items, the expenses were stated in the accounts to have been twenty-five thousand rupees, (three thousand one hundred and twenty-five pounds.) The stones are not less in number than twenty thousand, which its reputed value at Tavoy was a lac of rupees, twelve thousand five hundred pounds.

AN ENLARGED VIEW OF It was in August, 1824, that the expedition was placed under the command

The Tee, of lieutenant-colonel Miles, C. B., a distinguished officer in his majesty's service. It comprised his majesty's 89th regiment, The ornament surmounting the roof of 7th Madras infantry, some artillery, and the Burmese State Carriage.


other native troops, amounting in the Burmah is the designation of an active whole to about one thousand men. The and vigorous race, originally inhabiting naval force, under the command of cap- the line of mountains, separating the great tain Hardy, consisted of the Teignmouth, peninsula, stretching from the confines of Mercury, Thetis, Panang cruiser Jesse, Tartary to the Indian Ocean, and consiwith three gun boats, three Malay prows, dered, by many, the Golden Chersonesus of and two row boats. The expedition sail- the ancients. From their heights and ed from Rangoon on the 26th of August, native fastnesses, this people have sucand proceeded up the Tavoy river, which cessively fixed their yoke upon the entire is full of shoals and natural difficulties. peninsula of Aracan, and after seizing On the 9th of September, Tavoy, a place successively the separate states and kingof considerable strength, with ten thou- doms of Ava, Pegue, &c., have condensed sand fighting men, and many mounted their conquests into one powerful state, guns, surrendered to the expedition. The called the Burmah empire, from their own viceroy of the province, his son, and other original name. This great Hindoo-Chipersons of consequence, were among the nese country, has gone on extending itself prisoners, and colonel Miles states in his

on every possible occasion. They subdespatch, that, with the spoil, he took dued Assam, a fertile province of such “a new state carriage for the king of extent, as to include an area of sixty Ava, with one elephant only.” This is thousand square miles, inhabited by a the carriage now described. After subse- warlike people who had stood many quent successes the expedition returned powerful contests with neighbouring to Rangoon, whither the carriage was also states. On one occasion, Mohammed Shar, conveyed; from thence, it was forwarded emperor of Hindostan, attempted to conto Calcutta, and there sold for the benefit quer Assam with one hundred thousand of the captors. The purchaser, judging cavalry; the Assamese annihilated them. that it would prove an attractive object of The subjugation of such a nation, and curiosity in Europe, forwarded it to Lon constant aggressions, have perfected the don, by the Cornwall, captain Brook3, Burmese in every species of attack and and it was immediately conveyed to the defence: their stockade system, in a mounEgyptian-hall for exhibition. It is not tainous country, closely intersected with too much to say that it is a curiosity. nullahs, or thick reedy jungles, sometimes A people emerging from the bosom of a thirty feet in height, has attained the remote region, wherein they had been highest perfection. Besides Aracan, they concealed until captain Symes's embassy, have conquered part of Siam, so that on and struggling in full confidence against all sides the Burmese territory appears to British tactics, must, in every point of rest upon natural barriers, which might view, be interesting subjects of inquiry. seem to prescribe limits to its progress, The Burmese state carriage, setting aside and ensure repose and security to its granits attractions as a novelty, is a remark- deur. Towards the east, immense deserts able object for a contemplative eye. divide its boundaries from China; on the

south, it has extended itself to the ocean;

on the north, it rests upon the high mounUnlike Asiatics in general, the Bur- tains of Tartary, dividing it from Tibet; mese are a powerful, athletic, and intelli- on the west, a great and almost impassgent men. They inhabit a fine country, able tract of jungle wood, marshes, and rich in rivers and harbours. It unites the alluvial swamps of the great river Houghly, British possessions in India with the im- or the Ganges, has, till now, interposed mense Chinese empire. By incessant en- boundaries between itself and the British croachments on surrounding petty states, possessions. Beyond this latter bounthey have swallowed them up in one vast dary and skirting of Assam is the district empire. Their jealousy, at the prepon- of Chittagong, the point whence originderance of our eastern power, has been ated the contest between the Burmese manifested on many occasions. They and the British. aided the Mahratta confederacy; and if The Burmese population is estimated the promptness of the marquis of Hastings at from seventeen to nineteen millions had not deprived them of their allies of people, lively, industrious, energetic, before they were prepared for action, a further advanced in civilization than most diversion would doubiless have then been of the eastern nations, frank and candid, inade by them on our eastern frontier and destitute of that pusillanimity which

No. 49.


characterises the Hindoos, and of that re denomination of the four weeks precedvengeful malignity which is a leading ing the celebration of his birthday. In trait in the Malay character. Some are the Romish church this season of preparaeven powerful logicians, and take delight tion for Christmas is a time of penance

1 in investigating new subjects, be they ever and devotion. It consists of four weeks, so abstruse. Their learning is confined to or at least four Sundays, which commence the male sex, and the boys are taught by from the Sunday nearest to St. Andrew's the priests. Females are denied educa- day, whether before or after it: anciently tion, except in the higher classes. Their it was kept as a rigorous fast.* books are numerous, and written in a In the church of England it comflowing and elegant style, and much inge- mences at the same period. In 1825, St. nuity is manifested in the construction of Andrew's day being a fixed festival on their stories.

the 30th of November, and happening on The monarch is arbitrary. He is the a Wednesday, the nearest Sunday to it, sole lord and proprietor of life and pro- being the 27th of November, was the first perty in his dominions; his word is ab- Sunday in Advent; in 1826, St. Andrew's solute law. Every male above a certain day happening on a Thursday, the nearest age is a soldier, the property of the sove- Sunday to it is on the 3d of December, reign, and liable to be called into service and, therefore, the first Sunday in Advent. at any moment. The country presents a

rich and beautiful appearance, and, if cultivated, would be one of the finest in the world.

New Annual Literature. Captain Cox says, “ wherever I have landed, I have met with security and abundance, the houses and farmyards put me The literary character and high emin mind of the habitations of our little bellishment of the German almanacs, farmers in England.”

have occasioned an annual publication of beautifully printed works for presents

at this season. The Amulet, for 1826, is! There is a variety of other information of this order. Its purpose is to blend concerning this extraordinary race, in the religious instruction with literary amuseinteresting memoir which may be obtain

Messrs. W. L. Bowles, Milman, ed at the rooms in Piccadilly. These Bowring, Montgomery, Bernard Barton, were formerly occupied by < Bullock's Conder, Clare, T. C. Croker, Dr. Anster, Museum." Mr. Bullock, however, re Mrs. Hofland, &c.; and, indeed, indivitired to Mexico, to form a museum in that duals of various denominations, are concountry for the instruction of its native tributors of sixty original essays and population; and Mr. George Lackington poems to this elegant volume, which is purchased the premises in order to let embellished by highly finished engravings such portions as individuals may require, from designs by Martin, Westall, Brooke, from time to time, for purposes of exhi- and other painters of talent. Mr. Marbition, or as rooms for the display and tin's two subjects are engraved by himself sale of works in the fine arts, and other in his own peculiarly effective manner. articles of refinement. Mr. Day's “ Exhi- Hence, while the Amulet aims to inculcate bition of the Moses of the Vatican," and the fitness of Christian precepts, and the other casts from Michael Angelo, with beauty of the Christian character, it is a numerous subjects in sculpture and paint- specimen of the progress of elegant literaing, of eminent talent, remains under ture and fine art. the same roof with the Burmese carriage, to charm every eye that can be delighted by magnificent objects. ,

The Amulet contains a descriptive poem, wherein the meaning of the word advent

is exemplified; it commences on the next Adbent.

page. This term denotes the coming of the Saviour. In ecclesiastical language it is the

* Butler on the Faste.

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The Rustic FUNERAL.

| A Poetical Sketch.


'Twas Christmas and the morning of that day,
When holy men agree to celebrate
The glorious advent of their common Lord,
The Christ of God, the Saviour of mankind !
I, as my wont, sped forth, at early dawn,
To join in that triumphant natal hymn,
By Christians offer'd in the house of prayer.
Full of these thoughts, and musing of the theme,
The high, the glorious theme of man’s redemption,
As I pass’d onward through the village lane,
My eye was greeted, and my mind was struck,
By the approach of a strange cavalcade,
If cavalcade that might be called, which here
Six folks composed—the living and the dead.
It was a rustic funeral, off betimes
To some remoter village. I have seen
The fair or sumptuous, yea, the gorgeous rites,
The ceremonial, and the trappings proud,
With which the rich man goeth to the dust;
And I have seen the pauper's coffin borne
With quick and hurried step, without a friend
To follow-one to stand on the grave's brink,
To weep, to sigh, to steal one last sad look,
Then turn away for ever from the sight.
But ne’er did pompous funeral of the proud,
Nor pauper's coffin unattended borne,
Impress me like this picturesque array.
Upright and tall, the coffin-bearer, first
Rode, mounted on an old gray, shaggy ass ;
A cloak of black hung from his shoulders down,
And to the hinder fetlocks of the beast
Depended, not unseemly: from his hat
A long crape streamer did the old man wear,
Which ever and anon play'd with the wind :
The wind, too, frequently blew back his cloak,
And then I saw the plain neat oaken coffin,
Which held, perchance, a child of ten years

Around the coffin, from beneath the lid,
Appear'd the margin of a milk-white shroud,
All cut, and crimp'd, and pounc'd with eyelet-holes
As well became the last, last earthly robe
In which maternal love its object sees.
A couple follow'd, in whose looks I read
The recent traces of parental grief,
Which grief and agony had written there.
A junior train-a little boy and girl,
Next follow'd, in habiliments of black;
And yet with faces, which methought bespoke
Somewhat of pride in being marshall’d thus,
No less than decorous and demure respect.
The train pass'd by: but onward as I sped,
I could not raze the picture from my mind;

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