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Nor could I keep the unavailing wish
That mine had match'd thy more than graphic pen,
Dedicated to St. Stephen, the younger.
November 29. the public, that after the letters are placed
by the compositors, and enclosed in what St. Saturninus, Bp. A. D. 257. St. Rad- is called the form, little more remains for bod, Bp. A. D. 918.
man to do, than to attend upon, and
watch this unconscious agent in its operaCARONOLOGY.
tions. The machine is then merely supInvention of Printing by Steam. plied with paper : itself places the form, The Times journal of Tuesday, Novem- inks it, adjusts the paper to the form ber the 29th, 1814, was the first newspaper it forth to the hands of the attendant, at
newly inked, stamps the sheet, and gives printed by steam. To the editor of the Every-Day Book the application of ma
the same time withdrawing the form for chinery, through this power, to the pro- tributes, to meet the ensuing sheet now
a fresh coat of ink, which itself again disduction of a newspaper seemed so pregnant with advantages to the world, that he advancing for impression; and the whole purchased The Times of that morning, with such a velocity and simultaneousness
of these complicated acts is performed within an hour of its appearance, curiosity,” and here transcribes from it hundred sheets are impressed in one hour.
of movement, that no less than eleven the words wherein it announced and described the mode by which its fitness for of this kind, not the effect of chance, but
“That the completion of an invention publication was on that day effected. The Times introduces the subject, methodically arranged in the mind of the
the result of mechanical combinations through its “leading article," thus :
artist, should be attended with many ob“ London, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 29, structions and much delay, may be readily 1814.
admitted. Our share in this event has, “Our journal of this day presents to indeed, only been the application of the the public the practical result of the discovery, under an agreement with the greatest improvement connected with Patentees, to our own particular business; printing, since the discovery of the art yet few can conceive,-even with this itself. The reader of this paragraph now
limited interest,—the various disappointholds in his hand, one of the many thou- ments and deep anxiety to which we have sand impressions of The Times newspa- for a long course of time been subjected. per, which were taken off last night by a “Of the person who made this discomechanical apparatus. A system of ma
very we have but little to add. Sir chinery almost organic has been devised CurisTOPHER WREN's noblest monument and arranged, which, while it relieves the is to be found in the building which he human frame of its most laborious efforts erected; so is the best tribute of praise, in printing, far exceeds all human powers which we are capable of offering to the in rapidity and despatch. That the mag
inventor of the Printing Machine, comnitude of the invention may be justly prised in the preceding description, which appreciated by its effects, we shall inform we have feebly sketched, of the powers
and utility of his invention. It must * The Amulet,
suffice to say farther, that he is a Saxon
by birth; that his name is KENIG; and that the invention has been executed
November 30, under the direction of his friend and St. Andrew, Apostle. St. Narses, Bp. countryman BAUER."
and Companions. Sts. Sapor and
Simeon, A. D. 339. .
PATRON SAINT OF SCOTLAND.' elapsed on the 29th of last month, since
This saint is in the church of England this journal appeared for the first time calendar and the almanacs. He was ore of printed by a mechanical apparatus ; and the apostles. It is affirmed that he was put to it has continued to be printed by the same
death in the year 69, at Patræ, in Achaia, method to the present day.” It speaks by having been scourged, and then fastof consequent advantages to the public, ened with cords to a cross, in which pofrom earlier publication, and better press
sition he remained“ teaching and inwork, and says,
“ This journal is un- structing the people all the time,” until doubtedly the first work ever printed by his death, at the end of two days. It is a mechanical apparatus : we attempted the common opinion that the cross of St. on its introduction to do justice to the Andrew was in the form of the letter X, claims of the inventor Mr. Kænig, who styled a cross decussate, composed of two some years afterwards returned to his pieces of timber crossing each other obnative country, Germany, not benefited, liquely in the middle. That such crosses we fear, up to the full extent of his me were sometimes used is certain, yet no rits, by his wonderful invention and his clear proofs are produced as to the form exertions in England.” In refuting some of St. Andrew's cross. A part of what pretensions which infringed on Mr. Kæ
was said to have been this cross was nig's claim to consideration as the author carried to Brussels, by Philip the Good, of the invention, The Times states, that duke of Burgundy, and Brabant, who in “ before Mr. Kænig left this country, he honour of it, instituted the knights of the accomplished the last great improvement, golden fleece, who, for the badge of their -namely, the printing of the sheet on order, wear a figure of this cross, called both sides. In consequence of successive St. Andrew's cross, or the cross of Burimprovements, suggested and planned by gundy. The Scots honour St. Andrew Mr. Kænig the inventor, our machines as principal patron of their country, and now print 2,000 with more ease than their historians tell us, that a certain ab1,100 in their original state.” Hence, as bot called Regulus, brought thither from in 1814, 1,100 is represented to have Constantinople in 369, certain relics of been the number then thrown off within this apostle, which he deposited in a the hour, it follows that the number now church that he built in his honour, with printed every hour is 2,000. The Times a monastery called Abernethy, where adds, “ we cannot close this account now the city of St. Andrew stands. without giving our testimony not only to Many pilgrims resorted thither from fothe enlightened mind and ardent spirit of reign countries, and the Scottish monks Mr. Kænig, but also to his strict honour of that place were the first who were and pure integrity. Our intercourse with culdees. The Muscovites say, he preached him was constant, during the very critical among them, and claim him as the prinand trying period when he was bringing cipal titular saint of their empire. Peter his invention into practice at our office; the Great instituted the first order of so that we had no slight knowledge of his knighthood under his name. This is the manners and character; and the conse order of the blue ribbon; the order of quence has been, sincere friendship and the red ribbon, or of St. Alexander high regard for him ever since.”
Newski, was instituted by his widow and successor to the throne, the
empress Catherine.* FLORAL DIRECTORY: Sphenogyne. Sphenogyne piliflolla
"Naogeorgus, in the words of his transDedicated to St. Saturninus. ,
lator Barnaby Googe, says,
To Andrew all the lovers and
do. When the bishop was informed of the lustie wooers come,
the message, he answered that she should Beleeving through his ayde, and go and confess herself to his “ peny
certaine ceremonies done, (While as to him they presentes bring,
tauncer," who had power from him to
hear confessions. Thereupon she sent and conjure all the night) To have good lucke, and to obtaine
the bishop word, that she would not retheir chiefe and sweete delight.
veal the secrets of her confession to any but himself; therefore the bishop com
manded her to be brought to him. WhereIn an account of the parish of Easling, upon, being in his presence, she told him, in Kent, it is related that, “On St. An- that her father was a mighty king, who drew's day, November 30, there is yearly a had purposed to give her to a prince in diversion called squirrel-hunting in this marriage, but that having devoted herself and the neighbouring parishes, when the to piety, she refused, and that her father labourers and lower kind of people, as- had constrained her so much, that she sembling together, form a lawless rabble, must either have consented to his will, or and being accoutred with guns, poles, suffered divers torments; wherefore she clubs, and other such weapons, spend the chose to live in exile, and had fled segreatest part of the day in parading cretly away to the bishop, of whose holy through the woods and grounds, with life she had heard, and with whom she loud shoutings; and, under the pretence now prayed to live in secret contemplaof demolishing the squirrels, some few of tion," and eschewe the evyll perylles of which they kill, they destroy numbers of this prezent lyfe.” Then the bishop marhares, pheasants, partridges, and in short velled greatly, as well for the nobility of whatever comes in their way, breaking her descent, as for the beauty of her perdown the hedges, and doing much other son, and said choose thee an house, “and mischief, and in the evening betaking I wyll that thou dyne with me this themselves to the alehouses."*
daye;" and she answered that evil suspi
cion might come thereof, and the splen- | f At Dudingston, distaut from Edinburgh dour of his renown be thereby impaired. a little more than a mile, many opu- To this the bishop replied, that there lent citizens resort in the summer months would be many others present, therefore to solace themselves over one of the there could be no such' suspicion. Then ancient homely dishes of Scotland, for the devil dined with the bishop, who did which the place has been long celebrated, not know him, but admired him as a fair singed sheep's heads boiled or baked. The lady, to whom therefore the bishop paid frequent use of this solace in that village, so much attention, that the devil peris supposed to have arisen from the prac- ceived his advantage, and began to in. tice of slaughtering the sheep fed on the
crease in beauty more and more; and neighbouring bill for the market, remov
more and more the bishop marvelled at ing the carcases to town, and leaving the the exceeding loveliness before him, and head, &c. to be consumed in the place.t did homage thereto, and conceived greater Brand adds, that “ singed sheep's heads affection than a bishop should. Then a are borne in the procession before the pilgrim smoie at the bishop's 'gate, and Scots in London, on St. Andrew's day.” though he knocked hard they would not
open the door; then the pilgrim at the There is a marvellous pleasant story in gate knocked louder, and the bishop grew the “Golden Legend," of a bishop that less charitable and more polite, and asked loved St. Andrew, and worshipped him the beautiful creature before bim, whether above all other saints, and remembered it was her pleasure that the pilgrim should him every day, and said prayers in ho- enter; and she desired that a question 1 nour of God and St. Andrew, insomuch should be put to the pilgrim, which, if that the devil spitefully determined to do he could answer, he should be received, him mischief. "Wherefore, on a certain and if he could not, he should abide day, the devil transformed himself “in to without as not worthy to come in. And the fourme of a ryght fayre woman," and the company assented thereto, and the came to the bishop's palace, and desired bishop said, none of them were so able to in that “ fourme” to confess, as women propose the question as the lady, because
in fair speaking and wisdom, she sur* Hasted's Kent. + Sir J. Sinclair's Statist. Acc. of Scotland. ì passed them all. Then she required that
it should be demanded of the pilgrim,
Belzoni. which is the greatest marvel in the smallest space that ever God made ? And then the bishop's messenger propounded
The celebrated Belzoni died at the the question to the pilgrim, who answered close of the year 1823, and at the same that it was the diversity and excellence of period of the year 1825, the newspapers the faces of men, because from the begin- contain advertisements and appeals, in ning of the world there are not two men
behalf of his widow, to a British public, whose faces “ were lyke, and semblanle whose national character Belzoni has elein all thynges :" and the company de- vated, by introducing into England many clared that this was a very good answer splendid remains of ancient grandeur. to the question. Then she said, that to The journals of another year will record prove the further knowledge of the pil. whether these representations were suffigrim, he ought to be asked what thing of cient to rouse national feeling to a sense the earth is higher than all the heaven; of national honour, and the necessity and the pilgrim answered, the body of of relieving a lady whose husband peJesus Christ, which is in' the imperial rished in an enterprise to enrich her heaven, is of earthly flesh, and is more country, by making it the deposit of high than all the heaven; and by this his further discoveries. Belzoni had peanswer they were again surprised, and netrated and examined distant regions, marvellously praised the pilgrim's wise and after disclosing the results of his invesdom. Then she desired that a third ques- tigations, and all the curious monuments tion might be asked of the pilgrim, which of art he collected on his travels, he left if he could answer, then he would be London for the deserts of Africa, where he worthy to be received at the bishop's fell while labouring towards Timbuctoo, table; and by her order, the messenger for other specimens of human ingenuity, demanded this question of the pilgrim, and endeavouring to explore and point " What is the distance from the bottom out channels of enterprise to our manuless pit unto the imperial heaven ?" and facturers and merchants. It is from these the pilgrim answered, “ Go to him that classes especially that his fate claims sent thee to me, and ask the question of commiseration; and from them, and the him, for he can better answer it, because public in general, Mrs. Belzoni should dehe measured this distance when he fell rive aid. Removal of her embarrassment, from heaven into the bottomless pit, and is only a suspension of the misfortunes I never measured it:" and when the mes. that await a bereaved female, if she is not senger heard this, he was sore afraid, and afforded the means of future support. fearfully told the pilgrim's message to the This is said by one who never saw her or bishop and all the others, who when they her late husband, and who only volunteers heard the same, were also sore afraid the plain thoughts of a plain man, who Then forthwith the devil vanished away knows the advantages which England from before their eyes; and the bishop derives from Belzoni's ardour and perserepented, and sent the inessenger to bring verance, and is somewhat qualified, perin the pilgrim, but he could not be found. haps, to compassionate Mrs. Belzoni's So the bishop assembled the people and helplessness
. During a season of festal told them what had happened, and re- enjoyment, when friends and neighbours quired them to pray that it might be re “make wassail,” any individual of right vealed who this pilgrim was, that had de- feeling might thaw indifference into relivered him from so great peril: and the gard for her situation, and “make the same night it was revealed to the bishop, widow's heart sing for joy." that it was St. Andrew who had put himself into the habit of a pilgrim for the
Subscriptions are advertised to be received
by the following bankers, Messrs. Coutts and bishop's deliverance. “ Than began the Co; Esdaile and Co.; Goslings and Co.; Hambisshop more and more to have devocyon mersley and Co.; Hopkinson and Co.; Hoare, and remembraunce of saynt Andrewe Barnett, and Co.; Jones, Lloyd, and Co.
Masterman and Co ; Smith, Payne, and Co.; than he hadde tofore." ;
Snow and Paul; Willis, Percival, and Co.;
This is the twelfth and last month of monath and guil erra, which means the
By our ancestors “ December former or first giul. The feast of Thor, had his due appellation given him in the which was celebrated at the winter solstice, name of winter-monat, to wit, winter was called giul from iol, or ol, which sigmoneth ; but after the Saxons received nified ale, and is now corrupted into yule. christianity, they then, of devotion to the This festival appears to have been conbirth-time of Christ, termed it by the tinued through part of January.* name of heligh-monat, that is to say, holy Our pleasant guide to “ The Months,” moneth."* They also called it midwinter- Mr. Leigh Hunt, says of December thus:
* Dr. F. Sayers.