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somewhere in Strathmore, inherited his property.
Flor A L DIRECTORY. Pellucid Heath. Erica pellucida. Dedicated to St. Cyril.
St. Servulus, A. D. 590. Ten Murtyrs of Crete. St. Victoria, A. D. 250. A Trifting Mistake. In December, 1822, the Morning Chronicle states the following whimsical circumstance to have taken place at the Black Swan inn, at York :— An honest son of Neptune travelling northwards, having put up there for the night, desired the chambermaid to call him early the next morning, as he wished to †". on his journey by the coach ; and added, “as I am a very sound sleeper, you will most likely be obliged to come in and shake me.” Accordingly he left his door unfastened, and soon fell asleep. The next morning when he awoke, he found the sun was high, and the coach must have left him some hours behind. Vexation was his first feeling, the next was that of vengeance against the faithless Molly. Accordingly he proceeded to inform himself of the time of day, that he might tax her accurately with her omission, which was aggravated, in his mind, by every additional hour that he had lost; but after groping for some time under his pillow for his watch, it was not to be found ! This effectually roused him, and he launched at once out of bed, but no sooner found himself on his feet, than he discovered that his clothes had likewise vanished. It was now evident to him that he had been robbed; however a little more rubbing of the eyes convinced him that he must have been also stolen himself, as the room, bed, and furniture, were all strange to him Indeed, he was positive in his own mind, that he had never beheld them before. It was equally clear to him that he had gone to bed sober; so being completely uzzled, Jack sate himself down on the to “make a calculation," as he often had done at sea, in order to discover, if possible, in what precise part of the globe he just then happened to be, and how he came there. Ile had read of the enchanted carpet, by which persons could be transported to the remotest parts of
the world in the twinkling of an eye; but he never had heard that these fairy tricks had been played at or near York, to which place he had now distinctly traced Y.F. his “ log.” His next thought was to “take an observatoin,” by looking out of the window, but he could observe nothing but tops of houses. This view, however, rejoiced his sight, for, thought he, I am still in a civilized country; this place may be York, where, if my senses do not deceive me, I went to bed last night, at all events I shall have justice done me. But the enigma still remained unexplained, and poor Jack had no clothes to go in quest of a solution. At last he spied a bell-rope, and giving it a hearty tug, leaped into bed again to wait the issue, come who might. It was no enchanter who answered this summons, but only oor Molly. “So you are there, are you? ray why did you not call me at seven o'clock, as I desired you ?” “I did, sir, but you did not answer me.” “Then, why did you not come in and shake me?” “I did come in, sir, but you were gone." “I tell you I have not been out of bed all night; you must have gone to the wrong room.” “No, sir, I went to No. 22, the room that I put you in last night; besides, there was your watch under the pillow, your impression in the bed, and your clothes placed ready for putting on.” “Then, where the devil am I ? and how came I here?” “You are a story higher, sir; just over your own room.” Our hero was now satisfied that he had been rambling over the house in his sleep, and had mistaken a story in returning to his own room. He then recollected that this was a trick to which he had been addicted when a boy, and he devised that the fatigue of a long journey had probably chiefly contributed to revive his old habit. The whole affair was now accounted for, and Molly proceeded to fetch the clothes of the disenchanted knight, resolving within herself never to trust her own door open again, lest it should be entered accidentally by some sleep-walking traveller.
Cedar of Lebanon. Pinus cedrus Dedicated to St. Victoria.
(so the 38taller, 3Bettmber 24.
I am, encouraged, by the approbation st. Thrasilla and Emiliana. St. Gregory,
of my labours, to persevere in the com- of Spoleto, A. D. 304.
Not a sentence that has appeared in - - - - the preceding sheets will be o, and This is the vigil of that solemn festival the Engravings will be entirely new. which commemorates the day that gave
December 1825. W. Hon E. “To man a saviour—freedom to the slave.”
In the last days of Advent the Calabrian minstrels enter Rome, and are to be seen in every street saluting the shrines of the virgin mother with their wild music, under the traditional notion of soothing her until the birth-time of her infant at the approaching Christmas. This circumstance is related by lady Morgan, who observed them frequently stopping at the shop of a carpenter. To questions concerning this practice, the workmen, who stood at the door, said it was done out of respect to St. Joseph. The preceding engraving, representing this custom, is from a clever etching by D. Allan, a Scottish artist of great merit. In Mr. Burford's excellent panorama of the ruins of Pompeii, exhibited in the Strand, groups of these peasantry are celebrating the festival of the patron saint of the master of a vineyard. The printed “Description” of the panorama says, these mountaineers are called Pifferari, and “play a pi very similar in form and sound to the bagpipes of the Highlanders.” It is added, as lady Morgan before observed, that “just before Christmas they descend from the mountains to Naples and Rome, in order to play before the pictures of the Virgin and Child, which are placed in various parts of every Italian town.” In a picture of the Nativity by Raphael, he has introduced a shepherd at the door playing on the bagpipes.
Carol is said to be derived from cantare, to sing, and rola, an interjection of joy.” It is rightly observed by Jeremy Taylor, that “ Glory to God in the highest, on earth peace, and good-will towards men,” the song of the angels on the birth of the Saviour, is the first Christmas carol.
Anciently, bishops carolled at Christmas among their clergy; but it would be diverging into a wide field to exemplify ecclesiastical practices on this festival; and to keep close to the domestic usages of the season, church customs of that kind will not now be noticed.
In Mr. Brand's “Popular Antiquities,” he gives the subjoined Anglo-Norman carol, from a MS. in the British Museum,t with the accompanying translation by his “very learned and communicative friend, Mr. Douce; in which it will easily be
* * Bourne in Brand's Antiquitie" + Bib. Reg. 16. E. VIII.
observed that the translator has necessarily been obligedto amplify, but endeavours every where to preserve the sense of the original.”
Seignors ore entendez a nus,
Seignors io vus di por veir
Seignors il est crie en lost,
Seignors escriez les malveis,
Noel beyt bein livin Engleis
Seignors io vus di par Noel,
Now, lordings, listen to our ditty,
Lordings, in these realms of pleasure, Father Christmas yearly dwells; Deals out joy with liberal measure, Gloomy sorrow soon dispels: Numerous guests, and viands dainty, Fill the hall and grace the board; Mirth and beauty, peace and plenty, Solid pleasures here afford.
Lordings, ’tis said the liberal mind,
Lordings, grant not your protection
Lordings, Christmas loves good drinking,
And now—by Christmas, jolly soul .
Hail, father Christmas! hail to thee .
From what has been observed of Christmas carols in another work, by the editor, a few notices will be subjoined with this remark, that the custom of singing carols at Christmas is very ancient; and though most of those that exist at the present day are deficient of interest to a refined ear, yet they are calculated to awaken
tender feelings. For instance, one of them . the virgin contemplating the birth of the infant, and saying,
** He neither shall be clothed in purple nor in pall, But all in fair linen, as were babies all : He neither shall be rock'd in silver nor in gold, But in a wooden cradle, that rocks on the mould.”.
Not to multiply instances at present, let it suffice that in a MS. at the British Museum” there is “A song on the holly and the ivy,” beginning, “Nay; my nay, hyt shal not be I wys Let holy hafe the maystry, as the maier ys:
“Holy stond in the hall, fayre to behold, Ivy stond without the dore, she ys ful sore acold. w “Nay my nay,” &c.
“Holy, & hys mery men, they dawnsyn and
they syng, Ivy and hur maydyns, they wepyn & they
wryng. “Aay my nay,”, &c.
The popularity of carol-singing occasioned the publication of a duodecimo volume in 1642, intituled, “Psalmes or Songs of Sion, turned into the language, and set to the tunes of a strange land. By W(illiam), S(latyer), intended for Christmas carols, and fitted to divers of the most noted and common but solemne tunes, every where in this land familiarly used and knowne.” Upon the copy of this book in the British Museum, a former possessor has written the names of some of the tunes to which the author designed them to be sung: for instance, Psalm 6, to the tune of Jane Shore; Psalm 19, to Bar. Forster's Dreame; Psalm 43, to Crimson Pelvet; Psalm 47, to Garden Greene; Psalm 84, to The fairest Nymph of the Valleys; &c.
In a carol, still sung, called “Dives and Lazarus,”there is this amusing account: “As it fell it out, upon a day, Rich Dives sicken'd and died, There came two serpents out of hell, His soul therein to guide.
“Rise up, rise up, brother Dives, And come along with me,
For you've a place provided in hell, To sit upon a serpent's knee.”
However whimsical this may appear to the reader, he can scarcely conceive its ludicrous effect, when the “serpent’s
* Gascoigne and Anjou, being at this time under the dominion of the English sovereigns, were not regarded as part of France.
* Harl, Coll, 5896,
knee” is solemnly drawn out to its utmost length by a Warwickshire chanter, and as solemnly listened to by the well-disposed crowd, who seem, without difficulty, to believe that Dives sits on a serpent's knee. The idea of sitting on this knee was, perhaps, conveyed to the poet's mind by old wood-cut representations of Lazarus seated in Abraham's lap. More anciently, Abraham was frequently drawn holding him up by the sides, to be seen by Dives in hell. In an old book now before me, they are so represented, with the addition of a devil blowing the fire undel Dives with a pair of bellows.
Carols begin to be spoken of as not belonging to this century, and few, perhaps, are aware of the number of these compositions now printed. The editor of the Every-Day Book has . of ninety, all at this time, published annually.
This collection he has had little opportunity of increasing, except when in the country he has heard an old woman singing an old carol, and brought back the carol in his pocket with less chance of its escape, than the tune in his head.
Mr. Southey, describing the fight “upon the plain of Patay,” tells of one who fell, as having
These ditties, which now exclusively enliven the industrious servant-maid, and the humble labourer, gladdened the festivity of royalty in ancient times. Henry VII., in the third year of his reign, kept hisChristmas at Greenwich: on the twelfth night, after high mass, the king went to the hall, and kept his estate at the table; in the middle sat the dean, and those of the king's chapel, who, immediately after the king's first course, “sang a carall." — Granger innocently observes, that “they that fill the highest and the lowest classes of human life, seem in many respects to be more nearly allied than even themselves imagine. A skilful anatomist would find little or no difference in dissecting the body of a king, and that of the meanest of #. subjects; and a judicious philo
sopher would discover a surprising conformity in discussing the nature and qualities of their minds.”
The earliest collection of Christmas carols supposed to have been published, is only so. from the last leaf of a volume printed by Wynkn de Worde, in the year 1521. This precious scrap was picked up by Tom Hearne; Dr. Rawlinson purchased it at his decease in a volume of tracts, and bequeathed it to the Bodleian library. There are two carols upon it: one, “a caroll of huntynge,” is reprinted in the last edition of Juliana Berners’ “Boke of St.Alban's;" the other, “a caroll, bringing in the bore's head,” is in Mr.Dibdin's “Ames,” with a copy of it as it is now sung in Queen's-college, Oxford, every Christmas-day. Dr. Bliss, of Oxford, also printed on a sheet for private distribution, a few copies of this and Ant. a Wood's version of it, with notices concerning the custom, from the hand-writings of Wood and Dr. Rawlinson, in the Bodleian library. Ritson, in his ill-tempered “Observations on Warton's History of English Poetry,” (1782, 4to. p. 37,) has a Christmas carol upon bringing up the boar's head, from an ancient MS. in his ossession, wholly different from Dr. liss's. The “Bibliographical Miscellanies,” (Oxford, 1813, 4to.) contains seven carols from a collection in one volume in the possession of Dr. Cotton, of Christchurch-college, Oxford, “imprynted at London, in the Powltry, by Richard Kele, dwellyng at the longe shop vnder saynt Myldrede's Chyrche,” probably “between 1546 and 1552:” I had an opportunity of perusing this exceedingly curious volume, which is supposed to be unique, and has since passed into the hands of Mr. Freeling. There are carols among the Godly and Spiritual Songs and Balates, in “ScottishPoems of the sixteenth century,” (1801, 8vo.); and one by Dunbar, from the Bannatyne MS. in “Ancient Scottish Poems." Others are in Mr. Ellis's edition of Brand's “Popular Antiquities,” with several useful notices. Warton's “History of English Poetry” contains much concerning old carols. Mr. Douce, in his “Illustrations of Shakspeare,” gives a specimen of the carol sung by the shepherds, on the birth of Christ, in one of the Coventry plays. There is a sheet of carols headed thus: “Christus NATUs Est: Christ is born ;” with a wood-cut, 10 inches high,
* Leland, Collect, vol. iv. p. 237. ,
* Biog. Hist, Engl. ed. 1804, vol. iv. P. 356,