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the old man sold them for high prices, yet he was accustomed to hurry his son at his meals as well as his work, and say, “Luca fa presto 1" Luca, make haste: hence, Luca's companions nicknamed him Fa Presto. His knowledge of the style of artists belonging to different schools was amazing, and though his attainments in judgment and execution were of high order, he seems to have preferred the copying of other compositions to painting designs by himself. Hence, there are more pictures by Luca sa Presto than some connoisseurs would willingly acknowledge. They pervade every collection under the reputation of being by Titian, Guido, Tintorette, and other painters of greater celebrity than Giordano. He etched his own thoughts freely and gracefully, and died loaded with honours

from crowned heads, and immensely rich,

in 1704.

- fton at prrectory. Bloody Heath. Erica cruenta. Dedicated to The Holy Innocents.

39ttember 29.

St. Thomas, Abp. of Canterbury, A. D. 1170. St. Marcellus, Abbot of the Acaemetes, A. D. 485. St. Evroul, Abbot, A. D. 596.

Sculpture. Much has been remarked in the course of these sheets respecting painting, which, if our artists will labour, they may elevate to a height that will honour their country, and amply reward themselves. It is a mistake to suppose that real talent is not appreciated. Precocity is not talent till it has ripened; it usually withers and falls beneath the only test of greatness, labour: patrons experience this, and sicken. Whenever genius labours, it finds patrons. Sculpture in the English school seems of late to have advanced further than ainting, in their simultaneous efforts, and in this department of art, Ireland is likely to compete with England. At the distribution of medals by sir Thomas Lawrence to students, at the Royal Academy, in the 'month of December, 1825, Mr. John Gallagher and Mr. Constantine Panormo, natives of the . country, received the two medals or sculpture. It is a ha augury for the . Dublin Society . o: men were the first individuals sent hither

2.

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The earth, as it appears in England at this period, is well represented in the “Mirror of the Months,” the pleasant reflex of the year referred to in November. “ The meadows are still green—almost as green as in the spring —with the late-sprouted grass that the last rains have called up since it has been fed off, and the cattle called home to enjoy their winter fodder. The corn-fields, too, are bright with their delicate sprinkling of young autumn-sown wheat; the ground about the hedge-rows, and in the young copses, is still pleasant to look upon, from the sobered green of the hardy primrose and violet, whose clumps of unfading leaves brave the utmost rigour of the season; and every here and there a bush of holly darts up its pyramid of shining leaves and brilliant berries, from amidst the late wild and wandering, but now faded and forlorn company of woodbines and eglantines, which have all the rest of the year been exulting over and almost hiding it with their quick-growing branches, and flaunting flowers. The evergreens, too, that assist in forming the home enclosures, have altogether lost that sombre hue which they have until lately worn—sombre in comparison with the brightfreshness of spring, and the splendid variety of autumn; and now, that not a leaf is left around them, they look as gay by the contrast as they lately looked grave.”

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To end the old year merrily, and begin the new one well, and in friendship, were popular objects in the celebration of this festival. It was spent among our labouring ancestors in festivity and frolic by the men ; and the young women of the village carried from door to door, a bowl of spiced ale, the wassail bowl, which they offered to the inhabitants of every house they stopped at, singing rude congratulatory verses, and hoping for small presents. Young mea and women also exchanged clothes, which was termed Mumming, or Disguising; and when thus dressed in each other's garments, they went from one neighbour's cottage to another, singing, dancing, and partaking of good cheert

The anticipated pleasure of the coming year, accompanied by regret at parting with the present old year, is naturally expressed by a writer already cited. “After Christmas-day comes the last day of the year; and I confess I wish the bells would not ring so merrily on the next. I have not become used enough to the loss of the old year to like so triumphant a welcome to the new. I am certain of the pleasures I have had during the twelvemonth: I have become used to the pains. In a few days, especially by the help of Twelfthnight, I'shall become reconciled to the writing 6 instead of 5 in the date of the year. Then welcome new hopes and new endeavours. But at the moment—at the

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ELIA, in a delightful paper on the “Eve

of New Year's-day, 182i, among the other delightful essays of his volume, entitled “Elia”—a little book, whereof to say that it is of more gracious feeling and truer beauty than any of our century, is poor F. says, “while that turncoat

ell, that just now mournfully chanted the obsequies of the year departed, with changed notes lustily rings in a successor, let us attune to its peal the song made on a like occasion, by hearty, cheerful Mr. Cotton.” Turn gentle reader to the first page of the first sheet, which this hand presented to you, and you will find the first two and twenty lines of Elia's “song.” They tell us, that, of the two făces of Janus, that which this way looks is clear, And smiles upon the New-born year.

These are the remaining verses.

Het looks too from a place so high,
The year lies open to his eye;
And all the moments open are
To the exact discoverer;
Yet more and more he smiles upon
The happy revolution.
Why should we then suspector fear
The influences of a year,
So smiles upon us the first morn,"
And speaks us good so soon as born?
Plague on't the last was ill enough,
This cannot but make better proof;
Or, at the worst, as we .. through
The last, why so we may this too; .
And then the next in reason shou'd,
Be superexcellently good;
For the worst ills (we daily see)
Have no more perpetuity,
Than the best fortunes that do fall;
Which also bring us wherewithal
Longer their being to support,
Than those do of the other sort;
And who has one good year in three,
And yet repines at destiny,
Appears ungrateful in the case,
And merits not the good he has.
Then let us weleome the new guest
With lusty brimmers of the best;
Mirth always should good fortune meet,
And render e'en disaster sweet:
And though the princess turn her back,
Let us but line ourselves with sack,
We better shall by far hold out,
Till the next year she face about.

Elia, having trolled this song to the

* Mr. Audley': Companion to Almanac. t Dr. Drake's Shakspeare and his Times,

* New Montbly Magazine, Dec. 18 t Janus,

sound of “the merry, merry bells,” breaks Out:“How say you reader—do not these verses smack .#. rough magnanimity of the old English vein 7 Do they not fortify like a cordial; enlarging the heart, and productive of sweet blood, and generous spirits in the concoction?—Another cup . the generous ! and a merry New Year, and many of them, to you all, my masters I” The same to you, ELIA,-and “to you all my masters!”— Ladies 1 think not yourselves neglected, who are chief among “my masters”—you are the kindest, and therefore the most masterful, and most worshipful of “my masters I”

Under the female form the ancients worshipped the Earth. They called her “Bona Dea,” or the “Good Goddess,” by way of excellency, and that, for the best reason in the world, because “there is no beingthat does men more good." In respect to her chastity, all men were forbidden to be present at her worship; the high priest himself, in whose house it was performed, aud who was the chief minister in all others, not excepted. Cicero imputed to Clodius as a crime that he had entered the sacred fame in disguise, and by his presence polluted the mysteries of the Good Goddess. The Roman ladies offered sacrifices to her through the wife of the high priest, and virgins consecrated to the purpose.

The Earth, Bona Dea, or the “Good Goddess,” was represented under the form of a matron with her right hand opened, as if tendering assistance to the helpless, and holding a loaf in her left hand. She was also venerated under the name of Ops, and other denominations, but with the highest attributes; and when so designated, she was worshipped by men and boys, as well as women and virgins; and priests ministered to her in dances with brazen cymbals. These motions signified that the Earth only imparted blessings upon being constantly moved; and as brass was discovered before iron, the cymbals were composed of that metal to indicate her antiquity. The worshippers seated themselves on the ground, and the posture of devotion was bending forward, and touching the ground with the right hand. On the head of the goddess

was placed a crown of towers, denoting strength, and that they were to be worn by those who persevered.

To all “ of the earth” not wholly “earthy,” the Earth seemed a fit subject to picture under its ancient symbol; and, in a robe of arable and foliage, set in a goodly frame of the celestial signs, with the seasons “as they roll,” it will be offered as a frontispiece to the present volume, and accompany the title-page with the inderes in the next sheet.

It must have been obvious to every reader of the Every-Day Book, as it has been to me, of which there have been several indications for some time past, that the plan of the work could not be executed within the year; and I am glad to find from numerous quarters that its continuance is approved and even required. So far as it has proceeded I have done my utmost to render it useful. My endeavours to render it agreeable may occasion “ close” readers to object, that it was more discursive than they expected. I am afraid I can only answer that I cannot unmake my making-up; and plead guilty to the fact, that, knowing the wants of many, through my own deficiencies, I, have tried to aid them in the way that appeared most likely to effect the object, with the greater number of those for whom the work was designed. Nor do I hesitate also to acknowledge, that in gathering for others, I have in no small degree been teaching myself. For it is of the nature of such an undertaking to constrain him who executes it, to tasks of thought, and exercises of judgment, unseen by those who are satisfied when they enjoy what is before them, and care not by what ventures it was obtained. My chief anxiety has been to provide a wholesome sufficiency for all, and not to offer any thing that should be hurtful or objectionable. I hope I have succeeded.

I respectfully desire to express my grateful sense of the extensive favour wherein the conduct of the publication is held. And I part from my readers on New Year's-eve, with kind regards till we meet in the new volume of the EveryDay Book on New Year's-day—to-morrow.

45, Ludgate-hill, 1825. W. HoNE.

END of vol 1.

London : Printed by A. Applegath, Stamford-street."

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Festivals and other Holydays of observance, in the Church of England Calendar, are printed in CAPITALs.

Abbeville, sporting letter from, 1575.
Abduction, case of, 767.
Abelard, P., died, 494.
Abercrombie, sir R., died, 397.
Aboo, or Aber, Irish war-cry, 502.
Abraham's bosom, in old wood-cuts, 1599.
Absalom, in a sign, 1262.
Accomplishments without principle, 287.
Actor, an itinerant, his duties, 1243.
Acts of the Apostles, a mystery at Paris,
749.
Adam, R. and J., account of 326.
Adams, Jack, his parish, 1481.
Addison, at Button's, 1007.
Adelphi, the, 326.
Advent, meaning of the term, 1531; cus-
toms of the season, 1552, 1595, 1642.
AErial, the, account of, 1455.
AEtna, its eruptions diverted by a lady's
veil, 213.
Africa, travels in, 1580.
After Yula, 3.
AGATHA, February 5; miracles by her,
213.
Agincourt, battle of, 1397.
AGNEs, January 21; her legend, 141; cus-
toms on St. Agnes' eve, 136.
Aguesseau, chanc. D', his use of time, 310.
Air, spiritually peopled, 1328.
Aits, islands on the Thames, 604.
Alban, June 17; account of this saint, 803.
No. 53*

Alban's, St., Herts, formerly Holmhurst, 804. Albert and Isabella, archdeacon and duchess, kiss St. Walburg's jawbone, 303. Aldegraver, his engraving of the guillotine, 8

Ale, 1147, 1622; name derived, 1544 ; ale-drinkers in Holinshed's time, 1125. —, Whitsun, 685, whence derived, 686. Alexander the Great, notice of, 493. —, St., Newski, order of, 1538. All Fools' day, 409. hallow e'en, 1408. heal, the mistletoe, 1537. All SAINTs, November 1 ; customs on, 1421. —Souls, November 2; customs on, 1423. Allan, D., his etching of Italian street music, 1595. Alleluia, buried in the Romish church, 199. Almanacs, chronological error in, 1429; made of wood, 1471. Alphabet, in a bill of costs, 238. Alphege, April 19; customs on his festival, 485. Amelia, princess, original letter from, 1071. American war commenced, 486; poetry, 1571. Amherst, lord, his portrait, 604. Amhurst, Nicholas, author, account of, Amiens, peace of, signed, 392. Amulet, the, its literary character, 1532. Ancient Britons, their anniversary, 322. ANDrew, St., November 30; account of the saint and his festival, 1538; order of, ib. 's Holborn, boy bishop, 1561. Undershaft, maypole, 555. Angelo, Michael; see Buonarroti. Angel, guardian, 630. Angels, archangels, and angels guardian, 1326; their orders and habits, 1349; for their visits, &c. to saints, see Index II. Angling, 697. Anglo-Norman carol, 1595. Animals, on cruelty to, 799, 1308. ANN, St., July 25; memoirs of her and St. Joachim, 1008. ANNUNciation, B. V. M., or LADY DAY, March 25 ; customs on the festival, 385. Anselm, St., archbishop of Canterbury, notice of, 493. Anson, commodore, lord, died, 767. Antiquaries, society of, their anniversary, 503. Antony, St., picture of, l 18; his hospital, London, 1.19; its seal, 120; school, ib., his pig, 119. Apis, the Egyptian deity, 491. Apocrypha, authority for reading it, 1343. Apollinarius, the elder and younger, play writers, 744. Apollo and Minerva, shown at Naples, for David and Judith, 1612. , an, of Cambridge, 1263. Apostle spoons, described, 176. Apothecaries, proposal for their canonization, 303.

527.

Apparition of an arm chair, 1494. Apparitions, &c. see Romish saints, in Index II. Apple, sports, 1408, 1421 ; diving, 1415. Apples, the finest, where grown, 908; blest, 978. Apple-tree, charm, 42; wassail, 1606. Apprentices, city, their former importance, and present condition, 258. Aprilius, John, hanged for three days and kept alive, 46. Apron, the barbers', 1254. Archee, his new-year's gift, 9. Archers, decay of, 1236; their service at Agincourt, 1397. Architecture of the new churches, 945. Arius, indebted to St. Lucian, 61. Armitage, the racket-player, 868. Arnmonat, 1059. Arsedine, yellow arsenic, 1213. Art, eminence in it, how attained, 273. ...Arundel Castle, a sweep in the state bed, 588. Ascension-DAv, 651 ; its customs, 1379. Ascham, Roger, account of, 29. Ascot races, fraud at, 768. Ash, rev. J., philologist, died, 529.

Ash Wednesday, movable; customs, 261 Ass, the, citations respecting, 1309; his nobleness and voice, 1358; how mentioned by Leo Africanus, 1580; remarks on, 1610; drawn in procession, 393. Assumption, B. V. M. August 15; customs on the day, 1117. Astley's troop at Bartholomew fair, 1246. Atkins, his menagerie, 1175. Attanasy, father, his Easter sermon, 446. Attorney, an, not to be compared to a bull, nor to a goose, but comparable, perhaps, to the man in the moon, 239. Attornies of the lord mayor's court, 1333. Audrey's, St., lace, 1383. August, the Twelfth of, petition from, 1099; answer to, 1101. AugustiNE, archbishop of Canterbury, May 26; his monastery at Canterbury, 301; notices and legendary anecdotes of him, 704.

, St., August 28; an early father, Lardner's character of him, 1144. Aunty's garden, a pastime, 109. Aurochos, an African animal, 1176. Autograph of St. Ignatius, 1056. Autumn quarter, 1283.

Baal, Bal, Beal, Bel-tein, fires, 594, 847, 1412, 1422. Bacchus, his festival, 1471. Bachelors, in the lord mayor's show, 1453. - Bacon, lord, died, 452; cause of his death, 870; proof of his favoritism, 871. Bag-pipers, of Italy, 1595; a German one with a cognizance, 1626. Bailey, rev. R. R., his sermon at St. Katharine's, 1406. Baker, Mrs., her company at Bartholomew fair, 1245. *: Peter, a writing-master, account of, 85. Ball-play customs, 244, 259, 429, 1554, 1634; at Copenhagen-house, 865. Ball's itinerant theatre, 1175. Ballad-singers, formerly licensed, 1243. Ballard's menagerie, 1191. Balloons, 442. Banks, sir Jos., his wine cellar, 21; died, 811. Bannockburn, battle of, 855. Bannocks, cakes, “ sauty” and charmed ones, 260 ; of St. Michael, 1339. Baptism of infants, 1444. Bara, a Sicilian festival, 1118. Barbers, account of, 1254. Baretti, Jos., died, 616. Barley, beerlegh, berlegh, berleg, 1147. Barley-corn, sir John, his trial, 73; Burus's ballad, 1391. Barme, beerheym, berham, 1147. BARNABAs, St., June 11 ; notice respecting him, 772.

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