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he saw a man with eyes before and St. Patrick, and, “0, miracle till then eyes behind, and asked him why he was unheard and unknown! the ship, without só formed; the seer answered, “ I am the any pilot, sailed against wind and stream,” servart of God; with the eyes in my - and he made a prosperous voyage. At forehead I see things open to view, with another time, St. Patrick seeing a hundred my eyes behind I see a monk hiding flesh men unable to stir a large stone, he, alone, meat in a vessel to satisfy his appetite pri- raised it up, and placed it where it was vately.” Then the seer vanished. St. wanted. He was accustomed to stop and Patrick repented, prayed for pardon, erect a cross at the head-stone of every besought for a sign that he had it, was christian who was buried outside of a told by an angel to put the pork into water, burial-place; one day, coming to the did as the angel bid him, and the pork graves of two men newly buried, and “ immediately became fishes." Having observing that one of the graves only jonrneyed into Britain, he saw a leper had a cross over it, he stopped his chawhom mariners would not carry in their riot, and speaking to the dead man below, ship, whereon St. Patrick took a stone asked him what religion he had been, the altar consecrated by the pope, cast it into dead man answered a pagan, St. Patrick the sea, caused the leper to sit on it, and inquired why then a cross was put over the leper immediately set sail on the stone, him, the dead pagan replied, he who is kept company with the ship all the voy- buried near me was a christian, and one age, and got into port with her at the same of your faith coming hither placed the time. St. Patrick, returning to Ireland, cross at my head; the saint stepped out on approaching the shore, saw a multitude of his chariot, rectified the mistake, and of devils in the form of a globe surrounding went his way. One Foylge, an idolator, the whole island, when he “raised his sa- strangled the driver of St. Patrick's chacred right hand, made the sign of the riot, in his seat, wherefore the saint cast cross, and, unhurt and unterrified, passed his "holy curse” at Foylge, who pierced he over." Some fishermen in the county thereby, fell dead into hell; but the devil of Leinster, drawing their nets from a entering the dead body, walked about in river loaded with fish, St. Patrick asked it, and seemed as if he were Foylge himthem for some; they refused him; he self, till one day St. Patrick called at the cursed them, and the river; and from dead man's house, and asking the family that day the river never produced fish. where Foylge was, they answered he was Once when the chief king of Ireland or. at home, when the saint told them of dered his subjects to prevent St. Patrick Foylge's death, and that Satan “ had from landing, they set a fierce dog at him, entered into his corpse and occupied it whereupon the dog stiffened like a stone; as his own proper vessel,” then St. Pathen a gigantic man brandished his sword trick gave notice to the devil to leave his at the saint, the man stiffened likewise, lodging in Foylge’s body, which he did imbut repented, and St. Patrick unstiffened mediately, and Foylge was buried. Preachhim, and baptized him. An old man, ing on a journey to 14,000 men," he first would not believe St. Patrick's preaching: fed them all with spiritual food,” then St. Patrick asked him whether he would commanding a cow to be killed, with two be persuaded by a miracle; the old man stags, and a couple of boars, the people said he would, then St. Patrick prayed, laid ate abundantly, the remnants his hand on him," and immediately the old gathered up; and “thus with the flesh of man became beautiful and young, and five animals, did St. Patrick plenteously flourished again, as in his early youth," feed 14,000 men.” Once when he was and was so made to believe. Having con- preaching, by way of a strong argument, verted Mochna, a virtuous swineherd, he raised to life nineteen dead men, one while they were conversing together, a of whom had been buried for ten years. staff from heaven fell between them, which After that, St. Patrick passing over a river St. Patrick gave to Mochna for a pastoral one of his teeth dropped into the water, staff, consecrated him bishop of Edrum, and his disciples could not find it till " and the staff is in that church still pre- night, when the tooth in the river shone served, and called the flying a radiant star, and being so discovered

St. Patrick's nephew, št. Lumanus, being was brought to St. Patrick, who on that desirous of taking a journey by sea when spot built a church, and deposited his wind and tide were against him, he tooth beneath the altar. Desiring to pass hoisted the sails, trusted in the merits of an impassable river, and no boat being


at hand, St. Patrick prayed, and dividing nify that it is held in repute by Catholics the river, made himself and followers a in a humble rank of life. To what extent free passage, then “he blessed the river, the catholic clergy have instructed this and being so blessed, it abounded in class of their flocks, or rather to what exfishes above all others.” St. Mel being tent they design to instruct them, is also denounced unjustly to St. Patrick, and unknown to a Protestant; but should the preferring to prove his innocence by a higher classes of catholics enjoy the civil miracle rather than by an oath, he rights, which the most wise and enlightploughed up the earth on a certain hill, ened of their Protestant fellow-subjects and took by, the ploughshare many and deplore they do not possess, and most large fishes out of the dry land; there- anxiously desire they should possess, it is upon St. Patrick absolved him, but lest not too much to hope that it will become si. Mel should continue to work miracles the anxious wish, as it is the positive duty presumptuously, “he bade him that he of the catholic clergy to inform the igno should thenceforth plough on the land, rant of their community. An union beand fish in the water." St. Patrick had tween the church of England, or any a goat, a thief stole it, and ate it, and other protestant church, and the church when accused, denied it; but the goat of Rome, never can take place; but probleating in the stomach of the thief, pro- testant churchmen, and Protestants of all claimed the merit of St. Patrick ; and, to denominations, can and will unite with increase the miracle, by the sentence of Catholics, if Catholics can and will unite the saint, all the posterity of the man with them, to enlighten the Egyptian were marked with the beard of a goat. darkness, which enslaves the mind worse St. Patrick having laboured to convert a than Egyptian bondage. The education tyrant, who laughed him to scorn, he im- of helpless infancy, and the fixation of mediately converted the tyrant, against his just principles in youth, form the best sewill, into a fox; which fox went off with a curity against criminal manhood. In this, hard run, and could never be found. surely, both Protestants and Catholics will Another time being þenighted in the concur, and their earnest cooperation to open air, violent rain fell around St. obtain this security will be a firm pledge Patrick and his companions, but did not that each desires the welfare of each. The wet them a drop. On the same night, marked separation of churches and docthe driver of his chariot could not for the trines cannot much longer separate man darkness find the horses to re-yoke them, from man. In the bigotted and selfish on which St. Patrick, drawing his right interests that dam the social affections, hand from his sleeve, and lifting up his there are incurable and daily widening fingers, they “shone even as sun-beams, breaches : the issues alternate and vary, and wonderfully illumining the whole but the first high tide of mutual kindness country, turned darkness into light, and will burst the restrictions, and sweep them night into day--then by the aid of the away for ever

radiant miracle, the chariot-driver found • his steed." After the death of St. Patrick, there was no night for twelve days.

St. Patrick's Day. These are some of the miracles attributed to St. Patrick by Jocelin,

whose life This being the anniversary of the day of him published in “Dublin, Printed for whereon St. Patrick died, it is commemothe Hibernia Press Company, By James rated as a high festival in the catholic Blyth,” is sold in London by Messrs. church; and it is celebrated to his honour Keating and Brown, Catholic Printers in that country, with every demonstration of and Publishers, No. 38, Duke-street, affection for his memory as the apostle Grosvenor-square, in one volume 12mo. and patron saint of Ireland, that a warmcontaining 264 pages, price 28. 6d. in hearted, enthusiastic, joyous people, can boards.

possibly express. An eye-witness represents to the editor of the Every-Day Book

that St. Patrick's day in Dublin is a scene To what extent Catholics believe such of festivity and mirth unequalled by any miracles, as have been just related is thing observable in this country. From unknown to a Protestant; but the publi- the highest to the lowest, all hearts seem cation of Jocelin's works by catholic inspired by the saint's beneficence. At booksellers in a cheap form, seems to sig- day-break fags fly on the steeples, and

the bells ring out incessant peals till mid- in the chair, with the duke of Leinster on night. The rich bestow their benevolence his right, and the marquess of Lansdown on the poor, and the poor bestow their at his left hand : several of the king's blessings on the rich, and on each other, ministers and nobility were present. The and on the blessed St. Patrick. The “green report stated, that 400 children were immoral” shamrock is in every hat. Sports educated in the school, the funds admitted of manly exercise exhibit the capabilities of only 240 being clothed, the rest were of the celebrated “shillelah," and before supplied with shirts, shoes, and stockings ; night many a head gives token of the and the committee earnestly invited inapplication of its wonderful powers, by a spection of the schools from nine till two inuscular hand. Priestly care soothes every day, except on the sabbath and Monquerulousness; laughter drowns ca- day. A donation to the charity, from his sualty; innumerable bright-eyed, rosy- majesty of 100 guineas, was followed by cheeked, jaunty lasses dance with their others, and by hopes that absent Irishmirth-loving lads; old women run about men and Englishmen who could, would with children in the hoods of their cloaks, cheerfully contribute towards an institution to publicly share care drowning cups of which on its merits required general supsweet consolation with each other; and by port. Speeches from the chairman and the union of wit, humour, and frolic, this noble guests, the chancellor of the exmiraculous day is prolonged till after the chequer, Mr. OʻConnell, Mr. Huskisson, morning dawn.

and other distinguished characters, A popular song on this festal occasion breathed sentiments of universal good ontains these verses :

will, and must have inspired every indi

vidual to kindness, and desire of extendSaint Patrick's, the holy and tutelar man; His beard down his bosom like Aaron's ran: happily commenced between the people

ing, and cementing, the conciliation so Sone from Scotland, from Wales, will declare of both countries.

that he came, But I care not from whence now he's risen

It is related that during the dinner, the to fame :

party at the head table were much amused The pride of the world and his enemies by a bottle of genuine (illegal) poteen, neat scorning,

as imported from the emerald isle, being I will drink to St. Patrick, to-day, in the handed to the chancellor of the exchequer, morning!

who, forgetting the good of the revenue in He's a desperate big, little Erin go brah;

the memory of St. Patrick, put a portion of He will pardon our follies and promise us

the naughty liqueur in his glass, and drank joy.

it with becoming devotion. By the mass, by the Pope, by St. Patrick, so

In the forenoon of the same day, the long

festival was celebrated at the Roman As I live, I will give him a beautiful song! catholic chapel in Sutton-street, Soho, No saint is so good, Ireland's country adorn- with an unusual degree of splendour. The ing;

archbishop of Armagh in his mitre and Then hail to St. Patrick, to-day, in the pontifical robes, officiated as high-priest, morning!

assisted by the two English catholic

bishops, Poynter and Bramston, and one In London St. Patrick's day is observed of the Irish bishops, and several of the at court as a high festival, and the nobility minor clergy. A selection of music, crowd to pay their compliments in honour chiefly from Haydn's masses, was powerof Ireland's tutelar saint. For many fully performed by a very numerous choir, years it has been selected as an occasion accompanied by a full band ; and after ? for soliciting and obtaining aid to a great sermon by Dr. Poynter, a collection was national object-the promotion of educa- made, to the amount of £65., to assist the tion. It is the anniversary of the“Benero. chapel and the schools attached to it. lent Society of St. Patrick," for clothing

Order of St. Patrick. und educating children of Irish parents In February, 1783, letters patent created who need the assistance, by voluntary a brotherhood denominated“ Knights of contribution. The festival is attended by the illustrious order of St. Patrick," to conIrishmen of different political parties and sist of the sovereign for the time being, as religious persuasions, and many of the sovereign of the order ; and fifteen knights highest rank. On this anniversary, in companions, the “lieutenant-general and 1825, the marquess of Londonderry was general governor of Ireland, or the lord

« Sir,



deputy or deputies, or lord's justices, or natives, assisted by the sons of Cunedda, other chief governor or governors” for the and from the south with the aid of time being, officiating as deputy grand mas- Urien.” Thus Wales contends for the ters. The statutes of the order of St. Patrick honour of the birth-place of Patrick with direct the badge to be of gold, surmounted Scotland, while Ireland has the honour of with a wreath of shamrock or trefoil, sur- the saint himself. rounding a circle of gold, bearing the motto of the order in gold letters, Quis

A London Bull. separabit ? with the date MDCCLXXXIII,

The “Athenæum" affirms the following wherein the order was founded, and en to be a literal transcript of a letter sent to circling the cross of St. Patrick gules, a gentleman, who had recommended a surmounted with a trefoil vert, each leaf patient to that excellent institution called charged with an imperial crown or, upon the London Electrical Dispensary :a field argent ; the badge, encircled with

« To Mr. Grays in form of a star of silver of eight

« No. 5081. points, four greater and four lesser, worn on the left side of the outer garment.

“ Having by your recommendation The Shamrock.

been received a patient at the London The shamrock is the trefoil. The Electrical Dispensary, and being disDruids used it to cure diseases. The charged this day dead, I beg leave to reIrish use it as a national cognizance. It is turn my humble and hearty thanks for the said that when St. Patrick landed near Wicklow to convert the Irish in 433, the

“ March 7, 1810." pagan inhabitants were ready to stone Except the No., date, and the word him; he requested to be heard, and en- dead, which are written, all the rest of the deavoured to explain God to them as the letter is printed. Trinity in Unity, but they could not understand him, till plucking a trefoil from the ground, he said, “ Is it not as

Sweet Violet. Viola odorata. possible for the Father, Son, and Holy

Dedicated to St. Gertrude. Ghost, as for these leaves, to grow upon

Shamrock. Trifolium repens. a single stalk," then the Irish were im

Dedicated to St. Patrick. mediately convinced.* St. Patrick

March 18. The Welch claim St. Patrick. Mr.

St. Alexander, Bp. of Jerusalem, A. D. Owen in his “Cambrian Biography affirms, he was born at Aberllychwr in

251. St. Cyril, Abp. of Jerusalem, Pembrokeshire, South Wales, where there

A. D. 386. St. Edward, King, A. D.

979. St. Anselm, Bp. of Lucca, A. D. is a church dedicated to him. They call

1086. St. Fridian, Erigdian, or Frighim Padrig, the son of Mawrn or Maen

dian, Bp. of Lucca, A. D. 578. wyn, of the laird of Gwyr. Mr. Owen cites from the genealogy of the British

St. Edward. saints, that, “ It was the glory of the em

This is the English king who was peror Theodosius, in conjunction with stabbed in the back with a dagger, by orCystonnin Llydaw, surnamed the blessed, der of his stepmother, Elfrida, while to have first founded the college of Illtyd, Corfe castle, in the isle of Purbeck. He

drinking on horseback at the gate of which was regulated by Balerus, a man from Rome; and Padrig, son of Mawrn, spurred his horse, which plunged him was the principal of it, before he was car

into a deep marsh, and there he died of ried away a captive by the Irishman.” his wounds, in 979. Butler says his In corroboration, Mr. Owen says, it is body was discovered by a pillar of light, recorded in the history of Wales, that and buried in Wareham church, and the Irish were enabled to settle them- worked miracles. His name is in the selves along nearly the whole extent of church of England calendar. its coast, in the beginning of the fifth

It is an historical fact, that the wretch

ed century, and continued there until nearly

ontriver of king Edward's murder the middle of the same era; when they passed the remainder of her days in diswere expelled from the north by the mal horror; and her nights brought no re

pose from the afflictions of her conscience, • Brand's Pop. Antiquities.

She obtained a kind of armour formed of


crucifixes, wherein she encased herself, calculated the greatest height of this experformed penances, built monasteries, traordinary meteor to have been fortyand died universally

execrated by the in- three or fifty-one statute miles : it gradudignant people. The treachery of the ally descended lower till it came to Decrime occasioned a general distrust, no vonshire, where it was about thirty-nine one would drink without security from miles high, and broke over the sea, near him, who sat beside him, that he was safe the coast of Brittany; its altitude then while the bowl was at his lips; and hence being about thirty miles.* is said to have originated the customary, expression at table of “I pledge you,

FLORAL DIRECTORY. when one person invites another to drink

Yellow Star of Bethlehem. Ormithogafirst.

lum luteum. CHRONOLOGY.

Dedicated to St. Joseph. 1745. Sir Robert Walpole, earl of Orford, died, aged 71.

March 20.

St. Cuthbert, Bp. of Lindisfarne, A. D Great Leopard Bane. Doronicum Par

687. St. Wulfran, Abp. of Sens, A.D.

720. dalionetes.

St. Cuthbert.
Dedicated to St. Cyril

Of this saint there will be mention

hereafter. March 19.

CHRONOLOGY. St. Joseph. St. Alcmund, 819. 1727. Sir Isaac Newton died; he was St. Joseph.

born December 25th, 1642. The church of Rome has canonized Jo 1751. Frederick, prince of Wales, faseph the spouse of the Virgin Mary, and ther of king George III. died aged 44. honours him with offices and worship of

1793. Died William Murray, earl of various forms.

Mansfield. He was born on the 2d of CHRONOLOGY.

March, 1705, and during thirty years, and 720, B. C. the first eclipse of the moon

until his death, presided as lord chief on record happened on this day.

justice of the court of King's Bench. He 1355. Pressing for seamen to man the

was eminent as a lawyer, and dignified as navy commenced.

a judge. It is said that he altered the 1668. Sir John Denham, poet, died in

common law of England, by ingrafting London ; he was born in Dublin, 1615.

upon it the civil law in his decisions. As 1719. A surprising meteor was seen

an elegant scholar, of highly cultivated and about eight o'clock in the evening, from vigorous intellect, he shone in the constelall parts of England, Scotland, and Ire- lation of great men, which arose in the land. To an observer in St. Paul's church- reign of queen Anne. In eloquence and yard, it appeared a ball of fire as large as beauty of diction, he outrivalled his the moon, of a pale bluish light, and with predecessors, and has not been excelled little motior, till in a moment it assumed by any successor in the high office he the shape of a common meteor with a

filled. stream of light, double the diameter of its 1811. Napoleon, son of the late empefirst appearance, emitting a splendour byror of France, by the empress Maria which the smallest print might have been Louisa, was born, and received the title of read. Its duration was not above half a king of Rome. minute, and its greatest light about the

On the 20th of March, the sun enters tenth part of a minute. At Exeter its the constellation T Aries, or the Ram, light exceeded that of the sun at noon

which is the first zodiacal sign; and this day, and there it seemed to break like a day is the first day of Spring skyrocket, into sparks of red fire, which By an accident, the remarks relating to reflected that colour on the houses, and SPRING were inserted under March 6, shortly after a report, loud as cannon,

instead of this day : and as the error is shook the windows, succeeded at the in- thus particularly noticed, in order as far terval of a minute by about thirty others;

as possible to rectify it, the reader will they sounded just as the tower guns did please to consider all that has been said in Mincing-lane, but shook the houses and windows much more.” Mr. Whiston

* Whiston's Accomt of a Meteor, 8vu. 1719.

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