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1726. Daniel Whitby, the learned Pilewort. Ficaria verna.
commentator on the New Testament, died. Dedicated to St. Catharine of Sweden.
He was born at Rushden, Northamptonshire, in 1638, and was eminent for ability
and honesty throughout his life. March 23. St. Alphonsus Turibius, Abp. of Lima,
A. D. 1606. Sts. Victorian, &c. A. D. Golden Saxifrage. Chrysosplenum oppo484. St. Edelwald, A. D. 699.
sitifolium. St. Edelwald.
Dedicated to St. Irenæus. This was
an English benedictine monk of Rippon, who became a hermit,
March 25. and was buried by St. Cuthbert in St. Peter's church, at Lindisfarne.
Lady Day. Holiday at the Public Offices, except
the Excise, Stamp, and Custom. CHRONOLOGY.
The Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin 1801. Paul, emperor of Russia, was Mary, St. Cammin, Abbot, A. D. 653. strangled at St. Petersburg
The Roman Catholic festival of the Peerless Daffodil. Narcissus incompa- Annunciation is commonly called in rabilis.
England LADY DAY, an abridgement of Dedicated to St. Alphonsus. the old term Our Lady's Day, or the Day
of our blessed Lady. March 24.
This is a “ gaudy day” in the Romish
church. Deeming the mother of Christ Cambridge Term ends.
an intercessor and mediatrix, it offers St. Irenæus, Bp. of Sirmium, A. D. 304. innumerable honours and devotions to
St. Simon, an Infant Martyr. St. her. Hail Mary! resounds in the masses William of Norwich.
to her praise ; and the worshippers of her St. Simon, an Infant.
shrines and resemblances, are excited to a The Jews are said to have murdered fervour of devotion which would astonish, this infant in 1472. After having delibe- if it were not known that sculpture, rated at their synagogue in the holy week, painting, poetry, vocal and instrumental on the preparations for their passover, music, have been added to revive the they came to the resolution of crucifying recollection of monkish fables, and early a child on Good Friday, and having impressions in her behalf. stolen Simon, they made him the victim, Ir. the Golden Legend, a book forand sung around his body while elevated. merly read instead of the New Testament, Whenever an act of cruelty was to be but now, in degree, supplanted by Butperpetrated on the Jews, fables like these ler's more voluminous and almost equally were forged, and the brutal passions of miraculous “Lives of the Saints," there the mob let loose upon the life and wealth is a story in honour of the virgin, conof fugitive Israelites.
cerning a noble and ignorant knight, St. William of Norwich, A. D. 1137, who, to amend his life, entered an abbey, Was another of these pretended mar but was so incapable of learning, that he tyrs to Jewish hatred. Weever states, could say nothing but Ave Maria, which that “the Jews in the principal cities of words he continually repeated wherever the kingdom, did use sometimes to steal he was. When this knight died he was away, and crucify some neighbour's male buried in the church-yard of the abbey, child,” as if it were a common practice. and there afterwards grew out of his Since protestantism, no such barbarities grave a fair fleur de lis, and in every have been imputed to the Jews.
flower grew, in letters of gold, the words
Ave Maria ; and at the miracle, the CHRONOLOGY.
brethren marvelled, and opened the 1580. The first bombs were thrown sepulchre, and found the root of the fleur . upon the town of Wachtendonck in Guel- de lis came out of the mouth of the said derland. The invention is commonly at- knight; and then they understood that tributed to Galen, bishop of Munster. he was to be honoured for his great devo.
lion to the virgin, by using the words Ave chargers, who rode forward to clear the Muria.
way, accompanied by such a flourish of There is another story in the “ Golden trumpets and kettle-drums, that it looked Legend” of “ another knyght." "He had at first like any thing but a peaceable or a fayre place bisyde the hye waye religious proceeding. This martial array where moche people passed, whome he was followed by a bareheaded priest, on robbed," and so he did all his life; yet a white mule, bearing the host in a gold he had “ a good custom” of saluting the cup, at the sight of which every body fell virgin every day, by saying Ave Maria, upon their knees. The pope used forand so he went on committing highway merly to ride upon the white mule himrobberies, and saluring the virgin day by self, and all the cardinals used to follow day, tili his people having put “a holy him in their magnificent robes of state, man” in bodily fear and robbed him, mounted either on mules or horses; and the said holy man
” desired to be as the Eminentissimi are, for the most brought before their master,the knight, and part, not very eminent horsemen, they seeing him, required him to summon all were generally fastened on, lest they his attendants, which the knight did; should tumble off. This cavalcade must but the "holy man" objected that one have been a very entertaining sight. of them was not present. Then the knight Pius VI., who was a very handsome perceived that his chamberlain was not man, kept up this custom, but the (then) there, and called for him; and when the present pope (Pius VII.) is far too infirm holy man saw the chamberlain, he con- for such an enterprise ; so he followed the jured him to declare who he was, and the man on the white mule, in a state coach ; chamberlain being so enforced answered, at the very sight of which, we seemed to "I am no man, but am a devil in the form have made a jump back of two hundred of a man;" and he acknowledged that he years at least. It was a huge machine, had abided with the knight fourteen years, composed almost entirely of plate-glass, and watched him night and day, hoping fixed in a ponderous carved and gilt the knight might leave off saying the frame, through which was distinctly visisalutation Ave Maria, that so he might ble the person of the venerable old pope, strangle him, “and brynge him to hell,” dressed in robes of white and silver, and because of his evil life; but, because there incessantly giving his benediction to the passed no day without the knight saying people, by a twirl of three fingers; which Ave Maria, the devil could not have him are typical of the Father, the Son, and for all his long waiting. Then the the Holy Ghost; the last being represented knight fell down at the feet of the holy by the little finger. On the gilded back man, and demanded pardon of his sins, of this vehicle, the only part that was not and the “holy man commanded the made of glass, was a picture of the pope devil to depart; wherefore says the in his chair of state, and the virgin Mary “Golden Legend,” “ let us pray to the at his feet. This extraordinary machine gloryous virgyn Mary, that she kepe us was drawn by six black horses, with from the devyll.”
superb harness of crimson velvet and The festival of the annunciation is kept gold; the coachmen, or rather postillions, at Rome by sumptuous shows. The author were dressed in coats of silver stuff, with of “Rome in the nineteenth Century" re- crimson velvet breeches, and full botlates the pope's proceedings on the occa- tomed wigs well powdered, without hats. sion : “ We drove through streets lined Three coaches, scarcely less antiquely with expecting crowds, and windows superb, followed with the assistant car. hung with crimson and yellow silk dra- dinals, and the rest of the train. In the peries, and occupied by females in their inside of the church, the usual tiresome most gorgeous attire, till we made a stop ceremonies went on that take place when near the church before which the pope's the pope is present. He is seated on a horse-guards, in their splendid full-dress throne, or chair of state; the cardinals, uniforms, were stationed to keep the in succession, approach and kiss his hand, ground; all of whom, both officers and retire one step, and make three bows or men, wore in their caps a sprig of myrtle, nods, one to him in front, and one on the as a sign of rejoicing. After waiting a right band, and another on the left; short time, the procession appeared, which are intended for him (as the perheaded by another detachment of the sonification of the Father,) and for the guards, mounted on prancing black Son, and for the Holy Ghost, on either
Oxford Term ends.
side of bim; and all the cardinals having gone through these motions, and the
Marigold. Calendula Officinalis. inferior priests having kissed his toe Annunciation of V. Mary. that is, the cross, embroidered on his shoe-high mass begins. The pope kneels during the elevation of the host,
March 26. prays in silence before the high altar, gets up and sits down, reads something St. Ludger, Bp. of Munster, A. D. 809. out of a great book which they bring to him, with a lighted taper held beside it;
St. Braulio, Bp. of Saragossa, A. D.
646. and, having gone through many more such ceremonies, finally ends as he began, with giving his benediction with three Now in many situations may be heard fingers, all the way he goes out. During the cuckoo. Its distant note intimating all the time of this high mass, the pope's dislike to human approach, comes upon military band, stationed on the platform the ear as a soft welcome from a shy in front of the church, played so many stranger :clamorous martial airs, that it effectually Hail, beauteous stranger of the grove; put to flight any ideas of religious so
Thou messenger of spring! lemnity."
How heaven repairs thy rural seat, In England, Lady Day is only remem And woods thy welcome sing. bered as the first quarter-day in the year, What time the daisy decks the green and is therefore only kept by tenants who
Thy certain voice we hear; truly pay rent to their landlords. A few Hast thou a star to guide thy path, years ago a country gentleman wrote a
Or mark the rolling year? letter to a lady of rank in town, and sent Delightful visitant ! with thee it through the general post with the fol
I hail the time of flowers, lowing address :
And hear the sounds of music sweet " To
From birds among the bowers. “ The 25th of March,
The school-boy wandering thro' the wood “Foley-place, London."
To pull the primrose gay, The postman duly delivered the letter at
Starts--the new voice of spriug to hear,
And imitates thy lay. the house of Lady Day for whom it was intended.
Soon as the pea puts on its bloom,
Thou fliest thy vocal vale,
An annual guest in other lands,
Another spring to hail.
Sweet bird, thy bower is ever green, 1688. Parochial charity schools, for the education of the children of poor per- Thou hast no sorrow in thy song,
Thy sky is ever clear; sons, were instituted in London and its
No winter in thy year! vicinity. 1748. A fire broke out at one o'clock O! could I fly, I'd fly with thee ;
We'd make with social wing in the morning in 'Change-alley, Corn. Our annual visit o'er the globe, hill, London, which raged for ten hours,
Companions of the spring. Logan. consuming all the buildings in 'Changealley and Birchin-lane; and in Cornhill, from 'Change-alley to St. Michael's-alley, including several celebrated taverns and Lurid Henbane. Hyoscyamus Scopoliu. coffee-houses, and many valuable shops,
Dedicated to St. Braulio including five booksellers. There were eighty houses destroyed by this confla
March 27. gration. 1809. Anna Seward, the friend of Dr.
St. John of Egypt, Hermit, A. D. 394. Darwin, and recollected for her life of
St. Rupert, or Robert, Bp. of Saltzhim, and for her poetry and correspond bourg. ence, died in the bishop's palace at
St. John of Egypt
Was a hermit, inured to obedience by rather than vigorous.
an ancient holy anchoret,“ who made
aim water a dry stick for a whole year, as Butler, by “the lustre of his miracles, if it were a live plant.” He walled him- and the “fame of his predictions." self up at the top of a rock,“ from the for
CHRONOLOGY. tieth or forty-second to the ninetieth 1801. The peace of Amiens between year of his age,” and “ drew the admira- France and England was signed in tion of the whole world on him," says France.
Palm Sunday. This is the first Sunday before Easter, palms were consecrated by the presi, and is sometimes called Passion Sunday. and after they were used they were preIt is denominated Palm Sunday, because served to be burned for holy ashes, to lay on this day the Roman catholic church on the heads of the people on Ash Wed. ordains boughs or branches of palm trees nesday in the following year, as before to be carried in procession, in imitation mentioned (see p. 261,) on that day. of those strewed before Christ when he On Palm Sunday, the palm flowers and rude into Jerusalem. In this monkish leaves to be consecrated by the officiating procession the host was carried upon an prelate or priest were laid upon the high ass, branches and flowers were strewed altar, and those for the poor laity being on the road, the richest cloths were laid placed upon the south step of the altar, down, and others were hung up. The the priest arrayed in a red cope pio
ceeded to consecrate them by a prayer, and the people strewing palms before it. commencing “I conjure thee, thou crea- Googe's Naogeorgus says ture of flowers and branches, in the name of God the Father," &c. This was to
A woodden Asse they have, and
Image great that on him rides, displace the devil or his influences, if he
But underueath the Asse's feete or they lurked or were hidden in or about
a table broad there slides, the “creature of flowers and branches."
Being borne on wheeles, which ready dreste Then followed a prayer wherein he said,
and al things meete therfore, with crosses, “ We humbly beseech thee The Asse is brought abroad and set that thy truth may + sanctify this crea.
before the churche's doore: ture of flowers and branches, and slips The people all do come, and bowes of palms,or boughs of trees, which we offer,"
of trees and Palmes they bere, &c. Then the “ creature of flowers and Which things against the tempest great branches " was fumed with smoke of
the Parson conjures there, frankincense from the censers, and there
And straytwayes downe before the Asse, were other prayers with crossings, and
upon his face he lies,
Whome there an other Priest doth strike they were sprinkled with holy water with
with rodde of largest sise : this supplication : “ Bless + and sanc
He rising up, two lubbours great tify + these branches of palms, and other
upon their faces fall, trees and flowers," &c. Then the sacrists
In straunge attire, and lothsomely, distributed the palms to the abbots, priors,
with filthie tune, they ball : and nobler persons, and the flowers and Who, when againe they risen are, leaves to the others. When this was
with stretching out their hanile, done the procession moved, and after They poynt unto the wooden knight, wards made a stand while two priests
and, singing as they stande,
Declare that that is he that came brought a Pascal in which the crucifix
into the worlde to save, was laid; afterwards the banner and
And to redeeme such as in him cross-bearers hled off to the right and to
their hope assured have: the left, and the boys and monks of the
And even the same that long agonc, convent arranged themselves, and, after
while in the streate he roade, a short service, the priests with the tomb, The people mette, and Olive-bowes headed by the banner and cross, passed
so thicke before him stroade. between the monks, who knelt as they This being soung, the people cast passed. When they came to the city
the braunches as they passe, gates they divided again on two sides, Some part upon the Image, and and the shrine being put on a table, was
some part upon the Asse : corered with cloth. Above the entrance
Before whose feete a wondrous heape
of bowes and braunches ly : of the gates, in a place handsomely pre
This done, into the Church he strayght pared with hangings, were boys with
is drawne full solemly : other singers whom the chanter had ap The shaven Priestes before them marche, pointed, and these sang, “Gloria, Laus,"
the people follow fast, · Glory, praise,” &c. After having made
Still striving who shall gather first a procession through the city, they re
the bowes that downe are cast : turned to the convent-gate, where the For falsely they beieeve that these shrine was laid on the table and covered
have force and vertue great, with cloth, and a religious service was Against the rage of winter stormes performed. The monks then returned to
and thunders flashing heate. the church, and stood before the crucifix In some place wealthie citizens,
and men of sober chere, uncovered, while mass was performed;
For no small summe doe hire this Asse and after they had communicated, the
with them about to bere, deacon first and the rest afterwards, they
And manerly they use the same, offered their palms and flowers, at the
not suffering any by altar.*
To touch this Asse, nor to presume It was also an old Roman catholic cus
unto his presence ny: tom on Palm Sunday, to draw about the For they suppose that in this thing, town a wooden ass with a figure on it,
they Christ do lightly serve, representing Christ riding into Jerusalem, And well of him accepted are,
and great rewardes deserve. • Fosbroke's British Vonach
Brand's Pop. 14. sc.
When the wooden ass had performed