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qut the kingdom. The usage is a vulgar under the name of pask, paste, or paré commemoration of the resurrection which eggs. A communication introduces the the festival of Faster celebrates.
subject at once. Lifting or 'seaving differs a little in different places. In some parts the person
To the Editor of the Every-Day Book. is laid horizontally, in others placed in a Sir,
19th March, 1825. sitting position on the bearers' hands.
A perusal of the Every-Day Book inUsually, when the lifting or heaving is duces me to communicate the particulars within doors, a chair is produced, but in of a custom still prevalent in some parts all cases the ceremony is incomplete with- of Cumberland, although not
as geneout three distinct elevations.
rally attended to as it was twenty or thirty A Warwickshire correspondent, L. S., years ago. I allude to the practice of says, Easter Monday and Easter Tuesday sending reciprocal presents of eggs, at were known by the name of heaving-day, Easter, to the children of families rebecause on the former day it was custom- spectively, betwixt whom any intimacy ary for the men to heave and kiss the subsists. For some weeks preceding women, and on the latter for the women Good Friday the price of eggs advances to retaliate upon the men. The womens' considerably, from the great demand hearing-day was the most amusing. occasioned by the custom referred to. Many a time have I passed along the The modes adopted to prepare
eggs streets inhabited by the lower orders of for presentation are the following: there people, and seen parties of jolly matrons may be others which have escaped my reassembled round tables on which stood a collection. foaming tankard of ale. There they sat The eggs being immersed in hot water in all the pride of absolute sovereignty, for a few moments, the end of a common and woe to the luckless man that dared tallow-candle is made use of to inscribe to invade their prerogatives !-as sure as the names of individuals, dates of partihe was seen he was pursued—as sure as cular events, &c. The warmth of the he was pursued, he was taken—and as egg renders this a very easy process. sare as he was taken he was heaved and Thus inscribed, the egg is placed in a kissed, and compelled to pay sixpence pan of hot water, saturated with cochifor “ leave and license to depart. neal, or other dye-woods; the part over
Conducted as lifting appears to have which the fallow has been passed is imbeen by the blooming lasses of Shrews- pervious to the operation of the dye; bury, and acquitted as all who are actors and consequently when the egg is rein the usage any where must be, of even moved from the pan, there appears no the slightest knowledge that this practice discolouration of the egg where the is an absurd performance of the resurrec- inscription has been traced, but the egg tion, still it must strike the reflective presents a white inscription on a coloured mind as at least an absurd custom,“ more ground. The colour of course depends honored i'the breach than the observance.” upon the taste of the person who prepared It has been handed down to us from the the egg; but usually much variety of bewildering ceremonies of the Romish colour is made use of. church, and may easily be discounte Another method of ornamenting “pace Danced into disuse by opportune and eggs” is, however, much neater, although mild persuasion. If the children of ig- more laborious, than that with the tallownorant persons be properly taught, they candle. The egg being dyed, it may be will perceive in adult years the gross decorated in a very pretty manner, by follies of their parentage, and so instruct means of a penknife, with which the dye their own offspring, that not a hand or may be scraped off, leaving the design voice shall be lifted or heard from the white, on coloured ground. An egg is sons of labour, in support of a superstition frequently divided into compartments, that darkened and dismayed man, until which are filled up according to the taste the printing-press and the reformation and skill of the designer. Generally ensured his final enlightenment and eman one compartment contains the name and cipation.
(being young and unsophisticated) also
the age of the party for whom the egg is Easter Eggs.
intended. In another is, perhaps, a landAnother relic of the ancient times, are scape; and sometimes i cupid is found the eggs which pass about at Easter week lurking in a third : so that these “ pace
eggs” become very useful auxiliaries to whose advantage it is introduced, in gond the missives of St. Valentine. Nothing part.* was more common in the childhood of
Pasch eggs are to be found at Easter the writer, than to sec a number of these in different parts of the kingdom. A eggs preserved very carefully in the Liverpool gentleman informs the editor, corner-cupboard; each egg being the oc- that in that town and neighbourhood they cupant of a deep, long-stemmed ale-glass, are still common, and called paste eggs. through which the inscription could be One of his children brought to him a read without removing it. Probably paste egg at Easter, 1824, beautifully many of these eggs now remain in Cum- mottled with brown. It had been berland, which would afford as good purposely prepared for the child by the evidence of dates in a court of justice, servant, by being boiled hard within the as a tombstone or a family-bible. coat of aii onion, which imparted to the
It will be readily supposed that the shell the admired colour. Hard boiling majority of pace eggs are simply dyed; is a chief requisite in preparing the pasch or dotted with tallow to present a pie- egg. In some parts they are variously bald or bird's-eye appearance. These coloured with the juices of different herbs, are designed for the junior boys who and played with by boys, who roll them have not begun to participate in the plea- on the grass, or toss them up for balls. sures of “ a bended bow and quiver full Their more elegant preparation is already of arrows;"—a faming torch, or a heart described by our obliging correspondent, and a true-lover's knot. These plainer J. B. specimens are seldom promoted to the dignity of the ale-glass or the cornercupboard. Instead of being handed Mr.J. B -, a native of Maryport in down to posterity they are hurled to Cumberland, who obligingly communicates swift destruction. In the process of the above information respecting pasch eggs
at that county, bas ensured the adoption dying they are boiled pretty hard-so as
of his letter by subscribing his name and to prevent inconvenience if crushed in address. the hand or the pocket. But the strength COMMUNICATIONS have been received in of the shell constitutes the chief glory of great numbers from anonymous corresponda pace egg, whose owner aspires only to ents, but the information many of them conthe conquest of a rival youth. Holding tain, however interesting or true, can never his egg in his hand he challenges a com
interest the readers of the Every-Day Book,
tor this reason, that information will not panion to give blow for blow. One of
on any account be inserted, which is not ihe eggs is sure to be broken, and its verified by the contributor's name and resishattered remains are the spoil of the dence: as every contributor may have bis conqueror: who is instantly ir vested with name inserted or not, as he pleases, so no the title of “a cock of one, two, three," one can object to satisfy the editor, that the
facts communicated are from responsible &c. in proportion as it may have frac
sources. The precaution is necessary; and it tured his antagonist's eggs in the conflict. may be proper to add, that all contributions A successful egg, in a contest with one with quotations from an “old book," "an which had previously gained honours, excellent author," "a work of authority," adds to its number the reckoning of its and so forth, are uscless, when contributors
forget to mention names and title-pages.. vanquished foe. An egg which is a “cock” of ten or a dozen, is frequently respondents has appeared within the columns
This is the first time that a notice to corchallenged. A modern pugilist would of the Every-Day Book, and it is designed call this a set-to for the championship. to be the last. Such intimations cannot be Such on the borders of the Solway Frith inserted without injury to the uniform apwere the youthful amusements of Easter pearance of the work; but they are printed Monday.
on the wrappers of the Monthly Parts.
COMMUNICATIONS of local usages or cusYour very proper precaution, which toms, or other useful and agreeable particulars, requires the names of correspondents who are earnestly and respectfully solicited; and transmit notices of local customs, is com extracts, or permission to extract, from scarce plied with by the addition of iny name
works and original manuscripts, will be highly
esteemed. and address below. In publication I
The favours of correspondents
with real names and addresses are obviously prefer to appear only as your constant
the most valuable, and will receive marked ieader.
W. HONE. A notice below, the editor hopes will
45, Luigate-hill, be read and taken by the reader, for 31st March, 1826.
The terms pace, paste, or pasch, are ball-play before mentioned."* Brand derived from paschal, which is a name cites the mention of a lay amusement at given to Easter from its being the puschal this season, wherein both tansy and ballseason. Four hundred eggs were bought play is referred to. for eighteen-pence in the time of Edward
Stool-ball, I., as appears by a royal roll in the tower; from whence it also appears they At stool-ball, Lucia, let us play, were purchased for the purpose of being For sugar, cakes, or wine. boiled and stained, or covered with leaf Or for a tansy let us pay, gold, and afterwards distributed to the
The loss be thine or mine. royal household at Easter. They were
If thou, my dear, a winner be formerly consecrated, and the ritual of At trundling of the ball,
The wager thou shall have, and me, pope Paul V. for the use of England, Scotland, and Ireland, contains the form
And my misfortunes all.
1679. of consecration. * On Easter eve and Easter day, the heads of families sent to Also, from “Poor Robin's Almanack” for the church large chargers, filled with the 1677, this Easter verse, denoting the hard boiled eggs, and there the “ creature sport at that season: of eggs” became sacred by virtue of holy
Young men and maids, water, crossing, and so on.
Now very brisk, Ball. Bacon. Tansy Puddings.
At barley-break and
Stool-ball frisk. Eating of tansy pudding is another cus: tom at Easter derived from the Romish
A ball custom pow prevails annually at church. Tansy symbolized the bitter herbs Bury St. Edmund's, Suffolk. On Shrove used by the Jews at their paschal; but Tuesday, Easter Monday, and the Whitthat the people might show a proper ab- suntide festivals, twelve old women side horrence of Jews, they ate from a gammon off for a game at trap-and-ball, which is of bacon at Easter, as many still do in kept up with the greatest spirit and vigour several country places, at this season,
until sunset. One old lady, named Gill, without knowing from whence this prac upwards of sixty years of age, has been tice is derived. Then we have Easter celebrated as the “mistress of the sport ball-play, another ecclesiastical device, the for a number of years past; and it affords meaning of which cannot be quite so much of the good old humour to flow clearly traced; but it is certain that the round, whilst the merry combatants dexRomish clergy abroad played at ball in terously hurl the giddy ball to and fro. the church, as part of the service; and we Afterwards they retire to their homes, find an archbishop joining in the sport.
where “A ball, not of size to be grasped by one
“ Voice, fiddle, or flute, hand only, being given out at Easter, the
No longer is mute," dean and his representatives began an and close the day with apportioned mirth antiphone, suited to Easter-day; theri and merriment. taking the ball in his left hand, he com Corporations formerly went forth to menced a dance to the tune of the anti- play at ball at Easter. Both then and phone, the others dancing round hand in at Whitsuntide, the mayor, aldermen, hand. At intervals, the ball was ban- and sheriff of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with died or passed to each of the choristers. a great number of the burgesses, went The organ played according to the dance yearly to the Forth, or little mall of the and sport. The dancing and antiphone town, with the mace, sword, and cap of being concluded, the choir went to take maintenance, carried before them, and refreshment. It was the privilege of the patronised the playing at hand-ball, lord, or his locum tenens, to throw the dancing, and other amusements, and ball; even the archbishop did it.”+ sometimes joined in the ball-play, and at Whether the dignified clergy had this others joined hands with the ladies. amusement in the English churches is There is a Cheshire proverb, “ When not authenticated; but it seems that the daughter is stolen, shut the Pepper
“ boys used to claim hard eggs, or small gate.” This is founded on the fact that the iponey, at Easter, in exchange for the mayor of Chester had his daughter stolen
* Fosbrokc's Brit. Monach. from Du Cange
as she was playing at ball with other forth every Good Friday, and every man maidens in Pepper-street; the young man did creep unto it that was in the church who carried her off, came through the at that time; and afterwards it was hung Pepper-gate, and the mayor wisely or up again within the said image.
Every dered the gate to be shut up :* agreeable principa! day the said image of our lady to the old saying, and present custom of Bolton, was opened, that every man agreeable thereto, “ When the steed's might see pictured within her, the Father, stolen, shut the stable-door.” Hereafter the Son, and the Holy Ghost, most cuit will be seen that persons quite as dig- riously and finely gilt ; and both the sides nified and magisterial as mayors and within her were very finely varnished with aldermen, could compass a holiday's sport green varnish, and flowers of gold, which and a merry-go-round, as well as their was a goodly sight for all the beholders more humble fellow subjects.
thereof. On Good Friday, there was Clipping the Church at Easter.
marvellous solemn service, in which serL. S, a Warwickshire correspondent,
vice time, after the Passion was sung, two communicates this Easter custom to the of the ancient monks took a goodly large Every-Day Book :
crucifix, all of gold, of the picture “When I was a child, as sure as Easter of our saviour Christ nailed upon the Monday came, I was taken to see the cross, laying it upon a velvet cushion, children clip the churches.' This ceremony embroidered with gold, bringing it be
having St. Cuthbert's arms upon it, all was performed, amid crowds of people and shouts of joy, by the children of the twixt them upon the cushion to the lowest different charity-schools, who at a certain steps in the choir, and there betwixt them hour flocked together for the purpose.
did hold the said picture of our saviour,
And then The first comers placed themselves hand sitting on either side of it. in hand with their backs against the
one of the said monks did rise, and went church, and were joined by their compa- upon his knees with his shoes put off,
a pretty space from it, and setting himself nions, who gradually increased in number, till at last the chain was of sufficient very reverently he crept upon his knees length completely to surround the sacred unto the said cross, and most reverently edifice. As soon as the hand of the last did kiss it; and after him the other monk of the train had grasped that of the first, did so likewise; and then they sate down the party broke up, and walked in pro- it betwixt them.
on either side of the said cross, holding cession to the other church, (for in those
Afterward, the prior days Birmingham boasted but of two,) down upon his knees with his shoes off
came forth of his stall, and did sit' him where the ceremony was repeated.”
in like sort, and did creep also unto the Old Easter Customs in Church.
said cross, and all the monks after him
did creep one after another in the sanne In the celebration of this festival, the
manner and order; in the mean time, the Romish church amused our forefathers by whole choir singing a hymn. The service theatrical representations, and extraordi- being ended, the said iwo monks carried nary dramatic worship, with appropriate the cross to the sepulchre with great rescenery, machinery, dresses, and decora
verence.* tions. The exhibitions at Durham appear The sepulchre was
erected in the to have been conducted with great effect. church near the altar, to represent the In that cathedral, over our lady of Bolton's tomb wherein the body of Christ was altar, there was a marvellous, lively, and laid for burial. At this tomb there beautiful image of the picture of our lady, was a grand perforniance on Easter-day. called the lady of Bolton, which picture In some churches it was ordained, that was made to open with gimmes, (or linked Mary Magdalen, Mary of Bethany, and fastenings,) from the breast downward; Mary of Naim, should be represented by and within the said image was wrought three deacons clothed in dalmaticks and and pictured the image of our saviour amesses, with their heads in the manner inarvellously finely gilt, holding up his of women, and holding a vase in their hands, and betwixt his hands was a large hands. These performers came through fair crucifix of Christ, all of gold ; the the middle of the choir, and hastening which crucifix was ordained to be taken
* Hone's Ancient Mysteries described, frour * Drake's Shakspeare, from Fuller's Worthies. Davies's Rites, &c.
owards the sepulchre, with downcast sepulchre, out of which they took a marooks, said together this verse, “Who vellous beautiful image of the resurrectvill remove the stone for us?”. Upon tion, with a cross in the hand of the image this a boy, clothed like an angel, in albs, of Christ, in the breast whereof was inand holding a wheat ear in his hand, be- closed, in bright crystal, the host, so as fore the sepulchre, said, “ Whom do you to be conspicuous to the beholders. Then, seek in the sepulchre ?" The Maries an after the elevation of the said picture, it swered, “ Jesus of Nazareth who was was arried by the said two monks, upon crucified." The boy-angel answered, a velvet embroidered cushion, the monks “ He is not here, but is risen ;” and singing the anthem of Christus resurgens. pointed to the place with his finger. The They then brought it to the high altar, boy-angel departed very quickly, and two setting it on the midst thereof, and the priests in tunics, sitting without the two monks kneeling before the altar, sepulchre, said, “Woman, whom do ye censed it all the time that the rest of the mourn for? Whom do ye seek?” The quire were singing the anthem, which middle one of the women said, “ Sir, if being ended, the two monks took up the you have taken him away, say so." The cushion and picture from the altar, suppriest, showing the cross, said, “ They porting it betwixt them, and proceeded have taken away the Lord.” The two in procession from the high altar to the sitting priests said, “ Whom do ye seek, south quire door, where there were four women?” The Maries, kissing the place, ancient gentlemen belonging to the quire, afterwards went from the sepulchre. In appointed to attend their coming, holding the mean time a priest, in the character up a rich canopy of purple velvet
, tasof Christ, in an alb, with a stole, holding selled round about with red silk and gold a cross, met them on the left horn of the fringe; and then the canopy was borne altar, and said, “ Mary!" Upon hearing by these “ ancient gentlemen,” over the this, the mock Mary threw herself at his said images with the host carried by the feet, and, with a loud voice, cried Cabboin. two monks round about the church, the The priest representing Christ replied, whole quire following, with torches and nodding, “ Noli me tangere,” touch me great store of other lights; all singing, not. This being finished, he again ap- rejoicing, and praying, till they came to peared at the right horn of the altar, and the high altar again ; upon which they said to them as they passed before the placed the said image, there to remain altar, “ Hail! do not fear.” This being till Ascension-day, when another ceremony finished, he concealed himself; and the was used. women-priests, as though joyful at hear In Brand's “ Antiquities,” and other ing this, bowed to the altar, and turning works, there are many items of expenses to the choir, sung
“ Alleluia, the Lord is from the acconnts of different churchrisen.” This was the signal for the bishop books for making the sepulchre for this or priest before the altar, with the censer, Easter ceremony. The old Register Book to begin and sing aloud, Te Deum.* of the brethren of the Holy Trinity of St.
The making of the sepulchre was a Botolph without Aldersgate, now in the practice founded upon ancient tradition, possession of the editor of the Every-Day ihat the second coming of Christ would Book, contains the following entries conbe on Easter.eve; and sepulchre-making, cerning the sepulchre in that church :and watching it, remained in England “ Item, to the wexchaundeler, for makyng till the reformation. Its ceremonies va of the Sepulcre light iii times, and of fied in different places. In the abbey other dyvers lights that longyn to the church of Durham it was part of the ser- trynite, in dyvers places in the chirche, vice upon Faster-day, betwixt three and lvii.. 104.” In An. 17 Henry VI. there four i'clock in the morning, for two of is another “ Item, for xiii tapers unto the the eldest monks of the quire to come to lyght about the Sepulcre, agenst the the sepulchre, set up upon Good Friday feste of Estern, weying lxxviii lb. of the after the Passion, which being covered wich was wasted xxii lb.” &c. In Ann. with red velvet, and embroidered with 21 & 22 K. Henry VI. the fraternity paid gold, these monks, with a pair of silver for wax and for lighting of the sepulchre çensers, censed the sepulchre on their both yers, xx'. viiid.". and they gathered knees. Then both rising, went to the in those years for their sepulchre light,
xlv•. ixd. This gathering was from the Fosbroke's Brit. Monach. from Du Cange. people who were preseni at the repre