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sentation; and when the value of money shows, and at Faster, were of themselves at that time is considered, and also that a most attractive part of the Easter specon the same day every church in London tacle. The paschal or great Easter taper at had a sepulchre, each more or less at Westminster Abbey was three hundred tractive, the sum will not be regarded as pounds' weight. Sometimes a large wax despicable.
light called a serpent was used; its name The only theatres for the people were was derived from its spiral form, it being churches, and the monks were actors; wound round a rod. To light it, fire was accordingly, at Easter, plays were fre- struck from a flint consecrated by the quently got up for popular amnsement. abbot. The paschal in Durham cathedral Brand cites from the churchwardens' ac was square wax, and reached to within counts of Reading, set forth in Coate's a man's length of the roof, from whence history of that town, several items of this waxen enormity was lighted by “a different sums paid for nails for the se- fine convenience." From this superior pulchre; “ for rosyn to the Resurrection light all others were taken. Every taper play;" for setting up off poles for the in the church was purposely extinguished scaffold whereon the plays were perform- in order that this might supply a fresh ed; for making “a Judas;" for the writing stock of consecrated light, till at the same of the plays themselves; and for other season in the next year a similar parent expenses attending the “ getting up” of torch was prepared.* the representations. Though the subjects exhibited were connected with the inci
EASTER IN LONDON. dents commemorated by the festival, yet Easter Monday and Tuesday, and the most splendid shows must have been Greenwich fair, are renowned as “ holiin those churches which performed the days" throughout most manufactories and resurrection at the sepulchre with a full trades conducted in the metropolis. On dramatis personæ of monks, in dresses Monday, Greenwich fair commences. according to the characters they assumed. The chief attraction to this spot is the
Mr. Fosbroke gives the “properties” park, wherein stands the Royal Observaof the sepulchre show belonging to St. tory on a hill, adown which it is the Mary Redcliff's church at Bristol, from delight of boys and girls to pull each an original MS. in his possession for- other till they are wearied. Frequently merly belonging to Chatterton, viz. “Me- of late this place has been a scene of rude morandum :-That master Cannings hath disorder. But it is still visited by thou. delivered, the 4th day of July, in the year sands and tens of thousands from London of our Lord 1470, to master Nicholas and the vicinity; the lowest join in the Pelles, vicar of Redclift, Moses Conterin, hill sports; others regale in the publicPhilip Berthelmew, and John Brown, houses; and many are mere spectators, procurators of Redclift beforesaid, a new
of what may be called the humours of Sepulchre, well guilt with fine gold, and the day. a civer thereto; an image of God Al On Easter Monday, at the very dawn mighty rising out of the same Sepulchre, of day, the avenues from all parts towards with all the ordinance that longeth
Greenwich give sign of the first London thereto; that is to say, a lath made of festival in the year. Working men and timber and iron work thereto.
Item, their wives ; 'prentices and their sweethereto longeth Heven, made of timber hearts ; blackguards and bullies; make and stained cloths. Item, Hell made of their way to this fair. Pick pockets and timber and iron work thereto, with Devils their female companions go later. The the number of thirteen. Item, four knights greater part of the sojourners are armed, keeping the Sepulchre, with their foot, but the vehicles for conveyance are weapons in their hands; that is to say, innumerable. The regular and irregular two spears, two axes, with two shields. stages are, of course, full inside and outItem, four pair of Angel's wings, for four side. Hackney-coaches are equally well Angels, made of timber,and well-painted. filled; gigs carry three, not including Item, the Fadre, the crown and visage, the driver; and there are countless prithe ball with a cross upon it, well gilt vate chaise-carts, public pony-chaises, with fine gold. Item, the Holy Ghost and open accommodations. Intermingled coming out of Heven into the Sepulchre. with these, town-carts, usually employed Item, longeth to the four Angels, four Perukes." The lights at the sepulchre
* Fosbroke's Brit. Monach.
in carrying goods, are now fitted up, with Every room in every public-house is fully boards for seats; hereon are seated men, occupied by drinkers, smokers, singers women, and children, till the complement and dancers, and the “ balls” are kept is complete, which is seldom deemed the up during the greater part of the nighi. case till the horses are overloaded. . Now The way to town is now an indescribaand then passes, like “some huge admi- ble scene. The vehicles congregated ral," a full-sized coal-waggon, laden with by the visitors to the fair throughout coal-heavers and their wives, and sha- the day resume their motion, and the dowed by spreading boughs from every living reflux on the road is dense to tree that spreads a bough; these solace uneasiness. Of all sights the most themselves with draughts of beer from a miserable is that of the poor broken-down barrel aboard, and derive amusement from horse, who having been urged three times criticising walkers, and passengers in to and from Greenwich with a load thivehicles passing their own, which is of ther of pleasure-seekers at sixpence per unsurpassing size. The six-mile journey head, is now unable to return, for the of one of these machines is sometimes fourth time, with a full load back, though prolonged from “dewy morn" till noon. whipped and lifted, and lifted and whipIt stops to let its occupants see all that is ped, by a reasoning driver, who declares to be seen on its passage ; such as what "the hoss did it last fair, and why shouldn't are called the “Gooseberry fairs,” by he do it again." The open windows of the wayside, whereat heats are run upon every house for refreshment on the road, half-killed horses, or spare and patient and clouds of tobacco-smoke therefrom, donkeys. Here are the bewitching sounds declare the full stowage of each apartto many a boy's ears of“ A halfpenny ride ment, while jinglings of the bells, and calls O!” • A halfpenny ride o!"; upon “louder and louder yet,” speak wants that sum“ first had and obtained,” the and wishes to waiters, who disobey the immediately bestrided urchin has full instructions of the constituent bodies that right to "work and labour” the bit of life sent them to the bar. Now from the wayhe bestraddles, for the full space or dis- side booths fly out corks that let forth tance of fifty yards, there and back; the “pop” and “ginger-beer," and little returning fifty being done within half party-coloured lamps give something time of the first. Then there is “pricking of a joyous air to appearances that fain the belt,” an old exposed and still tigue and disgust. Overwearied children practised fraud. Besides this, there are cry before they have walked to the halfnumberless invitations to take“ a shy for way house; women with infants in their a halfpenny," at a “bacca box, full o' arms pull along their tipsey well-beloveds, ha’pence,” standing on a stick stuck up- Others endeavour to wrangle or drag them right in the earth at a reasonable distance out of drinking rooms, and, until long after for experienced throwers to hit, and midnight, the Greenwich road does not therefore win, but which is a mine of cease to disgorge incongruities only to be wealth to the costermonger proprietor, rivalled by the figures and exhibitions in from the number of unskilled adventurers. Dutch and Flemish prints.
Greenwich fair, of itself, is nothing; the congregated throngs are every thing, and fill every place. The hill of the Observatory, and two or three other emi While this turmoil, commonly called nences in the park, are the chief resort of pleasure-taking, is going on, there is the less experienced and the vicious. But another order of persons to whom Easter these soon tire, and group after group affords real recreation. Not less inclined succeeds till evening. Before then the to unbend than the frequenters of Greenmore prudent visitors have retired to wich, they seek and find a mode of some of the numerous houses in the vici- spending the holiday-time more rationally, nage of the park, whereon is written, inore economically, and more advantage
Boiling water here,” or “Tea and ously to themselves and their families. Coffee,” and where they take such re With their partners and offspring they freshment as these places and their own ride to some of the many pleasant vilbundles afford, preparatory to their toil lages beyond the suburbs of London, out home after their pleasure.
of the reach of the harm and strife inciAt nightfall, “Life in London," as dent to mixing with noisy crowds. Here it is called, is found at Greenwich. the contented groups are joined by rela
tions or friends, who have appointed to ed, each joins in merry conversation, or meet them, in the quiet lanes or sunny some one suspected of a singing face fields of these delightful retreats. When justifies the suspicion, and “the jocung requisite, they recruit from well-stored song goes rouud," till, the fathers being junket baskets, carried in turn; and after reminded by the mothers, more than once calmly passing several hours in walking possibly, that “ it's getting late," they rise and sauntering through the open balmy refreshed and happy, and go home. Such air of a spring-day, they sometimes close an assembly is composed of honest and it by making a good comfortable tea- industrious individuals, whose feelings party at a respectable house on their way and expressions are somewhat, perhaps, io town. Then a cheerful glass is order- represented below.
A HOLIDAY SONG.
We're independent men, with wives, and sweethearts, by our side,
It's for our good, that thus, my boys, we pass the hours that stray,
To-morrow may we happier be for happiness to-day,
And we will husband both, my boys, and husband too our wives;
Then at this welcome season, boys, let's welcome thus each other,
The clear open weather during the According to annual custom on Eas. Easter holidays in 1825, drew forth a ter Monday, the minor theatres opened greater number of London holiday keep- on that day for the season, and were ers than the same season of many pre- thronged, as usual, by spectators of noceding years. They were enabled to in- velties, which the Amphitheatre, the Surrey dulge by the full employment in most brau- theatre, Sadler's-wells, and other places ches of trade and manufacture; and if the of dramatic entertainment, constantly get period was spent not less merrily, it was up for the holiday-folks. The scene of enjoyed more rationally and with less ex- attraction was much extended, by amusecess than before was customary. Green- ments long before announced at distant wich, though crowded, was not so abun- suburbs. At half-past five on Monday dant of boisterous rudeness. “ It is al- afternoon, Mr. Green accompanied by most the only one of the popular amuse one of his brothers, ascended in a balloon ments that remains: Stepney, Hamp- from the Eagle Tavern, the site of the stead, Westend, and Peckham fairs have still remembered “ Shepherd and Shepbeen crushed by the police, that . stern, herdess,” in the City-road.
6. The atmorugged nurse' of national morality; and sphere being extremely calm, and the sun although Greenwich fair continues, it is shining brightly, the machine, after it had any thing but what it used to be. Green- ascended to a moderate height, seemed to wich, however, will always have a charm : hang over the city for nearly half an hour, the fine park remains-trees, glades, turf, presenting a beautiful appearance, as its and the view from the observatory, one of sides glistened with the beams of that orb, the noblest in the world—before you the towards which it appeared to be conveytowers of these palaces built for a mo- ing two of the inhabitants of a different narch's residence, now ennobled into a planet." It descended near Ewell in refuge from life's storms for the gallant Surrey. At a distance of ten iniles from defenders of their country, after their long this spot, Mr. Graham, another aerial naand toilsome pilgrimage then the noble vigator, let off another balloon from the river; and in the distance, amidst the Star and Garter Tavern, near Kew-bridge. din and smoke, appears the
“ During the preparations, the gardens heart of this mighty empire; these are began to fill with a motley company of views worth purchasing at the expense of farmers' families, and tradesmen from the being obliged to visit Greenwich fair in neighbourhood, together with a large porthis day of its decline. * Punch' and tion of city folks, and a small sprinkle of his “better half' seemed to be the pre- some young people of a better dressed siding deities in the fair, so little of mer- order. The fineness of the day gave a riment was there to be found. In the peculiar interest to the scene, which park, however, the scene was different; throughout was of a very lively descripit was nearly filled with persons of all tion. Parties of ladies, sweeping the ages: the young came there for amuse green sward,' their gay dresses, laughment, to see and be seen—the old to pay ing eyes, and the clondless sky, made their customary annual visit. On the every thing look gay. Outside, it was hills was the usual array of telescopes; a multitude, as far as the eye could see there were also many races, and many on one side. The place had the appearsovereigns in the course of the day chang- ance of a fair, booths and stalls for reed hands on the event of them; but one freshments being spread out, as upon race in particular deserves remark, not these recreative occasions. Carts, drays, that there was any thing in the character, coaches, and everything which could appearance, or speed of the competitors, enable persons the better to overlook the to distinguish them from the herd of gardens, were put into eager requisition, others; the circumstances in it that afford- and every foot of resting-room upon ed amusement was the dishonesty of the Kew-bridge had found an anxious and stakeholder, who, as the parties had just curious occupant. In the mean time, reached the goal, scampered off with the fresh arrivals were taking place from all stakes, amidst the shouts of the by-stan- directions, but the clouds of dust which ders, and the ill-concealed chagrin of the marked the line of the London-road, in two gentlemen who had foolishly com- particular, denoted at once the eagerness mitted their money to the hands of a and numbers of the new comers. A stranger.
glimpse in that direction showed the pe
destrians, half roasted with the sun, and • British Press,
half suffocated with the dust, still keeping the school over which he presides; and on their way towards the favoured spot. the boys in the mathematical school carry About five o'clock, Mr. Graham having their various instruments.
On Tuesday, seated himself in the car of his vehicle, they walk in the order of the different gave the signal for committing the ma wards, the nurses walking at the head of chine to its fate. She swung in the wind the boys under her immediate care. for a moment, but suddenly righting, shot their arrival at the Mansion-house, they up in a directly, perpendicular course, have the honour of being presented indiamidst the stunning shout of the assem- vidually to the lord mayor, who gives to bled multitude, Mr. Graham waving the each boy a new sixpence, a glass of wine, flags and responding to their cheers. and two buns. His lordship afterwards Nothing could be more beautiful than the accompanies them to Christchurch, appearance of the balloon at the distance where the service is the same as on Monof about a mile from the earth, for from day. The sermon is on Tuesday usually reflecting back the rays of the sun, it ap- preached by his lordship's chaplain." peared a solid body of gold suspended in The most celebrated Spital Sermon of our the air. It continued in sight nearly an times, was that preached by the late Dr. hour and a half; and the crowd, whose Samuel Parr, upon Easter Tuesday, 1800, curiosity had brought them together, had against “ the eager desire of paradox; the not entirely dispersed from the gardens habit of contemplating a favourite topic in before seven o'clock. On the way home one distinct and vivid point of view, while they were gratified with the sight of Mr. it is disregarded under all others; a fondGreen's balloon, which was
ness for simplicity on subjects too comtinctly for a considerable time along the plicated in their inward structure on their Hammersmith-road. The shadows of external relations, to be reduced to any evening were lengthening, and
single and uniform principle;" and against midst falling dew,
certain speculations on " the motives by While glow the Heavens with the last steps which we are impelled to do good to our
fellow creatures, and adjusting the extent Far through their rosy depths it did pursue to which we are capable of doing it." This Its solitary way."
sermon induced great controversy, and
much misrepresentation. Few of those SPITAL SERMONS.
who condemned it, read it; and many justiIn London, on Easter Monday and fied their ignorance of what they detracted, Tuesday, the Spital Sermons are preach by pretending they could not waste their ed. “On Easter Monday, the boys of time upon a volume of theology. This Christ's Hospital walk in procession, ac excuse was in reference to its having been companied by the inasters and steward, printed in quarto, though the sermon itto the Royal Exchange, from whence they self consists of only about four and twenty proceed to the Mansion-house, where they pages. The notes are illustrations of a are joined by the lord mayor, the lady discourse more highly intellectual than mayoress, the sheriffs, aldermen, recor most of those who live have heard or der, chamberlain, town clerk, and other read.t city officers, with their ladies. From thence the cavalcade proceeds to Christ
Wilson's History of Christ's Hospital.
† Archdeacon Butler had been selected by Dr. church, where the Spital Sermon is
Parr to pronounce the last appointed words over his preached, always by one of the bishops, remains, and he justified the selection. De. Butler's
sermon at the funeral of Dr. Parr, has the high merit and an anthem sung by the children. His
of presenting a clear outline of this great man's lordship afterwards returns to the Man- character, and from its pages these passages are
culled and thrown together. “ His learning was the sion-house, where a grand civic entertain
most profound, and the most varied and extensive, of ment is prepared, which is followed by any man of his age. He has left
a chasm in the an elegant ball in the evening.
literature of bis country, which none of us shall
ever see filled up. As a classical scholar he was suOnEaster Tuesday, the boys again walk preme-deeply versed in history, especially that of in procession to the Mansion-house, but,
his own country; in metaphysics and moral philo.
sophy not to be excelled; in theology be had read instead of the masters, they are accom
more extensively and thought more deeply, than
most of those who claim the highest literary fame panied by the matron and nurses. On
in that department. He was well read in controversy, Monday, they walk in the order of the though he loved not controversialists; for his beneschools, each master being at the head of like rancour among men who believe a gospel of
volent and tolerating spirit was shocked by any thing love, and worship a God of love, and yet can let
loose the malignant and vindictive passions, in their * Morning Herald.
religious disputes, against each oiher. In politics