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The Spital Sermon derives its name writer of the last century* speaks of “a from the priory and hospital of “ room being crammed as full of company, blessed Lady, St. Mary Spital,” situated as St. Bride's church upon the singing a on the east side of Bishopsgate-street, Spittle psalm at Easter, or an anthem on with fields in the rear, which now form Cicelia's day," but within the last thirty the suburb, called Spitalfields. This years the Spital Sermons have been rehospital founded in 1997, had a large moved to Christ church, Newgate-street, churchyard with a pulpit cross, from where they are attended by the lord whence it was an ancient custom on Eas. mayor, the aldermen, and the governors ter Monday, Tuesday, and Wednesday, of Christ's, St. Bartholomew's, for sermions to be preached on the Resur- Thomas's, Bridewell, and Bethlem Hosrection before the lord mayor, alder- pitals; after the sermon, it is the usage to men, sheriffs, and others who sat in a read a report of the number of children, house of two stories for that purpose; and other persons maintained and relievthe bishop of Icadon and other prelates ed in these establishments. In 1825, the being above them. In 1594, the pulpit Spital Sermon on Easter Monday was was taken down and a new one set up, preached by the bishop of Gloucester, and a large house for the governors and and the psalm sung by the children of children of Christ's Hospital to sit in.* Christ's Hospital was composed by the In April 1559, queen Elizabeth came in rev. Arthur William Trollope, D. D. great state from St. Mary Spital, attended head classical master. It is customary by a thousand men in harness, with shirts for the prelate on this occasion, to dine of mail and croslets, and morris pikes, with the lord mayor, sheriffs, and alderand ten great pieces carried through Lon- men at the Mansion-house. Hereafter don unto the court, with drums, flutes, and there will be inention of similar invitatrumpets sounding, and two morris dan- tions to the dignified clergy, when they cers, and two white bears in a cart.t On discourse before the civic authorities. In Easter Monday, 1617, king James I. 1766, bishop Warburton having preached having gone to Scotland, the archbishop before the corporation, dined with the of Canterbury, the lord keeper Bacon, the lord mayor, and was somewhat facetious : bishop of London, and certain other lords " Whether,” says Warburton, “I made of the court and privy counsellors attend them wiser than ordinary at Bow (church,) ed the Spital Sermon, with sir John I cannot tell. I certainly made them Lemman, the lord mayor, and alder- merrier than ordinary at the Mansionmen; and afterwards rode home and dined house;
where we were magnificently treatwith the lord mayor at his house near ed. The lord mayor told me. The Billingsgate. I The hospital itself was common council were much obliged to dissolved under Henry VIII.; the pulpit me, for that this was the first time he ever was broken down during the troubles of heard them prayed for;' I said, 'I consiCharles I. ; and after the restoration, the dered them as a body who much needed sermons denominated Spital Sermons the prayers of the church.'”+ were preached at St. Bride's church, Fleet-street, on the three usual days. A
An Easter Tule.
Under this title a provincial paper his ardent love of freedom, his batred of oppression, and his invincible spirit, joined to the most disinter: gives the following detail:-In Roman ested and incorruptible integrity, and the most reso. catholic countries it is a very ancient lute independence, even in the days of poverty and privation, made him always a prominent and con
custom for the preacher to divert his spicuous haracter. Caution he despised, it was not congregation in due season with what is a part of his noble and fearless naiure. What he termed a Fabula Paschalis, an Eastern thought greatly, he uttered manfully; and such a mighty master of language when speaking or Tale, which was becomingly received by writing on civil and religious liberty, carried away the auditors with peals of Easter laughter. his hearers with the same resistless torrent of elois the testimony in Dr. Parr's talents, by one" differ. fied themselves, and prayed so much, quence by which himself was swept along.”. Such During Lent the good people had mortitheological questions.” More to the same effect might that at length they began to be rather be adduced on tlie same competent authority ; but, if discontented and ill-tempered ; so that the preacher, like him of whom he discoursed,'" loved his friend well, he loved truth better;" and hence Dr. the clergy deemed it necessary to make Butler has honestly and faithfully'sketched a few Aconsiderable weaknesses, which, to a correct judge
a little fun from the pulpit for them, and ment, enlarge the nobility, and heighten the splendour of Dr. Parr's heart and mind. Undeviating eulogy is praiseless praise.
* Ned Ward in his Dancing School. +Maitland.
letters from a late eminent prelate.
thus give as it were the first impulse proceeded : “My fourth wish is, that my towards the revival of mirth and cheer- green cap may belong to me for ever, fulness. This practice lasted till the 17th and that whenever I sit down upon it, nó and in many places till the 18th century. power or force may be able to drive me Here follows a specimen of one of these away.' This also received the fiat. tales, extracted from a truly curious vo. Thereupon our Lord went his way with lume, the title of which may be thus ren Peter, and the smith lived some years dered :-Moral and Religious Journey to longer with his old woman. At the end Bethlem : consisting of various Sermons of this time grim death appeared, and for the safe guidance of all strayed, con summoned him to the other world. verted, and misled souls, by the Rev. 'Stop a moment,' said the smith; • let Father ATTANASY, of Dilling:
me just put on a clean shirt, meanwhile our Lord was journeying with St. Peter, you may pick some of the pears on and had passed through many countries. yonder tree.' Death climbed
up One day he came to a place where there but he could not get down again; he was was no inn, and entered the house of a forced to submit to the smith's terms, blacksmith. This man had a wife, who and promised him a respite of twenty paid the utmost respect to strangers, years before he returned. When the and treated them with the best that her twenty years were expired, he again aphouse would afford. When they were peared, and commanded him in the name about to depart, our Lord and St. Peter of the Lord and St. Peter to go along wished her all that was good, and heaven
with him. Said the smith, I know into the bargain. Said the woman, ' Ah! Peter too. Sit down a little on my anvil, if I do but go to heaven, I care for no for thou must be tired; I will just drink thing else.'- Doubt not,' said St. Peter, a cup to cheer me, and take leave of my • for it would be contrary to scripture if old woinan, and be with thee presently. thou shouldest not go to heaven. Let But death could not rise again from his what will happen, thou must go thither. seat, and was obliged to promise the Open thy mouth. Did I not say so? smith another delay of twenty years. Why, thou canst not be sent to hell, When these had elapsed, the devil came, where there is wailing and gnashing of and would fain have dragged the smith teeth, for thou hast not a tooth left in thy away by force. · Holla, fellow !' said head. Thou art safe enough; be of good the latter; 'that won't do. I have other cheer.' Who was so overjoyed as the letters, and whiter than thou, with thy good woman? Without doubt, she took black carta-bianca. But if thou art such another cup on the strength of this as a conjuror as to imagine that thou hast But our Lord was desirous to
any power over me, let us see if thou testify his thanks to the man also, and canst get into this old rusty Alue.' No promised to grant him four wishes. sooner said than the devil slipped into • Well,' said the smith, I am heartily the flue. The smith and his men put the obliged to you, and wish that if any one fue into the fire, then carried it to the climbs up the pear-tree behind my house, anvil, and hammered away at the oldhe may not be able to get down again one inost unmercifully. He howled, and without my leave.' This grieved St. begged and prayed; and at last promised Peter not a little, for he thought that the that he would have nothing to do with smith ought rather to have wished for the the smith to all eternity, if he would but kingdom of heaven; but our Lord, with let him go. At length the smith's guarhis wonted kindness, granted his petition. dian-angel made his appearance. The The smith's next wish was, that if any business was one sat down upon his anvil, he might obliged to go; the angel conducted him not be able to rise without his permis- to hell. The devil, whom he had so sion; and the third, that if any one crept terribly belaboured, was just then attendinto his old flue, he might not have power ing the gate; he looked out at the little to get out without his consent. St. Peter window, but quickly shut it again, and said, “Friend smith, beware what thou would have nothing to do with the smith. dost. These are all wishes that can bring The angel then conducted him to the thee no advantage; be wise, and let the gate of heaven. St. Peter refused to remaining one be for everlasting life with admit him. Let me just peep in,' said the blessed in heaven. The smith was the smith, that I may see how it looks not to be put out of his way, and thus within there.' No sooner was the wicket
opened than the smith threw in his cap, my own properly; I should like to see and said, “ Thou knowest it is my pro- who dares drive me away from it.' So perty, I must go and fetch it. Then the smith got into heaven at last. '* slipping past, he clapped himself down upon it, and said, "Now I am sitting on
* Salisbury Gazette, January 8, 1818.
Silemus. There is a remarkable notice by Dr. his way in his cups, and being found by E. D. Clarke, the traveller, respecting a some peasants, they brought him to king custom in the Greek islands. He says, Midas, who restored him to the joliy "A circumstance occurs annually at god" Bacchus, and that Bacchus, grateRhodes which deserves the attention of ful for the favour, conferred on Midas the literary traveller : it is the ceremony the power of turning whatever he touched of carrying Silenus in procession at Easter. into gold. Others say that Silenus was A troop of boys, crowned with garlands, a grave philosopher, and Bacchus an endraw along, in a car, a fat old man, at- terprising young hero, a sort of Teletended with great pomp. I unfortunately machus, who took Silenus for his Mentor, missed bearing testimony to this remark- and adopted his wise counsels. The enable example, among many others which graving is after an etching by Worlidge, I have witnessed, of the existence of from a sardonyx gem in the possession pagan rites in popular superstitions. I of the duke of Devonshire. was informed of the fact by Mr. Spurring, a naval architect, who resided at Rhodes,
April 6. and Mr. Cope, a commissary belonging to the British army; both of whom had
OLD LADY-DAY. seen the procession. The same ceremony St. Sixtus I. Pope, 2d Cent. 120 Peralso takes place in the island of Scio." sian Martyrs, A. D. 345. St. Celestine, It is only necessary here to mention the Pope, A. D. 432. St. IVilliam, Abbot of custom, without adverting to its pro- Eskille, A. D. 1203, St. Prudentius, Bp bable origin. According to ancient fable,
A. D. 861. St. Celsus, in Irish Ceallach Silenus was son to Pan, the god of shep- Abp. A. D. 1129. herds and huntsmen; other accounts re
CARONOLOGY. present him as the son of Mercury, and 1348. Laura de Noves died. She foster-father of Bacchus. He is usually was born in 1304, and is celebrated for described as a tipsey old wine-bibbero; having been beloved by Petrarch, and for and one story of him is, that having lost having returned his passion hy indiffer.
He fostered his love at Vaucluse, St. Ædesius, A. D. 306. St. Perpetuus, a romantic spot, wherein he had nothing Bp. A. D. 491. St. Walter, Abbot, to employ him but recollection of her A. D. 1099. B. Albert, Patriarch of charms, and imagination of her perfec Jerusalem, A. D. 1214. tions. These he immortalized in sonnets
CHRONOLOGY. while she lived; Petrarch survived her six
1341. The expression of Petrarch's and thirty years.
passion for Laura, gained him such celeFrancis I., who compared a court brity, that he had a crown of laurels without ladies to a spring without flow. placed upon his head, in the metropolis of ers, caused Laura's tomb to be opened, the papacy, amidst cries from the Roman and threw verses upon her remains com- people, “ Long live the poet!" plimentary to her beauty, and the fame
1364. John, king of France, who had she derived from her lover's praises. been brought prisoner to England by
1803. Colonel Montgomery and cap- Edward, the Black Prince, in his captivity, tain Macnamara quarrelled and fought a died at the Savoy-palace, in the Strand. duel at Primrose-hill, because their dogs quarrelled and fought in Hyde-park. Captain Macnamara received colonel
Ground Ivy. Glecoma hederacea. Montgomery's ball in the hip, and colonel Dedicated to St. Dionysius. Montgomery received captain Macnamara's ball in the heart. This exchange of shots being according to the laws of
April 9. duelling and projectiles, Colonel Mont- St. Mary of Egypt, A. D. 421. The Masgomery died on the spot. Captain Mac sylitan Martyrs in Africa. St. Eupsy. namara was tried at the Old Bailey, and,
chius. The Roman Captives, Martyrs as a man of honour, was acquitted by a in Persia, year of Christ 362, of Sapor jury of men of honour. The laws of 53. St. Waltrude, or Vautrude, comEngland and the laws of christianity only monly called Vaudru, Widow, A. D. bind honourable men; men of honour 686. St. Gaucher, or Gautier, Abbot, govern each other by the superior power A. D. 1130. St. Dotto, Abbot. of sword and pistol. The humble suicide
CHRONOLOGY. is buried with ignominy in a cross road, 1488. The great lord Bacon died, aged and a finger-post marks his grave for 66. He fell from distinguished station public scorn; the proud and daring duel- to low estate, by having cultivated high sist reposes in a christian grave beneath wisdom at the expense of every day wismarble, proud and daring as himself. dom. “Lord Bacon," says Rushworth,
was eminent over all the christian
world for his many excellent writings. Starch Hyacinth. Hyacinthus racemosus. He was no admirer of money, yet he had Dedicated to St. Sixtus I.
the unhappiness to be defiled therewith.
He treasured up nothing for himself, yet April 7.
died in debt." His connivance at the St. Aphraates, 4th Cent. St. Hegesippus, bribery of his servants made them his A. D. 180. St. Aibert,
master and wrought his ruin. The gifts
A. D. 1140. B. Herman Joseph, A. D. 1226. St.
of suitors in the chancery rendered him Finan of Keann-Ethich.
suspected, but his decrees were so equitCHRONOLOGY.
able that no one was ever reversed for its 1520. Raphael d’Urbino died on the injustice. anniversary of his birth-day which was in
Let him who lacking wisdom desires
to know, and who willing to be taught 1483.
1807. Lalande, the astronomer, died will patiently learn, make himself master at Paris, aged 70.
of “ Bacon's Essays.” It is a book more admired than read, and more read than
understood, because of higher thought FLORAL DIRECTORY.
than most readers dare to compass. He Wood Anemony. Anemone Nemorosa.
who has achieved the “ Essays” has a Dedicated to St. Aphraates.
master-key to Bacon's other works, and
consequently every department of English April 8.
literature. St. Dionysius, Bp. of Corinth, 2d Cent. 1747. Lord Lovat was executed on
Tower-hill, for high treason, at the age of emperor, sent an order to Seneca to de. 90. He was a depraved, bad man; and stroy himself. The philosopher complied the coolness with which he wrought his by opening his veins and taking poison. profligate purposes, throughout an aban- During these operations he conversed doned life, he carried to the scaffold. calmly with his friends, and his blood
1807. John Opie, the artist, died. He flowing languidly he caused himself to be was born in Cornwall in 1761 ; self- placed in a hot bath, till Nero's soldiers taught in his youth he attained to high becoming clamorous for quicker extinction rank as an English historical painter, and of his life, it was necessary to carry hiin at his death was professor of painting at into a stove and suffocated him by steam.* the Royal Academy.
A distinguished French writert quotes a
passage from Seneca remarkable for its FLORAL DIRECTORY.
christian spirit; but this passage is cited Red Polyanthus. Primula polyantha rubra. at greater length by a living English auDedicated to St. Mary.
thor,t in order to show that Seneca was acquainted with christian principles, and
in reality a christian. April 10.
We may almost be sure that it was St. Bademus, Abbot, A.D. 376. B. Mech- impossible for Paul to have preached “in tildes, Virgin and Abbess, after 1300. his own hired house," at Rome, without Low SUNDAY.
Seneca having been attracted thither as The Sunday after Easter-day is called an auditor, and entered into personal Low Sunday, because it is Easter-day communication with the apostle. There repeated, with the church-service some exists a written correspondence said to what abridged or lowered in the ceremony have passed between Paul and Seneca, from the pomp of the festival the Sunday which, so far as regards Seneca's epistles, before.
many learned men have supposed ge
nuine. FLORAL DIRECTORY.
NERO. Pale Violet. Viola Tonbrigens
While Nero followed Seneca's advice, Dedicated to St. Mechtildes.
Rome enjoyed tranquillity.
ror, who was tyrannical to a proverb, April 11.
commenced his reign by acts of clemency, St. Leo the Great, Pope, A. D. 461. St. his sole object seemed to be the good of
Antipas. St. Guthlake, A. D. 714. St. his people. When required to sign a Maccai, Abbot. St. Aid of Eacha
list of malefactors, authorizing their exeraidh, Abbot.
cution, he exclaimed, “I wish to heaven CHRONOLOGY.
I could not write.”. He rejected flatterers; 1713. The celebrated peace of U- and when the senate commended the trecht was concluded, and with it con- justice of his government, he desired cluded the twelve years' war for the suc them to keep their praises till he deserved cession to the throne of Spain.
them. Such conduct and sentiments were worthy the pupil of Seneca, and the
Romans imagined their happiness secure. Dandelion. Taraxacum Dens Leonis.
But Nero's sensual and tyrannical dispoDedicated to St. Leo.
sition, which had been repressed only for
a time, soon broke forth in acts of monApril 12.
strous cruelty. He caused his mother
Agrippa to be assassinated, and divorced St. Sabas, A. D. 372. St. Zeno, Bp. A. D. his wife Octavia, whom he banished to
380. St. Julius, Pope, A. d. 352. St. Campania. The people, enraged at his Victor, of Braga.
injustice toward the empress, so openly CHRONOLOGY.
expressed their indignation that he was 65. Seneca, the philosopher, a native compelled to recall her, and she returned of Corduba in Spain, died at Rome, in
to the capital amidst shouts of exultation. the fifty-third year of his age. His moral writings have secured lasting celebrity to * Lempriere. his name. He was preceptor to Nero,
+ Bayle, Art. Pericles, note. who, in the wantonness of power when eligion."
Dr. John Jones, “On the Truth of the Christian