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lychnis, the various poppies, the lilies hellebores, aconites, and mosses, belongand roses, inay be said to constitute the ing to the Hibernal Flora of this dreary Solstitial Flora. As the year declines, season. Thus, in this our temperate clithe Aestival Flora, corresponding to the mate, have we a round of botanical amuseVernal, paints the garish eyes of the dog- ments all the year, and the botanist days with sunflowers, China asters, tro can never want for sources of recreation. poeoli, African marigolds, and other plants How different must be the order of phewhich love heat. The Autumnal Flora, nomena about the poles of the earth, answering to the Primaveral, then intro- where summer and winter are synonyduces Michaelmas daisies, starworts, and mous with day and night, of which Kirke other late blowing plants, with their White has given us a very fine descripcompanions, fungi and mushrooms, till at tion :length bleak winter shows only a few

On the North Pole.
Where the North Pole, in moody solitude,

Spreads her huge tracts and frozen wastes around ,
There ice rocpiled aloft, in order rude,

Form a gigantic hall; where never sound

Startled dull Silence ear, save when, profound
The smoke frost muttered : there drear Cold for aye

Thrones him,—and fixed on his primæval mound,
Ruin, the giant, sits; while stern Dismay
Stalks like some woe-struck man along the desert way.
In that drear spot, grim Desolation's lair,

No sweet remain of life encheers the sight;
The dancing heart's blood in an instant there

Would freeze to marble, Mingling day and night,
(Sweet interchange which makes our labours light,)

Are there unknown; while in the summer skies,

The sun rolls ceaseless round bis heavenly height,
Nor ever sets till from the scene he flies,
And leaves the long bleak night of half the year to rise.

NATURAL HISTORY.

April 15.

April 21. The Cuckoo, commonly

heard. St. Peter Gonzales, or Telm, or Elm,

April 30. The Martin, commonly seen. A. D. 1246. Sts. Basilissa and Anastasia,

The other vernal birds arrive between 1st Cent. St. Paternus, Bishop, or Pa- the 15th and 30th of the month.* tier, Pair, or Foix, 6th Cent. St. Munde, Abbot, A. D. 962. St. Ruadhan, A. D. 584.

FLORAL DIRECTORY.

Green Stitchwort. Stellaria holostea. Average day of arrival of Spring Birds Dedicated to St. Peter Gonzales.

from a Twenty years' Journal. April 3. Smallest Willow Wren.

AN APRIL Day. caria pinetorum arrives. April 10. Common Willow Wien. Fi

Original. caria Salicum arrives.

Dear Emma, on that infant brow, April 14. Called First Cuckoo Day in Say, why does disappointment low'ı ! Sussex. The Cuckoo, cuculus canorus,

Ah! what a silly girl art thou, sometimes heard.

To weep to see a summer show'r ! April 15. Called Swallow Day. The

0, dry that unavailing tear, Chimney Swallow, Hirundo rustica, ar The promis'd visit you shall pay ; rives.

The sky will soon again be clear, April 19. The Sand Swallow. Hirundo For 'tis, my love, an April day. riparia arrives. April 20. The Martin. Hirundo ter Communicated by a scientific gentleman, whose

daily observations and researches in Natural History, bica sometimes seen.

stamp value upon his contributions.

And see, the sun's returning light

Away the transient clouds hath driv'n, The rainbow's arch with colours bright

Spreads o'er the blue expanse of heav'n;
The storm is hush'd, the winds are still,

A balmy fragrance fills the air ;
Nor sound is heard, save some clear rill

Meandering thro' the vallies fair.
Those vernal show'rs that from on high
Descend, make earth more fresh and

green;
Those clouds that darken all the air

Disperse, and leave it more serene : And those soft tears that for awhile

Down sorrow's faded cheek may roll, Shall sparkle thro' a radiant smile,

And speak the sunshine of the soul !

His chast’ning hand will never break

The heart that trusts in Him alone ; He never, never will forsake

The meanest suppliant at his throne.
The world, that with unfeeling pride

Sees vice to virtue oft preferr'd,
From thee, alas ! may turn aside-

O, shun the fawning, flatı'ring herd'
And while th' Eternal gives thee health

With joy thy daily course to run,
Let wretches hoard iheir useless wealth,

And Heav'n's mysterious will be done.
With fair Religion, woo content,

'Twill bid tempestuous passions cease, And know, my child, the life that's spent

In pray'r and praise, must end in peace.
The dream of Life is quickly past,

A little while we linger here;
And tho' the Morn be overcast,

The Ev'ning may be bright and clear
Islington.

D.G.

While yet thy mind is young and pure,

This sacred truth, this precept learnThat He who bids thee all endure,

Bids sorrow fly, and hope return.

An Evening in Spring.

Now the noon,
Wearied with sultry toil, declines and falls
Into the mellow eve :-the west puts on
Her gorgeous beauties-palaces and halls
And towers, all carved of the unstable cloud,
Welcome the calmy waning monarch-he
Sinks gently 'midst that glorious canopy
Down on his couch of rest-even like a proud
King of the earth--the ocean.

Bowring.

was born at Boulogne, on the 26th of April 16.

March, 1748. When a child he would

not play as other children did, but made Eighteen Martyrs of Saragossa, and little oratories, and "chastised' his body." St. Encratis, or Engratia, a. D. 304. St. Having thus early put forth “ buds of selfTuribius, Bp. 420. St. Fructuosus, Abp. denial and self-contempt,” he was taught A. D. 665. St. Druon, or Drugo, A. D.

Latin, educated superior to his station, 1186. St. Joachim of Sienna, A. D. 1305. fession, and found his chief delight at the

did penance, made his first general conSt. Mans, or Magnus, A, D. 1104.

feet of altars. At sixteen years old, inThe Venerable

stead of eating his food he gave it away “ BENEDICT JOSEPH LABRE, out of the window, read pious books as * Who died in the odour of sanctity, he walked, turned the house of his uncle,

On the 16th of April, 1783." a priest, into “ a kind of monastery, If such a creature as the venerable B. observed religious poverty, monkish siJ. Labre can be called a man, he was one lence, and austere penance, and, by way of of the silliest that ever lived to creep and humility, performed abject offices for the whine, and one of the dirtiest that ever people of the parish, fetched provender “died in the odour of sanctity;" and for their animals, took care of their cattle, yet, for the edification of the English, his and cleaned the stalls. The aversion which life is translated from the French “ by he entertained against the world, induced the rev. M. James Barnard, ex-president him to enter into a convent of Carthu: the English college at Lisbon and sians; there he discovered that he disVicar General of the London distict.” liked profound retirement, and imagined

From this volume it appears that Labre he should not be able to save his soul

unless he embraced an order more austere. presented to his zealous mind the pracUpon this he returned home, added ex- tice of that kind of piety which he aftertraordinary mortifications to his fasts and wards put in execution”

His first step to prayers, instead of sleeping on his bed this was writing a farewell letter to his palay on the floor, and told his mother he rents, on the 31st of August, 1770, “ and wished to go and live upon roots as the from that time they never received any anchorets did. All this he might have account of him till after his death.” His done in the Carthusian convent, but his next steps were pilgrimages. First he brain seems to have been a little cracked, went to Loretto “ from tender devotion for he resolved to go into another Carthu- to the Blessed Virgin, whom he looked on sian convent, the prior of which would as his mother;" next to Assissium the birthnot admit him till he had studied philo- place of St. Francis, where he, “ accordsophy' for a year, and learned the Gre- ing to custom, got a small blessed cord gorian chant.” Church music was very which he constantly wore;" then he went agreeable to him—but it was not so with to Rome where he sojourned for eight or regard to logic ; " notwithstanding all nine months and wept“ in the presence his efforts, he was never able to conquer of the tomb of the holy apostles ;" afterhis repugnance to this branch of study;" wards“ he visited the tomb of St. Romuald yet he somehow or other scrambled at Fabrieno, where the inhabitants imthrough an examination ; got admitted mediately began to look upon him as a into the convent; “ thought its rules far saint;" from thence he returned to Lo. too mild for such a sinner as he looked retto; he then journeyed to Naples, and upon himself to be;" and after a six had the pleasure of seeing the blood of weeks' trial, left it in search of admission St. Januarius which would not liquify into the order of La Trappe, as the most when the French entered Naples, till the rigid of any that he knew. The Trap- French general threatened the priests who pists would not have him; this refusal he performed the miracle that the city would looked upon as a heavenly favour, be suffer, if the saint remained obstinate; cause the monastery of Sept-Fonts sur " and in short,” says the rey. Vicar passed La Trappe in severe austerities General of the London district, “ there and discipline, and there he became a was hardly any famous place of devotion “ novice" till the life he fancied, did not in Europe which was not visited by this agree with him. “ Having a long time servant of God;"—the Vicar General's before quitted his father's house he could sentence had concluded better with the not think of returning to it again;" and words“ this slave of superstition.” To at two and twenty years of age he knew follow Labre's other goings to and fro not what to do. His biographer says, would be tedious, suffice it to say that at that "little fit for the cloister, and still one of his Loretto trips some people less fit for the world, he was destitute of offered him an abode, in order to save the means of getting a livelihood; and him the trouble of going every night to a being now persuaded of what were the barn at a great distance; but as they had designs of God concerning him, he re- prepared a room for him with a bed in it solved to follow the conduct, the light, and he thought this lodging was too sumpinspirations of the holy spirit, and to tuous; and he therefore retired into a submit himself to all the sufferings and hole "cut out of the rock under the afflictions which might await him.” If in street." Labre at last favoured the city this condition some one had compelled of Rome by his fixed residence, and sanchim to eat a good dinner every day, tified the amphitheatre of Flavian by made bim go to bed at a proper hour and making his home in a hole of the ancient take proper rest, and then set him on ruins. horseback and trotted him through the In this “hole of sufficient depth to hold fresh air and sun-shine every forenoon, he and shelter him in a tolerable degree from might have been restored; or if his parents, the weather,” he deposited himself every as in duty they ought, had bound him ap- night for several years. He employed prentice at a proper age to a good trade, he the whole of every day, “ sometimes in might have been an useful member of one church and sometimes in another, society. These thoughts, however, never praying most commonly upon his knees, appear to have entered Labre's head, and and at other times standing, and always in the dilemma represented “ his love of keeping his body as still as if he were a humility, poverty, and a penitential life, statue.' Labre's daily exercise in fasting

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and lifelessness reduced him to a help- says, “I never heard his contession but in
less state, that a beggar had compassion a confessional, on purpose that there might
on him, and gave him a recommendation be some kind of separation between us."
to an hospital, where “ by taking medi- The holy father's lively reason for this pre-
cines proper for his disorder, and more caution, any history of insects with the
substantial food, he soon grew well;" but word "pediculus" will describe accurately.
relapsing into his “ constant, uniform,
and hidden life," he became worse. This
opportunity of exhibiting Labre's virtues
is not neglected by his biographer, who
minutely informs us of several particulars.
1st. He was so careful to observe the law
of silence, that in the course of a whole
month, scarcely any one could hear him
speak so much as a few words. 2dly.
He lived in the midst of Rome, as if he had
lived in the midst of a desert. 3dly.
He led a life of the greatest self-denial,
destitute of every thing, disengaged from
every earthly affection, unnoticed by all
mankind, desiring no other riches ihan
poverty, no other pleasures than mortifi-
cation, no other distinction than that of
being the object of universal contempt.
4thly. He indulged in rigorous poverty,
exposed to the vicissitudes and inclemen-
cies of the weather, without shelter
against the cold of winter or the heat of
summer, wearing old clothes, or rather
rags, eating very coarse food, and for three
years living in the “ hole in the wall."
5thly. To his privations of all worldly
goods, he joined an almost continual ab-
stinence, frequent fasts, nightly vigils,
lively and insupportable pains from par Thus Labre lived and died; and here
ticular mortifications, and two painful tu- it might be supposed would end his me-
mours which covered both his knees, from moirs. But, no. In whatever odour he
resting the whole weight of his body on lived, as he “ died in the odour of sanc-
them when he prayed. 6thly. “He look- tity," an enthusiasm seized some persons
ed upon himself as one of the greatest of to touch Labre dead, who, when living,
sinners;" and this was the reason why“ he was touchless. Labre being deceased, was
chose to lead a life of reproach and con- competent to work miracles; accordingly
tempt,” why he herded among the mul- he stretched out his left hand, and laid
titude of poor beggars," “ why he chose hold on the board of one of the benches.
to cover himself with rags and tatters in- On Easter-day being a holiday, he work-
stead of garments, why he chose to place ed more miracles, and wonders more
a barrier of disgust between himself and wonderful than were wondered
mankind," why “he abandoned himself in our days, as may be seen at large, in
to the bites of disagreeable insects," and the aforesaid volume, entitled—“ The Life
why he coveted to be covered with filthy of the venerable Benedict Joseph Labre,
blotches.

who died at Rome, in the odour of sanc-
Labre's biographer, who was also his tity.” The portrait, from which the en-
confessor, says that his “ appearance was graving on this page is taken, was pub-
disagreeable and forbidding; his legs were lished immediately after his death by Mr.
half naked, his clothes were tied round Coghlan, Catholic bookseller,Duke-street,
the waist with an old cord, his head was Grosvenor-square, from a drawing in his
uncombed, he was badly clothed and possessiun.
wrapped up in an old and ragged coat,
and in his outward appearance he seemed

Miracle at Somers Town. to be the most miserable beggar that I The authenticity of the following extrahad ever seen." His biographer further ordinary fact can be verified. Mr. H

[graphic]

ever

a middle-aged gentleman, long afflicted coat-tail, the horns of a mad bullock ; by various disorders, and especially by when, to the equal astonishment of its the gout, had so far recovered from a pursuers, this unhappy gentleman in severe attack of the latter compiaint, that stantly leaped the fence, and overcome he was enabled to stand, yet with so little by terror, continued to run with amazing advantage, that he could not walk more celerity nearly the whole distance of the than fifty yards, and it took him nearly field, while the animal kept its own an hour to perform that distance. While course along the road. The gentleman, thus enfeebled by suffering, and safely who had thus miraculously recovered the creeping in great difficulty, on a sunny use of his legs, retained his power of day, along a level footpath by the side speed until he reached his own house, of a field near Somers Town, he was where he related the miraculous circumalarmed by loud cries, intermingled with stance; nor did his quickly-restored fathe screams of many voices behind him. culty of walking abate, until it ceased From his intirmity, he could only turn with his life several years afterwards. very slowly round, and then, to his asto- This “ niraculous cure can be attested nishment, he saw, within a yard of his by his surviving relatives.

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THE KALEIDOSCOPE.

the universal desire for seeing the delightIn April, 181A, London was surprised ful and ever-varying combinations, preby the sudden appearance of an optical sented by each turn of the magical cyinstrument for creating and exhibiting linder. beautiful forms, which derives its name The kaleidoscope was invented by Dr from kalos beautiful, eidos a form, and Brewster, to whom, had its exclusive GROTEC to see. The novelty was so en formation been ensured, it must have prochanting, that opticians could not manu- duced a handsome fortune in the course facture kaleidoscopes fast enough, to meet of a single year. Unhappily, that gen

No. 16.

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