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The Senate's deputation to Sylla. The Consuls assemble great forces

. Cinna's death. Carbo remains fole Conju!. Carbo is for exacling Hostages from the cities of Italy. Constancy of Caftricius, Magistrate of Placentia, Adventures of Cralus. He makes some movements in Spain. Metellus Pius driven out of Africa, ritires to Liguria, and afterwards joins Sylla. Decree of the Senate for disanding all the armies. Preparations of the Confuls agairft Sylla. Af. feation of Sylla's soldiers for ļbeir General. .Sylla lands in Italy, and advances as far as Campania without opposition. Defeat of Norbanus. I be Capi:ol burnt. Cethegus goes over to Sylla. Treachery of Verres to Carbo. . Sylla debauches Scipio's army. Sertarius goes to Spain. :Carbo's saying concerning Sylla. Saying of Sylla to Craffus. Pom- . pey at the age of twenty-three, raises an army of three legions. His first viftories. He joins Silla, who pays him great honours. Antipathy between Pompey and Craljus. Modesty and deference of Pompey for Metellus Pius.' Carbo Conful fir the tbird time with Marius the younger. The Pretor Fabius is barnt in his palace at Utica. advantages gained by Sylla's Lieutenants." He makes a treaty with the States of Italy. His confid:nce. Massacres de red by the Conful Marius, and executed by Damasippus. Death of Scævola, Ibe Pontifex Maximus. Battle of Sacriportus, in which Marius is defeated by Sylla. Sirge of Prenete. Sylla is received into Rome." Ineffectual efforts ta fuccour Preneste. Norbanus and Carbo abandon Italy. Lajt battle at the gates of Rome, betu'een Sylla and the Samnites. Sylla's change of manners. Six thousand prisoners massacred by his orders. Rome filled with murders. Prosirip'ion. . Catilina's cruelties. Horrible pun fm.nt of Mar us Gratidianus. Oppianicus gratifies bis private revenge under'ibe colour of the profcription. Cato, at fourteen years of age, is for killing Sylla. Cæsar profcribed, and saved by the interceffion of powerful friends. Sylla's words upon ikat cafon. End of the liege of Præneste. Young M rius's death. Sylla asumes the surname of Happy. Masacre executed by Sylla in Pranešte. Cities proscribed, fold, and demolished by Sylla. Pompey is sent into Sicily to pursue ibe remains of the conquered party. Carbo’s death. Death of

Soranus. Lenity of Poinsey Ginirosity of Stbenius. PomPey's entirely laudable conduct in Sicily

71 Sc&c.

A 3

Sect. II. Sylla causes himself to be nominated Diktator. UN

limited power given him. He appears in publick attended in the most terrible manner. He causes Lucretius Ofella to. be masacred in the Forum, for standing for the Confulship contrary to bis order. He triumphs over Mithridates. Sylla's Laws. He weakens and depresses tbe Tribuneship. He augments the inclosure of the city. He fells the estates of the profcribed in a tyrannical manner. Good-will of a bad Poet rewarded by Sylla. Sylla a man of pleasure. Crasus inriches himself with the estates of the proscribed. Product arising from the sale of ebose estates to the public Treasury. Affair of Sex. Roscius. Beginnings of Cicero. His birth. His first studies. He is admired from thenceforth. His ap. plication on quitting the Schools : Pbilosophy : Law: Exercises proper for Eloquence. He is charged with the cause of Sex. Rofcius, and pleads it with abundance of courage and liberty. He makes a voyage into Asia. Grief of Apolo lonius Mulo on bis account. He praktises Aetion with Rofcius the Comedian. Death of Norbanus. Taking of Nola and Volaterra. Pompey is sent into Africa against Domitius. Ridiculous adventure, that retards him some days. Battle, in whicb Domitius is defeated and killed. Pompey carries the war into Numidia. Sylla recalls him. Emotion of Pompey's soldiers on that occasion. Surname of Great given him by Sylla, who, however, refuses bim a Triumph. Bold saying of Pompey. His triumph. Sylla at the same time Conful and Dictator. Exceeding gratitude of Metellus to the author of his father's re-establishment. Murena's Triumpb, and account of the war be bad made with Mithridates. Mithridates puts an end to the revolt of the People of Colcbis by giving them bis. Son for King : and then kills him. Occasion of Murena's declaring war against Mithri. dates. Inconsiderable events of that war. End of the war. Verres, Dolabella's Lieutenant, Proconful of Cilicia. He is for taking away the daughter of Philodamus : and afterwards causes Pbilodamus himself and his son to be condemned to die. Ten thousand saves made free by Sylla, Lands distributed to the officers and soldiers of twenty-three legions. Sylla abdicates the Diktatorship. Reflexions upon that event. Ceremony of the abdication. Sylla is insulied by a young

He reproaches Pompey with having made Lipidus Conful. He gives a feast of several days to the People. Death of Metella. Sylla marries again with Valeria. Sylla

Deatb

man.

bas the lowsy disease. He gives laws to the inhabitants of

Puzzuoli

. He works upon the Memoirs of his life till two

days before his death. His will. Last violence of Sylla.

He dies. Reflexion upon the surname of Fortunate assumed

by Sylla. His obsequies,

113

BOOK XXXIV.

Sect. I. Salluft's History lost. Sylla's example fatal to liberty.

Character of Pompey's ambition. Lepidus undertakes to

raise the conquered party. Idea of bis character and conduet.

Discourse of Lepidus to the People. Reflexion upon bis

scheme. Catulus and all the persons of worth oppose bim.

Lepidus assembles troops, and puts himself at their head.

Accommodation concluded with him. He returns a second

time with troops against Rome, and demands a second Con-

fulship. Speech of Philippus against Lepidus. Catulus and

Pompey give Lepidus battle, and gain the vi&tory. Election

of Confuls

. Pompey causes Brutus ihe father of bim, who

killed Cæfar, to be pain. Lepidus defeated a second time,

goes to Sardinia, and dies. Moderation of the victorious

party. Pompey is sent into Spain against Sertorius. Hif-

tory of the war with Sertorius traced from its origin. Sera

torius sets out from Italy, and goes to Spain. He strengthens

bimself there, and particularly gains the affe&tion of the Peo-

ple. Annius, sent by Sylla, drives him out of Spain, and

obliges him to keep the sea. Sertorius conceives thoughts of

retiring to the fortunate isands. He goes to Africa. He

is invited by the Lusitanians to put himself at their bead.

Great qualities of Sertorius. Idea of bis exploits in Spain.

Metellus Pius, sent against him, experiences great difficul-

. ties. He undertakes a siege, which Sertorius obliges bim to

raise. Great successes of Sertorius. His address in com-

manding the Barbarians. Hind of Sertorius. He disci-

plines, and gives laws to the Spaniards. He takes care of

the education of the children of the principal families. In-

credible attachment of the Spaniards to bim. He reserves all

the rights of Sovereignty to the Romans. His love for his country

and for his mother. The troops of Perperna force their leader

to join Sertorius. He corrects the blind impetuosity of the Bar-

barians by a comical, but instructive, Shew. He subdues

the Characitanians by an ingenious stratagem, Pompey ar-

rives in Spain. He is baffled before the city of Laurona.

Eli -

2

Action of justice of Sertorius. Winter-quarters. The ar-
mies take the field. Metellus gains a great battle over Hir-

'
tulejus. "Battle of Sucrona between Sertorius and Pompey.
Saying of Sertorius upon Metellus and Pompey. Sertorius's
bind lost and found again. Good intelligence between Me-
tellus and Pompiy. General Astion between Sertorius on
one side, and Metellus and Pompey' on the other. Sertorius
dismisses his troops, who reassemble foon after. Immoderate
joy of Metellus on the occasion of his pretended viftory' over
Sertorius. Pomp and luxury of the feasts given him. He
sets a price upon the head of Sertorius. Metellus and Pom-
Pey, harrased and fatigued by Sertorius, retire into very
remote quarters. Mithridates sends an Embasy to Serto-
rius, to ask bis alliance. Haughty answer of Sertorius.
Surprize of Mithridates. The alliance is concluded. Threat-
ning letter of Pompey to the Senate, who finds bim

money.
Perperna cabals against Sertorius. Desertion and treason
punished with rigour. Cruelty of Sertorius in resfeet to the
children, wkom be caused to be brought up at Osca. Re-
flexion of Plutarch on that bead. Conspiracy of Perferna

against the life of Sertorius. Perperna becomes head of the

party. He is defeated Xy Pumpey, wko causes bim to be

killed without vouchsafing to see him, and burns all Serto-

rius's papers. Peace restored in Spain. Tropby ard triumphs

of the victors,

153

Sect. II. Multitude and complication of facts. Order, in

,

which tkey will be d stributed. Origin of the war with

Spartacus.

Character of that Captain, and his first condi-

tion. His first successes. Augmentation of his forces. A ms

grossly made. Excelles into which the saves give notwith-

standing Spartacus. P Vurinius Prætor, defeated by Spar-

tacus. Moderation and prudence of Spartacus in prosperity.

The two Consuls and a Prætor fent against bim. Division

between the revolted Naves. Crixus is defeated and killed,

Victories gained by Spartacus over the three Ruman Gene-

rals. Three hundred prisoners forced to fight as Gladiators

to honour the funeral of Crixus. Spartacus marches against

Rome. Luxury and bad discipline in the Roman ar mies.

Crassus ibe Prætor is charged with the war against Sparta-

His severity. He decimates a cobort. He forces

Spartacus to retire towards the straits of Sicily. Spartacus

endeavours in vain to pass over part of his troops into Sicily.

Cralus

Crassus fuis bim up in Bruttium by lines drawn from sea to

sea. Spartacus forces' the lines. Terror of Crassus. He

.

gains an advantage ihalorèvives bis hopes. New victory of

Crasus. One of his lieutenants, and his Quæstor are de-

feated. Last battle, in which Spartacus is killed. Vanity

of Pompey, wbois for afcribing the glory of terminating the

war to bimself. Ovation decreed to Crassus.-DETACHED

Facts. Varro Lucullus makes conquests in Tbrace, 'and

triumphs. Other Proconsuls of Macedonia, who before him

bad made war against the Thracians. New colleElion of

'

the Sibyl's ver ses made on all sides. Contests concerning the

Tribuneship. Curio, an Orator of a fingular kind. Infrac-

tion of Sylla's Law against the Tribunes. The Tribunèship

reinstated in all its' rights by Pompey. Scarcity of Provi-

fions in Rome, whilst the Pirates were masters of the sea.

Quaflorship of Cicero. Mortification which be suffers on

ibat occafion. He chooses to refide always at Rome. Youth

of Cæfar. He retires into Afia. He returns to Rome after

Sylla's death. He accuses Dolabella. He returns into Afia.

He is taken by Pirates, whom be afterwards causes to be

crucified. Afier bis return to Rome, he labours to conciliate

the favour of the People. He constantly pursues the plan of

reviving the faction of Marius. His Quæstorship in Spain,

Effect of a statue of Alexander's upon him. WAR OF THE

Pirates. Rise and progress of the power of the Pirates,

,

Servilius. Ifauricusmakes war against them with success, but

withcut destroying them. Command of the seas given to the
Prætor M. Antonius. "He is shipwrecked on a cruize on the
island of Crete. He dies of grief in effect. The Piratis
become more powerful than ever,

203

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