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as man did not absolutely cast off God by his sin, so God did not absolutely cast off man for his sin. But what is sin? It is any action or feeling of a created spirit which is not a virtualization of communion with God. Satan and man feel evil in very different manners. Satan feels it merely as a barrier to his hatred to God. Man, so long as redeemable, feels it as evil, as the fruits of sin; and he can wish to eschtfw it and turn from it. In regard to conscience: Satanic beings have no conscience: it has become extinct in them. In man conscience is a vital bond between the soul and God. Conscience is not an instructor: it is a judge. It does not teach us whatvrn ought to do: it simply judges and sentences us in regard to what we do. A so-called erring conscience is simply man's mistaking inferences in regard to his duties. The true idea of the ethical life is that it is a virtualization of the relation of man to God, as established by Christ. All of the heresies sprang from perverting this relation. Ebionism destroyed the freedom of this relation, and re-introduced the bondage of legalism. Montanism invented hyper-Christian precepts and made them equivnlent to a new revelation, thus imposing on Christian freedom impracticable demands. Gnosticism debased man's relation to God from a spiritual to a merely psychic or physical character. Manichaeism reduced it still lower—to a gross material one. Pelagianism reduced the ethical life to a purely self-generated one, thus making Christ superfluous. Predestinationism shut out the subject from all participation in his own ethical life, thus robbing the ethical requirements of the Bible of all rational significance. All these heresies the healthy instinct of orthodoxy has at once recognized as such. What is the relative position which prayer holds in the ethical life? and what is its true place in the organism of an ethical system? Daub places it last. Hirscher (the Catholic) places it first. Either is better than when Von Oettingen can find no proper place for it at all, but only gives it casual mention. And it is almost as bad when Rothe makes of it simply a means of virtue. But also Harless treats it in the same manner as Rothe. This is not the place which belongs to prayer. Wuttke describes prayer as embracing our entire ethical action toward God, so that it underlies our whole Christian ethical life; and with this view we (Hofmann) fully coincide. Among the eccentricities of Hofmann we cite simply this one: The relations of the persons of the holy Trinity to the Christian are such that we may and do pray either to the whole trinity as one God, or to the Father specifically, as also to Christ, but not to the Holy Ghost . To the latter we pray only as embraced in the collective Trinity.

Erinnerungen an Amalie von Lasaulx, Schwester Augustine, Oberiu dei Barmherzigen Schwostern am St. Johannis Hospital zu Bonn, Gotha: Perthes. 1878.

One of the most curious works sprung of the Old Catholic agitation. The scene lies just after the Vatican Council. It is the story of a noble woman, who, after a life of devoted service to the Romish Church, would not bow to the new decree of infallibility. And the woman was noble in nil senses of the word. The' favorite daughter of an aristocratic and gifted family of Southern Germany, the sight of the sufferings of the lower ranks of society led her to devote all her energies to the work of consolation and alleviation. While caring for the sick and dying in the hospital at Coblenz, she felt the need of being able to administer to them also spiritual consolation. This led to her own spiritual regeneration as a preparation thereto. Her life fills the space from 1815 to 1872. From her entrance into the cloister, in 1840, to the end, the story of her life is that of uninterrupted love to the bodies and souls of men. And for many years she was " mother superior," and thus she was enabled to infuse her own spirit into the labors of a numerous body of subordinates. Her high social position brought her into close relations to eminent artists, poets, and statesmen; while her deep piety and devotion to the Church made her the intimate friend of a whole generation of bishops, archbishops and other high prelates. Her life would then have been far from an ordinary one even had she lived on quietly in submission to her spiritual superiors, and departed in the odor of sanctity. But it receives an additional and almost tragic interest from the heroism with which she persistently refused to belie herself by submission to the new dogma of Papal infallibility. Rarely have we read more thrilling pages than the long closing chapter in which are reported the many, the persistent, the incessant endeavors of gifted priests and bishops to persuade her to at least passive acquiescence in the new decree. She would not, and did not, yield. And for this she was stripped, in her old age, of the garb of her order; and on her dying bed was refused the consolation of the sacraments; and, when dead, was denied a resting place in consecrated ground. The book of 372 large pages is deserving of a wide reading.

Erklamng der Glaubensartikel vnd Hauptlehren der Methodiitenkirche. Von Dr. A. Sulzberger. Bremen: C. H. Doering.

Dr. Sulzberger is not a new name to either German or American Methodism. His "Systematic Theology " has already taken its place of honor in our literature, and is now in the course of

study for onr German preachers on both sides of the Atlantic. The present work is a very successful attempt to state and prove our articles of faith. It is not a catechism, but a brief treatment of our doctrinal basis. He unfurls the Methodist flag to the German critics without any hesitation. So he begins his work by giving a summary of the history of Methodism, and then proceeds to the treatment of our articles of faith. After a general statement of the doctrines, which our Church accepts in common with all evangelical Churches, he proceeds to prove the absurdity of purgatory and other discarded tenets, and closes with a strong defense of those doctrines which distinguish our Church from some other Protestant confessions, namely, the universal atonement, the new birth, the certainty of our acceptance with God, the witness of the Spirit, and Christain perfection. We rejoice at the appearance of this little work of two hundred pages. It will do vast good to our German and Swiss Church. Dr. Sulzberger excels in his power of definition and statement, and nowhere has he given better evidence of this rare quality than here.

Miscellaneous.

My College Day*. By Robert Tomks. 16mo., pp. 211. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1880.

Mr. Tomes is a gentleman of sharp eye and nimble tongue. He draws portraits of folks which the same folks would not like to see. We do not say that he is a satirist; but he selects points in his victims' characters, the clear merry telling of which is very keen satire. He was pupil in Columbia Grammar School, and what an exhibit have we of Professor Anthon! He goes to Washington College, (now Trinity,) Hartford, and what a set of unanimous shams, college professors, real and titular, were not the whole lot! He goes to the Philadelphia Medical College, and finds that Professor Hare plays pyrotechnics, but imparts little chemistry to his class, and Gibson, the anatomist, is delighted to be "up to his elbows in blood." He goes to Edinburgh, and the real greatness of the men there is too real to allow any satire in truth-telling. On the whole, the book is more readable than commendable.

Biography of Rev. Zeonidaa L. ffamline, D.D., late one of the Bishops of the Hethodist'Episcopal Church. By Rev. F. G. Hibbard, D.D. l'2mo., pp. 447. Cincinnati: Waldcn & Stowe. New York: Phillips & Hunt. 1880.

We expect a full Review article on this work.

Greek Mythology Systematized. By S. A. Scull. 12mo., pp. 397. Philadelphia: Porter & Coates.

This volume was prepared by the lady author as a book for pupils under her care, and is admirably adapted for its purposes. It is not a mere reproduction of old school manuals, but is written with independent thought and consultation of latest authorities.

Last Words and Old-Time Memories. Original and Compiled from the Most Authentic Records. By Rev. Maxwell Pierson Gaddis, Sen. With an Introduction by Bishop Randolph S. Foster, D.D., LL.D. 12mo., pp. 430. Cincinnati: Walden & Stowe. New York: Phillips & Hunt. 1880.

A series of brief biographies in alphabetic order of Methodist

ministers, with especially their dying words. It is a dictionary

of final triumphant testimonies from the hands of a venerated

father.

The Students Shal-speare. Thirty-seven Plays, Analyzed and Topically Arranged for the use of Clergymen, Lawyers, Students, etc. By Henry J. Fox, D.D. 8vo., pp. 625. Boston: B. A. Fowler & Co. 1880.

Dr. Fox is a reveler in the best literature of our English language, and here brings us a choice specimen of his labors in that surpassingly rich field. It is a labor of love, and we doubt not thousands will accept his work with rich appreciation. It comes recommended by such master critics as Hudson and Parton, the latter of whom declares that "as a book of extracts, its equal cannot be found in any language."

Tht Expositor, August, 1880. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 27 Paternoster Row. Edited by Rev. Samuel Cox. 1. The Outer and the Inner Glory, (Psalm xix ;) by Rev. George Mathcson, D.D. 2. New Testament Words Denoting " Care;" by Professor John Massie, M.A. 3. The Value of the Patristic Writings for the Criticism and Exegesis of the Bible; by Rev. W. Sanday, D.D. 4. The Book of Job.—VIII. The Theophany. First Divine Remonstrance; by the Editor.

September. 1. Wresting the Scriptures; by Rev. Canon Farrar, D.D., F.R.S. 2. The Book of Job.—VIII. The Theophany. Second Divine Remonstrance; by the Editor. 3. The Value of the Patristic Writings for the Criticism and Exegesis of the Bible; by Rev. W. Sanday, D.D. 4. Biblical Note on St. John iii, 8; by Rev. Charles Ingham Black, B.A.

History of the Administration of John De Witt, Grand Pensionary of Holland. By James Geddes. Vol. I, 1623-54. 8vo., pp. 898. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1880.

The Library Key: An Index of General Reading, Arranged by F. A. Archibald, A.M., with an Introduction by Rev. W. W. Case. Small 8vo., pp. 202. New York: Phillips & Hunt. Cincinnati: Walden & Stowe. 1880.

George Bailey. A Tale of New York Mercantile Life. By Oliver Oldboy. 16mo., pp. 288. New York: Harper &. Brothers. 1880.

Elements of Permanency in our National Institutions. An Address delivered before the Alumni of Hamilton College, at the Stone Church in Clinton, New York, on Wednesday Evening, June 23, 1880; by Theodore W. Dwight, Professor of Law in Columbia College Law School, New York. Published by Request of the Alumni. New York: Trow's Printing and Bookbinding Co. 1880.

The Standard Series. Under title of Standard Series Mr. Funk is issuing in quarto form and paper covering a series of standard literature, furnishing works of high value at prices amazingly cheap. Such are the following:

John Ploughman?* Pictures, or, More of his Plain Talk for Plain People. By Charles H. Spurgeon.The Salon of Madame Necker. Taken from Documents among the Archives of Coppet. Collected and Edited by her Great-Grandson, Othksin D'haussosville. Vol. II., containing Parts III and IV. Translated from the French by Mart Stuart Smith.The Hermit*. By Chaki.es KingsLet.The Thought* of the Emperor Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. Translated by George Long. New York: I. K. Funk & Co., Publishers.

Franklin Square Library: A Memoir of the Rev. Sydney Smith. By his Daughter, Lady Holland. With a Selection from his Letters, Edited by Mrs Austin, (Abridged and Rearranged.) 4to., pp. 87.—Cast Up by the Sea. By Sir Samuel W. Baker, M.A., F.R.G.S. 4to., paper, pp. 61. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1880.

Thomas Moore, the Poet, his Life and Works. By Andrew James Stminoton, F.R.S.N.A. 16mo., pp. 255. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1880.

White Wings. A Yachting Romance. By Avilliam Black. 12mo., pp. 362. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1880.

Mary Anerley. A Yorkshire Tale. By R. D. Blackmore. 16mo., pp. 516. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1880.

The History of the Decline and Fall of the Soman Empire. By Edward Gibbon, Esq. Family Edition. With a Complete Index of the whole work. Abridged and Edited by James A. Dean, D.D. In two volumes. 12mo., Vol. I, pp. 570. New York: Published for the Editor by Phillips k Hunt. 1880.

Christ Yet to Come: A Review of Dr. I. P. Warren's "Parousia of Christ." By Rev. Josiah Litch. With an Introduction by Rev. A. J. Gordon, D.D. 12mo., pp. 192. Boston: American Millennial Association. 1880.

English Men of Letters. Edited by John Morlet: Lord Byron. By John Nichol. 12nio., pp. 212. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1880. ,

Sunday, 1880, Pictures and Pages for Young and Old. With upward of two hundred Illustrations by Eminent Artists. Square 8vo., pp. 412. New York: E. P. Dutton & Co.

Methods of Teaching. A Hand-Book of Principles, Dictionaries, and Working Models for Common-School Teachers. By John Swett. 12mo., pp. 326. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1880.

History of the English People. By John Richard Green, M.A. Vol. IV. The Revolution, 1683-1760. Modern England, 1760-1815. 8vo., pp. 519. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1880.

Notices of the following books postponed to next Quarterly:

Symonds on Greek Poets, and Symonds' Southern Europe. Harpers.

Mahaffey's Grcek Literature. Harpers.

Prof. Abbott on John's Gospel. G. H. Ellis, Boston.

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