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east by the Ape:nines, on the west by the Tiber, on the north by

the river Nar, and on the south by the Anio. Bacer, (mons,) a hill about three miles from Rome, on the right bank of

the Anio.-Comp. note, B. 2, 34. Saguntum, (neut.,) and Saguntus, (fem.,) a city of Spain on the Sinus Su.

cronensis, in the territory of the Edetani ; its ruins are visible near the modern town of Murviedro, which indeed derives its name

from thoso ruins, (Muri veteres.) Salassi, a people of Cisalpine Gaul, who lived in the valley of the Duria,

(Doria Baltea,) whose country corresponded to the mountains rogion in the northwestern part of Piedmont. They were probably

a branch of the Insubres. Salyes, or Salluvii, a tribe of Gauls who lived on the Druentia and Rhoda

nus, in the country corresponding to the modern Provence. Samnium, the territory of the Samnites in Central Italy, which extended

from Campania northward as far as the Adriatic; divided into the

cantons of the Frentanians, Hirpinians, Pentrians, and Caudines. Satricum ; see note, B. 2, 39. Scissis, or Cissa, a town in Lacetania, (which word see.) Sonones, a tribe of Transalpina Gauls, who uftorwards settled in Umbria. Sidicīni, an inconsiderable Ausonian tribe, who occupied the northern

parts of Mons Massicus. Their chief town was Teanum Sidici

num; now Teano. Sinuessa, a town in Latium on the sea-coast; on the via Appia, between

Minturne and Capua. Near it were hot baths, called aquæ SinuSpolētum, or Spoletium, a city in Umbria ; now Spoleto, in the Papal

States. Stellas Campus, a fruitful Campanian district, south of Cales. Suessa ; see Pometia. Sulci, an old Carthaginian town on the southern coast of Sardinia. Surrontum, a city in Campania ; now Sorrento, in the Bay of Naples. Syracūsæ, an important city on the east coast of Sicily; now Siragosa.

T. Tagus, the Tajo, river in Spain and Portugal. Tannētum, first a village of the Boii, afterwards a city of Cisalpine Gaul,

on the road between Parma and Mutina; according to Mannert,

the modern village St. Illario, according to others, Taneto. Tarentum, a celebrated city in Magna Græcia, on a gulf of the same

name, which is now the Gulf of Taranto. Tarracina, a city of the Volsci in Latium, called also Anxur, near the

Pontinian marshes; now Terracina. Tarrăco, a town in the country of the Cosetani in Spain; from which the

name Hispania Tarraconensis was derived; now Tarragona. Taurīni, a Ligurian tribe, south of the Salassi Capital, Augusta Tauri.

norum; now Turin. Telesia, a town in Samnion; now Telese. Tellenæ, a Latin town taken by Ancus Marcius. Tibur, one of the oldest cities of Latium, on tho Anio; now Tivoli. Ticinus, now Tessino, or Ticino, river in Cisalpine Gaul. Trasimenus Lacus, a lake iu Etruria; now Lago di Perugia, in the Pac

pal States. Trebia, a Latin town taken by Coriolanus; Liv. 2, 39

Trebia, Trebia, a river in Cisalpine Gaul.
Tricastīni ; see note 21, 31.
Tricorii, a tribe in Gaul, east of the Vocontii, in the neighborhood of the

modern Briançon. Turdetani, a tribe in Spain, in the western part of Bætica. They after.

wards extended westward along the coast, beyond the Anas (Gua. diana) to the farthest limits of Spain.


Umbria, a country in Central Italy, bounded on the north by the Rubico,

west by the Tiber, northeast by the sea, south by the Nar. Utens, a river in Cisalpine Gaul.


Vaccæi, a Spanish tribe, who occupied the greatest part of the modern

Valladolid, the northern extremity of Salamanca, the southeast ex. tremity of Leon, southern Palencia, and the largest part of Toro.

Chief town Palantia, now Palencia. Vecilius, (mons). See note, B. 3, 50. Veii, au Etrurian town, twelve miles northwest of Rome. Velia. See note, B. 2, 7, and Plan of Rome. Venusia, a town on the borders of Apulia and Lucania, but belonging to

the former; now Venosa. Vibonensis Ager, district of the city Vibo Valentia, on the western coast

of Bruttium. Victumviæ, in Cisalpino Gaul, not far from Placentia. Viminalis, Collis, one of the seven hills of Rome. -See Plan. Vocontii, a tribe in southeastern Gaul, whose territory embraced a part of

the modern Provence, and the southeastern part of Dauphiné. Volcw, a Celtic tribe in southern Gaul, on the west side of the Rhone

who were divided into two branches: 1. Volcæ Arecomici, whose country extended from the river Orbis, (Orbe,) or, according to Mannert, the river Arauris, (Herault,) to the Rhone; 2. Volcæ Tectosăges, who lived westward of the former, towards the Pyrenees. The chief town of the Arecomici was Nimausus, Nimes; of the

Tectosăges, Tolosa, Toulouse. Volciani, tribe in Spain, near the Bargusii. Volsci. From the Anio to the sea at Tarracina extends a line of high

lands interrupted by a break, to the south of Præneste, and thereby divided into two parts of unequal length, the shorter one extending from Tibur to Præneste, the longer from Præneste to Tarracina and the sea. Of this mountain wall, the longer part was occupied by ihe Volscians, the shorter by the Æquians.—See Arnold's Hist.

1, p. 120. Vulcani Insula, the most southerly of the Liparæan islands ; also called

Hiěra; now Volcano.
Vulturnus, now Volturno, river in Campania.


Zacynthus, an island in the Ionian sea; now Zante



er ab, = a parte, apud, i. 12; ib. 33; xxi. 5; expressing a cause, 8. 47; xxi. 36;

post, xxii. 18; ib. 40. Ablative, without cum, xxi. 48; of the gerund, instead of a conditional

clause, xxi. 5; of instrument with persons, xxii. 46; absolute, expressing the circumstances under which something takes place,

xxi. 5. Abstinere, with the dative, i. 1. Ac, explicativo, xxi. 4; xxii. 41 ; “than," after antidea, xxii. 10. Acies, meaning, i. 23. Ad, " in tho vicinity of,” i. 33; after it, the accusative omitted, ib. ; v. 47;

“in consequence of," "by,” iii. 48; “ according to,” xxi. 21; “about,” xxi. 22; " in comparison with,” xxii. 22; -id locorum, xxii. 38; -mille, for a substantive, xxii. 31; _tempus, xxi. 25:

-unum omnes, xxi. 42; -vivum, xxii. 17. Adeo, its meaning, at the end of the Preface. Admodum, xxi. 36. Adversi montes, xxii. 17; adverso flumine, adversa ripa, xxi. 27; adver

sum femur, xxi. 7. Ædes, not expressed, i. 33; v. 47; xxi. 62. Ædificium, atrium, domus, ædes, v. 41. Ægro animi, ii. 36. Æquare frontem, v. 38; xxii. 47; æqua fronte, ib. Æqui atque iniqui, v. 45; xxii. 26. Affertur, used absolutely, xxii. 14. Affinitas, propinquitas, and necessitudo, iv. 4. Afligi, xxi. 35. Ager Tarquiniorum, ii. 4. Alius, for reliquus, ii. 38; xxi. 26; alium-alius, for alterum-alter

i. 25. Ambustus, xxii. 35. Anacoluthon, i. 40; ii. 12; xxi. 3; ib. 10. Anceps, i. 25. Anchoralia xxii. 19. Annona, ii. 34 Antidea, xxii. 10. appia via, xxii. 1. Apposition, proper name in apposition with dative, rather than with

nomer, i. )


Ara marima, i. 7.
Archaisins, in Livy, i. 49.
Argentum ad vescendum factum, xxii. 52.
Argiletum, position of, i. 19.
Arma and Tela, i. 25; xxii. 57.
Asserere in servitutem, -in libertatem, iii. 44.
Assuescere, xxi. 33 ; xxii. 18.
At, with the force of saltem, i. 41; iii. 56; at enim, xxi. 18; ib. 4
Atque, = et ita, “ and so,” xxii. 6.
Auspicato, v. 35.
Auspicia ementiri, xxi. 62.
Auspicio addicere, xxii. 42

Calida consilia, xxii. 24.
Carmen, i. 26.
Carptim, xxij. 16.
Castra, for a “day's march,” xxi. 31; -movere, ib. 33.
Ccdere, “ to give up,” usually with ablative, iv. 6.
Celeres, i. 15.
Celerius spe, xxi. 6.
Centuriare, xxii. 38.
Ceterum, xxi. 5; ib. 6; ib. 18.
Cetrati, xxi. 21.
Ciaudere, “to be lamo," xxii. 39
Clepere, xxii. 10; clepset, ib.
Cloaca maxima, i. 56.
Cælius Antipater, xxi. 38.
Comitium, xxii. 7; comitiis centuriatis, ablative of time, ii. 2.
Committere cur, v. 46; —bcllum, xxi. 40.
Concionabundus, iii. 47.
Conclamare, i. 58.
Conditio, iii. 45; conditionibus, or sub conditionibus, xxi. 12.
Conficere bellum, xxi. 40.
Connubium, iv. 1.
Consalutare, salutare, and appellare, xxii. 29.
Conserere artes belli, xxi. 1.
Construction, changes of, frequent in Livy, xxi. 5; ib. 18; change from

oratio obliqua to oratio recta, i. 47; xxi. 10; an independent
clause, instead of an accusativo with infinitive dependent upon a
verbum dicendi, xxi. 18; change from passive voice to active,

xxii. 6.
Consualia, i. 9.
Corpora curare, v. 45; xxi. 31.
Creare, xxi. 15.
Cum-tum, force of, i. 8; the mood with cum in cum-tum, ib. 21
Curia xxii. 7.
Custodie and stationes, v. 44; xxi. 14.


Dative, dativus ethicus, Preface ; --commodi, xxi. 33; ib. 54; translated

by the English possessive, i 5; ib 25; v. 41 ; 'xxi. 53 ; instead of

ablative with a or ab, i. 23 ; iii. 54; xxi. 34 ; ib. 39 ; with part. in

dus, denoting purpose, i. 35; iv. 4; xxii. 35; ib. 52. Decernere, xxi. 6. Decuriare, xxii. 38.. Degeneratum, used substantively, i. 53. Demum, v. 41. Destinatum, used substantively, xxi. 54. Dicere diem, ii. 35. Dies, gender, xxii. 8; --joined with tempus, xxii. 39; diem de die, v. 48. Dignitates, xxii. 40. Dignus, without a noun, xxi. 48. Dirimere and dividere, xxji. 15. Discerneres, xxi. 4. Dispar and dissimilis, xxii. 46. Ditionis, fieri, facere, i. 25; xxi. 53. Donec, temporal, with the imperfect and pluperfect subjunctivo, i. 39

axi. 28; -“ as long as," with the subjunctive, ib. Dubitare, construction, xxii. 55. Ducere, used absolutely, i. 23 ; xxi. 22; ib. 56; xxii. 12; "to tako with,"

xxi. 1;-tutélæ, xxi. 41; -ordinem, iii. 44. Duim, xxii. 10. Dum, in the sense of ut, iii. 46; -“ so long as, "with tho subjunctive, ii 6

E republica, xxii. 11.
Ecquis, i. 9.
Educere, used absolutely, i. 23 ; xxi. 39
Egredi urbem, iii

. 57; xxii. 55.
Ellipsis, in questions expressing indignation, iv. 2
Ementiri auspicia, xxi. 63.
Emerita stipendia, xxi. 43.
Enim, expressing strong asseveration, xxii. 25.
Error, i. 23 ; xxii. 1.
Esse, with the gen. meaning to whom or what any thing belongs, i. 25

iii. 48; ib. 59; iv. 2; xxi. 11 ; ib. 30; xxii. 22 ; ib. 50. Et, "and that too,” i. 17; explicativo, xxii. 2; et-et-tum, i. 40 ; "and

therefore,” xxi. 24. Et ipse, where the antithesis is not expressed, xxi. 23. Evadere, with the acc., xxi. 32. Evehi in anchoras, xxii. 19. Excedere urbem, ii. 37. Excipere hospitio, i. 22. Ex comparatione, xxii. 8 ;-vano, xxii. 7 ;-—mei animi sententia, xxii. 53

-magna parte, xxi. 5; -fædere, i. 23. Expertus, used passively, i. 17; xxi. l. Expetere, intransitivo, i. 22; transitive, i. 23 ;-in aliquem, ib

F. Facere, fieri, with genitive, i 25; xxi. 44; ib. 53. Facere, “ to sacrifice,” xxii :0. Fallere, “ to escapo notice of,” v 47 ; xxi. 48; “ to deceive,” xxi. 45. Fama and rumor, xxii. 39 Fando audire, iv. 3.

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