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-ish; such as to banish, embellish, flourish, nourish, punish, burnish, furnish, perish finish, from the French verbs nourrir, fleurir, embellir, bannir, punir, finir, périr, fournir, burnir (now brunir). From obeïr we now have obey, but in Wiclif it is obeish. Such words were made subject to the usages of English grammar, as if they had been true natives. In Chaucer the verb banish takes the Saxon prefix y- and suffix -ed:
And Brutus hath by hire chaste bloode yswore,
Legende of Goode Women.
The difference of look between the French initial gu and the English initial w. often masks a French word. Thus warden is from the French guardien. In Chaucer the French word gateau (a cake), anciently gastel, takes the form of wastel.
75. A large number of Romanesque words are thoroughly imbedded into our speech. The following is a list of French and Latin words found in the poetry of Chaucer and in use to this day. The spelling has been modernized.
abominable abridge absent abundant accept accident accord acquaint add advance advantage adversity advocate adventure adverse advice affection
assay assenable assent assize astony attain audience auditor authentic authority avaunt azure bachelor balance banish baptise barren
battle beast beauty benign benignity besiege bible blame blanch blanc-mange boast boil bounty caitiff cape carpenter carriage carry case castle cattle cause cease certain certes celestial chain chamber champion chance change charge charity charm chase chaste chastity cheer chief chivalry chivalrous circuit circumstance
commend commission common company compass compassion complain complexion comprehend conceit conclude conclusion condition confound confusion conjecture conjoin conquest conscience conserve consider constable constrain contagion content contrary convert convey cook cope cordial coronation correct counsel countenance counterfeit countess country courage course court courtesy courteous cousin covenant cover coverchief creator creature credence
crime crown cruel cruelty curate cure curious custom dainties damn dance danger debate debonair deceit declare defence degree delight demand depart derive descend describe description desert deserve desire despair despise despite destiny destruction determinate devise devotion deyour diet difference digestible dignity diligence diligent discern discord discover discreet discretion disdain dislodge
disport distress divers divinity division doctor double doubt dress duration ease easy easily effect element eloquence embrace emperor emprise enchantment endite endure engender ensample envenom envy equity errant escape eschew estate eternal excellence exchange excuse execution experience expert expound face faculty fail faith false fame feast felicity felony fierce figure
firmament flower folly fool force forest form fortune fortunate frailty fraternity fruit gay general gentle geometry glorious gluttony govern governance grace grant grieve guide guile gullet harbour harness haste haunt heritage honest honesty honour horrible host hour humanity humble humility humour idol image imagine incense incline increase infernal iniquity innocence
innocent instrument intellect intent ivory jailor jangle jeopardy jewel jocund join jolly journey joy judge judgment justice labour language large largess latitude legend leisure letter liberty licentiate lily lineage luxury madam magic magnanimity magnificence majesty malady malice manner mansion mantle marriage martyr marvellous mass master matter measure measureable meat mediation
melody memory menace mercenary merchant mercy merit message minister miracle mirror mischief mistress moist monster moral mortal mover name nativity natural nature necessary necessity nicety noble note notify nourish nurse obey obstacle obstinate offence offend office officer opinion oppress oppression ordain order ordinance organ original orison ornament
pourtray powder practiser praise pray prayer preach preface prefect presence present vb. pride prince princess principal prison privily privity privy prize proceed process proffer profit progression promise prosperity prove prudent publish purchase pure purge purpose purvey quaint quantity quart question quit rancour ransom reason receive recommend record redress refuse region rehearse
release remedy remember remembrance remission renown rent repent repentance report reporter request require resort respite restore reverence reverent riches robe rose rote route royally royalty rude rule sacrifice saint salvation sanctuary sanguine sapience sauce save savour scarcity school scholar science season second secure sentence sergeant
76. These words are still in our language; and beyond these there are many French words in Chaucer which have