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tion among the Romanists and Heathens; but no instance of conversion has occurred.
The Danish Government having requested that the schools within its territory, received by this Society in 1816 from the late Rev. Dr. John of the Danish Mission at Tranquebar, should be re-transferred, their request was carried into effect at Midsummer last. Till that period they had been under Mr. Bärenbruck's care, and were frequently visited by him. At Lady-Day, the whole number of Schools had been 33, with 1720 Scholars; being 78 Brahmins, 1505 Soodras, 43 Mahomedans, 49 Protestants, 38 Romanists, and 7 Girls. Up to Michaelmas preceding, 7755 Scholars had entered from the beginning, and there were then 1749 in the Schools: 6006 Children had, therefore, up to that time, passed through the Schools.
The influence which, by the Divine Blessing, may
be produced on the minds of the Parents through the medium of Children in the Schools, is shewn by the following circumstance, mentioned by Mr. Bärenbruck:— Now and then I have heard that the Children, on their return from School, have had conversations with their Parents on what they have learned at School from the Divine Word or Catechisms: sometimes the Fathers of such Children will come and tell it to us. A few days ago I heard a Parent say— “My Boy has only attended your school a few months, and has learned more than I have done in all the years of my life; and is now teaching me.” There are 14 Youths in the seMINARY, of whom Mr. Bärenbruck writes— In regard to the grand work of the Spirit in their hearts, there does not appear any thing remarkable; but there is observable in some of them a good feeling and delight in the Word of God, an humble deportment, and union with their fellow-scholars. Circumstances and opportunities are improved, to impress on their minds the great importance of the work of Grace in the heart, and they are frequently encouraged to pray with us earnestly for that blessing beyond all others.
On occasion of the Seminarists coming, as is usual
with the Natives, to express good wishes on entering a New Year, Mr. Bärenbruck says—
The Seminarists came to my room, in order to express their
wishes and feelings on the season of the year. I was really affected by some of their expressions, which appeared to be the sentiments of their hearts: two of these only, I will notice. One Youth said—“May the Lord bless you with an increased portion of spiritual happiness and joy, by the success of your labours among us, and numerous other children and grown-up Heathen!” and the other—“And that also we, by Divine Mercy, may be enabled to meet you in that blessed world; and there express our joy and thankfulness, in far better language than we can do now, to you and all our benefactors'." May the Lord graciously hear and grant these petitions ! I have reason to hope that the work of Divine Grace has commenced in some of these children: several private conversations with them on the state of their minds have greatly encouraged me in my work.
The progress of the work of God in this District has rendered it exceedingly desirable to afford additional help to the Missionaries who are stationed in it. In order in some degree to meet their wants, Mr. Schaffter was, as has been stated, appointed to assist them ; but the Rev. J. C. F. Winckler being at liberty before Mr. Schaffter's arrival at Madras, he has been associated with Mr. Rhenius and Mr. Schmid : they have been further strengthened by the addition of Mr. Regel, a Schoolmaster, from Sadras. Mr. and Mrs. Winckler are gone to Tutecoryn, to take charge of the Congregations in that quarter; and Messrs. Rhenius and Schmid continue at Palamcottah. This supply, though very acceptable, did not meet the increasing exigencies of the Station; and the Missionaries made a very strong application to the Madras Committee for still further assistance. The claims for it they thus notice :—
Considering the increase of labours on our hands, and the large extent of our sphere, we feel ourselves strongly urged to request the Committee, if possible, Not to change Mr. Schaffter's appointment. As we have already several times intimated to you to provide for this district under its present circumstances, (not forgetting the Seminaries, the Schools, and the Translations of the Scriptures,) at least five Missionaries are required: we do not mean that they all should be resident in Palamcottah.
Mr. Winckler is now in Tutecoryn. Next to that, about 60 miles south-west, and 28 miles south of Palamcottah, is Satangkoolam, where we have a Congregation and a Church, surrounded by many of our other Congregations: there it is extremely desirable that another Missionary should be fixed, to superintend them with their Native Teachers, Schools, &c.: his sphere would go as far as the sea-shore. Next to this is Pooliyoorkooritchy, or, as we have now called it, Dohnavoor, the property of the Mission, about 25 miles west of Satangkoolam, and about as much south-west of Palamcottah, near the Mountains: there another Missionary should reside, to superintend the Congregations along the Hills, stretching in length about 40 miles. Pooliyoorkooritchy is situated between Calcaud and Nangancherry. Then there remains the whole north of Palamcottah, which is more than half of the whole district of Tinnevelly; where we cannot now make any journeys among the Heathen, because of our other labours. During our residence here, only one Missionary excursion has been made northward as far as Swakari, excepting the casual journeys, when passing through to Madras: and as for the Congregations in the south, we must confess, that though we have visited every Station of our Native Teachers, yet we have not been able to visit every Village under their charge; a thing which we much wish to do, for the benefit of the Heathen, but cannot: they require, moreover, frequent visits, which we are prevented from undertaking, by the distance, and by the increase of expense. We believe we have said enough to support our request, to let Mr. Schaffter proceed to Palamcottah, and occupy in due time, after acquiring the language, either Satangkoolam or Dohnavoor. Unless more help comes, unless more particular superintendence can be bestowed, things will go backward rather than forward. Our Congregations are not of the kind to be left to themselves; and their circumstances require great and assiduous labours on our part, to carry them forward to that state in which we wish to see them.
It is a subject of devout gratitude to the Great Head of the Church, that He is still pleased to own and bless the labours of His Servants in this District; and that, while many of those who have renounced Idolatry have in consequence been subjected to oppression by their more powerful neighbours, others are, by the grace of God, coming forward, and seeking instruction concerning that way of Salvation, for walking in which they may also soon be exposed to similar acts of violence.
Mr. Schmid says, in reference to these trials—
I am surprised at what our people in the Villages endure from their enemies—what opposition and persecutions they have to suffer; and still others come forward continually, to learn the way to Zion. The increasing desire for instruction is thus noticed by the Missionaries— The Congregations are again on the increase. At the last assembly of the Native Teachers (last week), Michael, in Nedoonviley, reported that about 20 Heathen Families have joined our Church there. Lazarus stated that in Sekkadivalley 4 Families have done the same: and about a month ago we received a Wooden Idol, with a basket of Devils and other images from about 10 Families in Ideiyenkoolam, who have renounced Idolatry: and, lastly, a few days ago, two RomanCatholic Headmen and some other people arrived here from Osvari, near the sea in the South, begging, in the name of 40. Roman-Catholic Families, for a Christian Teacher; to whom we have just sent off our Native Assistant, David, in order to inform himself of the state of things there. We have received similar Reports from various other quarters”. While the Holy Spirit has thus been poured out on the efforts of the Missionaries, and afforded them such great encouragement, they seem to have an adequate view of the immense difference between an outward renunciation of Heathenism, or adoption of one form of nominal Christianity for another, and genuine conversion to God: and it is gratifying to hear them thus expressing their feelings with respect to those who profess to follow Christ:From our Journals, you will perceive that we discover much chaff among them—a thing which, happily, we were prepared from the beginning to expect; but they will at the same time convince you, that the Lord has indeed His work among them, and that there are really more souls than one, whom, as far as evidence goes, we feel at liberty to call true Christians. If it were only one soul, we should already have much cause to rejoice; as even that one alone is worth more than the whole world; and the salvation of it excites gladness among the blessed in Heaven. Now that there are More than one, many more, our and their joy is the more enhanced.
* Full particulars, in the Journals of the Missionaries, are printed in the Missionary Register of last year, at pp.558–565, relative to the Growth and Influence of Christianity, and the Trials and Difficulties of the Mission.
At the last Returns there were 15, schools for Boys, with 399 Scholars, and an average attendance of 303: of this number 16 were Girls. No account has been received of the MIA LE AND. FEMALE s EMINAR1Es since those inserted in the last Report. The demand for Tracts has induced the Missionaries to urge for a regular supply; and of the benefit derived from the PREss, they speak in the following terms :- Everywhere people delight in reading our Tracts. Their utility to our New Congregations is great, and our people contribute toward publishing them. We would gladly supply' both them and the Heathen with a greater variety of Tracts: there are several Manuscripts ready—on Caste, on Marriage, and on Idolatry. They afterwards add— The Schoolmasters tell us, that many of their Scholars collect the Tracts, and fold them up carefully in a cloth, or put them into little boxes; and are frequently seen reading them, before their Parents' houses, in an evening—holding them in their cloth, in order to preserve them uninjured. . The Committee are unwilling to close their account of this Station without adverting to a circumstance immediately connected with the late encouraging events. Two of the Calcutta Newspapers have noticed the accounts which have been published of the advancing Cause of Truth in Tinnevelly; and, in order to throw discredit on those accounts, have brought against the Missionaries the cheap and easy charges of enthusiasm, proneness to exaggeration, and a want of suitable qualifications for their work. Nor have they who are diligently seeking Christian Instruction escaped accusation: the majority of them are represented either as Proselytes from Romanism, or the converts of Swartz and his associates, while a small portion of them are allowed to have been Heathens; and their conduct is charged with insincerity, and imputed to corrupt motives. There is no difficulty in tracing these general charges to their real source. Christian love rejoiceth not in iniquity, but rejoiceth in the truth; but the carnal mind is enmity against God. The Missionaries have been called on to vin