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out again for Upper Egypt, will take with him as many Bibles, Testaments, and Tracts, as he can get: and what will then remain for me, if you do not send the Scriptures which I have ordered for him? You probably thought, because those six boxes were on the way, unknown to us, that we had now a sufficient supply of books for a length of time; but this is not the case. No! we must have our order completed; and with it, if possible, a good portion of your new Arabic Publications; for the few which you have sent us will soon be gone. By our School, we are growing more and more in public reputation. People of all Denominations come to know what we are doing, and what we are aiming at; and so we have frequent opportunity to recommend to them the Gospel. The Word of God is our only support. We frequently bring into contrast the Light of the Truth with the darkness of their superstition—their fables and tales, with the Evangelic accounts of our Saviour and His Apostles; and at all times we have experienced, that, while staying on this ground, even the most subtle adversary cannot prevail against us. Many people also come to view the School, because they know the Teacher; who, inexpert himself in Christianity, but perceiving the errors of their Church, strives against them with zeal; and, if left without an answer by the opposite H.; brings them to me. They, indeed, do not resist the ruth; but they cannot bring themselves to renounce their errors, and to lay hold on it. Their greatest hindrance is, the fear of being excommunicated, if a Priest should happen to find them reading the Bible: they do not venture, they say, to receive it into their houses.
CALCUTTA, AND NORTH-INDIA MISSION.
WHILE the Committee have to record the death of the late Bishop of Calcutta, who, during the short period of his residence in that Presidency, took an active part in the Society's proceedings, the appointment of his Successor, who has long taken an interest in the cause of Missions, is to them a subject of unfeigned joy. His Lordship's presence on this occasion forbids them to say more, than that, while they anticipate substantial benefit to the Society from his share in its councils and sanction of its proceedings, it is their earnest prayer that abundant grace may be given him for the fulfilment of the duties of his exalted station, and that he may be made the instrument of a permanent and extensive blessing to the rising Churches of our Eastern Empire.
Among the trials to which the Society has been subjected in past years, none have been of so painful a character as one which has arisen in connection with three of its Missionaries in India; the task of adverting to which the Committee would gladly have been spared, had not a sense of duty compelled them to notice it. As, however, two of the individuals alluded to have voluntarily surrendered their connection with the Society, and the third has been removed by death, the Committee abstain from offering any remarks on this distressing transaction.
In consequence of the departure of the Rev. Isaac Wilson, and the retirement of the Rev. J.T. Reichardt, which have been adverted to, the Rev. John Latham is the only Missionary at present stationed in Calcutta. M. D. Rozario continues to conduct the Press. Concerning the MINISTRY OF THE word the Calcutta Committee state, in their Fifth Report:At Calcutta, the number of Baptisms has been—Adults, 13, and 11 Children. The Native-Christian Families who resided on the Society's Premises having had their houses twice destroyed by fire within a short period, it was judged advisable that they should each rent houses for to: in the neighbourhood, which they have done: they collect for Worship on Sundays, when the Rev. Mr. Reichardt officiates; and for Morning Prayers, during every day in the week. A Service in Hindoostanee has been commenced on Friday Evenings, which has been well attended; but is of too recent establishment to admit of conjecture, as to its utility, or otherwise. The preaching in the Bungalows has also been continued, with some interruption; and is now almost entirely left to Mr. Reichardt, he being the only Missionary of the Society in Calcutta sufficiently acquainted with the language to preach in it. This department of labour has probably been suspended since Mr. Reichardt has relinquished his connection with the Society. In reference to those who have been admitted to Baptism, Mr. Latham remarks— In giving your accounts of the Baptisms in India, it ought always to be stated whether or not they have become Communicants; for the Hindoo does not lose Caste by Baptism; and, in many instances, the baptized have never gone further, and will tell the Missionary that they see no necessity for receiving the Lord's Supper. ... Of the schools, the Auxiliary Committee make the following report:— The Native Schools, in number 12, it will be remembered, are under the direction of the Calcutta Church Missionary Association; who reported, in November last, that about 600 Boys were in daily attendance. The English School, formerly under the charge of the Rev. Mr. Wilson, has been revived by Mr. Latham, and contains 60 Boys: many more desire admittance; but Mr. Latham wishes rather to secure regular attendance and efficient application, and, with this view, receives none who will not promise to pay attention for a period of not less than two years. Mrs. Latham has taken charge of the English School of Portuguese Children, commenced by Mrs. Wilson. The Fourth Report of the Ladies' Society for Native FEMALE Education states, that Mrs. Wilson took possession of the Central School on the 1st of April; the average attendance of Girls had been 70; and 170, who used to assemble with others in 29 Schools, were collected in four divisions, at about equal distances from that School, in different directions. This number is considerably less than that formerly collected; but Mrs. Wilson thinks more actual benefit is now conferred, as all the Children come daily under her own inspection. The PREss has not been so efficient as it would otherwise have been, for want of a Printer; and the Committee have long felt an anxious wish to meet the urgent requests of their Friends at Calcutta, by sending out a person fully capable of conducting this department. Mr. Corrie writes in August— A complete copy of the Book of Common Prayer in Hindoostanee will be finished in about a month; excepting the Psalms, which we have in a separate form.
The removal of Mr. Deerr from this Station was noticed in the last Report: since then he has visited it from Burdwan, as often as his other duties have allowed; the Committee not having had it in their power to supply it with a resident Missionary. Eight Adults have been baptized during the year; and there are Six Candidates for Baptism.
On the number and state of the schools, the Committee remark—
Mr. Deerr continues Seven Schools at Culna, which he visits once a month; his own mind much inclining, if possible, to a permanent residence there, and the attendance in the Schools being better than at any other Station of the Society. The experience of the Committee would lead them to diminish the number of these Schools considerably; knowing that the superintendence must necessarily be less minute than every Missionary desires to exercise: but they think it necessary to leave much to the discretion of the Missionary, who does intend shortly to reduce the number; and they believe that some good is accomplished, though not all which they desire. To have to say that so many hundred Boys are daily assembled in the Schools, would quite mislead the public, if a conclusion should be drawn that even a half of the Children were deriving adequate benefit. Schools have, however, opened the way to Missionaries in Bengal; and must always be attended, where there is a capacity, with a portion of mental improvement. Eight adult persons have been baptized, and there are six Candidates for Baptism. Some interesting particulars of Mr. Deerr's discussions with the Natives will be found in the Missionary Register for August, pp.404–410. The following Extract from a Letter of Mr. Deerr's, written from Burdwan in May, shews the state of things at Culna at that date :Among the Natives baptized at Culna, are four Young Men, who will hereafter become, I trust, useful in the Mission: I entertain equal hopes of two Christian Youths who are stationed here. Six Candidates for Baptism at Culna are earnestly asking to be admitted to the ordinance. They come over to Burdwan at intervals, to be instructed; and when their family concerns make it requisite, they return: five of them are friends and neighbours. One of them is Teacher in a School: nor would I omit mentioning a fact, although it is discouraging, that his School is in a place where a number of people asked for instruction; and now those very people, after having seen the effect of that which they feignedly asked for, last week sent me word, that not a single boy now remained who can read the Gospel: their parents said, “The Teacher has become a Christian by reading the Gospel: what better can we expect of our Children, if they read it?" Only 30 Boys attend the School, who learn the elementary parts; “for,” said their parents, “by learning these, there is no fear of their becoming Christians.”
Burdwan. This Station having been selected as the place of Mr. Deerr's residence, it has also been the chief scene of his labours. He had suffered from illness last year; but in May had regained his strength, sufficiently to prosecute his labours. In reference to the MINISTRY, the Committee
report— wo Adults have been baptized, and one of their offspring; and there are four Candidates for Baptism. The NativeChristian Congregation consists of 13 persons. Divine Service is performed in Bengalee every Sunday Morning, at which also the School Pundits and Sircars attend, making a Congregation usually of about 60; besides Domestic Worship almost every Evening, when Mr. Deerr is not unwell ; and special instruction is afforded to a few Converts, whom he purposes to employ as Catechists. Mr. Deerr has met with a distressing instance of the duplicity and deceitfulness of the Native Character in connection with the schools, which is thus noticed by the Auxiliary Committee:— It was found, after some time, that the Ameen Pundit had practised deception to an extent that could not easily have been conceived; and which Mr. Perowne, from his lo illness, had no opportunity of finding out. Mr. Wilson, though not acquainted with all the so discovered enough to induce him to dismiss all the School Pundits, retaining only the Sircars. It was discovered, that of the many applications which had been brought to Mr. Perowne, purporting to be from different Villages, most of them were the production of only a few interested individuals of those Villages, set up by the Ameen Pundit; who led them to expect pecuniary advantage by the establishment of a School, or from the erection of a shed, or in some equally paltry way: and though the discovery of this conduct on the part of the Ameen Pundit was painful, yet the effect has been, that the interested conduct of these people has rendered the inhabitants of many Villages familiar with the name of Christianity; and Mr. Deerr finds, in most places which he can visit, a willingness to listen to what he wishes to say to them on the subject. The people, too, really desire Schools for their Children; so that Mr. Deerr was induced to restore, in the month of October last, most of the Teachers, and set all things on the former footing; except that he pays the Schoolmasters according to the number of Boys reading the Gospels. In March last the Secretary visited Burdwan, and found the same number of Boys (about 1000) in the number of Schools formerly reported, viz. 14; with this advantage, that instead of about 160 or 200, who formerly were reading parts of the New Testament, 370 Boys were present, each with a copy of St. Matthew in his hand; and the first classes, Ellerton's Dialogues also, with Geography, Arithmetic, &c. The