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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1850,

By D. APPLETON & COMPANY,

In the Clerk's Office of the District Couri of the United States for the Southern

District of New York.

PREFACE.

Most editors of Sallust have placed the Catiline before the Jugurtha ; but we have preferred arranging the two works in chronological order, as some others have done. The history of the war with Jugurtha shows the operation of some of the causes which produced the conspiracy of Catiline. The two works present two acts of the great tragedy to the catastrophe of which Rome was hastening.

The vocabulary was prepared by the late William H. G. Butler. In its preparation he was as faithful

. as he was in the performance of every duty. Those who examine the vocabulary will, we think, agree with us in opinion that few school vocabularies so thorough and accurate have ever been published. We find it difficult to refrain from paying a tribute to the memory of this noble young man, who so well

Fay

deserved the character given to him by the citizens of Louisville, in the inscription upon his monument, _“A man without fear and without reproach."

“Gone before us, O our brother,

To the Spirit-land!
Vainly look we for another

In thy place to stand."

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICE OF SALLUST.

a

Caius SALLUSTIUS CRISPUS, of a plebeian family, was born at Amiternum, in the country of the Sabines, B. C. 86. About the age of twenty-seven, he obtained the quæstorship, and in a few years afterwards, B. c. 52, was elected tribune of the people. In B. c. 50, he was ejected from the Senate, on the ground, as some say, of disgraceful intercourse with Fausta, daughter of Sylla, and wife of T. Annius Milo. After his ejection from the Senate, we hear no more of him for some time.

In B. C. 47, Sallust was elected prætor, and consequently regained his rank as Senator. He attached himself to the faction of Cæsar, and devoted himself to his service. He was near losing his life during a mutiny of some of Cæsar's troops in Campania, whither they had been led in order to pass over to Africa. He accompanied Cæsar in his African war, and was appointed by him governor of Numidia. He is accused of having made use of his power to oppress and rob the Numidians. It is certain that he became immensely rich. He formed magnificent gardens on the Quirinal Hill, which were called the Gardens of Sallust. These afterwards became the property of the Emperors, and were a favorite resort of Augustus and his successors. The story that he married Terentia, the divorced wife of Cicero, is improbable.

Severe charges have been brought against the moral character of Sallust, the worst of which are supposed to have been derived from the Declamatio in Sallustium, a work said to have been written by Lenæus, a freedman of Pompey.

Sallust had used severe language against Pompey, and Lenæus, in revenge, charged Sallust with the most disgraceful conduct. Sallust is said to have been defended by Asconius Pedianus, who wrote a life of him in the time of Augustus. The unfavorable view of Sallust's character, however, still prevails; though many have wondered how he could be so utter a stranger to virtue, and yet so loud in her praises. But Sallust is not the first whose language and conduct have been opposed to each other. Carlyle says, that man's nature is a kind of beast godhood; if this is true, there are some who show the godhood in their words only, while the beasthood is apparent in every action. The principal defenders of Sallust's character, are Müller, Wieland, and Roos, who have been opposed by Gerlach and Loebell. His devoting himself to literary pursuits, is some evidence in favor of the latter part of his life, at least. Another thing may be stated, that Dion Cassius, who is the chief authority in support of the charge of oppressing the Numidians, inclines to take the worst view of men's characters.

Sallust died B. c. 34, in the fifty-second year of his age, leaving, as his heir, his grand-nephew, Caius Sallustius Cris. pus, whom he had adopted.

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