Polymer Physics

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Springer Science & Business Media, 31 mag 1995 - 298 pagine
This book is the result of my teaching efforts during the last ten years at the Royal Institute of Technology. The purpose is to present the subject of polymer physics for undergraduate and graduate students, to focus the fundamental aspects of the subject and to show the link between experiments and theory. The intention is not to present a compilation of the currently available literature on the subject. Very few reference citations have thus been made. Each chapter has essentially the same structure: starling with an introduction, continuing with the actual subject, summarizing the chapter in 30D-500 words, and finally presenting problems and a list of relevant references for the reader. The solutions to the problems presented in Chapters 1-12 are given in Chapter 13. The theme of the book is essentially polymer science, with the exclusion of that part dealing directly with chemical reactions. The fundamentals in polymer science, including some basic polymer chemistry, are presented as an introduction in the first chapter. The next eight chapters deal with different phenomena (processes) and states of polymers. The last three chapters were written with the intention of making the reader think practically about polymer physics. How can a certain type of problem be solved? What kinds of experiment should be conducted? This book would never have been written without the help of my friend and adviser, Dr Anthony Bristow, who has spent many hours reading through the manuscript. criticizing the content.
 

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Indice

A brief introduction to polymer science
1
12 Configurational states
2
13 Homopolymers and copolymers
5
14 Molecular architecture
6
17 Polymerization
12
18 Thermal transitions and physical structures
13
19 Polymer materials
15
111 Summary
18
75 Methods of assessing supermolecular structure
149
76 Degree of crystallinity
151
77 Relaxation processes in semicrystalline polymers
156
78 Summary
158
79 Exercises
159
710 References
160
711 Suggested further reading
161
Crystallization kinetics
163

Chain conformation in polymers
19
22 Experimental determination of dimensions of chain molecules
21
23 Characteristic dimensions of random coil polymers
23
24 Models for calculating the average endtoend distance for an ensemble of statistical chains
24
25 Randomflight analysis
33
26 Chains with preferred conformation
35
27 Summary
36
28 Exercises
37
29 References
38
The rubber elastic state
39
energetic and entropic elastic forces
41
33 The statistical mechanical theory of rubber elasticity
44
34 Swelling of rubbers in solvents
48
36 Smallangle neutron scattering data
51
39 Exercises
52
310 References
53
Polymer solution
55
43 The FloryHuggins theory
58
44 Concentration regimes in polymer solutions
65
45 The solubility parameter concept
66
46 Equationofstate theories
68
47 Polymerpolymer blends
70
48 Summary
73
49 Exercises
74
410 References
75
The glassy amorphous state
77
52 The glass transition temperature
78
53 Nonequilibrium features of glassy polymers and physical ageing
82
54 Theories for the glass transition
87
55 Mechanical behaviour of glassy amorphous polymers
89
56 Structure of glassy amorphous polymers
95
57 Summary
96
58 Exercises
97
510 Suggested further reading
98
The molten state
99
63 Measurement of rheological properties of molten polymers
104
64 Flexiblechain polymers
105
65 Liquidcrystalline polymers
109
66 Summary
127
67 Exercises
128
Crystalline polymers
129
68 References
131
72 The crystal lamella
135
73 Crystals grown from the melt and the crystal lamella stack
142
74 Supermolecular structure
145
82 The equilibrium melting temperature
165
83 The general Avrami equation
169
84 Growth theories
172
85 Molecular fractionation
181
86 Orientationinduced crystallization
184
87 Summary
185
88 Exercises
187
89 References
188
Chain orientation
189
93 Methods for assessment of uniaxial chain orientation
193
94 Methods for assessment of biaxial chain orientation
198
96 Properties of oriented polymers
201
97 Summary
204
98 Exercises
205
99 References
206
Thermal analysis of polymers
207
102 Thermoanalytical methods
208
103 Thermal behaviour of polymers
216
104 Summary
224
106 References
226
107 Suggested further reading
227
Microscopy of polymers
229
112 Optical microscopy OM
231
113 Electron microscopy
234
114 Preparation of specimens for microscopy
237
115 Applications of polymer microscopy
242
116 Summary
246
118 References
247
Spectroscopy and scattering of polymers
249
122 Spectroscopy
250
123 Scattering and diffraction methods
257
124 Summary
261
Solutions to problems given in exercises
263
Chapter 3
266
Chapter 4
267
Chapter 5
269
Chapter 6
270
Chapter 7
271
Chapter 9
275
Chapter 10
277
Chapter 11
279
References
280
Index
281
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