Corruption and the Global Economy
Kimberly Ann Elliott, Institute for International Economics (U.S.)
Institute for International Economics, 1 gen 1997 - 244 pagine
The recently-adopted OECD convention outlawing bribery of foreign public officials is welcome evidence of how much progress has been made in the battle against corruption. The financial crisis in East Asia is an indication of how much remains to be done. Corruption is by no means a new issue but it has only recently emerged as a global issue. With the end of the Cold War, the pace and breadth of the trends toward democratization and international economic integration accelerated and expanded globally. Yet corruption could slow or even reverse these trends, potentially threatening economic development and political stability in some countries.
As the global implications of corruption have grown, so has the impetus for international action to combat it. In addition to efforts in the OECD, the Organization of American States, the World Trade Organization, and the United Nations General Assembly, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund have both begun to emphasize corruption as an impediment to economic development.
This book includes a chapter by the Chairman of the OECD Working Group on Bribery discussing the evolution of the OECD convention and what is needed to make it effective. Other chapters address the causes and consequences of corruption, including the impact on investment and growth and the role of multinational corporations in discouraging bribery. The final chapter summarizes and also discusses some of the other anticorruption initiatives that either have been or should be adopted by governments, multilateral development banks, and other international organizations. Corruption and the Global Economy has been translated into Arabic, Chinese, Indonesian, andSpanish by various publishers.
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The first follow-on task mandated by the OECD after May 1994 was a review of
domestic legislation relating to the issue of tax deductibility of bribes. The OECD's
Working Group on Bribery, under the chairmanship of Swiss official Mark Pieth, ...
Tax Deductibility of Bribes The tax treatment of bribes can also make a major
difference in corporate behavior. When the tax laws treat bribes as tax-deductible
business expenses, they send both a moral and a financial message. The moral
Regarding the tax deductibility of bribes, only Norway has completely
implemented the recommendation; a handful of countries have legislation
pending, but most OECD members have not moved to implement the
recommendation on tax ...
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