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Daniel Corrie, the warm and steady friend of the Society, to the Archdeaconry of Calcutta; and that the freedom, which his recent appointment has given him from the pressure of parochial and occasional duties, has already been the means of greatly recruiting his strength. The Sixth Report of the Corresponding Committee, which has just arrived, will enable the Committee to bring the account of this Mission down to the period immediately preceding his Lordship's arrival; and advices of a subsequent date will enable them to report some early and important measures which followed his arrival.
CA. LCUTTA AND IT'S VICI NITY. In reference to the LA BourERs” at this Station, the Corresponding Committee report— During the past year, the Committee have had the happiness to welcome the arrival of the Rev. Messrs. Maisch and Reichardt, of the Continental Lutheran Church, and the Rev. Isaac Wilson, of the Church-of-England. Messrs. Maisch and Reichardt, after studying some months in England, embarked, in April 1822, in the Agincourt, together with the Rev. W. Sawyer. On arriving at Madras, Mr. Sawyer acceded to an arrangement which had been made between the Calcutta and Madras Corresponding Committees, for the exchange in his stead of Mr. Wilson to Bengal; in consequence of which he remained to carry on the Society's designs at Madras, and Mr. Wilson came to Calcutta soon after Messrs. Maisch and Reichardt. The Calcutta Committee being desirous of adding as much as possible to the efficiency and permanency of the efforts making by the Rev. Mr. Jetter for the establishment of Schools in Calcutta, recommended to Mr. Reichardt his re‘maining in Calcutta; and, with the same respect to the labours of Mr. Deerr at Burdwan, Mr. Maisch proceeded to that Station. Mr. Wilson has taken charge of the English Department of labour on the Society's premises in Calcutta; and, with the cordial approbation of the Committee, was, in
* In speaking of the Labourers in this Mission, the Committee are reminded of their late excellent Missionary, the Rev. F. C. G. Schroeter, by a Memoir of him, which has appeared since the Anniversary, at pp. 329–336 of the Missionary Register for August.
April last, united in marriage with Miss Cooke, the indefatigable Superintendant of the Native-Female Schools. The arrival of Mr. T. W. Smyth, and of the Rev. Michael Wilkinson with Mrs. Wilkinson and Miss Cortis, has been already stated under the head of “Missionaries and Students.” It had been determined that Mr. Smyth should remain in Calcutta, to assist in the department of Secretary to the Corresponding Committee; and that Mr. and Mrs. Wilkinson should proceed to Goruckpore, to which Station he was about to be licensed by the Bishop. The Rev. Andrew Jetter had been united in marriage with Miss Cortis. On the subject of EDU cAtion in reference to the East, the Female Schools naturally engage the very peculiar interest of all who wish well to its vast population. On this head the Corresponding Committee state— The success which has attended the efforts in behalf of Native-Female Children calls for congratulation, on the part of
all who take an interest in the improvement of the population of this country.
In the former Report, the Committee stated the number of Native-Female Schools to be eight: they are now increased to twenty-two. The number of Schools last year was 217: they have now increased to 400.
The difficulty of keeping up any degree of order was at first very great, and has not entirely disappeared; but a growing sense of the benefits likely to arise from education is evident.
Of the persons who were first admitted to the Schools, three Young Women have made sufficient proficiency to be now employed as Teachers. They have each charge of a school containing from 15 to 25 Girls, and acquit themselves with much credit. Three other Young Women will be apW. Teachers of Schools in a few weeks; and ten other
Women, who are under a course of instruction, will soon be
able to engage in similar work.
The Marchioness of Hastings rendered the most important aid to the Female Schools, in various Ways, but especially by visiting them in person. The Committee remark–
The parents were much attracted by her Ladyship's visiting
lanes and gullies where Europeans are seldom seen, and by her condescension to their children. Considering how generally Divine Providence carries on His designs of mercy to mankind by the instrumentality of one another, it is impossible to say how great may have been the good effected by the silent influence of the example exhibited by one so exalted in rank and station as Lady Hastings. Certain it is, that since her Ladyship's visit to the Schools, the Mistress of the Shyam Bazaar School (the only Female Teacher whom the Committee could at first find) has been called upon to instruct a respectable Brahminee, a widow, with two other adult females, at her own house, during the hours she is not occupied in the School: and this widowed Brahminee, though herself still a learner, attends daily at the house of a Brahmin, to instruct his two daughters. Who does not hail such an event, as a hopeful indication of improvements, which, by opening to Widows a means of respectable provision, shall assist to quench the flames of the suicidal Suttee ? An Examination of the First and Second Classes was held on the 23d of June, at which upward of 100 Girls were present, and acquitted themselves highly to the satisfaction of their friends*. Encouraged by the many circumstances which favoured the growth of Female Schools, the Corresponding Committee circulated, in February of last year, Proposalst for the Erection of a Central School, for the especial improvement of the First Classes of all the other Schools. Very considerable contributions were in a short time collected, for that object and the general support of Native-Female Education—the Subscriptions amounting to 3320 rupees per annum, and the Benefactions to 2794 rupees. On the State and Progress of the Boys' Schools, the Corresponding Committee make the following statement:—
* An Account of this Examination, and other details relative to the Female Schools, have appeared, since the Anniversary, at pp. 226–228 of the Missionary Register for May; and at pp. 266, 277 of the Number for June, and p. 312 of that for July, some particulars of an Examination, in December last, before Lady Amherst. + The Circular issued on this occasion is printed in Appendix I.
In their former report, the number of Boys' Schools at this Station was stated to be six, containing about 600 scholars. ‘Many petitions have since been received for the establishment of new schools; but, from want of funds, only two of them have been attended to. The number of the Society's Bengalee Boys' Schools in Calcutta is now therefore eight; all of which, except that at Kidderpore, are situated in the Native Town. In these, the mumber of boys on the respective school lists amounts to 840: the average number in constant attendance is 777. Besides these, a school is established on the Society's premises at Mirzapore, in which about 40 boys receive daily instruction in English and in Bengalee. An Examination of the children belonging to these Schools was held in the beginning of last March, which was attended by several of the most respectable friends of the Society. It occupied the forenoon of two days; the former of which was devoted to the English Class and the first classes of the Bengalee Schools, and the latter to the second classes: the sum total of the children examined was 110; including the best English Scholars, about 15 in number, Questions were asked in the usual manner, from the class-books already mentioned in the Committee's Reports, and the proficiency of the Scholars appeared very satisfactory. About 30 boys were rewarded, including six boys of the English School. In one important respect, the proceedings at this Examination were distinguished above those of the preceding year: the Schools at Calcutta, except that at Kidderpore, had not before enjoyed the full benefit of religious instruction. During the past year, the New Testament has been imtroduced into all the Bengalee Schools. By forbearing to press the introduction of the Sacred Scriptures, so long as there appeared any prejudice against them on the part of the parents, a candid hearing has at length been obtained for them, and all opposition to their being read as a class-book has given way. Questions naturally arise out of the portion of Scripture read; and thus a prominence is given to Scriptural Subjects, and much religious knowledge is imparted.
On the MINISTRY of THE won D, the Committee report—
Divine Service in Bengalee continues to be conducted in the English School-room at Mirzapore, on Sunday Morning, by the Rev. Mr. Jetter, as stated in the Committee's last Report. The attendance is usually from 20 to 30; consisting of the Servants, Scholars, and several of the School-Pundits, who attend of their own accord. Though no saving benefit appears as yet to have resulted to any from these Services, that they are not altogether vain appeared on a date occasion, when Mr. Jetter was explaining to the Boys of one of the Schools, that their future happiness or misery will depend on their conduct in this world: the Pundit, in confirmation of what Mr. Jetter had told them, repeated very accurately the Parable of the Rich Man and Lazarus. Mr. Jetter, accompanied by Mr. Reichardt, continues his Monday-Evening Lecture at Kidderpore; and has also preached, every Friday Evening, in a small bungalow near the Mission Premises. The attendance on these occasions is so irregular, and the difficulty of engaging the attention of the Natives for any length of time so great, as to be exceedingly discouraging. Several persons have come to the Mission Premises during the past year, to inquire respecting the way of salvation by Jesus Christ. Though they seemed in earnest in their inquiries at first, yet, on being told that Christianity teaches to forsake all ungodliness, to deny ourselves, and to take up our cross and follow Christ, they all discontinued their visits, except one young man. This young man is a Brahmin; and having heard, as he says, from one of his Gooroos, that one way of salvation is by Jesus Christ, he came to Calcutta, to inquire concerning this way. His assiduity in reading the Scriptures and other books of religious instruction, his diligence in attending to the explanations afforded him of Scripture Truth, and his conscientious regard to the workings of his own heart, as exhibited in his conduct and inquiries, lead to a hope that the grace of God is with him. The Rev. Missionaries having agreed that his earnest desire to be initiated into the Church of Christ by baptism should be complied with, on Sunday, the 24th of August, the sacred ordinance was administered to him by the Rev. Mr. Jetter, Of the employment of the PREss during the Sixth Year, it is stated — From the following List of Works which have been printed for the Committee, the importance of this branch of the Society's Establishment will be seen: 17,150 Tracts and School-books have been printed, for the use of Schools and for distribution by the Missionaries; and, adverting to the scarcity of Books for the Schools in which English is taught, a short work on the Modern Geography of the world is about half printed off. The Outline of Ancient History is also in progress; but has been much delayed by the ill health and
numerous avocations of the Compiler. *