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ployed therein 12 Missionaries, two of whom are Natives, and the rest Europeans. These are assisted by 10 Europeans, of whom six are Females; and by 75 Native Men and Youths, and 28 Native Females —making a total of 125 Labourers in this Mission. The Schools of the Mission, at the last Returns, were in number 65; and there were under instruction in these Schools, 2453 Boys, 520 Girls, and 65 Adults—making a total of 3038 Scholars. The Expenditure, from the 1st of July 1822 to the 31st of August 1823, amounted to 84,588 rupees; or about 10,573 l. reckoning the rupee at 2s. 6d. This total consisted of the following particulars:— Buildings at Mirzapore, 2227 l.-Calcutta and Kidderpore Boys' Schools, 1870l.—Female Branch, l 1491.-Burdwan, 1494 l.—Benares and Chunar, 1991 l.—Lucknow, 50l.—Bareilly, 81 l.—Meerut, besides Subscriptions at the Station, 76 l.—Agra, 106 l.—Printing Office, 1091 l.—Books, Stationery, Writers, and Incidentals, 4381. The Receipts, in Calcutta, were, in round numbers, as follows:—Benefactions and Subscriptions, 457 l.-Female Branch, l 140l.—Sale of House belonging to the Mission at Burdwan, 375 l.—Benefactions and Subscriptions at Burdwan, 40l.—Donations from Government to the Schools at Benares, 442 l.—Rent of Houses at Benares, 440 l.-Printing, Binding, and Sale of Books, 10821.-making, together, the sum of 3976 l.; and forming, with Bills drawn on the Society for 59,096 rupees, or 7387 l., a total of 1 1,363/. On the subject of the Funds, the Corresponding Committee make the following statement: — The necessity of providing suitable accommodations for the Missionaries of the Society continues to be an occasion of much expense. At Benares and Calcutta, not less than 20,000 Rupees have been expended in building ; and further sums will be required to finish the buildings in hand. Where a Mission seems fairly established, the Committee feel justified in causing substantial houses to be erected; both as the
most economical in the long run, and as necessary toward preserving the health of the Missionaries.
By these necessary expenses the Funds of the Committee are in danger of falling in arrear. Two-thirds of the Annual Grant from the Parent Society are expended, while half the current year has not expired. The Parent Society generously supplied the sum of 3000l. beyond the Annual Grant, for the purchase of the premises at Mirzapore; but the Committee would deeply regret being under the necessity of making any further call upon home for similar purposes. The Missionary Cause has now, indeed, so powerful a sympathy in the hearts of Christians in Britain, that scarcely any appeal, made on reasonable grounds, on behalf of Idolatrous Nations, especially of the Natives of this Country, would be disregarded: but the Committee have reason to indulge the hope, that, in cases of obvious necessity, such as the necessary accommodation of Missionaries, their countrymen in this land will not feel less disposed to attend to the obligation which they are under to assist in holding forth the Word of Life; and, as they have nearer opportunities of knowing the miseries and the dangers attending false religion, will more readily aid the exertions necessary for accomplishing the conversion of the Natives to the Faith of Christ. The direction of the Society's affairs in this Mission has passed, since the publication of the Sixth Report of the Corresponding Committee, into the hands, as before stated, of the Members of the Auxiliary Society recently formed under the patronage of the Lord Bishop of Calcutta.
The Corresponding Committee at Madras have continued, with the best effect, their vigilant superintendence of the Society's concerns in the South of India. While the Committee report the arrival of the Society's active friend, the Rev. Marmaduke Thompson, at Madras, on his return to his Station, they lament to state that his health was still so seriously affected that his continuance in India was uncertain”. * The death of the Rev. Charles Church, Chaplain at Madras, who greatly assisted the Society's designs in India, was stated in a Note to the Twenty-second Report. A Memoir of Mr. Church has
appeared, since the Anniversary, in the Missionary Register for May.
The Committee very much regret that the Sixth Report of the Madras Corresponding Committee has not yet been received. Full details, however, of the proceedings have reached them ; and from these they will be able to furnish a satisfactory view of the past year".
MAD RAS AND ITS WIC INITY.
The Mission in Madras and its more immediate neighbourhood, under the direction of the Rev. James Ridsdale and the Rev. William Sawyer, is becoming more systematic in its various parts; and proceeds steadily under those trials of faith with which so many of the Servants of Christ are at present exercised, in waiting for the more abundant blessing of the Holy Spirit on their labours. Mr. Ridsdale writes—
I might relate many pleasing and encouraging appearances; but these, like the morning cloud and early dew, so often pass away, that to relate facts only would generally give a false impression. We are sowing the seed; and though it be upon a hard rock where there is no depth of earth, we are encouraged by the persuasion that there is a power which can soften that rock. Supported by the sure word of prophecy, we are content to sow that others may reap, assured that both they who sow and they who reap shall rejoice together.
Mr. Ridsdale has the more particular charge of the English Department of the Mission and of the Printing Office, while Mr. Sawyer has succeeded the Rev. G. T. Bärenbruck in the care of the Native Department; Mr. Bärenbruck having proceeded, as was stated in the last Report, to another Station: having for some time laboured with much acceptance among the Natives, Mr. Bärenbruck separated himself with regret from a people who had become much endeared to him.
On the M1 N1stry of the word, Mr. Sawyer reports, in reference to the Native Department of the Mission—
It is well understood, that, although Mr. Ridsdale and I
* The Sixth Report of the Madras Committee arrived soon after the Anniversary. Its statements have, therefore, been incorporated with those previously received.
have consented, for the more expeditious and exact management of the concerns of the Mission, to take separate parts in action, there is, in all points, the strictest union in design. Since the removal of the Rev. Mr. Bärenbruck, the preaching of the Word has necessarily been committed, from my incompetency in the Tamul Language, very much to the Catechist. His addresses have been simple; and, it is hoped, not unedifying to his countrymen. On Wednesday the 12th of February, I commenced the Reading of the Prayers; and, on Sunday the 8th of June, made my first attempt in preaching in the native language. This I continue as circumstances allow; and hope, by the end of the present year, to be able to relieve the Catechist from the whole of his Sunday Duty. The number of regular attendants on the Sunday Morning and Wednesday Evening varies very much with the season, many having to come from a considerable distance. The average will not exceed 90 on the Sabbath and 30 on the Week-day. Among these, it is hoped that some few have experienced the to: efficacy of the Divine Spirit upon their souls, and are living a life of faith in God's dear Son: two or three might be adduced as living examples; and, in the happy end of one lately departed, the grace of God was sin..., magnified. Of the mass of the congregation, although many appear to walk decently in the sight of men, it cannot be said that they are more than Nominal Christians. In my weekly visits to their respective habitations, I have sometimes had much satisfaction. At these opportunities, though spiritual advice and reproof are considered as most prominent, hints are occasionally given with regard to domestic economy and other points of minor consideration. The Sunday-Afternoon instruction to the Christians residing at Koorookapettah is continued. The Assistant Catechist usually attends. In the course of this year, one man” and two women have been baptized from Heathenism; three received from the i...o.o.o. Communion; five marriages solemnized; and five children of Christians baptized. folio. the same period, three have been called away by death.
It appears, from the communications relative to the state of the Native Congregation, that the fol
* The baptism of this Native was by Mr. Ridsdale, on the 1st of January 1823. It has been mentioned, since the Anniversary, at pp. 321, 322 of the Missionary Register for July; but he is there, by mistake, identified with another Convert, mentioned immediately afterward. This last Native was baptized by Mr. Sawyer on the 1st of January 1824.
lowing Weekly Course of Services is maintained in
this Department of the Mission:— Tamul Service is regularly held at the Mission Church, every Sunday Morning, from nine o'clock to eleven; and the Lord's Supper administered on the First o of the month. Every day in the week, Sunday excepted, Morning and Evening Prayer, in Tamul, is attended by the children of the First School, and the servants of the Mission and the Mission House; and, occasionally, by some of the Tamul Christians. On Tuesday, there is a Meeting in the Fort of such as may be prevented from regular attendance at the Service in the Church. On Wednesday Evening, from half-pastsix to eight, Tamul Service is held at the Church. On Thursday Evening, a Chapter in the New Testament is expounded, in the Second School-room, which is situated in a large street near the Bazar ; where, besides the Christians who assemble, many of the Heathen attend and some receive Tracts; the doors and windows being frequently occupied by hearers, who listen with the greatest attention, and have, several times, continued to stand there even during rain, as they hesitate to enter and sit down with Christians. On Saturday Evening, a Meeting is held for reading and prayer on the subject of Missions, and is attended by the Native Assistants and others.
Mr. Sawyer had suffered much from an affection of his eyes during the hot weather, but he writes in
November— It is with thankfulness to God, that I am enabled to say that this affliction has not been so serious an impediment to the acquisition of the language as might have been expected; for, during the days that I could not see, I endeavoured to speak. I have now been preaching (if I may be allowed the expression) for upward of five months. This is a very delightful part of my duty; and I cannot but feel much gratitude, that I have been permitted to enter upon it so soon. My prayer now is, that the necessary qualifications, for preaching to the Heathen the unsearchable riches of a Saviour, may be speedily added. It is one thing to be intelli. gible to Christians, and another to make yourself well understood by Heathens. The Christian's vocabulary is despised by the greater part of the Natives: in fact, most of its terms are unintelligible to them; and much circumlocution is necessary, to convey to their minds the least idea of any thing abstract or spiritual. The nature of Mr. Ridsdale's employment, in which he is assiduously and usefully occupied, has unavoidably retarded his acquisition of Tamul. On