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his department of the Ministry the Committee report— The public Church Services in English continue as in the preceding year, and the numbers who attend are much the same. The Church Missionary Association formed in the Congregation continues its stated meetings, and its endeavours to aid the funds of the Society ; and the Female Association, though reduced by deaths and removals among its members, proceeds with equal zeal in its useful sphere of exertion. The two Associations have paid the sum of 302 rupees to the Treasurer, in the course of this year. Mr. Ridsdale thus notices the advantages of the Lending Library, mentioned in the last Report as recently established :— It is a very valuable Institution; and any additions to it from the Society will be thankfully received. Many Young Persons have substituted its Volumes for novels and such trash, which before occupied their attention. Under the head of schools, Mr. Sawyer reports— In this interesting field of Missionary Labour, there is much to encourage hope; at the same time that there is sufficient to keep our too sanguine feelings within bounds. During the past year, a considerable accession has been made to the total amount of children attending our Schools. The following is a List of the Town and Country Schools, with the number of boys in each.Madras Central School . . . 152 Scholars Madras Second School . . . 60 Madras Third School - . . 34 Madras Fourth School . . . 42 Koorookapettah - - . . . . 43
Total . . . 558
A general examination of the Town Schools took place on Thursday the 6th August : 377 Boys were present, including the Seminarists, and 15 Girls. Several Gentlemen attended, and expressed themselves much pleased with the progress of many of the children. The rewards consisting of various articles of clothing were given without respect to any qualification but merit.
The Country Schools have been visited within the last fortnight, and their various proficiency exactly ascertained. Those parts of Dr. Bell's System of Education which were with great difficulty introduced into these schools, upon my last journey, have been productive of great good; much deceit, both on the part of the masters and scholars, being effectually prevented. Of the Scholars in the Central School, 57 are English and 95 Tamul, The pressing want of good Teachers leads the Corresponding Committee to anticipate, with pleasure, the efficient operation of the seMINARY. On this subject they state— The Committee have great satisfaction in announcing the establishment, in the course of this year, of the long contemplated Seminary at this Station, for training up Youths for eventual employment, according to their capacities and dispositions, in the Society's Missions. The Institution being at present in its infancy, the Committee will content ho with giving the following account of its establishment and present state, from the report of its assiduous Superintendant, Mr. Sawyer. Upon the arrival of Twelve Native Boys from Tranquebar, in January of this year, the Rev. Mr. Bärenbruck transferred to me five Young Men previously under his care. From that time to the present, others have been received. The establishment, at this date, consists of 17 Natives and 6 Country-born Young Men, all entirely supported by the Society. The education of these youths is at present limited to the Tamul and English Languages. In the Tamul, 11 of the Native Boys have made very considerable proficiency: the rest are advancing. They are formed into three classes, upon Bell's System, under the superintendence of a respectable Moonshee, * In English, four of the Country-born Young Men are quite competent; and, of the Natives, five can read with accuracy and fluency. The First English Class of Natives under a Native-Christian Master is, at present engaged with Murray's Grammar and Exercises, together with the elements of Geography. The Second English. Class of Natives is reading the Testament; and can repeat the first seven chapters of Pinnock's Catechism of Geography, with 27 pages of Murray's Abridgment of English Grammar. Three of the Country
born Young Men spend their leisure hours in reading standard English Works on History, &c.
Viewing the Seminary as a Christian Institution—a Nursery for the training up of Youths to be the future Missionaries and Instructors of their countrymen— it assumes a considerable importance in the Mission. In this light, the religious education of the Young Men is my principal care and concern. In the exposition of the Holy Scriptures at Morning and Evening Prayer, while the knowledge of Scripture History and Geography, as well as Chronology, are not overlooked, the truths of the Gospel, both doctrinal and practical, are simply stated and enforced.
The following statement is made in reference to the PREss:—
The expectation expressed in the preceding Report, of this Department of the Mission proving a resource for the funds of the Committee instead of an expense, has begun to be realized. The sums received for work done at the Press during this year, have defrayed all its ordinary expenses, and covered the charge of all work done for the Society's Missions; and considerable additions made to the buildings, materials, and establishment of the Office, will be more than covered by a balance of Bills for work, remaining to be realized on account of the past year. Among other additions made to the materials of the Office are one new Printing Press, making the third constantly in use; and the forming a set of punches, on the premises, for a fount of Teloogoo Types, which is nearly completed. The possession of these types will enable the Printing Office to undertake the printing of School-Books, Tracts, and copies of the Scriptures, in a language in which they are urgently wanted. The following works have issued from the Press, in Tamul, during the year:— 7000 Copies of the Gospels, for the Madras Auxiliary Bible Society. 500 Copies of a translation of the Indian Pilgrim, nearly completed. 2000 Copies of the Principles of the Christian Scriptures, a Tract by the Rev. Mr. Rhenius. 11000 Copies of New Editions of various Tracts on the Society's List. 15000 Copies of Tracts, for the Religious-Tract Association. In English, there have been printed— 1000 Copies of the Calcutta Collection of Hymns—for sale. 500 Copies of Joyce's Scientific Dialogues, altered—for the Madras School-Book Society. Besides these, various work has been executed both for Public Institutions and for individuals. Ten Tracts and Eight School-Books are on sale at the Mission Depository. An interesting notice occurs in reference to the Press, in Mr. Ridsdale's communications. To-day we began to work a New Press, a circumstance in the history of which is rather interesting. A little while ago, an old chariot, belonging to the Pagoda near the Mission House, was sold; and from a part .# one of the wheels, we made the platen of our New Press. This suggested to me the idea of turning Satan's weapons upon himself; and, accordingly, with this piece of wood, which had been for years employed in his service, we struck off 1000 copies of that beautiful portion of Holy Scripture, the Fortieth Chapter of Isaiah, in the form of a Tract. May these little messengers of heavenly wisdom contribute to sap the foundations of Idolatry, and to dissipate the shades of Heathen Superstition! On the subject of TRANs LATIONs, the Committee state— - They are i. to remark, that the Rev. Mr. Rhenius, who is an accomplished Tamul Scholar, has advanced as far as the Seventh Chapter of St. Paul's Epistle to the Romans, in revising the present Version of the New Testament into that lanuage. He has also completed the revision of a Tamul translation of Mrs. Sherwood's Indian Pilgrim, which a kind and intelligent friend to the Missionary Cause had sent him for that purpose. The Tamul Collection of Evangelical Meditations, principally translated from Thomas A. Kempis by the Rev. }. Schmid, has likewise been enlarged during the year. Sundry other Works, on Religion, History, and Grammar, have also been undertaken; and are either finished or in progress. Besides a few copies of the New Testament in Tamul, and a few versions of parts of it in Teloogoo, the Missionaries have, in the course of the year, distributed 4916 Religious Tracts. It has been already reported, under the head of 3. Missionaries and Students, that a reinforcement of Labourers has been appointed to this Mission. How acceptable further aid will be in Madras, appears from the following statement by Mr. Sawyer:—
There are many inducements here for zealous and prudent men to join our labours—an immense Heathen Population—a few Christians,just emerging from the darkness of idolatry, and needing the constant and vigilant eye of an affectionate and enlightened Minister—a Seminary of Christian Youths, whose intellectual and religious education would fully occupy the time and talents of an intelligent man, whether a Layman or a Minister—and the various Town and Country Schools, affording ample employment for another Missionary: these are calls which should rouse Young Men to energy, and fire them with holy zeal. Blessed be God, that the power of sending forth true Labourers is with him! Mr. Ridsdale states many promising indications among the Country-born. Mr. Bärenbruck's labours among the Heathen, in which he has been succeeded, as before stated, by Mr. Sawyer, had been very assiduous: his Journal, and the Diaries of the Native
Assistants of the Mission, discover an activity in diffusing light and urging right principles, which, steadily pursued, cannot fail, under the blessing of God, of preparing the Heathen, for that change which awaits them. The same Diaries furnish satisfactory evidence of faithfulness and wisdom in admonishing and instructing the professed Christians among the Natives*. Poonamallee. The Corresponding Committee state— Six Females were baptized in the Country Church here, in the early part of this year; and public worship is regularly conducted by the Catechist attached to the Church, for the benefit of the Christian Natives who live in the neighbourhood. In respect of Schools, this Station has not afforded satisfaction, as will appear from the Report:— The difficulty of finding suitable Schoolmasters for the care of the Schools at this place—a difficulty which has been constantly experienced, in various degrees, at all the Stations, and which will continue to obstruct the plans of the Missionaries until properly qualified persons are furnished by the Seminaries of the different Missions—has occasioned the two Native Schools at this Station to fall into disorder, which has been hitherto only partially corrected.
TRAN QUEB.A. R.
Mr. and Mrs. Bärenbruck arrived at this Station, from Madras, in February of last year. Having acquired, in Madras, a competent knowledge of Tamul and a familiarity with the character of the Natives, . it was wished that he should ultimately fix himself in the most convenient place for superintending the Society's establishments in this part of the country, and for the exercise of his Ministry among the Natives. . The Corresponding Committee state on this subect— J The place of the Rev. Mr. Bärenbruck's permanent resi
* On these and other topics relative to the Mission in Madras and its Vicinity, particularly on some disadvantages under which, the Schools labour, copious details have been given, since the Anniversary, in the Missionary Register for July, pp. 315–324.