Quantum Computing and Quantum Bits in Mesoscopic Systems

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Anthony Leggett, Berardo Ruggiero, Paolo Silvestrini
Springer Science & Business Media, 6 dic 2012 - 273 pagine
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Quantum information science is a new field of science and technology which requires the collaboration of researchers coming from different fields of physics, mathematics, and engineering: both theoretical and applied. Quantum Computing and Quantum Bits in Mesoscopic Systems addresses fundamental aspects of quantum physics, enhancing the connection between the quantum behavior of macroscopic systems and information theory. In addition to theoretical quantum physics, the book comprehensively explores practical implementation of quantum computing and information processing devices.
On the experimental side, this book reports on recent and previous observations of quantum behavior in several physical systems, coherently coupled Bose-Einstein condensates, quantum dots, superconducting quantum interference devices, Cooper pair boxes, and electron pumps in the context of the Josephson effect. In these systems, the book discusses all required steps, from fabrication through characterization to the final basic implementation for quantum computing.
 

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Indice

WHEN IS A QUANTUMMECHANICAL SYSTEM ISOLATED?
1
REALIZATION OF THE UNIVERSAL QUANTUM CLONING
9
MANIPULATION AND READOUT OF A JOSEPHSON QUBIT
13
AHARONOVCASHER EFFECT SUPPRESSION OF MACROSCOPIC
22
SQUID SYSTEMS IN VIEW OF MACROSCOPIC QUANTUM
31
TEST OF AN rfSQUID SYSTEM WITH STROBOSCOPICONESHOT
41
MANIPULATING QUANTUM TRANSITIONS IN A PERSISTENT
58
VORTICES IN JOSEPHSON ARRAYS INTERACTING WITH
69
JOSEPHSON JUNCTION TRIANGULAR PRISM QUBITS
149
INCOHERENT AND COHERENT TUNNELING OF MACROSCOPIC
160
DECOHERENCE IN FLUX QUBITS DUE TO 1f NOISE
171
and J Clarke
184
ZEEMAN SPLITTING IN QUANTUM DOTS
185
GATE ERRORS IN SOLIDSTATE QUANTUM COMPUTER
192
QUANTUM COMPUTING WITH ELECTRON SPINS IN QUANTUM
201
RELATION BETWEEN DEPHASING AND RENORMALIZATION
210

AMPLIFICATION
77
BORONBASED METALLIC
86
TRANSPORT INVESTIGATIONS OF CHEMICAL
95
A SIMPLE QUANTUM EQUATION FOR DECOHERENCE
110
SEARCHING FOR A SEMICLASSICAL SHORS ALGORITHM
123
LOW T JOSEPHSON JUNCTION RESPONSE TO ANULTRAFAST
133
INFLUENCE OF THE MEASUREMENT PROCESS ON THE STEP
139
SUPERCONDUCTING QUANTUM COMPUTING WITHOUT
219
SCALABLE ARCHITECTURE FOR ADIABATIC QUANTUM
229
SEMICLASSICAL ANALYSIS OF 1f NOISE IN JOSEPHSON
237
SOLIDSTATE ANALOG OF AN OPTICAL INTERFEROMETER 247
246
SINGLE ELECTRON TRANSISTORS WITH AlAIONb
255
INFLUENCE FUNCTIONAL
263
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Anthony Leggett is recipient of the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics

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