Surpassing Realism: The Politics of European Integration Since 1945

Copertina anteriore
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2003 - 277 pagine
A second edition of this book is now available. A true global giant, the European Union is a unique confederation of 15 member-states whose collective economic power is second only to that of the United States. Already encompassing 375 million citizens, the EU will soon grow to include a further 10 states from Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean. To understand the future of this remarkable experiment in regional cooperation, we must first trace its past. This engaging text provides a concise political history of European integration from the end of World War II to the present. The "European project" raises fascinating and important questions: How did Europe's states overcome their traditional rivalries and quarrels to build supranational institutions? What were the economic and geopolitical forces that drove them? Which statesmen contributed most to defining the European project? What are the issues that confronted the EU in the last decade and what problems will the EU face as its leaders consider even more advanced forms of political integration? All these questions are addressed by this text, which offers a clear and readable account of the complex historical process by which Europe's unique polity has been built. 2004 update: "A Fiasco But Not a Disaster" by Mark Gilbert, courtesy of World Policy Journal, Vol. 21 (Spring 2004) www.worldpolicy.org
 

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Indice

Introduction An Unusual New Polity
1
Structure and Content
4
Themes
8
Terminology
11
Enemies to Partners The Politics of Cooperation in Western Europe 19451950
15
The Marshall Plan and the OEEC
19
The Vision of the European Movement
25
The British Vision
31
Beyond the Common Market
145
The 1992 Initiative and the Single European Act
155
France Sees the Light
157
The British Budgetary Question
160
Mediterranean Enlargement
164
The 1992 Initiative and the Dooge Committee
169
The Single European Act
174
Evaluating the Single European Act
180

The German Question and the Schuman Plan
36
Spillovers and Setbacks From the Schuman Plan to the Common Market 19501958
49
The Coal and Steel Community
51
The Defense Community
56
From Messina to Rome
62
25 March 1957
69
The Uniting of Europe
75
In the Shadow of the General De Gaulle and the EEC 19581969
85
The EECs First Four Years
86
The Union of States
90
The First British Negotiation for Entry
96
The Empty Chair Crisis and the Luxembourg Compromise
104
Positive and Negative Integration
111
Weathering the Storm The EC during the Economic Crises of the 1970s
119
Thinking Positive 19691972
120
Monetary Turmoil 19711974
128
Foreign Policy Failures and the Tindemans Report
133
The European Monetary System
138
The Maastricht Compromise
187
The Paquet Delors and the Delors Report
188
The Bruges Speech
193
German Unification and Its Consequences
198
The Hour of Europe
203
The Maastricht Treaty
212
Making Sense of Maastricht
219
Europe since Maastricht
225
Adopting the Euro
227
Enlargement to Central and Eastern Europe
237
The Institutional Question
241
The EUs Growing World Role
249
A Constitutional Convention
252
Bibliographical Essay
259
Index
265
About the Author
277
Copyright

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Informazioni sull'autore (2003)

Mark Gilbert is professor of contemporary European history at the Johns Hopkins School for Advanced International Studies in Bologna.

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