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Double-genitive, 572, 591.
set of words, 42.
Double-meaning, 645.
Drayton, Michael, 183.
Dryden, John, 153, 271, 318, 422,
652.
Dual pronouns, 466,467.
Dunbar, Scottish poet, 509.
Duncan, John, 660 a.
Dutch, 17, 1oz, 142, 26.1, 327, 377,
469, 47.o.

Eden, Frederic, 568.
Edgeworth, Miss, 198.
Egyptian writing, 9o, 229.
Ellis, Alexander, 187, 190.
Emphasis, 586, 621, 623, 626.
Enclitic, 196.
Encliticism, 254.
ENGLISc, 23, 29, 40, 52.
‘English, 49.
English Guilds, 16o.
English language, 17, 67.
, the peculiar characteristics of,
I, 262, 452, 565.
, sibilancy of, 15o.
, provincial, 302.
—, German era of 556.
, influenced by Greek, 613.
, apology for, 613.
Epitaphs, 534.
Exeter Song-Book, 95.
Explicit noun, 589.

verb, 581.
— vocabulary, 32, 41.

False Analogy, 382.
Familiar Names, 373.
Families of speech, 2, 570.
Family Names, 183, 184, 319, 338,
385,633.
Farrar, F. W., 606 d.
Ferrier, Professor, 245.
Fifteenth Century, 160, 423.
Finnish language, 126.
Flat adjective, 425.
adverb, 430, 432.
pronoun-adverb, 5oo.

Flat infinitive, 569.
prepositions, 52 I.
syntax, 554.
Flemish, 7.
Flexion, 253, 254, 257, 378, 571,
634.
, pronominal, 574.
, verbal, 576.
Flexional stage of language, 253,
607.
adjective, 425 (2), 427 (2).
adverb, 428, 434.
pronoun-adverb, 5oo, 515.
infinitive, 580-58o h.
— prepositions, 527.
syntax, 571.
Formatives, verbal, 305.
, obliterated, 329.
, nounal, Saxon, 315, 388.
—, French, 329, 401.
—, Latin, 41 I.
—-, Greek, 420.
Freeman, Edward A., 242,423, 473,
501, 58o c, 626.
Freemasons, their Amen, 2 Io.
French language, 9; a standard in
England, 43 ; the language of
public business, 52 ; of games
of chance, 56; translations from,
59; French of Paris, 64; French
blending with English, 80, 82;
French C, 134; CH, 14o ; in-
troduction of V-sound, 137; has
a W-sound, 167; interjections,
2O2, 204; version of Amen, 21 o';
reflex verb, 580 h.
its characteristics, 427, 470,
512, 561, 581.
forms, 329, 347, 350, 368,
460, 632.
, in documents, 69.
influence, 176, 217, 354, 368,
380,406,455, 466,472, 523,539.
interjections, 202, 204, 378.
logicality, 596, 610.
orthography, 138, 141.
pronunciation, 156, 169, 170,
I73.
substantive-verb, 278.
verb in iser, 311.

French versification, 627.
vocalization, 177.
contrasted with English, 157,
504, 561, 588, 590, 612.
habit yielding to English, 168,
619.
Frere, John Hookham, 372.
Froissart, French chronicler, 332.
Froude, J. A., 322, 323, 347, 470,
5o I.
Fry, Mr. Danby, his scheme of or-
thography, 191.
Fuller, Thomas, 318, 423, 425, 590.
Future tense, 576.

Gawin Douglas, 509, 515.
Gender, 383, 468.
Genesis and Exodus, poem of 57.
Genevan Bible. See Bible.
Genitival phrases, 573.
Genitive, Double, 572, 591.
, Separable, 572.
, Adverbial, 573.
German, contrasted with English,
561, 609.
compounds, 570, 602.
influence, 556.
language, 7, 133, 138, 167,
233, 234, 236, 261, 262, 285,
318, 323, 326, 327, 328, 331,
373, 384, 393, 397, 427, 430,
460, 525, 575, 606 a, 655.
Gladstone, W. E., 365, 418.
Glanvil, Joseph, 367.
Goethe, 423, 439.
Goldsmith, Oliver, 168, 183, 207,
218, 219, 321, 393, 395,
425. 43 I.
Good Reading, 615, 630.
Gospels in Saxon, 489, 505.
Gothic contrasted with Romanesque,
588, 590.
family of languages, 2, 7, 261,
377, 422, 458, 465, 581, 587,
606 a, 638, 655.
Gower, poet, 67, 73, 197, 240, 264,
559.
Grammar, what it is, 1, 211, 225.
Gray, poet, 509, 628.

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Greek forms, 285, 364, 367, 369,
382, 387, 606 d.
Article, 498.
influence, 311, 347, 613.
language, 2, 4, 138, 234, 248,
251, 257, 278, 567, 608.
particles, 25o.
verbs in -toeuv, 310.
accents, 625.
of New Testament, 197, 200,
208, 252, 498. -
—, Modern, 514, 632.
Grimm, Jacob, 2, 285, 320, 385,
427, 494, 508.
Grimm's Law, 2, 5, Io, I42.
Grimsby, the name, 59.
Gutturals, 4, 132, 139, 153.

Hanseatic cities, 7.
Hare, Junius, his spelling, 187.
Harmonic permutation of vowels,
126.
Harmony, 640, 642, 659, 660 d.
Harris, James, 423, 490, 546.
Harrison, John, 606 b.
Havelok, the Lay of 59.
Hawkins, Edward, 327.
Hayes, Dr., 32 I.
Heard, J. B., 358, 393, 396.
Hearn, W. E., 537.
Hebrew, 3, 280, 386, 398, 433,
498, 567, 582, 6oo, 643, 646.
influence, 47.o.
conjunction “and,' 549.
interjection, 209, 2 Io.
accents, 625.
Heliand, Oldsaxon book, 381.
Helmholz, 637.
his experiments, Io9, 122.
Hendrik Conscience, 7.
Herbert, George, 441.
Herrick, Robert, 606 a.
Higden, 66.
High Dutch, 7, 10.
Highway, why the Queen's, 68.
Hill, Matthew Davenport, 330, 365.
—, Frederic, 545.
—, R. and F., 372.
—, Thomas Wright, 187.

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Icelandic, 9, 233, 261, 268, 278,
393, 467, 469.
versification, 627.
Imperative Mood, 586.
Impersonal pronoun, 33.
Indo-European languages, 2, 3.
Infant speech, 245, 660 a.
Infinitive, what, 580 a.
, flat, 569.
—, flexional, 58o–58o h.
, phrasal, with to, 452, 592.
Inflections, their nature and use, I4,
30, 254 (2), 378, 554, 634.
Interrogation, syntax of, 562.
Irish writing, 92, 99.
modulation, 648.
Irishism, 184.
Isle of Man, 233.
Isolating languages, 570. .
Italian characteristic, 376.
“A,” I Io.
adverb, 441.
chirt, I47.
Diminutive, 377.
influence, 346, 408, 4 II.
interjection, 203.

substantive-verb, 2.78.
words in English, 353.

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language, 121, 141, 332, 466.

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Lengua d'oc, 511.
Lindley, John, 334, 356.
Link-words, 520.
“Literature,' 659.
Liturgy, the Latin, 204.
Local names, 20, 25, 112, 134, 183,
184, 278, 318, 320, 331, 334,
389, 391, 395, 617,633.
Locker, Frederick, 377,
Logic, 594, 596, 648.
Logical considerations, 423, 595.
Longfellow, poet, 233, 276, 426,
62o, 641.
Longman, William, 236, 324.
Lord's Prayer in Anglosaxon, 29.
in Moesogothic, 17.
Low Dutch, 7, Io, 377,469, 572.
Lowell, James Russell, 321, 375,
448.
Lowth, Bp., 423.
Lubbock, Sir John, 565.
Lübeck, 7.
to 1,315.43°. 469, 573, 584,
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Macaulay, Lord, 203, 363, 381,
408.
MacDonald, George, 377, 58o e,
584.
Mackay, Charles, 660.
Maetzner, English Grammar, 569.
Masson, David, 365.
Maundevile, 333.
“Meaning,’ 614, 616.
Medial consonants, 4.
Melody, 660 b.
Metre, 648, 651, 653.
Middle voice, 299, 580 h.
Milman, Dean, 236.
Milton, 155, 156, 162, 170, 182,
217, 269, 272, 273, 275, 381,
424, 436, 502, 578, 607, 628,
632, 656.
Mittel - Hoch-Deutsch (=Middle
High Dutch), 7.
Mixed verbs, 265, 287.
Mnemonic of Ringchange, 5, 12.

Modern languages, 245, 498, 519, 6

54. Mission 615, 630. Moesogothic language, 7, 9, Io, I4, 94, II.3, I24, I27, I.33, I5o, 262, 278, 285, 320, 323, 378, 42 I, 435, 460, 467, 558. Lord's Prayer, 15, 320. vocalism, Io9, 120. specimens, 503, 558. Monboddo, Lord, 423. Mon Dieu ! French interjection, 204. Montalembert, 68. Mood, Conditional, 562. —, Imperative, 586. More, Henry, 357. Mozley, J. B., 319, 320, 344, 353, 365, 416, 493, 586 Müller, Professor F. Max, 252, 363, 462, 465, 642. Music, 616, 644, 646, 660 d. Mute consonants, division of, 4. Myers, Frederic, 426. , F. W. H., 448, 472, 579. Myles Coverdale, 165.

Nautical terms, 606 b.
Negation, 504, 5 Io, 560.
Neu-Hoch-Deutsch (= German), 7.
Newman, J. H., 84, 366,583.
Nibelungen Lied, 7, 377.
Nightingale, Florence, 655.
Norman Conquest, its effect on the

language, 40. Norman-French, 41. interjection, 200. Norsk, 494.

Northern English, 45, 57.

Northumbria, 23. Norwegian language, 233, 393. Notker, 7. Nouns of multitude, 596. versus pronouns, 462. Numerals, their written forms, 23o. , substantival, 456. , adjectival, 457. , adverbial, 461. compared, 458. Nursery Rimes, 660 a.

Official adjective, 423.

“Old English,' 409, 423.

Oldham, the poet, 370.

Old High German, 7, 127, 263, 329,460.

Oldsaxon, 378.

Onomatopoeia, 639.

Opprobrious epithets, 53.

Oratory, 654, 659.

, juvenile, 660 a.

Origin of Language, 660, 660 d.

Ormulum, 44, 49, 144,599.

Orthography, 5o, 144, 154, 161, 185.

Otfrid, 7.

Owl and Nightingale—the poem, 58, 61, 254.

Paley, quoted, 268, 320, 411, 575, 586, 591. Palsgrave, French grammarian, 82, 353. Parsing, 211. Participle, what, 580 a. Particle-Composition, 254, 606. Partition of word-senses, 34. Passive verb, 9. Paston Letters, 294, 632. Pearson, Bp., 545. Percy Ballads, 268, 377. Persian language, 2. Person-forms, 262. Philology, what, I, 66, 2II, 225, 66O c. Phoenician alphabet, 229. Phonetic alphabet, 187. spelling, 187. — printing, 188. Phonology, IoS. Phrasal adjectives, 425. adverbs, 445. prepositions, 529. pronoun-adverbs, 517. infinitive, 452, 592. syntax, 581. Phrases, Substantival, 590. Picture-writing, 90. Piers Plowman, 65, 67, 73, 132, 506. Pilgrim's Progress, 522.

Pitman, Isaak, 187.
Platt-Deutsch, 7, 17, 317.
Ploughman's Crede, 283.
Plural forms, 381.
Poetic diction, 84, 264.
Poetry, 615, 629.
Polysynthetic languages, 570.
Pope, Alexander, 180, 433, 58o f,
597. - - -
Prepositions in lieu of terminations,
3 I

defined, 521. Prescott, William H., 362. PRESENTive words, 227, 231, 244, 462, 546. Preterites used as Participles, 271– 273. Printing, its effect on orthography, 144, 146. Promptorium Parvulorum, 160. Pronominal value, 165. Pronoun “man,’ 33. of second person, 47.o. Pronouns versus Nouns, 462. , Personal, 465. —, Reflex, 469. —, Demonstrative, 471. —, Relative, 472. —, Interrogative, 472. , Indefinite, 475. —, Adjectival, 480. , Possessive, 481. Pronunciation, 26o.

influenced by spelling, 169, 17o, I85. Proper names, 161. Provençal, 351. Provincialisms, 45, 61, 138, 221.

239, 302, 336, 384, 484, 489, 514, 522, 536, 634. (For other examples, see Dialect.) Psalms, New Version, 171. Psalter of 1539; 202,232, 270, 271, 302, 522, 543, 564. Punning, the nature of, 645.

Quantity, 616.

Quarles, 543.
Queen's English, 68, 86, 89.

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