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-ish ; such as to banish, embellish, flourish, mourish, punish, burnish, surmish, perish finish, from the French verbs mourrir, fleurir, embellir, bannir, punir, finir, perir, sournir, burnir (now brunir). From obeir we now have obey, but in Wiclif it is obeish. Such words were made subject to the usages of English grammar, as if they had been true natives. In Chaucer the verb banish takes the Saxon prefix y- and suffix -ed:— And Brutus hath by hire chaste bloode yswore,

That Tarquyn shuld ybanyshed be therefore.
Legende of Goode Women.

The difference of look between the French initial gu and the English initial w often masks a French word. Thus warden is from the French guardien. In Chaucer the French word gateau (a cake), anciently gassel, takes the form of wassel.

75. A large number of Romanesque words are thoroughly imbedded into our speech. The following is a list of French and Latin words found in the poetry of Chaucer and in use to this day. The spelling has been modernized.

abominable air assay abridge alas assemble absent allege asSent abundant alliance assize accept ally astony accident amend attain accord amiable audience acquaint anguish auditor add apparel authentic advance appear authority advantage appease avaunt adversity appetite azure advocate argument bachelor adventure array balance adverse art banish advice artificial baptise

affection ascendant barren

battle
beast
beauty
benign
benignity
besiege
bible
blame
blanch
blanc-mange
boast

boil
bounty
caitiff
cape
carpenter
carriage
carry
Case
castle
cattle
Cause
Cease
certain
Certes
celestial
chain
chamber
champion
chance
change
charge
charity
charm
chase
chaste
chastity
cheer
chief
chivalry
chivalrous
circuit
circumstance
city

clear
cloister
collation
comfort
command
commandment

commend commission connnnon company compass compassion complain complexion comprehend conceit conclude conclusion condition confound confusion conjecture conjoin conquest conscience conserve consider constable constrain contagion content contrary convert convey cook

cope cordial coronation correct counsel countenance counterfeit countess country courage course court courtesy Courteous cousin Covenant COWer coverchief Creator Creature credence

crime crown cruel cruelty Curate cure curious custon dainties damn dance danger debate debonair deceit declare defence degree delight demand depart derive descend describe description desert deserve desire despair despise despite destiny destruction determinate devise devotion devour diet difference digestible dignity diligence diligent discern discord discover discreet discretion disdain dislodge

disport distress divers divinity division doctor double doubt dress duration ease

easy easily effect element eloquence embrace emperor emprise enchantment endite endure engender ensample enveil Oin envy equity errant escape eschew estate eternal excellence exchange excuse execution experience expert expound face faculty fail

faith false fame feast felicity felony fierce figure

firmament flower folly

fool

force forest form fortune fortunate frailty fraternity fruit

gay general gentle geometry glorious gluttony govern governance grace grant grieve guide guile gullet harbour harness haste haunt heritage homest honesty honour horrible host hour humanity humble humility humour idol image imagine incense incline increase infernal iniquity innocence

innocent instrument intellect intent ivory jailor jangle jeopardy jewel jocund join jolly journey joy judge judgment justice labour language large largess latitude legend leisure letter liberty licentiate lily lineage luxury madam magic magnanimity magnificence majesty malady malice mail ner mansion mantle marriage martyr marvellous In aSS master matter In easure measureable meat mediation

paint

pair

pale pamper parlement parochial part

party

pass passion patent patience patient patron peace penance people peradventure perfect perpetually persevere perseverance person perverse pestilence philosopher philosophy physician piteous pittance pity

place

plain planet pleasance pleasant please plenteous plenty poignant point pomp

poor

pope

port possible possibility pouch pound pourtraiture

G

melody memory in enace mercenary merchant mercy merit message minister miracle mirror mischief mistress moist monster moral mortal mover tlanne nativity natural nature necessary necessity nicety noble note notify mourish nurse obey obstacle obstinate offence offend office officer opinion oppress oppression ordain order ordinance organ original Orlson ornament ostler pace

pain

pourtray powder practiser praise pray prayer preach preface prefect presence present vb. pride prince princess principal prison privily privity privy prize proceed process proffer profit progression promise prosperity prove prudent publish purchase pure purge purpose purvey quaint quantity quart question quit railcour railson1 reason receive recommend record redress refuse region rehearse

release remedy remember remembrance remission renown rent repent repentance report reporter request require resort respite restore reverence revereint riches robe rose

rote
route
royally
royalty
rude

rule
sacrifice
saint
salvation
sanctuary
sanguine
sapience
Sauce
save
savour
scarcity
school
scholar
science
SeaSOIl
second
Secure
Sentence
sergeant

Sermon Servant serve service session siege

sign similitude simple

sir

sire
skirmish
sober
sojourn
solace
solemn
solemnity
SOIt
sound subst.
sounding
sovereignty
space
special
spend
spicery
spouse
squire
stable adj.
stately
Stature
statute
story
strait
study
subject
substance
subtilly
subtilty
subtle
succession
sudden
suffer
suffice
superfluity
supper

suppose surety suspicious table talent taste tavern tempest tempt tender tent

term
theatre
torinentOr
tower
traitress
translate
translation
travail
treason
tributary
turn
tyranny
tyrant
usage
Waln
vanish
vanity
vary
very

vice
victory
victual
village
villany
violence
virgin
virginity
virtue
virtuous
visit
vital
voice
vouchsafe

w

76. These words are still in our language; and beyond these there are many French words in Chaucer which have

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