Perturbative Quantum Electrodynamics and Axiomatic Field Theory

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Springer Science & Business Media, 17 apr 2013 - 355 pagine
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This book is concerned with relativistic quantum field theory, especially QED, its most successful example. It is set in the no-man's land between the math ematically rigorous but numerically barren general field theory of the math ematical physicist and the computationally fertile but mathematically some times adventurous field theory of the more phenomenologically inclined, and it aims at demonstrating that closer contact between these two disparate cultures may be of benefit to both. Perturbative QED serves as an exam ple. It is shown how the rules of perturbative quantum field theory, one of the major tools of phenomenology, can be derived from well-defined general assumptions in a mathematically clean way, in particular, not using any reg ularizations. Special emphasis is placed on giving the infrared problem its full due. This leads, among other things, to an unorthodox method based on the local-observables approach to field theory, of describing particles and their reactions. The resulting scattering formalism is immediately applica ble to the infraparticle situation of QED by directly yielding expressions for the observable-inclusive cross sections, dispensing with the notion of an S matrix. Interestingly enough, these expressions differ somewhat from those of the conventional approach. This point will hopefully give rise to interesting and fruitful discussions. I have been working on these sorts of problems on and off for a long time.
 

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Indice

Perturbation Theory
4
Electrodynamics as a Classical Field Theory 19
18
The Basic Principles of Relativistic Quantum Field Theory
25
Free Fields
39
An Outline of Interacting QED
67
The Electric Charges 85
84
The Program of Perturbation Theory 95
93
Unrenormalized Solution
109
The IR Problem for Wightman Functions
165
Physical States
187
Particles and Their Reactions
211
Particle Probes
221
Interacting Particles
239
Reactions 283
282
Cross Sections
321
References 347
346

Renormalization and the UV Problem
135

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